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The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface

Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 4, 651 - 656, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.634269

Abstract

Wooden materials have been extensively used for furniture, outdoor and indoor cladding, buildings, terrace, fence, garden furniture and interior decoration and to decorate the roofline of houses. However, wood which is used outdoors or in areas exposed to moisture needs to be protected against wood-destroying organisms and to be shielded from water, marine pests, fungi, fire and weather conditions. Untreated wood materials have no resistance to the spread of fire and many buildings which constructed from wood based materials needs to fire resistance. It is possible that the wooden material ensures very durable and resistant against physical effects by surface applications such as wood preservative paint and acrylic resin-based varnish. The application of fire retardant chemicals can also provide to satisfy regulatory requirements for wood products.

In this study, titanium dioxide and antimony trioxide were applied on pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) solid wood material to determine durability of reaction to fire using by oxygen index test technique (ASTM D 2863-6) and real fire test. These chemicals were added to the wood preservative paint which is a commercial product as concentrations of 2%, 5% and 10% for titanium dioxide and 2% and 5% for antimony trioxide. The effects on colour change of their surfaces, brightness and surface roughness measurements, water absorption and thickness swelling of this wood material were also carried out. The results obtained were analysed statistically and compared with the related standards. Addition of these chemicals to used wood preservative paint had a positive impact on the fire properties of the pine wooden surface.

References

  • ASTM D 2863. (2006). Standard test method for measuring the minimum oxygen concentration to support candle- like combustion of plastics, ASTM Internatıonal, United State.Cheng, E.& Sun, X. (2006). Effects of wood-surface roughness, adhesive viscosity and processing pressure on adhesion strength of protein adhesive. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 20 (9), 997-1017. Doi: 10.1163/156856106777657779Demir, H., Arkıs, E., Balköse, D.& Ülkü, S. (2005). Synergistic effect of natural zeolites on flame retardant additives. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 89, 478-483. Doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.01.028Donmez Cavdar, A., Mengeloglu, F.& Kalaycioglu, H. (2016). Technological properties of thermoplasitc composites filled with fire retardant and tea mill waste fiber. Journal of Composite Materials, 50 (12), 1627-1634. Doi:10.1177/0021998315595113EN 317.(1993). Particleboards and Fiberboards, Determination of Swelling in Thickness After Immersion.Giúdice, C.A. & Benítez, J.C. (2001). Zinc borates as flame-retardant pigments in chlorine-containing coatings. Progress in Organic Coatings, 42, 82-88. Doi: 10.1016/S0300-9440(01)00159-XGnatowski, M.& Burnaby, B.C. (2005). Water absorption by wood-plastic composites in exterior, 8th Int. Conf. Wood Fiber Plastic Composites, May 1-27 2005, Madison, Wisconsin.Hashim, R., Sulaiman, O., Kumar, R.N., Tamyez, P.F., Murphy, R.J. & Ali, Z. (2009). Physical and mechanical properties of flame retardant urea formaldehyde medium density fiberboard. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209 (2), 635-640. Doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.02.036Heidelberg Uzman Rehberi. (2008). Renk, Kalite ve Tramlama Teknolojisi, Heildelberg Türkiye, 24-29, 38, 40, 42.Lam, Y.L., Kan, C.W. & Yuen, C.W.M. (2011). Effect of titanium dioxide on the flame-retardant finishing of cotton fabric. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 121, 267-278.Doi: 10.1002/app.33618Li, H.L., Hu, Z., Zhang, S., Gu, X., Wang, H., Jiang, P. & Zhao, Q. (2015). Effects of titanium dioxide on the flammability and char formation of water-based coatings containing intumescent flame retardants. Progress in Organic Coatings, 78, 318-324.Doi: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2014.08.003Nussbaum, R.M. (1988). The effect of low concentration fire retardant ımpregnations on wood charring rate and char yield. Journal Fire Sciences, 6, 290-307. Doi: 10.1177/073490418800600405Ozdemir, T.,Hiziroglu, S. & Kocapınar, M. (2015). Adhesion strength of cellulosic varnish coated wood species as function of their surface roughness. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 1-5. Doi:10.1155/2015/525496Ötsman, B. & Tsantaridis, L. (2016). Fire retardant treated wood products-properties and uses, The 47th IRG Annual Meeting, May 15-19, 2016, Lisbon, Portugal.Östman, B., Voss, A., Hughes, A., Hovde, P. J. & and Grexa, O. (2001). Durability of fire retardant treated wood products at humid and exterior conditions - Review of literatüre. Fire and Materials, 25, 95-104. Doi:10.1002/fam.758Pabelina, K.G., Lumban, C.O.& and Ramos, H.J. (2012). Plasma impregnation of wood with fire retardants.Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 272, 365–369. DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2011.01.102Russell, L.J., Marney, D.C.O., Humphrey, D.G., Hunt, A.C., Dowling, V.P., Cookson, L.J. (2004). Combining fire retardant and preservative systems for timber products in exposed applications –state of the art review, Australian Government, Forest and Wood Products Research and Deevelopment Corporation, 1-35p.Stoneburner, R. (2014). Novel silica-based nano pigment as a titanium dioxide replacement. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA, 53 p.Thamasson, G., Capizzi, J., Morrell, J.& Miller, D. (2006). Wood preservation and wood products treatment, Oregaon State University, 1-19 p.White, R.H.& Dietenberger, M.A. (1999). Wood handbook – wood as an engineering material (general technical report fpl-gtr-113), US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI, 17–12, 17-13 p.Zhong, Z.W., Hiziroglu, S. & Chan, C.M. (2013). Measurement of the surface roughness of wood based materials used in furniture manufacture. Measurement, 46 (4), 1482-1487.Doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2012.11.041

Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 4, 651 - 656, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.634269

Abstract

References

  • ASTM D 2863. (2006). Standard test method for measuring the minimum oxygen concentration to support candle- like combustion of plastics, ASTM Internatıonal, United State.Cheng, E.& Sun, X. (2006). Effects of wood-surface roughness, adhesive viscosity and processing pressure on adhesion strength of protein adhesive. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 20 (9), 997-1017. Doi: 10.1163/156856106777657779Demir, H., Arkıs, E., Balköse, D.& Ülkü, S. (2005). Synergistic effect of natural zeolites on flame retardant additives. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 89, 478-483. Doi:10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2005.01.028Donmez Cavdar, A., Mengeloglu, F.& Kalaycioglu, H. (2016). Technological properties of thermoplasitc composites filled with fire retardant and tea mill waste fiber. Journal of Composite Materials, 50 (12), 1627-1634. Doi:10.1177/0021998315595113EN 317.(1993). Particleboards and Fiberboards, Determination of Swelling in Thickness After Immersion.Giúdice, C.A. & Benítez, J.C. (2001). Zinc borates as flame-retardant pigments in chlorine-containing coatings. Progress in Organic Coatings, 42, 82-88. Doi: 10.1016/S0300-9440(01)00159-XGnatowski, M.& Burnaby, B.C. (2005). Water absorption by wood-plastic composites in exterior, 8th Int. Conf. Wood Fiber Plastic Composites, May 1-27 2005, Madison, Wisconsin.Hashim, R., Sulaiman, O., Kumar, R.N., Tamyez, P.F., Murphy, R.J. & Ali, Z. (2009). Physical and mechanical properties of flame retardant urea formaldehyde medium density fiberboard. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209 (2), 635-640. Doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.02.036Heidelberg Uzman Rehberi. (2008). Renk, Kalite ve Tramlama Teknolojisi, Heildelberg Türkiye, 24-29, 38, 40, 42.Lam, Y.L., Kan, C.W. & Yuen, C.W.M. (2011). Effect of titanium dioxide on the flame-retardant finishing of cotton fabric. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 121, 267-278.Doi: 10.1002/app.33618Li, H.L., Hu, Z., Zhang, S., Gu, X., Wang, H., Jiang, P. & Zhao, Q. (2015). Effects of titanium dioxide on the flammability and char formation of water-based coatings containing intumescent flame retardants. Progress in Organic Coatings, 78, 318-324.Doi: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2014.08.003Nussbaum, R.M. (1988). The effect of low concentration fire retardant ımpregnations on wood charring rate and char yield. Journal Fire Sciences, 6, 290-307. Doi: 10.1177/073490418800600405Ozdemir, T.,Hiziroglu, S. & Kocapınar, M. (2015). Adhesion strength of cellulosic varnish coated wood species as function of their surface roughness. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 1-5. Doi:10.1155/2015/525496Ötsman, B. & Tsantaridis, L. (2016). Fire retardant treated wood products-properties and uses, The 47th IRG Annual Meeting, May 15-19, 2016, Lisbon, Portugal.Östman, B., Voss, A., Hughes, A., Hovde, P. J. & and Grexa, O. (2001). Durability of fire retardant treated wood products at humid and exterior conditions - Review of literatüre. Fire and Materials, 25, 95-104. Doi:10.1002/fam.758Pabelina, K.G., Lumban, C.O.& and Ramos, H.J. (2012). Plasma impregnation of wood with fire retardants.Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 272, 365–369. DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2011.01.102Russell, L.J., Marney, D.C.O., Humphrey, D.G., Hunt, A.C., Dowling, V.P., Cookson, L.J. (2004). Combining fire retardant and preservative systems for timber products in exposed applications –state of the art review, Australian Government, Forest and Wood Products Research and Deevelopment Corporation, 1-35p.Stoneburner, R. (2014). Novel silica-based nano pigment as a titanium dioxide replacement. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, USA, 53 p.Thamasson, G., Capizzi, J., Morrell, J.& Miller, D. (2006). Wood preservation and wood products treatment, Oregaon State University, 1-19 p.White, R.H.& Dietenberger, M.A. (1999). Wood handbook – wood as an engineering material (general technical report fpl-gtr-113), US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI, 17–12, 17-13 p.Zhong, Z.W., Hiziroglu, S. & Chan, C.M. (2013). Measurement of the surface roughness of wood based materials used in furniture manufacture. Measurement, 46 (4), 1482-1487.Doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2012.11.041

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sevda BORAN TORUN (Primary Author)
KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-2345-6789
Türkiye


Ayfer DÖNMEZ ÇAVDAR
KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9084-2265
Türkiye


Turgay ÖZDEMİR
KARADENİZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2484-828X
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Karadeniz Technical University
Project Number FHD-2017-5983
Thanks The authors would like to thank to Prof. Dr. Hulya Kalaycioglu for providing the opportunity to work with the Dynisco Limiting Oxygen Index Chamber at the Wood Based Composite Materials Laboratory, Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey. The authors would also like to thank to Ugur Aras for helping the LOI test.
Publication Date December 31, 2019
Application Date October 17, 2019
Acceptance Date December 9, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 4, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jaes634269, journal = {Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2548-0006}, address = {}, publisher = {Bülent VEREP}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {651 - 656}, doi = {10.35229/jaes.634269}, title = {The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface}, key = {cite}, author = {Boran Torun, Sevda and Dönmez Çavdar, Ayfer and Özdemir, Turgay} }
APA Boran Torun, S. , Dönmez Çavdar, A. & Özdemir, T. (2019). The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences , Vol.4, No.4, 2019 , 651-656 . DOI: 10.35229/jaes.634269
MLA Boran Torun, S. , Dönmez Çavdar, A. , Özdemir, T. "The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface" . Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 (2019 ): 651-656 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaes/issue/50929/634269>
Chicago Boran Torun, S. , Dönmez Çavdar, A. , Özdemir, T. "The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 (2019 ): 651-656
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface AU - Sevda Boran Torun , Ayfer Dönmez Çavdar , Turgay Özdemir Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.634269 DO - 10.35229/jaes.634269 T2 - Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 651 EP - 656 VL - 4 IS - 4 SN - -2548-0006 M3 - doi: 10.35229/jaes.634269 UR - https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.634269 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface %A Sevda Boran Torun , Ayfer Dönmez Çavdar , Turgay Özdemir %T The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface %D 2019 %J Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences %P -2548-0006 %V 4 %N 4 %R doi: 10.35229/jaes.634269 %U 10.35229/jaes.634269
ISNAD Boran Torun, Sevda , Dönmez Çavdar, Ayfer , Özdemir, Turgay . "The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface". Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences 4 / 4 (December 2019): 651-656 . https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.634269
AMA Boran Torun S. , Dönmez Çavdar A. , Özdemir T. The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface. JAES. 2019; 4(4): 651-656.
Vancouver Boran Torun S. , Dönmez Çavdar A. , Özdemir T. The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences. 2019; 4(4): 651-656.
IEEE S. Boran Torun , A. Dönmez Çavdar and T. Özdemir , "The Reaction to Fire of Some Chemicals Treated Pine Wood Product Surface", Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 651-656, Dec. 2020, doi:10.35229/jaes.634269


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