Systematic Reviews and Meta Analysis
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Definitions and Measurement of Engagement in Persons with Dementia: A Scoping Review

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2, 27 - 39, 15.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.51819/jaltc.2022.1005251

Abstract

Creating meaningful engagement for a person with dementia is recognized as a non-pharmacological approach to enhancing their well-being and decreasing their agitation, anxiety, and depression. However, no standard definition of engagement exists. A scoping review was conducted to examine the current definitions of engagement in persons with dementia and the measurement of engagement. The literature search was conducted using CINAHL/EBSCO and PubMed for the years 2016-2021 using the search terms “dementia AND elderly AND engagement.” A screening process was developed, with articles meeting inclusion criteria independently reviewed by at least two team members. A follow-up of publications of the key authors was conducted alongside a search of the gray literature. Congruent themes of the definitions were identified, and articles were grouped into thematic categories. The two major themes of engagement definitions: were social contact/interaction and response to activity and/or stimuli, and two minor themes, meaningful/satisfying activity and program/activity attendance, were found in the literature. The measurement of engagement reflected the two major themes of definitions reviewed and was primarily captured through observation. Major components of the three observation-based scales were similar, capturing affect, attitude, and attention in various formats and degrees. A comprehensive definition, combining key aspects of the cited definitions developed by the researchers, follows the Emotional and/or behavioral response generated by introducing stimuli through social or activity-based interactions that are meaningful to the individual and create satisfaction. The current observational approach to capture engagement is impractical for clinical use as it is subjective and time-consuming. This scoping review reveals the need for objective technology-based tools that capture the holistic concept of engagement among persons with dementia.

References

  • Bailey, E. M., Stevens, A. B., LaRocca, M. A., & Scogin, F. (2017). A randomized controlled trial of a therapeutic intervention for nursing home residents with dementia and depressive symptoms. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 36(7), 895-908. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464815627956
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M. S. (2009). Engagement in persons with dementia: the concept and its measurement. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17(4), 299-307. https://doi.org/10.1097/JGP.0b013e31818f3a52
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Marx, M. S., Dakheel-Ali, M., Regier, N. G., & Thein, K. (2010). Can persons with dementia be engaged with stimuli? American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(4), 351-362. https://doi.org/10.1097/jgp.0b013e3181c531fd
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Marx, M. S., Freedman, L. S., Murad, H., Thein, K., & Dakheel-Ali, M. (2012). What affects pleasure in persons with advanced stage dementia? Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46(3), 402-406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.12.003
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Thein, K., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M. S. (2010a). Engaging nursing home residents with dementia in activities: The effects of modeling, presentation order, time of day, and setting characteristics. Aging & Mental Health, 14(4), 471-480. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860903586102
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Thein, K., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M. S. (2010b). The underlying meaning of stimuli: Impact on engagement of persons with dementia. Psychiatry Research, 177(1-2), 216-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2009.02.010
  • Eggert, J., Dye, C. J., Vincent, E., Parker, V., Daily, S. B., Pham, H., Watson, A. T., Summey, H., & Roy, T. (2015). Effects of viewing a preferred nature image and hearing preferred music on engagement, agitation, and mental status in persons with dementia. SAGE Open Medicine, 3, 2050312115602579. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312115602579
  • Evans, J. (2017). Person-Centered Care and Culture Change. Caring for the Ages, 18(8), 6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carage.2017.07.007
  • Fazio, S., Pace, D., Maslow, K., Zimmerman, S., & Kallmyer, B. (2018). Alzheimer's association dementia care practice recommendations. Gerontologist, 58(suppl_1), S1-S9. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnx182
  • Freeman, S., Spirgiene, L., Martin-Khan, M., & Hirdes, J. P. (2017). Relationship between restraint use, engagement in social activity, and decline in cognitive status among residents newly admitted to long-term care facilities. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 17(2), 246-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.12707
  • Gaspar, P. M., & Westberg, K. (2020). Evaluation of the Montessori-Inspired Lifestyle((R)) as the Foundation of Care in Assisted Living Memory Care. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 46(5), 40-46. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20200409-01
  • Gerritsen, D. L., Steverink, N., Frijters, D. H., Hirdes, J. P., Ooms, M. E., & Ribbe, M. W. (2008). A revised Index for Social Engagement for long-term care. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 34(4), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20080401-04
  • Hawes, C., Morris, J. N., Phillips, C. D., Fries, B. E., Murphy, K., & Mor, V. (1997). Development of the nursing home Resident Assessment Instrument in the USA. Age and Ageing, 26, 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/26.suppl_2.19
  • Hill, N. L., Kolanowski, A., & Kurum, E. (2010). Agreeableness and activity engagement in nursing home residents with dementia. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 36(9), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20100330-10
  • Jones, C., Sung, B., & Moyle, W. (2015). Assessing engagement in people with dementia: a new approach to assessment using video analysis. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 29(6), 377-382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2015.06.019
  • Jones, C., Sung, B., & Moyle, W. (2018). Engagement of a Person with Dementia Scale: Establishing content validity and psychometric properties. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 74(9), 2227-2240. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13717
  • Judge, K. S., Camp, C. J., & Orsulic-Jeras, S. (2000). Use of Montessori-based activities for clients with dementia in adult day care: Effects on engagement. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(1), 42-46. https://doi.org/10.1177/153331750001500105
  • Kang, H. (2012). Correlates of social engagement in nursing home residents with dementia. Asian Nursing Research, 6(2), 75-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2012.05.006
  • Kemp, C. L., Bender, A. A., Ciofi, J., Craft Morgan, J., Burgess, E. O., Duong, S., Epps, F. R., Hill, A. M., Manley, P. R.,
  • Sease, J., & Perkins, M. M. (2021). Meaningful engagement among assisted living residents with dementia: Successful approaches. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 40(12), 1751-1757. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464821996866
  • Lazar, A., Demiris, G., & Thompson, H. J. (2016). Evaluation of a multifunctional technology system in a memory care unit: Opportunities for innovation in dementia care. Inform Health Soc Care, 41(4), 373-386. https://doi.org/10.3109/17538157.2015.1064428
  • Leone, E., Deudon, A., Piano, J., Robert, P., & Dechamps, A. (2012). Are Dementia Patient's Engagement Using Tailored Stimuli the Same? The Apathy Dilemma in Nursing Home Residents. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2012, 942640. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/942640
  • Lou, V. W., Chi, I., Kwan, C. W., & Leung, A. Y. (2013). Trajectories of social engagement and depressive symptoms among long-term care facility residents in Hong Kong. Age and Ageing, 42(2), 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afs159
  • Lucock, Z. R., Sharp, R. A., & Jones, R. S. (2020). Preference for leisure items over edible items in individuals with dementia: A replication. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 53(3), 1780-1788. https://doi.org/10.1002/jaba.679
  • Mansbach, W. E., Mace, R. A., Clark, K. M., & Firth, I. M. (2017). Meaningful Activity for Long-Term Care Residents With Dementia: A Comparison of Activities and Raters. Gerontologist, 57(3), 461-468. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnv694
  • Mbakile-Mahlanza, L., van der Ploeg, E. S., Busija, L., Camp, C., Walker, H., & O'Connor, D. W. (2020). A cluster-randomized crossover trial of Montessori activities delivered by family carers to nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 32(3), 347-358. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610219001819
  • Motealleh, P., Moyle, W., Jones, C., & Dupre, K. (2019). Creating a dementia-friendly environment through the use of outdoor natural landscape design intervention in long-term care facilities: A narrative review. Health Place, 58(102148), 102148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.102148
  • Moyle, W., Beattie, E., Draper, B., Shum, D., Thalib, L., Jones, C., O'Dwyer, S., & Mervin, C. (2015). Effect of an interactive therapeutic robotic animal on engagement, mood states, agitation and psychotropic drug use in people with dementia: A cluster-randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 5(8), e009097. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009097
  • Moyle, W., Jones, C. J., Murfield, J. E., Thalib, L., Beattie, E. R. A., Shum, D. K. H., O'Dwyer, S. T., Mervin, M. C., & Draper, B. M. (2017). Use of a Robotic Seal as a Therapeutic Tool to Improve Dementia Symptoms: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 18(9), 766-773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2017.03.018
  • Munn, Z., Peters, M. D. J., Stern, C., Tufanaru, C., McArthur, A., & Aromataris, E. (2018). Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18(1), 143. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x
  • National Academies of Sciences. (2022). The National Imperative to Improve Nursing Home Quality: Honoring Our Commitment to Residents, Families, and Staff. In The National Imperative to Improve Nursing Home Quality: Honoring Our Commitment to Residents, Families, and Staff. https://doi.org/10.17226/26526
  • Nazir, A. (2021). The quality of care in nursing homes National Academies of Science, Engineering & Medicine: Improving Nursing Home Quality, Webinar.
  • Perugia, G., Rodriguez-Martin, D., Boladeras, M. D., Mallofre, A. C., Barakova, E., & Rauterberg, M. (2018). Quantity of Movement as a Measure of Engagement for Dementia: The Influence of Motivational Disorders. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 33(2), 112-121. https://doi.org/10.1177/1533317517739700
  • Perugia, G., van Berkel, R., Diaz-Boladeras, M., Catala-Mallofre, A., Rauterberg, M., & Barakova, E. (2018). Understanding Engagement in Dementia Through Behavior. The Ethographic and Laban-Inspired Coding System of Engagement (ELICSE) and the Evidence-Based Model of Engagement-Related Behavior (EMODEB). Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 690. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00690
  • Serrani Azcurra, D. J. L. (2012). A reminiscence program intervention to improve the quality of life of long-term care residents with Alzheimer's disease: A randomized controlled trial. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 34(4), 422-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbp.2012.05.008
  • Skrajner, M. J., Haberman, J. L., Camp, C. J., Tusick, M., Frentiu, C., & Gorzelle, G. (2014). Effects of using nursing home residents to serve as group activity leaders: Lessons learned from the RAP project. Dementia (London), 13(2), 274-285. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301213499219
  • Sucharew, H., & Macaluso, M. (2019). Progress Notes: Methods for Research Evidence Synthesis: The Scoping Review Approach. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 14(7), 416-418. https://doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3248
  • Tak, S. H., Kedia, S., Tongumpun, T. M., & Hong, S. H. (2015). Activity Engagement: Perspectives from Nursing Home Residents with Dementia. Educational Gerontology, 41(3), 182-192. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2014.937217
  • Theurer, K., Mortenson, W. B., Stone, R., Suto, M., Timonen, V., & Rozanova, J. (2015). The need for a social revolution in residential care. Journal of Aging Studies, 35, 201-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2015.08.011
  • Tse, M. M. Y., Lau, J. L., Kwan, R., Cheung, D., Tang, A. S. K., Ng, S. S. M., Lee, P. H., & Yeung, S. S. Y. (2018). Effects of play activities program for nursing home residents with dementia on pain and psychological well-being: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 18(10), 1485-1490. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13509
  • van Beek, A. P., Frijters, D. H., Wagner, C., Groenewegen, P. P., & Ribbe, M. W. (2011). Social engagement and depressive symptoms of elderly residents with dementia: A cross-sectional study of 37 long-term care units. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(4), 625-633. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610210002061
  • Westberg, K., Gaspar, P. M., & Schein, C. (2017). Engagement of Residents of Assisted Living and Skilled Nursing Facility Memory Care Units. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 41(4), 330-346. https://doi.org/10.1080/01924788.2017.1376175
  • Whall, A. L., & Kolanowski, A. M. (2004). The need-driven dementia-compromised behavior model-- a framework for understanding the behavioral symptoms of dementia. Aging & Mental Health, 8(2), 106-108. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860410001649590
  • Yoon, J. Y., & Kim, H. (2017). The Revised Index for Social Engagement in Long-Term Care Facilities: A Psychometric Study. Journal of Nursing Research, 25(3), 216-223. https://doi.org/10.1097/JNR.0000000000000156
  • Zeisel, J., Skrajner, M. J., Zeisel, E. B., Wilson, M. N., & Gage, C. (2018). Scripted-IMPROV: Interactive Improvisational Drama With Persons With Dementia-Effects on Engagement, Affect, Depression, and Quality of Life. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 33(4), 232-241. https://doi.org/10.1177/1533317518755994

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2, 27 - 39, 15.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.51819/jaltc.2022.1005251

Abstract

References

  • Bailey, E. M., Stevens, A. B., LaRocca, M. A., & Scogin, F. (2017). A randomized controlled trial of a therapeutic intervention for nursing home residents with dementia and depressive symptoms. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 36(7), 895-908. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464815627956
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M. S. (2009). Engagement in persons with dementia: the concept and its measurement. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17(4), 299-307. https://doi.org/10.1097/JGP.0b013e31818f3a52
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Marx, M. S., Dakheel-Ali, M., Regier, N. G., & Thein, K. (2010). Can persons with dementia be engaged with stimuli? American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(4), 351-362. https://doi.org/10.1097/jgp.0b013e3181c531fd
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Marx, M. S., Freedman, L. S., Murad, H., Thein, K., & Dakheel-Ali, M. (2012). What affects pleasure in persons with advanced stage dementia? Journal of Psychiatric Research, 46(3), 402-406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2011.12.003
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Thein, K., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M. S. (2010a). Engaging nursing home residents with dementia in activities: The effects of modeling, presentation order, time of day, and setting characteristics. Aging & Mental Health, 14(4), 471-480. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860903586102
  • Cohen-Mansfield, J., Thein, K., Dakheel-Ali, M., & Marx, M. S. (2010b). The underlying meaning of stimuli: Impact on engagement of persons with dementia. Psychiatry Research, 177(1-2), 216-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2009.02.010
  • Eggert, J., Dye, C. J., Vincent, E., Parker, V., Daily, S. B., Pham, H., Watson, A. T., Summey, H., & Roy, T. (2015). Effects of viewing a preferred nature image and hearing preferred music on engagement, agitation, and mental status in persons with dementia. SAGE Open Medicine, 3, 2050312115602579. https://doi.org/10.1177/2050312115602579
  • Evans, J. (2017). Person-Centered Care and Culture Change. Caring for the Ages, 18(8), 6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carage.2017.07.007
  • Fazio, S., Pace, D., Maslow, K., Zimmerman, S., & Kallmyer, B. (2018). Alzheimer's association dementia care practice recommendations. Gerontologist, 58(suppl_1), S1-S9. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnx182
  • Freeman, S., Spirgiene, L., Martin-Khan, M., & Hirdes, J. P. (2017). Relationship between restraint use, engagement in social activity, and decline in cognitive status among residents newly admitted to long-term care facilities. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 17(2), 246-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.12707
  • Gaspar, P. M., & Westberg, K. (2020). Evaluation of the Montessori-Inspired Lifestyle((R)) as the Foundation of Care in Assisted Living Memory Care. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 46(5), 40-46. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20200409-01
  • Gerritsen, D. L., Steverink, N., Frijters, D. H., Hirdes, J. P., Ooms, M. E., & Ribbe, M. W. (2008). A revised Index for Social Engagement for long-term care. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 34(4), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20080401-04
  • Hawes, C., Morris, J. N., Phillips, C. D., Fries, B. E., Murphy, K., & Mor, V. (1997). Development of the nursing home Resident Assessment Instrument in the USA. Age and Ageing, 26, 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/26.suppl_2.19
  • Hill, N. L., Kolanowski, A., & Kurum, E. (2010). Agreeableness and activity engagement in nursing home residents with dementia. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 36(9), 45-52. https://doi.org/10.3928/00989134-20100330-10
  • Jones, C., Sung, B., & Moyle, W. (2015). Assessing engagement in people with dementia: a new approach to assessment using video analysis. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 29(6), 377-382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2015.06.019
  • Jones, C., Sung, B., & Moyle, W. (2018). Engagement of a Person with Dementia Scale: Establishing content validity and psychometric properties. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 74(9), 2227-2240. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13717
  • Judge, K. S., Camp, C. J., & Orsulic-Jeras, S. (2000). Use of Montessori-based activities for clients with dementia in adult day care: Effects on engagement. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 15(1), 42-46. https://doi.org/10.1177/153331750001500105
  • Kang, H. (2012). Correlates of social engagement in nursing home residents with dementia. Asian Nursing Research, 6(2), 75-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2012.05.006
  • Kemp, C. L., Bender, A. A., Ciofi, J., Craft Morgan, J., Burgess, E. O., Duong, S., Epps, F. R., Hill, A. M., Manley, P. R.,
  • Sease, J., & Perkins, M. M. (2021). Meaningful engagement among assisted living residents with dementia: Successful approaches. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 40(12), 1751-1757. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464821996866
  • Lazar, A., Demiris, G., & Thompson, H. J. (2016). Evaluation of a multifunctional technology system in a memory care unit: Opportunities for innovation in dementia care. Inform Health Soc Care, 41(4), 373-386. https://doi.org/10.3109/17538157.2015.1064428
  • Leone, E., Deudon, A., Piano, J., Robert, P., & Dechamps, A. (2012). Are Dementia Patient's Engagement Using Tailored Stimuli the Same? The Apathy Dilemma in Nursing Home Residents. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, 2012, 942640. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/942640
  • Lou, V. W., Chi, I., Kwan, C. W., & Leung, A. Y. (2013). Trajectories of social engagement and depressive symptoms among long-term care facility residents in Hong Kong. Age and Ageing, 42(2), 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afs159
  • Lucock, Z. R., Sharp, R. A., & Jones, R. S. (2020). Preference for leisure items over edible items in individuals with dementia: A replication. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 53(3), 1780-1788. https://doi.org/10.1002/jaba.679
  • Mansbach, W. E., Mace, R. A., Clark, K. M., & Firth, I. M. (2017). Meaningful Activity for Long-Term Care Residents With Dementia: A Comparison of Activities and Raters. Gerontologist, 57(3), 461-468. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnv694
  • Mbakile-Mahlanza, L., van der Ploeg, E. S., Busija, L., Camp, C., Walker, H., & O'Connor, D. W. (2020). A cluster-randomized crossover trial of Montessori activities delivered by family carers to nursing home residents with behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. International Psychogeriatrics, 32(3), 347-358. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610219001819
  • Motealleh, P., Moyle, W., Jones, C., & Dupre, K. (2019). Creating a dementia-friendly environment through the use of outdoor natural landscape design intervention in long-term care facilities: A narrative review. Health Place, 58(102148), 102148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2019.102148
  • Moyle, W., Beattie, E., Draper, B., Shum, D., Thalib, L., Jones, C., O'Dwyer, S., & Mervin, C. (2015). Effect of an interactive therapeutic robotic animal on engagement, mood states, agitation and psychotropic drug use in people with dementia: A cluster-randomised controlled trial protocol. BMJ Open, 5(8), e009097. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009097
  • Moyle, W., Jones, C. J., Murfield, J. E., Thalib, L., Beattie, E. R. A., Shum, D. K. H., O'Dwyer, S. T., Mervin, M. C., & Draper, B. M. (2017). Use of a Robotic Seal as a Therapeutic Tool to Improve Dementia Symptoms: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 18(9), 766-773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2017.03.018
  • Munn, Z., Peters, M. D. J., Stern, C., Tufanaru, C., McArthur, A., & Aromataris, E. (2018). Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18(1), 143. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x
  • National Academies of Sciences. (2022). The National Imperative to Improve Nursing Home Quality: Honoring Our Commitment to Residents, Families, and Staff. In The National Imperative to Improve Nursing Home Quality: Honoring Our Commitment to Residents, Families, and Staff. https://doi.org/10.17226/26526
  • Nazir, A. (2021). The quality of care in nursing homes National Academies of Science, Engineering & Medicine: Improving Nursing Home Quality, Webinar.
  • Perugia, G., Rodriguez-Martin, D., Boladeras, M. D., Mallofre, A. C., Barakova, E., & Rauterberg, M. (2018). Quantity of Movement as a Measure of Engagement for Dementia: The Influence of Motivational Disorders. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 33(2), 112-121. https://doi.org/10.1177/1533317517739700
  • Perugia, G., van Berkel, R., Diaz-Boladeras, M., Catala-Mallofre, A., Rauterberg, M., & Barakova, E. (2018). Understanding Engagement in Dementia Through Behavior. The Ethographic and Laban-Inspired Coding System of Engagement (ELICSE) and the Evidence-Based Model of Engagement-Related Behavior (EMODEB). Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 690. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00690
  • Serrani Azcurra, D. J. L. (2012). A reminiscence program intervention to improve the quality of life of long-term care residents with Alzheimer's disease: A randomized controlled trial. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 34(4), 422-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbp.2012.05.008
  • Skrajner, M. J., Haberman, J. L., Camp, C. J., Tusick, M., Frentiu, C., & Gorzelle, G. (2014). Effects of using nursing home residents to serve as group activity leaders: Lessons learned from the RAP project. Dementia (London), 13(2), 274-285. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301213499219
  • Sucharew, H., & Macaluso, M. (2019). Progress Notes: Methods for Research Evidence Synthesis: The Scoping Review Approach. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 14(7), 416-418. https://doi.org/10.12788/jhm.3248
  • Tak, S. H., Kedia, S., Tongumpun, T. M., & Hong, S. H. (2015). Activity Engagement: Perspectives from Nursing Home Residents with Dementia. Educational Gerontology, 41(3), 182-192. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601277.2014.937217
  • Theurer, K., Mortenson, W. B., Stone, R., Suto, M., Timonen, V., & Rozanova, J. (2015). The need for a social revolution in residential care. Journal of Aging Studies, 35, 201-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaging.2015.08.011
  • Tse, M. M. Y., Lau, J. L., Kwan, R., Cheung, D., Tang, A. S. K., Ng, S. S. M., Lee, P. H., & Yeung, S. S. Y. (2018). Effects of play activities program for nursing home residents with dementia on pain and psychological well-being: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 18(10), 1485-1490. https://doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13509
  • van Beek, A. P., Frijters, D. H., Wagner, C., Groenewegen, P. P., & Ribbe, M. W. (2011). Social engagement and depressive symptoms of elderly residents with dementia: A cross-sectional study of 37 long-term care units. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(4), 625-633. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610210002061
  • Westberg, K., Gaspar, P. M., & Schein, C. (2017). Engagement of Residents of Assisted Living and Skilled Nursing Facility Memory Care Units. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 41(4), 330-346. https://doi.org/10.1080/01924788.2017.1376175
  • Whall, A. L., & Kolanowski, A. M. (2004). The need-driven dementia-compromised behavior model-- a framework for understanding the behavioral symptoms of dementia. Aging & Mental Health, 8(2), 106-108. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607860410001649590
  • Yoon, J. Y., & Kim, H. (2017). The Revised Index for Social Engagement in Long-Term Care Facilities: A Psychometric Study. Journal of Nursing Research, 25(3), 216-223. https://doi.org/10.1097/JNR.0000000000000156
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Humanities, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Articles
Authors

William MATCHAM> (Primary Author)
Cleveland State University
0000-0003-3474-3294
United States


Joan THOMAN This is me
Cleveland State University
0000-0002-0614-7404
United States


Adam SOBOL This is me
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0001-6109-3552
United States


Erica SANCHEZ This is me
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0002-9933-1939
United States


Phyllis GASPAR This is me
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0002-5244-5330
United States

Supporting Institution Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Publication Date December 15, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

APA Matcham, W. , Thoman, J. , Sobol, A. , Sanchez, E. & Gaspar, P. (2022). Definitions and Measurement of Engagement in Persons with Dementia: A Scoping Review . Journal of Aging and Long-Term Care , 5 (2) , 27-39 . DOI: 10.51819/jaltc.2022.1005251

For further assistance and more detailed information about the JALTC and the publishing process, please do not hesitate to contact the secretariat of the JALTC via sending an e-mail: editor-in-chief@jaltc.net

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

The National and Applied Gerontology Association (NASAG) is a leading non-profit organization in Turkey that promotes healthy and productive aging via evidence-based research. The utilization of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research in gerontology is crucial in integrating research, practice, and policy, given the need for evidence-based programming to improve the quality of life in old age. As an advocate for social action for older people, the NASAG is particularly concerned that public policies are strongly and genuinely focused on supporting and protecting the most vulnerable, marginalized, or disadvantaged older people.

The NASAG has been a member of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG) since 2007.