Year 2020, Volume 21 , Issue 2, Pages 123 - 143 2020-07-03

Tıp Tarihyazımı: Karşıtlıklar, Etkileşimler
Medical Historiography: Controversies, Interactions

Ceren Gülser İLİKAN RASİMOĞLU [1]


Bu makalenin amacı, on dokuzuncu ve yirminci yüzyıllarda Batı Avrupa ve Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nde tıp tarihçiliğinin temel aşamalarına genel bir bakış sunmaktır. Makale, klasik olarak tanımlanan ve öncelikle hekimler tarafından kaleme alınan klinik tarihçilik ile özellikle 1970'lerden beri sosyal bilimciler tarafından öne sürülen tıbbın sosyal tarihinin etkileşimini ele almaktadır. Makalede, bilimsel ve tıbbi gelişmeler, sosyal olaylar ve tutumlar arasındaki ilişki incelenerek bunların sosyal bilimler ile etkileşimi ve tıbbın tarihinin çeşitli yazım biçimleri tanımlanmaktadır. Makalenin ana odak noktası, beden ve toplum arasındaki ilişkinin dönüşümü ile hastalık ve sağlık tarihinin dönüşümü arasındaki ilişkidir. Bu çalışma, tıp tarihi yazımının farklı disiplinlerden araştırmacıların konuyu kendi perspektiflerinden tartıştığını göstermiştir. Başlangıçta, tıbbın ilerleme tarihi olarak görülen tıp tarihinin yazarları hekimler iken, zamanla sosyal bilimciler de bu alana kaymıştır. Sosyal tıp tarihçiliğinin haricinde hem yeni teknolojiler hem de tıbbın yeni biçimlerde değerlendirilmeye başlanması sonucunda tarih, etik, sosyoloji, bilim ve teknoloji çalışmaları gibi alanlar çeşitli işbirliği zeminleri arayışına girmişlerdir. 

This article aims to present a general overview of the basic stages of medical historiography in Western Europe and America during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. The framework of the article is formed by the interaction of a clinical historiography, which is defined as classical and practiced primarily by physicians; and the social history of medicine, which has been put forward by social scientists, especially since the 1970s. The points of interaction with social sciences and several historiographies of medicine are identified in the article by examining the relationship between the scientific and medical developments, social events and political attitudes. The main focus of the article is the ways of change of the transformation of the history of illness and health by the transformation of the relationship between body and society.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects History
Journal Section Review Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7586-4813
Author: Ceren Gülser İLİKAN RASİMOĞLU (Primary Author)
Institution: Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 3, 2020

Chicago İli̇kan Rasi̇moğlu, C . "Tıp Tarihyazımı: Karşıtlıklar, Etkileşimler". Osmanlı Bilimi Araştırmaları 21 (2020 ): 123-143