Pharmacy journeymen are not analysed until today, within the context of the history of pharmacy. In this article, starting from the Ottoman period, new information is presented regarding the journeymen as a vocational institution, and the attempts of establishing journeyman associations. In the light of the current information, pharmacy journeyman associations are evaluated, beginning with İstanbul Pharmacy Workers’ Association (İstanbul Eczacı İşçileri Cemiyeti) which is probably the first journeyman association. The analysis covers the journeymen associations formed until 1949.
In the Ottoman period, İstanbul Pharmacy Workers’ Association (İstanbul Eczacı İşçileri Cemiyeti) was established in 1912, as a reflection of a policy starting with Committee of Union and Progress (İttihad ve Terakki Cemiyeti), which attempts organizing the members of various occupations, or “unifying” them as distinct vocational groups. The Association was short lived due to the difficulties of the wartime period and the fact that pharmacy journeymen are dispersed throughout the city. In 1919, a socialist based organization, entitled International Association of Licenced and Unlicenced Pharmacy Employees (Beynelmilel Diplomalı ve Diplomasız Eczacı Müstahdemîni Cemiyeti) was founded, but it was disbanded within a short period. After the declaration of the Republic, in 1932, pharmacy journeymen formed an Association of Pharmacy Journeymen (Eczacı Kalfaları Cemiyeti) in İzmir, and immediately afterwards, Union of Practicing Pharmacists (Pratik Farmakoloğlar Birliği) was established in İstanbul. By 1949, Turkish Union of Pharmacy Journeymen (Türkiye Eczacı Kalfaları Birliği) was founded in İstanbul, and it attempted to open branches in different cities.
|Journal Section||Research Articles|
Publication Date : July 3, 2019
|Chicago||Kocacık, E , Dölen, E . "Osmanlı ve Cumhuriyet Türkiyesi’nde Eczacı Kalfalarının Örgütlenme Girişimleri (1912-1949)". Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmaları 20 (2019 ): 75-102|