Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 10 - 16 2020-12-28

Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents
Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents

Bilal KILIC [1] , Ercan GÜMÜŞ [2]


Commercial aviation accidents and incidents more prevalent at the certain times of the day. Operational problems (e.g., night vision, flash blindness, black hole illusion, and reflection) faced by pilots while performing nighttime flights pose threats to flight safety. The present paper aims to examine the contributing factors to commercial aviation accidents occurred at night. In this paper, accident reports of 30 commercial airplane crashes occurred over the past five years were analyzed. The contributing factors of those accidents were examined by using HFACS (Human Factors Analysis and Classification System). The relative importance of the causal factors was determined. Literature reviews have indicated that no study has examined the causality of nighttime commercial aircraft accidents by using HFACS as a framework. It was found that physical environment was the most significant causal factor. Skill-based errors were second-highest contributing factors. Perceptual errors and decision errors were ranked as third-highest causal factors. We believe that our results may be useful for reducing the chances of human error and raising safety standards of commercial airline operations.
Commercial aviation accidents and incidents more prevalent at the certain times of the day. Operational problems (e.g., night vision, flash blindness, black hole illusion, and reflection) faced by pilots while performing nighttime flights pose threats to flight safety. The present paper aims to examine the contributing factors to commercial aviation accidents occurred at night. In this paper, accident reports of 30 commercial airplane crashes occurred over the past five years were analyzed. The contributing factors of those accidents were examined by using HFACS (Human Factors Analysis and Classification System). The relative importance of the causal factors was determined. Literature reviews have indicated that no study has examined the causality of nighttime commercial aircraft accidents by using HFACS as a framework. It was found that physical environment was the most significant causal factor. Skill-based errors were second-highest contributing factors. Perceptual errors and decision errors were ranked as third-highest causal factors. We believe that our results may be useful for reducing the chances of human error and raising safety standards of commercial airline operations.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social Sciences, Interdisciplinary
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3773-6682
Author: Bilal KILIC (Primary Author)
Institution: Turkish Airlines
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6052-6491
Author: Ercan GÜMÜŞ
Institution: Turkish Airlines
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : May 21, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 23, 2020
Publication Date : December 28, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jav740590, journal = {Journal of Aviation}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-1676}, address = {journalofaviation@gmail.com}, publisher = {Vedat Veli ÇAY}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {10 - 16}, doi = {10.30518/jav.740590}, title = {Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents}, key = {cite}, author = {Kılıc, Bilal and Gümüş, Ercan} }
APA Kılıc, B , Gümüş, E . (2020). Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents . Journal of Aviation , 4 (2) , 10-16 . DOI: 10.30518/jav.740590
MLA Kılıc, B , Gümüş, E . "Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents" . Journal of Aviation 4 (2020 ): 10-16 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jav/issue/58730/740590>
Chicago Kılıc, B , Gümüş, E . "Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents". Journal of Aviation 4 (2020 ): 10-16
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents AU - Bilal Kılıc , Ercan Gümüş Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.30518/jav.740590 DO - 10.30518/jav.740590 T2 - Journal of Aviation JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 10 EP - 16 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2587-1676 M3 - doi: 10.30518/jav.740590 UR - https://doi.org/10.30518/jav.740590 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Aviation Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents %A Bilal Kılıc , Ercan Gümüş %T Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents %D 2020 %J Journal of Aviation %P -2587-1676 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30518/jav.740590 %U 10.30518/jav.740590
ISNAD Kılıc, Bilal , Gümüş, Ercan . "Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents". Journal of Aviation 4 / 2 (December 2020): 10-16 . https://doi.org/10.30518/jav.740590
AMA Kılıc B , Gümüş E . Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents. JAV. 2020; 4(2): 10-16.
Vancouver Kılıc B , Gümüş E . Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents. Journal of Aviation. 2020; 4(2): 10-16.
IEEE B. Kılıc and E. Gümüş , "Application of HFACS to the Nighttime Aviation Accidents and Incidents", Journal of Aviation, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 10-16, Dec. 2021, doi:10.30518/jav.740590