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Investigation Of The Effect Of Building Material Selection and Design Style On Kiln Thermal Properties In Solar Kilns

Year 2020, Volume: 5 Issue: 5, 793 - 797, 31.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.833165

Abstract

The negative effects of intensive energy consumption in timber drying on costs and environmental pollution have strengthened the tendency to utilize solar energy in recent years. Although drying of timber in flat collector solar furnaces takes more time than conventional drying, energy costs are low and there are no negative environmental effects. In this study, the selection of building materials and design type to be used in the design of solar furnaces was evaluated in terms of thermal properties. Materials with different thermal capacities create different thermal properties in different designs. Therefore, it is possible to control the course of the temperature distribution in the solar timber drying oven throughout the day with the choice of different building materials and design forms.

References

  • Bois, P.J., (1977). Construction and operating a small solar heated lumber dryer. Forest Prod. Util Tech. Rep. 7, USDA.
  • Chen, P.Y.S., (1981). Design and tests of a 500 BF solar kiln. Forest Prod. J., 31(3): 33-38.
  • Comstock, G.L., (1978). Energy requirement for drying of wood products. Forest Prod. J., 28(3): 22-26.
  • Dağsöz, A.K., (1977). Heat transfer. ITU Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, İstanbul.
  • Gaugh, D.K., (1977). The design and operating a small solar timber kiln. Fiji Timbers and Their Uses, 67:17.
  • Kılıç, A. ve Öztürk, A., (1983). Solar energy. ITU Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, İstanbul.
  • Little, R.L., (1984). Industrial use of solar heat in lumber drying: a long – term performance report. Forest Prod. J., 34(9): 22-26.
  • Örs, Y. and Üçüncü, K., (1992). Investigations on lumber drying possibilities at 41o north parallel. TÜBİTAK Nature Magazine, 16: 22-37.
  • Read, W.R., Choda, A. and Cooper, P.I., (1974). A solar timber kiln, fiji timbers and their uses, 15:309-316.
  • Üçüncü, K., (1991). Investigation of drying possibilities of timber (eastern spruce) with solar energy in 41o north latitude (Trabzon). Doctoral Thesis (Unpublished), KTU Institute of Science and Technology, Trabzon.
  • Üçüncü, K., (1995). Greenhouse type solar furnace design and economic analysis for small capacity timber cutting and furniture plants in the climatic conditions of the Black Sea Region. I. National Black Sea Forestry Congress, 2. Volume, Proceedings, Trabzon.
  • Yang, K.L., (1980). Solar kiln performance at a high latitude, 48oN. Forest Prod., 30(3): 37-40.

Güneş Fırınlarında Yapı Malzemesi Seçimi ve Tasarım Stilinin Fırın Isıl Özelliklerine Etkisinin İncelenmesi

Year 2020, Volume: 5 Issue: 5, 793 - 797, 31.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.833165

Abstract

Kereste kurutmada yoğun enerji tüketiminin maliyetlere ve çevre kirliliğine olumsuz etkileri son yıllarda güneş enerjisinden yararlanma eğilimini güçlendirmiştir. Düz toplayıcılı güneş fırınlarında kerestenin kurutulması klasik kurutmaya oranla fazla zaman almasına rağmen enerji maliyetleri düşük ve olumsuz çevresel etkileri yoktur. Bu çalışmada güneş fırınlarının tasarımında kullanılacak yapı malzemelerinin ve tasarım şeklinin seçimi ısıl özellikler bakımından değerlendirilmiştir. Farklı ısıl kapasiteye sahip malzemeler farklı tasarım şeklinde farklı ısıl özellik oluşturmaktadır. Dolayısıyla, farklı yapı malzemesi ve tasarım şekli seçimi ile güneş enerjili kereste kurutma fırınında gün boyu sıcaklık dağılımının gidişinin kontrolü mümkün olabilmektedir.

References

  • Bois, P.J., (1977). Construction and operating a small solar heated lumber dryer. Forest Prod. Util Tech. Rep. 7, USDA.
  • Chen, P.Y.S., (1981). Design and tests of a 500 BF solar kiln. Forest Prod. J., 31(3): 33-38.
  • Comstock, G.L., (1978). Energy requirement for drying of wood products. Forest Prod. J., 28(3): 22-26.
  • Dağsöz, A.K., (1977). Heat transfer. ITU Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, İstanbul.
  • Gaugh, D.K., (1977). The design and operating a small solar timber kiln. Fiji Timbers and Their Uses, 67:17.
  • Kılıç, A. ve Öztürk, A., (1983). Solar energy. ITU Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, İstanbul.
  • Little, R.L., (1984). Industrial use of solar heat in lumber drying: a long – term performance report. Forest Prod. J., 34(9): 22-26.
  • Örs, Y. and Üçüncü, K., (1992). Investigations on lumber drying possibilities at 41o north parallel. TÜBİTAK Nature Magazine, 16: 22-37.
  • Read, W.R., Choda, A. and Cooper, P.I., (1974). A solar timber kiln, fiji timbers and their uses, 15:309-316.
  • Üçüncü, K., (1991). Investigation of drying possibilities of timber (eastern spruce) with solar energy in 41o north latitude (Trabzon). Doctoral Thesis (Unpublished), KTU Institute of Science and Technology, Trabzon.
  • Üçüncü, K., (1995). Greenhouse type solar furnace design and economic analysis for small capacity timber cutting and furniture plants in the climatic conditions of the Black Sea Region. I. National Black Sea Forestry Congress, 2. Volume, Proceedings, Trabzon.
  • Yang, K.L., (1980). Solar kiln performance at a high latitude, 48oN. Forest Prod., 30(3): 37-40.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Kemal ÜÇÜNCÜ 0000-0002-6294-6112

Aytaç AYDIN 0000-0001-7460-9618

Publication Date December 31, 2020
Submission Date November 29, 2020
Acceptance Date December 3, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020 Volume: 5 Issue: 5

Cite

APA ÜÇÜNCÜ, K., & AYDIN, A. (2020). Investigation Of The Effect Of Building Material Selection and Design Style On Kiln Thermal Properties In Solar Kilns. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 5(5), 793-797. https://doi.org/10.35229/jaes.833165


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