Volume: 3 - Issue: 1, 6/30/21

Year: 2021

Research Articles

Issue Editorial Board

Prof. Dr. Şenol BABUŞCU Baskent University
Banking and Insurance
Prof. Dr. Adalet HAZAR Başkent Üniversitesi
Banking and Insurance, Risk Management and Insurance, Banking

Journal of Economics and Financial Researches aims to create an environment where scientific studies made by academics in the fields of economics and finance can be delivered to the relevant parties.

Authors can publish their original scientific studies in the field of economics and finance in Journal of Economics and Financial Researches

In the articles to be sent to our journal, the sample article template, which you can access from this link, should be used. Page structure, table, graphic figure, etc. to be used in the preparation of the article text. The information about it is also included in the sample article template.

Articles to be sent to the journal must comply with the rules stated below;

Articles should be written in Microsoft Word. Page structure features: Cambria, Page margins 3 cm from all sides, 11 pt, justified, line spacing 1.15, indent 1 cm in paragraphs, “6 nk” spacing before paragraphs.
While writing the article, third person singular expressions should be used.
Titles, including the introduction and conclusion sections, should be numbered, written in bold and capital letters. 1 line space must be left before the headings.
In-text citation system should be used. Detailed information on in-text citation rules is available at the end of the document.
The article should have Turkish and English abstracts. Information about the purpose, scope, method and results should be given in the summary. It should consist of at least 100 and at most 150 words and should be written in 10 font size in a single line spacing.
Equations should not be in picture format and should be written centered on the page. The numbers of the equations should be written in parentheses and justified to the right.
Tables should be prepared as shown in the sample article template, using 10 font size and single line spacing. The title of the table and its source, if any, should be written in the table. The names of figures and graphics should be written bottom and center.
The article should contain at least three JEL codes and Turkish and English keywords.
The ORCID number must be included in the author information. In addition, the title, institution, e-mail and information of the authors should be written.
In the writing of bibliography, 10 pt, single line spacing, “6 nk” space between paragraphs should be left. References should be listed alphabetically by the authors’ surname. A source that is not cited in the text should not be included in the bibliography. Detailed information on how to prepare the bibliography according to the type of resource is available at the end of this document.
If the Copyright Transfer Form and ethics committee permission is required, the Ethics Committee Permission document should be sent together with the article file. For the studies that do not require the permission of the ethics committee, the declaration form indicating that the permission of the ethics committee is not required, should be sent together with the article file.
In accordance with the decision taken in 2020 by the relevant boards of TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM TR DIZİN;
Articles should include a statement that the Research and Publication Ethics are complied with.
Whether the permission of the ethics committee and / or legal / special permission is required should be specified in the article.
In studies requiring ethics committee approval, information about the permission (name of the board, date and number) should be included in the method section and also on the first / last page of the article.
Researches requiring the approval of the Ethics Committee are as follows:

All kinds of research conducted with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require the collection of data from the participants using questionnaire, interview, focus group study, observation, experiment, interview techniques, the use of humans and animals (including material / data) for experimental or other scientific purposes, clinical trials on humans research, research on animals, retrospective studies in accordance with the law on protection of personal data.

Also; In case presentations, it should be stated that the “informed consent form” was obtained. Permission should be obtained from the owners for the use of scales, questionnaires, photographs belonging to others, and copyright regulations were complied with for the intellectual and artistic works used.

Should a retrospective Ethics Committee Permit be obtained for the publications produced from the work completed in the previous years and the thesis?

Retrospective ethics committee approval is not required for articles that have used research data before 2020, that have been produced from master’s / doctoral studies (should be specified in the article), for which a publication application has been made to the journal in the previous year, and that has been accepted but not yet published.

With these rules of TR Index, are there any restrictions on publications outside the universities?

No. Researchers who are not members of the university can also apply to the Ethics Committees in their regions.

For articles written in Turkish, an “Expanded Summary” of 500-1000 words in English should be available at the end of the article. An Extended Abstract can also be found at the first submission stage of the article. The extended abstract should not contain any information not included in the article. The Extended Abstract should be prepared in a way that provides the reader with the most basic information about the whole article, before the entire article is read.

In citations to be made in the text,

In studies with one, two or three authors: (Yılmaz, İnan and Kurtiz, 2008: 16)

In studies with four or more authors: (Eren et al. 2003: 117)

Studies of the same year belonging to the author (s): (Aslan, 2007a: 58) (Aslan, 2007b: 168)

Abbreviations: When citing (BDDK, 2017: 26). It is given in parentheses in the text, for example, Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency (BRSA). For subsequent uses, only abbreviations are used.



Fama, E. F. (1980). Agency problems and the theory of the firm. Journal of Political Economy, 88 (2): 288-307.


Acemoglu, D. and Robinson, J. A. (2012). Why nations fail: Origins of power, poverty and prosperity. London: Profile

Chapter in a Book:

Paradi, J. C., Yang, Z., & Zhu, H. (2011). Assessing bank and bank branch performance. In W. W. Cooper, L. M. Seiford and J. Zhu (Eds.), Handbook on data envelopment analysis (pp. 315-361). Boston: Springer.

Translated Book:

Bahtin, M. M. (2004). Problems of Dostoyevsky poetics (Trans., C. Soydemir) Istanbul: Metis.

Papers (If Published in Book Format):

Koy, A. (2014, October). Do credit default swaps lead the eurobond market? H. Aygören, H. Özkaya and U. Uyar (Eds.), In Proceedings of the 18th Finance Symposium (pp. 595-603). Paper presented at the 18th Finance Symposium, Denizli: Gulit Offset

Papers (If Not Published in Book Format):

Bland, A. (2017, November). The implementation of a junior Samoan language program in a South Island, New Zealand secondary school context. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference. Canberra, Australia. Retrieved from https://bit.ly/37DvrHR

Working Paper:

Bolton, P., Chen, H. and Wang, N. (2011). Market timing, investment, and risk management (NBER Working Paper No. 16808). Retrieved from https://www.nber.org/papers/w16808.pdf

Unpublished Thesis:

Mitra-Kahn, B. H. (2011). Redefining the economy: How the ‘economy ‘was invented 1620 (Unpublished doctoral thesis). City University London, United Kingdom.


Özçam, M. (1998). Preliminary evaluations for the development of business ethics rules in Turkish capital markets (CMB Research Department Research Report No. 6 / 1-189 / 2). Access address: https://spk.gov.tr/SiteApps/Yayin/YayinGoster/953


Yeldan, E. (2018). Robots, the changing nature of the workforce and knowledge capital. Access address: https://www.cumhuriyet.com.tr

Data set:

Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Dataset]. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/


Articles submitted to the journal must comply with research and publication ethics. ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) recommendations and COPE’s (Committee on Publication Ethics) International Standards for authors should be taken into consideration while obtaining “Publication Ethics”, “Research Ethics” and “Legal / Special permit document”.

In studies requiring ethical committee permission, information about the permission (board name, date and issue number) should be included in the method section and on the first/last page of the article. The researches requiring the permission of the Ethics Committee are as follows. Any research carried out with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require data collection from participants using survey, interview, focus group work, observation, experiment, interview techniques, Use of humans and animals (including material / data) for experimental or other scientific purposes, Clinical researches on humans, Researches on animals, Retrospective studies in accordance with the law of protection of personal data, For the scales used in data collection, the permission of the scale owner should be obtained and declared in the article. Copyright regulations must be observed for the ideas and works of art used. An ethics committee approval must be obtained for research conducted in all disciplines including social sciences and for clinical and experimental studies on humans and animals, requiring ethical committee decision, and this approval should be stated and documented in the article. Compliance with research and publication ethics should be stated in the article.

The authors are expected to pay attention to the recommendations and standards for publication ethics as determined by the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors). Various ethical irregularities, such as plagiarism, fraudulent data, and use of studies without reference, are absolutely not accepted. In the determination of such a situation, evaluation shall be made within the framework of the rules, standards and principles published by the relevant institutions.

Articles must be original, should not have been previously published and should not have been submitted for publication. In the article, plagiarism should not be done; all studies should be cited and shown in the bibliography. In order to determine the case of plagiarism, articles are controlled using plagiarism programs.

Article authors must have a serious contribution in the process of collecting, analyzing and evaluating the data, and finalization of the study and making it ready for publication. All of the article authors should have read and approved submitted version of article, and any changes including ranking of the authors. Important contributors to the article should be included as a writer, and anyone who has not made a significant contribution to the article should not be included in the list of authors. Those who do not contribute as a writer in the preparation of the article can be given a place in the thank you section.

If a study is the result of a large-scale cooperation, at least one person should be listed as a writer in all the article, those who provided sources should be listed and thanked. After the publication of the article, it should be noted whether there is a situation that would create a conflict of interest in any sense, which could create an academically unacceptable idea of bias, and thus will leave the authors in a trouble.

Compliance with the research and publication ethics of the articles should be considered and The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) ‘ recommendations and the international standards of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) must be observed.


Before submitting the article, it is necessary to carefully read the publication ethics principles / policies and the journal’s writing rules, which are prepared in accordance with international standards and principles. The authors declare that they accept these principles and rules when they submit an article to Journal of Research in Economics, Politics & Finance.

Editors’ Tasks


Editors evaluate the articles submitted to the journal according to the contribution of the study to the literature, originality, comprehensibility of the language, appropriateness of the methods and findings, and whether they are within the scope of the journal. In evaluations, the authors’ race, religious belief, gender, ethnic origin, political views etc. is ignored.


Editors cannot share information about a submitted article with anyone other than the editorial board, referees and publisher. The editor is responsible for the confidentiality of all data and correspondence with referees submitted to the journal. In the evaluations, the authors’ race, religious belief, gender, ethnic origin, political views etc. is not considered.

Conflicts of Interest

The editor does not allow any conflict of interest to occur between the authors, referees and editorial board. Unpublished documents of a work submitted to the journal cannot be used by anyone without the written permission of the author (s).

Publication Decisions

Articles that are in the referee process do not have to be published. Even if the evaluation process is positive, it is determined by the editorial office whether or when the article will be published. An article sent to the journal should not be sent to another journal at the same time or should not be in the evaluation process in another journal. Editors send the articles submitted for publication to at least two referees who are experts in the relevant field for evaluation. Editors decide whether to accept or reject the article based on the result of the referee evaluation process. Even if the evaluation process is positive, it is determined by the decision of the editorial board whether the article will be published or not.

Duties of Referees

Contribution to Publication Decisions

The evaluation process of the articles is carried out according to the blind review system, in which the author (s) are not informed about the identities of the referees and the referees are not informed about the identities of the author (s). Articles that comply with the publication policy and writing rules are sent to two referees for evaluation according to the blind review system. Editors decide whether the article will be published within the framework of the reports from the referees. If one referee gives a positive opinion and the other referee gives a negative opinion, the article is sent to a third referee. According to the decision of the third referee, it is decided whether the article will be published or not. The corrections requested by the referees should be made by the author (s). Referees may wish to review the authors’ corrections. Journal of Research in Economics, Politics & Finance reserves the right to publish, not publish and edit the submitted articles.


Due to the double-blind refereeing principle, referees cannot see the name of the author (s) and the authors cannot see the name of the referee. Reviewers and authors should not communicate directly with each other. Referees should not share information about the articles they evaluate with anyone.

Impartiality Principle

Referees should only agree to evaluate articles related to their field of expertise. Referees should not make personal criticisms about the author (s). Evaluations should be made according to objective and scientific criteria and should be related to the content of the study.


The referees should inform the editors if they find a significant similarity between another published article within their knowledge and the article sent to the journal. If there is a quotation in the article that is used without reference to a work, it should be reported to the author.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

There should be no conflict of interest with the editors, authors or a party. Referees should not accept to evaluate the article in case of conflict of interest. They should not use the information they obtain from the study for personal gain.

Authors’ Tasks


Authors should objectively present the method of the study, the objective findings obtained and the importance of these findings. The data and findings should be correctly presented in the article. The article should be written in detail and include references to enable others to do similar work. Review articles should be accurate, objective and comprehensive, and editorial opinion and other subjective opinions should be clearly stated. Statements that are untrue or intentionally misrepresented constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Storage

Raw data linked to the article may be requested from the authors for editorial review. If the data is suitable for submission, it should be made available to the public. Data should be retained for a reasonable period of time after publication. Authors must have a document showing that they have the right to use the data and the necessary permissions for research and analysis. Authors must keep data and documents for a minimum of five years.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should only publish their original work. Authors must make appropriate citations to the sources and data used in the study. Plagiarism can take various forms, such as making someone else’s work look like your own, using part of someone else’s work without attribution, or using the results of other studies. Plagiarism of any kind is considered unethical and unacceptable due to publishing principles. The similarity report of the submitted articles is obtained by using the plagiarism program. Articles with a similarity rate of more than 20% are not included in the referee evaluation process.

Multiple, Simultaneous Broadcasts

Submitting the same article to more than one journal at the same time is unacceptable as it is unethical publishing behavior. If certain conditions are met, it may be possible to publish some articles such as clinical guides and translations in several journals. However, the authors and editors of the journal in question must agree that the work may be published in another journal. Evaluation of the data and findings of the study published in the second journal should be as in the previously published journal. The journal that first published the study should be cited.

Article Writing

Article authorship is limited to persons who contributed significantly to the study. All persons who make significant scientific and literary contributions to the work should be named co-authors. If there are others participating in the research process by making technical assistance, writing, editing, these people should be listed. A writer responsible for correspondence with the editor of the journal must be determined. Corresponding author must ensure that all authors are included in the article. All authors mentioned in the article have equal responsibility over the submitted and published articles.

Conflicts of Interest

If there are situations or relationships that may create a conflict of interest regarding the article, it should be explained by the author.

Reference to Sources

Authors should cite all sources used in the study. Authors are responsible for citing references correctly.

Referee Evaluation Process

If a correction is requested by the referees, the authors must make these corrections.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When a fundamental error or mistake is detected in a published work, it should be immediately reported to the editors or publisher and corrected or retracted in collaboration with the editor. If editors learn about the fundamental error from a third party, the authors must immediately correct the article, retract it or prove the accuracy of the work to the editors.


Ethical principles and standards are complied with in order to avoid conflict of interest / competition between parties or related groups with the Journal of Research in Economics, Politics & Finance.


The editor of the journal always examines the allegations of violation of ethics such as plagiarism, forgery, distortion, reproduction, and unfair authorship that are contrary to the publication ethics of the articles. It reserves the right to act in accordance with ethical principles and standards. The authors of the articles submitted to our journal undertake that they do not act against scientific research and publication ethics.

Actions contrary to scientific research and publication ethics are listed in the 4th article of the 2nd part of the UAK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive as follows:

Plagiarism: To show others’ original ideas, methods, data or works as their own work, partially or completely, without reference to scientific rules,
Forgery: Using data that does not actually exist or has been falsified in scientific research,
Distortion: Falsifying the research records or the data obtained, showing the devices or materials not used in the research as being used, falsifying or shaping the results of the research in line with the interests of the people and organizations,
Republishing: To present repetitive publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,
Slicing: Dividing the results of a research into pieces in a way that disrupts the integrity of the research and inappropriately and publishing in more than one issue and presenting these publications as separate publications in academic appointments and promotions,
Unfair authorship: Including people who do not have active contribution among the authors or not including those who are, changing the author’s order in an unjustified and inappropriate manner, removing the names of those who have active contributions from the work in subsequent editions, using their influence to include their names among the authors even though they do not have active contribution,
(2) Other types of ethical violations are as follows:

Not specifying the supporting persons, institutions or organizations and their contributions in the publications made as a result of the researches conducted with the support,
To use the thesis or studies that have not yet been submitted or accepted as a source without the permission of the owner
Not complying with patients’ rights in their publications,
To act contrary to the provisions of the relevant legislation in biomedical researches or other clinical trials related to humans,
Sharing the information contained in a work that has been assigned to review with others before it is published without the explicit permission of the owner of the work,
Misusing the resources, places, facilities and devices provided or allocated for scientific research,
To publish the data obtained without the express consent of the participants in a questionnaire and attitude research conducted within the scope of a scientific study, or if the research will be conducted in an institution, also without the permission of the institution,
In research and experiments; animals and harming the ecological balance, studies need to be taken before the start permissions to get in writing from the competent unit, located legislation or Turkey is a party that studies contrary to the provisions on related research and experimentation of international conventions,
Failing to comply with the obligation to inform and warn those concerned about possible harmful practices related to scientific research conducted by researchers or authorities,
Not using the data and information obtained from other persons and institutions in scientific studies, to the extent and as permitted, not to respect the confidentiality of this information and to ensure its protection.

Any research carried out with qualitative or quantitative approaches that require data collection from participants using survey, interview, focus group work, observation, experiment, interview techniques,
Use of humans and animals (including material / data) for experimental or other scientific purposes,
Clinical researches on humans,
Researches on animals,
Retrospective studies in accordance with the law of protection of personal data,

Also in the case reports, it should be stated that;

the “informed consent form” was taken,
the permissions of the owners for the use of scales, surveys and photographs of others are obtained and specified,
the copyright regulations are complied with for the intellectual and artistic works used.

The articles should indicate whether the ethics committee permission and / or legal / special permission is required. If these permissions are required, it should be clearly presented from which institution, on what date and with which decision or issue number the permit was obtained.

Açık erişim politikasını benimseyen dergimizde makale gönderim/süreç işletimi için ücret talep edilmemektedir.