Social isolation and disruptive dementia-related behaviors are common concerns among older adults with cognitive impairment and their caregivers within residential long-term care settings. However, many interventions aiming to improve the quality of life of residents through the reduction of dementia-related behaviors and isolation rely on human contact interventions that often require significant time and resources on behalf of care staff. Robotic companion interventions have recently emerged to meet the growing need for unique, easily implemented interventions for this population. The current literature review examined existing empirical evidence for the use of the PARO seal, one of the leading animal-based robotic interventions currently available, in improving outcomes among older adults in residential long-term care. Seventeen publications that examined the impact of PARO intervention on outcomes specifically related to dementia-related behaviors and social isolation among older adults in long-term care were included in the review. Overall, most studies demonstrated some efficacy of the PARO robot in reducing either dementia-related behaviors (e.g., improvements in irritability/agitation, aggressive behavior, sleep symptoms, and affect) or social isolation. However, findings varied widely, likely due to variations in the application of the intervention, sample characteristics (e.g., range of cognitive impairment, small sample sizes), and methodology (e.g., types of outcome measures used, control group). The current literature generally supports the efficacy of the PARO seal in long-term care. However, further studies are needed to fully parse the extent of its effectiveness while accounting for variability in intervention implementation.
|Subjects||Geriatrics and Gerontology, Health Policy, Clinical Psychology|
|Publication Date||September 30, 2023|
|Acceptance Date||September 2, 2023|
|Published in Issue||Year 2023 Volume: 6 Issue: 2|
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The National and Applied Gerontology Association (NASAG) is a leading non-profit organization in Türkiye that promotes healthy and productive aging via evidence-based research. The utilization of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research in gerontology is crucial in integrating research, practice, and policy, given the need for evidence-based programming to improve the quality of life in old age. As an advocate for social action for older people, the NASAG is particularly concerned that public policies are strongly and genuinely focused on supporting and protecting the most vulnerable, marginalized, or disadvantaged older people.
The NASAG has been a member of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG) since 2007.