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Year 2020, Volume 1, Issue 1, 47 - 63, 02.07.2020

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References

  • Alnajjar, A.A., Al-Shaikley, F.Y., & Alias, M.F.A. (2012), Optical properties and photoconductivity of undoped and In-doped CdTe thin films. Journal of Electron Devices 16, 1306–1314.
  • Al-Zahrani, J.H., El-Hagary, M., & El-Taher, A. (2015). Gamma irradiation induced effects on optical properties and single oscillator parameters of Fe-doped CdS diluted magnetic semiconductors thin films. Mat. Sci. Semicon. Proc., 39, 74–78. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.04.042
  • Babkair, S.S., Al-Twarqi, N.M., & Ansari, A. A. (2011), Optical characterization of CdTe films for solar cell applications, Karachi University Journal of Science 39, 1–5.
  • Caglar, M., Zor, M., Ilican, S., & Caglar, Y. (2006), Effect of indium incorporation on the optical properties of spray pyrolyzed Cd0.22Zn0.78S thin films, Czech. J. Phys., 56(3), 277– 287. DOI: 10.1007/s10582-006-0088-4
  • Gordillo, G., Rojas, F., & Calderón, C. (2003), Optical characterization of Cd(Sx, Te1-x) thin films deposited by evaporation, Superficies y Vacio 16(3), 30–33.
  • Hasnat, A. & Podder, J. (2012), Dielectric properties of spray pyrolized aluminum doped cadmium sulfide (Al-doped CdS) thin films, Int. J. Phys. Sci., 7(47), 6158–6161.
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2008). Direct observation of infrared photoluminescence of spray-deposited CdS:In thin films, J. Luminouscence, 128 (4), 615–619. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2007.10.011
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2010). Characterization of the SnO2:F/CdS:In structures prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells., 94(5), 878-883. DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.01.011
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2011). The use of I-V characteristics for the investigation of selected contacts for spray-deposited CdS:In thin films. Vacuum, 86, 324-329. DOI: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2011.07.056
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2012a). Interface photoluminescence of the SnO2:F/CdS:In/CdTe thin film solar cells prepared partially by the spray pyrolysis technique. J. Luminouscence, 132, 502-506. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2011.09.030
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2012b). Photoluminescence and transmittance of CdS1-xTex thin films. J. Luminouscence, 132, 2826-2831. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2012.06.011
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2012c). CdS1-yTey thin films: production and bandgap investigation, Sol. Energy., 86(9), 2613-2619. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2012.05.032
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2012d). Nanocrystalline CdS thin Films prepared by vacuum evaporation. In: Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials (Hwang, J.-Y., Monteiro, S.N., Bai , C.‐G., Carpenter, J., Cai, M., Firrao, D., Kim, B. -G. eds.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA. p.: 293-302. DOI: 10.1002/9781118371305.ch35
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2013a). Temperature dependence of the photoluminescence spectra of CdS: In thin, films prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique, J. Luminescence, 142, 40-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2013.03.033
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., Juwhari, H. K., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2013b). Nanocrystalline CdS:In thin films prepared by the spray-pyrolysis technique, J. Luminouscence, 141, 27-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2013.02.045
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2013c). Characterization of nanocrystalline CdS thin films prepared by thermal evaporation. International Journal of Materials and Chemistry, 3(2), 28-33. DOI:10.5923/j.ijmc.20130302.02
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2014a). Tuning the properties of nanocrystalline CdS thin films, JOM., 67(1), 46-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-013-0819-5
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2014b). Dependence of the photoluminescence of CdS:In thin films on the excitation power of the laser, J. Luminouscence, 149, 240-244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.01.046
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2014c). The influence of thickness on the optical parameters of thermally evaporated CdS thin films. In: TMS 2014: 143rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. Eds.). Springer, Cham, Switzerland. P.: 383-390. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48237-8_48
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2015). Optical parameters of spray-deposited CdS:In thin films. In: TMS 2015 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Annual Meeting Supplemental Proceedings (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland. P.: 585 – 592
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2016). S-Rich CdS1-yTey thin films produced by the spray pyrolysis technique. Energies, 9, 234. DOI: 10.3390/en9040234
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2017a). The influence of heat treatment on the optical parameters of spray-deposited CdS:In thin films, JOM, 69(2), 144-161. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2200-y
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2017b). Optical parameters of spray-Deposited CdS1-yTey thin films, JOM., 69 (2), 191–197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2199-0
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2017c). Properties of the CdSxTe1-x solid solution: as a single product and as a part of the CdS/CdTe solar cell, Journal of Energy Systems, 1(3),102-110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30521/jes.355507
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2019). Spray deposited thin films of SnO2: F/CdS: In bilayers produced using different fluorine sources: NH4F and HF. Journal of Energy Systems 3(3), 111-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30521/jes.605085
  • Ilican, S., Caglar, M., & Caglar, Y. (2007). The effect of deposition parameters on the physical properties of CdxZn1-xS films deposited by spray pyrolysis method, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater., 9(5), 1414 – 1417
  • Kim, D.J., Yu, Y.-M., Lee, J.W., & Choi, Y.D. (2008). Investigation of energy band gap and optical properties of cubic CdS epilayers, Applied Surface Science 254, 7522–7526.
  • Lohitha, B., Thanikaikarasan, S. & Marjorie, S.R. (2020). Structural and optical properties of electroplated cadmium sulphide thin films. Materials Today: Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.05.236
  • Manthrammel, M. A., Shkir, M., Anis, M., Shaikh, S.S., Elhosiny Ali, H., AlFaify, S. (2020). Facile spray pyrolysis fabrication of Al:CdS thin films and their key linear and third order nonlinear optical analysis for optoelectronic applications. Opt. Mater., 100, 109696. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2020.109696
  • Metın, H., & Esen, R. (2003). Photoconductivity studies on CdS films grown by chemical bath deposition technique, Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 19(1-2), 96–102.
  • Naseem, S., Nazir, D., Mumtaz, R., & Hussain, K. (1996). Evaporated thin films of CdS and CdTe: Optimization for photovoltaic applications, J. Mater. Soc. Technol., 12: 89–94.
  • Ninomiya, S., & Adachi, S. (1995). Optical properties of wurtzite CdS. J. Appl. Phys., 78(2), 1183–1190. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.360355
  • Perna, G., Capozzi, V., Ambrico, M., Augelli, V., Ligonzo, T., Minafra, A., Schiavulli, L. & Pallara, M. (2004). Structural and optical characterization of undoped CdS films grown by pulsed laser deposition. Thin Solid Films, 453-454, 187–194. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2003.11.105
  • Rao, K.G., & Ashith, V.K. (2015), Influence of deposition parameters on the structural and optical properties of CdS thin films obtained by micro-controlled SILAR deposition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids., 77, 14–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2014.09.008
  • Ravangave, L.S., & Biradar, U.V. (2013), Study of optical parameters of chemical bath deposited Cd1-xZnxS thin films, Materials Physics and Mechanics 16(1), 25-33. DOI: 10.15373/22778160/January2013/34
  • Sahay, P.P., Nath, R.K., & Tewari, S. (2007). Optical properties of thermally evaporated CdS thin films, Cryst. Res. Technol., 42(3), 275 – 280. DOI 10.1002/crat.200610812
  • Shkir, M., Ashraf, I.M., AlFaify, S., El-Toni, A.M., Ahmed, M., & Khan, A. (2019). A remarkable effect of Pr doping on key optoelectrical properties of CdS thin films prepared using spray pyrolysis technique for high-performance photodetector applications. Ceram. Int. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.10.196
  • Singh, M., Vigay, Y.K., & Sharma, B.K. (2007). A variable electron beam and its irradiation effect on optical and electrical properties of CdS thin films, Pramana – J. Phys,. 69(4), 631–638. DOI: 10.1007/s12043-007-0161-y
  • Tsai, C.T., Chuu, D.S., Chen, G.L., & Yang, S.L. (1996). Studies of grain size effects in rf sputtered CdS thin films, J. Appl. Phys., 79(12), 9105–9109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.362645
  • Tüzemen, E.Ş., Eker, S., Kavak, H., Esen, R. (2009), Dependence of film thickness on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films, Appl. Surf. Sci., 255, 6195–6200. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.01.078
  • Ugwu, E.I., & Onah, D.U. (2007). Optical characteristics of chemical bath deposited CdS thin film characteristics within UV, visible, and NIR radiation. The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology 8(1), 155–161. DOI: http://www.akamaiuniversity.us/PJST.htm
  • Yahia, I.S., El Radaf, I.M., Salem, A.M., & Sakr, G.B. (2018). Chemically deposited Ni-doped CdS nanostructured thin films: Optical analysis and current-voltage characteristics. J. Alloy. Compd. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.10.285

A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION

Year 2020, Volume 1, Issue 1, 47 - 63, 02.07.2020

Abstract

Cadmium sulfide is an interesting material for the use in solar cells as a window layer and in the manufacture of optoelectronic devices. The optimization of the optical parameters of this material is an important step in developing such uses. In this work polycrystalline cadmium sulfide (CdS) thin films with the same thickness (300 nm) are prepared on glass substrates at ambient temperature using the thermal evaporation technique. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that the films mainly display a cubic (zinc blind) structure. The transmittance of the films is measured at room temperature in the wavelength range (290–1100 nm) and used to infer the optical parameters. The extinction coefficient ( ), refractive index ( ), the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric constant ( and ), and the dielectric energy loss ( ) are investigated. The dispersion parameters such as Eo (single-oscillator energy) and Ed (dispersive energy) of the deposited films are determined too.

References

  • Alnajjar, A.A., Al-Shaikley, F.Y., & Alias, M.F.A. (2012), Optical properties and photoconductivity of undoped and In-doped CdTe thin films. Journal of Electron Devices 16, 1306–1314.
  • Al-Zahrani, J.H., El-Hagary, M., & El-Taher, A. (2015). Gamma irradiation induced effects on optical properties and single oscillator parameters of Fe-doped CdS diluted magnetic semiconductors thin films. Mat. Sci. Semicon. Proc., 39, 74–78. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.04.042
  • Babkair, S.S., Al-Twarqi, N.M., & Ansari, A. A. (2011), Optical characterization of CdTe films for solar cell applications, Karachi University Journal of Science 39, 1–5.
  • Caglar, M., Zor, M., Ilican, S., & Caglar, Y. (2006), Effect of indium incorporation on the optical properties of spray pyrolyzed Cd0.22Zn0.78S thin films, Czech. J. Phys., 56(3), 277– 287. DOI: 10.1007/s10582-006-0088-4
  • Gordillo, G., Rojas, F., & Calderón, C. (2003), Optical characterization of Cd(Sx, Te1-x) thin films deposited by evaporation, Superficies y Vacio 16(3), 30–33.
  • Hasnat, A. & Podder, J. (2012), Dielectric properties of spray pyrolized aluminum doped cadmium sulfide (Al-doped CdS) thin films, Int. J. Phys. Sci., 7(47), 6158–6161.
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2008). Direct observation of infrared photoluminescence of spray-deposited CdS:In thin films, J. Luminouscence, 128 (4), 615–619. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2007.10.011
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2010). Characterization of the SnO2:F/CdS:In structures prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells., 94(5), 878-883. DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.01.011
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2011). The use of I-V characteristics for the investigation of selected contacts for spray-deposited CdS:In thin films. Vacuum, 86, 324-329. DOI: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2011.07.056
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2012a). Interface photoluminescence of the SnO2:F/CdS:In/CdTe thin film solar cells prepared partially by the spray pyrolysis technique. J. Luminouscence, 132, 502-506. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2011.09.030
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2012b). Photoluminescence and transmittance of CdS1-xTex thin films. J. Luminouscence, 132, 2826-2831. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2012.06.011
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2012c). CdS1-yTey thin films: production and bandgap investigation, Sol. Energy., 86(9), 2613-2619. DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2012.05.032
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2012d). Nanocrystalline CdS thin Films prepared by vacuum evaporation. In: Characterization of Minerals, Metals, and Materials (Hwang, J.-Y., Monteiro, S.N., Bai , C.‐G., Carpenter, J., Cai, M., Firrao, D., Kim, B. -G. eds.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA. p.: 293-302. DOI: 10.1002/9781118371305.ch35
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2013a). Temperature dependence of the photoluminescence spectra of CdS: In thin, films prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique, J. Luminescence, 142, 40-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2013.03.033
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., Juwhari, H. K., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2013b). Nanocrystalline CdS:In thin films prepared by the spray-pyrolysis technique, J. Luminouscence, 141, 27-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2013.02.045
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2013c). Characterization of nanocrystalline CdS thin films prepared by thermal evaporation. International Journal of Materials and Chemistry, 3(2), 28-33. DOI:10.5923/j.ijmc.20130302.02
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2014a). Tuning the properties of nanocrystalline CdS thin films, JOM., 67(1), 46-60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-013-0819-5
  • Ikhmayies, S.J., & Ahmad-Bitar, R.N. (2014b). Dependence of the photoluminescence of CdS:In thin films on the excitation power of the laser, J. Luminouscence, 149, 240-244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2014.01.046
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2014c). The influence of thickness on the optical parameters of thermally evaporated CdS thin films. In: TMS 2014: 143rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. Eds.). Springer, Cham, Switzerland. P.: 383-390. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48237-8_48
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2015). Optical parameters of spray-deposited CdS:In thin films. In: TMS 2015 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Annual Meeting Supplemental Proceedings (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland. P.: 585 – 592
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2016). S-Rich CdS1-yTey thin films produced by the spray pyrolysis technique. Energies, 9, 234. DOI: 10.3390/en9040234
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2017a). The influence of heat treatment on the optical parameters of spray-deposited CdS:In thin films, JOM, 69(2), 144-161. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2200-y
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2017b). Optical parameters of spray-Deposited CdS1-yTey thin films, JOM., 69 (2), 191–197. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-016-2199-0
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2017c). Properties of the CdSxTe1-x solid solution: as a single product and as a part of the CdS/CdTe solar cell, Journal of Energy Systems, 1(3),102-110. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30521/jes.355507
  • Ikhmayies, S.J. (2019). Spray deposited thin films of SnO2: F/CdS: In bilayers produced using different fluorine sources: NH4F and HF. Journal of Energy Systems 3(3), 111-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30521/jes.605085
  • Ilican, S., Caglar, M., & Caglar, Y. (2007). The effect of deposition parameters on the physical properties of CdxZn1-xS films deposited by spray pyrolysis method, J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater., 9(5), 1414 – 1417
  • Kim, D.J., Yu, Y.-M., Lee, J.W., & Choi, Y.D. (2008). Investigation of energy band gap and optical properties of cubic CdS epilayers, Applied Surface Science 254, 7522–7526.
  • Lohitha, B., Thanikaikarasan, S. & Marjorie, S.R. (2020). Structural and optical properties of electroplated cadmium sulphide thin films. Materials Today: Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.05.236
  • Manthrammel, M. A., Shkir, M., Anis, M., Shaikh, S.S., Elhosiny Ali, H., AlFaify, S. (2020). Facile spray pyrolysis fabrication of Al:CdS thin films and their key linear and third order nonlinear optical analysis for optoelectronic applications. Opt. Mater., 100, 109696. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optmat.2020.109696
  • Metın, H., & Esen, R. (2003). Photoconductivity studies on CdS films grown by chemical bath deposition technique, Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 19(1-2), 96–102.
  • Naseem, S., Nazir, D., Mumtaz, R., & Hussain, K. (1996). Evaporated thin films of CdS and CdTe: Optimization for photovoltaic applications, J. Mater. Soc. Technol., 12: 89–94.
  • Ninomiya, S., & Adachi, S. (1995). Optical properties of wurtzite CdS. J. Appl. Phys., 78(2), 1183–1190. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.360355
  • Perna, G., Capozzi, V., Ambrico, M., Augelli, V., Ligonzo, T., Minafra, A., Schiavulli, L. & Pallara, M. (2004). Structural and optical characterization of undoped CdS films grown by pulsed laser deposition. Thin Solid Films, 453-454, 187–194. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2003.11.105
  • Rao, K.G., & Ashith, V.K. (2015), Influence of deposition parameters on the structural and optical properties of CdS thin films obtained by micro-controlled SILAR deposition, J. Phys. Chem. Solids., 77, 14–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2014.09.008
  • Ravangave, L.S., & Biradar, U.V. (2013), Study of optical parameters of chemical bath deposited Cd1-xZnxS thin films, Materials Physics and Mechanics 16(1), 25-33. DOI: 10.15373/22778160/January2013/34
  • Sahay, P.P., Nath, R.K., & Tewari, S. (2007). Optical properties of thermally evaporated CdS thin films, Cryst. Res. Technol., 42(3), 275 – 280. DOI 10.1002/crat.200610812
  • Shkir, M., Ashraf, I.M., AlFaify, S., El-Toni, A.M., Ahmed, M., & Khan, A. (2019). A remarkable effect of Pr doping on key optoelectrical properties of CdS thin films prepared using spray pyrolysis technique for high-performance photodetector applications. Ceram. Int. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.10.196
  • Singh, M., Vigay, Y.K., & Sharma, B.K. (2007). A variable electron beam and its irradiation effect on optical and electrical properties of CdS thin films, Pramana – J. Phys,. 69(4), 631–638. DOI: 10.1007/s12043-007-0161-y
  • Tsai, C.T., Chuu, D.S., Chen, G.L., & Yang, S.L. (1996). Studies of grain size effects in rf sputtered CdS thin films, J. Appl. Phys., 79(12), 9105–9109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.362645
  • Tüzemen, E.Ş., Eker, S., Kavak, H., Esen, R. (2009), Dependence of film thickness on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films, Appl. Surf. Sci., 255, 6195–6200. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2009.01.078
  • Ugwu, E.I., & Onah, D.U. (2007). Optical characteristics of chemical bath deposited CdS thin film characteristics within UV, visible, and NIR radiation. The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology 8(1), 155–161. DOI: http://www.akamaiuniversity.us/PJST.htm
  • Yahia, I.S., El Radaf, I.M., Salem, A.M., & Sakr, G.B. (2018). Chemically deposited Ni-doped CdS nanostructured thin films: Optical analysis and current-voltage characteristics. J. Alloy. Compd. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2018.10.285

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Sayı 1
Authors

Shadia IKHMAYİES (Primary Author)
-----
0000-0002-2684-3300
Jordan

Publication Date July 2, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 1, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jauist751316, journal = {Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology}, issn = {2717-8900}, address = {Amasya University}, publisher = {Amasya University}, year = {2020}, volume = {1}, pages = {47 - 63}, doi = {}, title = {A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION}, key = {cite}, author = {Ikhmayies, Shadia} }
APA Ikhmayies, S. (2020). A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION . Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology , 1 (1) , 47-63 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jauist/issue/55760/751316
MLA Ikhmayies, S. "A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION" . Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology 1 (2020 ): 47-63 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jauist/issue/55760/751316>
Chicago Ikhmayies, S. "A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION". Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology 1 (2020 ): 47-63
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION AU - Shadia Ikhmayies Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 47 EP - 63 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - 2717-8900- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION %A Shadia Ikhmayies %T A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION %D 2020 %J Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology %P 2717-8900- %V 1 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Ikhmayies, Shadia . "A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION". Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology 1 / 1 (July 2020): 47-63 .
AMA Ikhmayies S. A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION. Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology. 2020; 1(1): 47-63.
Vancouver Ikhmayies S. A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION. Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology. 2020; 1(1): 47-63.
IEEE S. Ikhmayies , "A STUDY OF THE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF CdS THIN FILMS PREPARED BY THERMAL EVAPORATION", Journal of Amasya University the Institute of Sciences and Technology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 47-63, Jul. 2020