Year 2020, Volume , Issue 1, Pages 19 - 27 2020-05-18

NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?

Qaisar NASRAT [1]


In response to the 9/11 terrorist attack in New York, US military launched an operation on October 7, 2001. Despite the totally removal of the Taliban in 2001, now Afghanistan is more insecure than ever. According to the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR), Taliban controlling the 43 per cent of Afghanistan’s districts and threaten 70% of Afghanistan. After President Donald Trump's will to end the longest war in American history, special representative Zalmay Khalilzad began to shuttle between the countries that might have an impact on the Afghan issue. Since September 2018, Khalilzad has held five rounds of talks with the Taliban.

The most important issues of these negotiations are: The United States wants to ensure that Afghanistan will not be a shelter for terrorist organizations, cutting off ties with organizations such as al-Qaeda, Taliban talks with the Afghan government and a ceasefire. On the other side, the only condition of the Taliban is that the clear timetable of foreign forces complete withdrawal from Afghanistan. Also, Afghan president Gani stressed that they would void the outcome of the negotiations that excluded the elected government. The American side gives the message that the process continues with Gani's knowledge and support.

After U.S. withdraw, the predictions that the Taliban can return to Kabul are pushing Washington to pursue peace talks and to accept the Taliban as a political reality is the defeat in any case for the United States. On the other side, Afghans are concerned that negotiation with the Taliban could destroy the 18-year gains in democratic and human rights fields.

Within this pessimistic atmosphere, is it posible to negotiate with fragmented, factionalised and undisciplined groups of Taliban to be successful?, Is the US-Taliban agreement sufficient for peace?, how will it affect the future of Afghanistan? and is it beginning of dark times for women and minorities in the Afghanistan?. This article tries to answer the above questions.

Afghanistan, Afghan government, peace talks, Taliban, USA
  • Aktan, Sertaç, ABD ve Taliban arasındaki barış görüşmeleri 25 Şubat'ta devam edecek, 28.01.2019, https://tr.euronews.com/2019/01/28/abd-ve-taliban-arasindaki-baris-gorusmeleri-25-subat-ta-devam-edecek
  • Anadolu Ajansı, ABD'nin Afganistan Özel Temsilcisi Halilzad: Taliban ile barış görüşmeleri için ilerleme sağlandı, 29.01.2019, https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/dunya/abdnin-afganistan-ozel-temsilcisi-halilzad-taliban-ile-baris-gorusmeleri-icin-ilerleme-saglandi/1377586#
  • Arjmand, Mohammad Jafar Javadi, Taliban Movement and Its Influence on Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the United States Relations, Central Eurasia Studies, International Center for Advanced Studies, Law School, Political Science, Second Year, No 3, Winter and Spring, 2009- 10, pp.44
  • Azami, Dawood, Guerra de Afganistán: las concesiones que se tienen que hacer para alcanzar la paz con el Talibán (y los principales obstáculos), 15 July 2019,
  • https://www.bbc.com/mundo/noticias-internacional-48986359?ocid=socialflow_twitter
  • ABD ile Taliban anlaştı: Afganistan'da ateşkes ilan edilecek, barış görüşmeleri yapılacak, 28 January 2019, https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-dunya-47034109
  • Cameron, David, “A Role for Federalism in Afghanistan after the Taliban”, Federations, Special Issue on Afghanistan, 2001.
  • Darby, J. and Ginty, Roger Mac (ed), ”Contemporary Peacemaking: Conflict, Peace Processes and Post-war Reconstruction.” Palgrave Macmillan UK. 2008.
  • Khalilzad: We reached a general agreement with the Taliban; Ghani demanded Taliban to begun serious talks, BBC Persian, January 28, 2019, http://www.bbc.com/persian/afghanistan-47028942
  • Mashal, Mujib and Schmitt Eric. 2018. “White House Orders Direct Taliban Talks to Jump-Start Afghan Negotiation.” The New York Times, July 15. https://www.nytimes.com/2018 /07/15/world/asia/afghanistantaliban-directnegotiations. html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&clickSource=story-heading&module=first column-region®ion=topnews&WT.nav=top-news
  • Mir, Haroun, “The Dilemma of Representation in Afghan Peace Negotiation.” Atimes, August 6, 2018. http://www.atimes.com/thedilemma-of-representation-in-afghan-peace-negotiations/
  • Open Society Foundations, A peace solution for Afghanistan, May 2016, http://www.epd-afg.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Policy-Brief-Dari.pdf
  • Osman, Borhan, “The Murree Peace Talk: Divisive Peace Talk Further Complicated by Mullah Omar’s Death.” Afghanistan Analyst Network, August 5, 2015. https://www.afghanistananalysts.org/the-murree-process-divisive-peace-talks furthercomplicated-by-mullah-omars-death/
  • Sadr, Omar, Peace Processes in Afghanistan, Afghan Institute for Strategic Studies, Kabul 2018, pp. 10-11.
  • Safi, Khalilullah and Thomas Ruttig, “Understanding Hurdles to Afghan Peace Talks: Are the Taleban a Political Party?” Afghanistan Analyst Network, June 27, 2018. https://www.afghanistananalysts.org/understanding-hurdles-to-afghan-peace-talks-arethe-taleban-a-political-party/
  • Shahrani, M. Nazif, ‘Not ‘Who?’ but ‘How?’: Governing Afghanistan after the Conflict.’ Federations, 2001, Special Issue on Afghanistan.
  • Shahrani, M. Nazif, “The Challenge of Post-Taliban Governance.’ ISIM Newsletter, 2003, no. 12: 22–23.
  • Wormer, Nils, “Exploratory Talks and Peace Initiative in Afghanistan: Actors, Demands and Germany’s Role as Mediator.” Germen Institute for International and Security Affairs, SWP, 2012, Comments 44.
  • 8subh newspaper, year 5, no: 1249, 1 october 2011, kabul afghanistan, p. 2
Primary Language en
Subjects International Relations
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4676-8122
Author: Qaisar NASRAT
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : August 2, 2019
Acceptance Date : August 21, 2019
Publication Date : May 18, 2020

Bibtex @research article { japss600987, journal = {Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies}, issn = {2667-5889}, address = {}, publisher = {Şerife GÜZEL}, year = {2020}, volume = {}, pages = {19 - 27}, doi = {10.35344/japss.600987}, title = {NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?}, key = {cite}, author = {Nasrat, Qaisar} }
APA Nasrat, Q . (2020). NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN? . Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies , (1) , 19-27 . DOI: 10.35344/japss.600987
MLA Nasrat, Q . "NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?" . Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies (2020 ): 19-27 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/japss/issue/54386/600987>
Chicago Nasrat, Q . "NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?". Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies (2020 ): 19-27
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN? AU - Qaisar Nasrat Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.35344/japss.600987 DO - 10.35344/japss.600987 T2 - Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 27 VL - IS - 1 SN - 2667-5889- M3 - doi: 10.35344/japss.600987 UR - https://doi.org/10.35344/japss.600987 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN? %A Qaisar Nasrat %T NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN? %D 2020 %J Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies %P 2667-5889- %V %N 1 %R doi: 10.35344/japss.600987 %U 10.35344/japss.600987
ISNAD Nasrat, Qaisar . "NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?". Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies / 1 (May 2020): 19-27 . https://doi.org/10.35344/japss.600987
AMA Nasrat Q . NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?. Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies. 2020; (1): 19-27.
Vancouver Nasrat Q . NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?. Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies. 2020; (1): 19-27.
IEEE Q. Nasrat , "NEGOTIATING WITH THE TALIBAN: HOW WILL IT AFFECT THE FUTURE OF AFGHANISTAN?", Journal of Academic Perspective on Social Studies, no. 1, pp. 19-27, May. 2020, doi:10.35344/japss.600987