Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 2, 96 - 105, 30.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.53431/jessm.987630

Abstract

References

  • Adiloğulları, İ., & Görgülü, R. (2015). Sporda Duygusal Zeka Envanteri’nin uyarlama çalışması. Uluslararası Spor Egzersiz ve Antrenman Bilimi Dergisi, 1(2), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.18826/ijsets.05333
  • Altıntaş, A., & Akalan, C. (2008). Zihinsel Antrenman ve Yüksek Performans. SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(1), 39–43.
  • Altıntaş, A., & Koruç, P. B. (2016). Sporda Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Envanteri’nin Psikometrik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi (SZDE). Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 27(2), 162–171. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.311985
  • Bull, S., Shambrook, C., James, W., & Brooks, J. (2005). Towards and understanding of mental toughness in elite English cricketers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 209–227.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., and Demirel, F. (2016). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri (20th ed.).Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
  • Cowden, R. G. (2016.). Mental toughness, emotional intelligence, and coping effectiveness: An analysis of construct interrelatedness among high-performing adolescent male athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 123(3), 737–753. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/0031512516666027
  • Cowden, R. G. (2017). Mental toughness and success in sport: a review and prospect. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 10(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.2174/1875399X01710010001
  • Cowden, R. G., Fuller, D. K., & Anshel, M. H. (2014). Psychological predictors of mental toughness in elite tennis: an exploratory study in learned resourcefulness and competitive trait anxiety. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 119(3), 661–678. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/30.PMS.119c27z0
  • Cowden, R. G., Crust, L., Tibbert, S. J., & Jackman, P. C. (2020). Mental toughness development and training in sport. In M. Bertollo, E. Filho, & P. C. Terry (Eds.), Advancements in mental skills training. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Crombie, D., Lombard, C., & Noakes, T. (2009). Emotional intelligence scores predict team sports performance in a national cricket competition. International Journal of Sport Science & Coaching, 4(2), 209–224. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1260/174795409788549544
  • Erdoğan, N., & Kocaekşi, S. (2015). Elit Sporcuların Sahip Olması Gereken Psikolojik Özellikler. Türkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sport Science, 7(2), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.5336/sportsci.2014-42993
  • Fletcher, D., & Hanton, S. (2001). The relationship between psychological skills usage and competitive anxiety responses. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2(2), 89–101. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(00)00014-5
  • Gill, G., Lane, A. M., Thelwell, R., & Devenport, T. (2011). Relationships between emotional intelligence and psychological skills. Indian Journal of Fitness, 7, 9–16.
  • Goleman, D. (1998). Working with Emotional Intelligence ((Çev. Yüks). New York: Bantam Dell.
  • Gucciardi, D., Gordon, S., & Dimmock, J. (2008). Towards an understanding of mental toughness in Australian football. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20(3), 261–281. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200801998556
  • Gucciardi, D., & Gordon, S. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI). Journal of Sports Science, 27(12), 1293–1310.
  • Güven, Ş., & Yazıcı, A. (2020). Türkiye’de Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Konusunda Yapılmış Araştırmaların Analizi ve İncelenmesi. Ulusal Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 4(1), 82–93. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30769/usbd.749719
  • Jones, G. (2002). What is this thing called mental toughness? An investigation of elite sport performers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14(3), 205–218. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200290103509
  • Karasar, N. (2006). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
  • Kopp, A., & Jekauc, D. (2018). The influence of emotional intelligence on performance in competitive sports: a meta-analytical investigation. Sports, 6(4), 175. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6040175
  • Laborde, S., Dosseville, F., Guillén, F., & Chávez, E. (2014). Validity of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire in sports and its links with performance satisfaction. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(5), 481–490. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.05.001
  • Lane, A. M., Meyer, B. B., Devonport, T. J., Davies, K. A., Thelwell, R., Gill, G. S., & Weston, N. (2009b). Validity of the emotional intelligence scale for use in sport. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 8(2), 289–295.
  • Lane, A. M., Thelwell, R. C., Lowther, J., & Devonport, T. J. (2009a). Emotional intelligence and psychological skills use among athletes. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 37(2), 195–201. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2009.37.2.195
  • Newland, A., Newton, M., Finch, L., Harbke, C. R., & Podlog, L. (2013). Moderating variables in the relationship between mental toughness and performance in basketball. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2(3), 184–192. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2012.09.002
  • Newland, A. (2009). The Relationship Between Mental Toughness And Performance In Collegiate Basketball Players. Western Illinois University.
  • Nicholls, A. R., Perry, J., Jones, L., Sanctuary, C., Carson, F., & Clough, P. J. (2015). The mediating role of mental toughness in sport. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 55(7–8), 824–834.
  • Petrides, K, V. (2010). Trait emotional intelligence theory. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 3(2), 136–139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01213.x
  • Schutte, N, S., Malouff, J, M., Hall, L, E., Haggerty, D, J., Cooper, J, T., & Golden, C, J. (1998). Development and validation of a measure of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 25, 167–177.
  • Slack, L. A., Maynard, I. W., Butt, J., & Olusoga, P. (2015). An evaluation of a mental toughness education and training program for early-career English Football League referees. The Sport Psychologist, 29(3), 237–257. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2014-0015
  • Sheard, M., Golby, J., & van Wersch, A. (2009). Progress toward construct validation of the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 25, 184–191.
  • Sheard, M. (2013). Mental Toughness: The Mindset Behind Sporting Achievement (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
  • Thelwell, R. C., & Greenlees, I. A. (2003). Developing competitive endurance performance using mental skills training. The Sport Psychologist, 17(3), 318–337. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.17.3.318
  • Van Rooy, D. L., Alonso, A., & Viswevaran, C. (2005). Group differences in emotional intelligences scores: theorical and practical implications. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(3), 689–700. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.023
  • Yazıcı, A. (2019). Kavramsal Bakış Açısı İle Sporda Üstün Başarı İçin Zihinsel Dayanıklılık. In N. Dal (Ed.), Spor Psikolojisinde Yeni Yaklaşımlar (pp. 75–97). Yenişehir/Ankara: Akademisyen Kitabevi.
  • Zizzi, S., Deaner, H., & Hirschhorn, D. (2003). The relationship between emotional intelligence and performance among college baseball players. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15(3), 262–269. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200305390

Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 2, 96 - 105, 30.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.53431/jessm.987630

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mental toughness (MT) and emotional intelligence (EI) of Turkish and American professional basketball players in Turkish Professional Leagues. The population target was 156 participants (x̄age=24,35±5,48) from Turkish citizens, and 42 participants (x̄age =27,69±3,15) from USA citizens and a total of 198 professional basketball players participated from 17 professional teams. Participants completed "Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ)" developed by Scheard et al. (2009) and "Emotional Intelligence Scale for use in Sport (EISS)" developed by Let al.t al (2009). One-Way ANOVA test was utilized in order to examine the influence of an independent variable (citizenship) on dependent variables. The relation between emotional intelligence (EI) and mental toughness (MT) was analyzed through Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient technic (p <0.05). According to the results, significant differences were observed between citizenship variable in terms of EI and MT. In addition, a linear positive correlation was found while examining the relationship between the EI and MT subscales, EI social skills subscales and the MT constancy subscales. As a result of research, Turkish athletes have a higher of social skills score in terms of citizenship variables, while American players have better appraisal of others' emotions score. In addition, American citizens showed higher mean in terms of constancy and control subscales. The results also showed that the increase in MT constancy subscale scores causes the increase in EI social skills subscale scores.

References

  • Adiloğulları, İ., & Görgülü, R. (2015). Sporda Duygusal Zeka Envanteri’nin uyarlama çalışması. Uluslararası Spor Egzersiz ve Antrenman Bilimi Dergisi, 1(2), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.18826/ijsets.05333
  • Altıntaş, A., & Akalan, C. (2008). Zihinsel Antrenman ve Yüksek Performans. SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(1), 39–43.
  • Altıntaş, A., & Koruç, P. B. (2016). Sporda Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Envanteri’nin Psikometrik Özelliklerinin İncelenmesi (SZDE). Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 27(2), 162–171. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.311985
  • Bull, S., Shambrook, C., James, W., & Brooks, J. (2005). Towards and understanding of mental toughness in elite English cricketers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 209–227.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çakmak, E. K., Akgün, Ö. E., Karadeniz, Ş., and Demirel, F. (2016). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri (20th ed.).Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
  • Cowden, R. G. (2016.). Mental toughness, emotional intelligence, and coping effectiveness: An analysis of construct interrelatedness among high-performing adolescent male athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 123(3), 737–753. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/0031512516666027
  • Cowden, R. G. (2017). Mental toughness and success in sport: a review and prospect. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 10(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.2174/1875399X01710010001
  • Cowden, R. G., Fuller, D. K., & Anshel, M. H. (2014). Psychological predictors of mental toughness in elite tennis: an exploratory study in learned resourcefulness and competitive trait anxiety. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 119(3), 661–678. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/30.PMS.119c27z0
  • Cowden, R. G., Crust, L., Tibbert, S. J., & Jackman, P. C. (2020). Mental toughness development and training in sport. In M. Bertollo, E. Filho, & P. C. Terry (Eds.), Advancements in mental skills training. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Crombie, D., Lombard, C., & Noakes, T. (2009). Emotional intelligence scores predict team sports performance in a national cricket competition. International Journal of Sport Science & Coaching, 4(2), 209–224. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1260/174795409788549544
  • Erdoğan, N., & Kocaekşi, S. (2015). Elit Sporcuların Sahip Olması Gereken Psikolojik Özellikler. Türkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sport Science, 7(2), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.5336/sportsci.2014-42993
  • Fletcher, D., & Hanton, S. (2001). The relationship between psychological skills usage and competitive anxiety responses. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2(2), 89–101. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(00)00014-5
  • Gill, G., Lane, A. M., Thelwell, R., & Devenport, T. (2011). Relationships between emotional intelligence and psychological skills. Indian Journal of Fitness, 7, 9–16.
  • Goleman, D. (1998). Working with Emotional Intelligence ((Çev. Yüks). New York: Bantam Dell.
  • Gucciardi, D., Gordon, S., & Dimmock, J. (2008). Towards an understanding of mental toughness in Australian football. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20(3), 261–281. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200801998556
  • Gucciardi, D., & Gordon, S. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of the Cricket Mental Toughness Inventory (CMTI). Journal of Sports Science, 27(12), 1293–1310.
  • Güven, Ş., & Yazıcı, A. (2020). Türkiye’de Zihinsel Dayanıklılık Konusunda Yapılmış Araştırmaların Analizi ve İncelenmesi. Ulusal Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 4(1), 82–93. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30769/usbd.749719
  • Jones, G. (2002). What is this thing called mental toughness? An investigation of elite sport performers. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 14(3), 205–218. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200290103509
  • Karasar, N. (2006). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
  • Kopp, A., & Jekauc, D. (2018). The influence of emotional intelligence on performance in competitive sports: a meta-analytical investigation. Sports, 6(4), 175. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6040175
  • Laborde, S., Dosseville, F., Guillén, F., & Chávez, E. (2014). Validity of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire in sports and its links with performance satisfaction. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(5), 481–490. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.05.001
  • Lane, A. M., Meyer, B. B., Devonport, T. J., Davies, K. A., Thelwell, R., Gill, G. S., & Weston, N. (2009b). Validity of the emotional intelligence scale for use in sport. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 8(2), 289–295.
  • Lane, A. M., Thelwell, R. C., Lowther, J., & Devonport, T. J. (2009a). Emotional intelligence and psychological skills use among athletes. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 37(2), 195–201. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2009.37.2.195
  • Newland, A., Newton, M., Finch, L., Harbke, C. R., & Podlog, L. (2013). Moderating variables in the relationship between mental toughness and performance in basketball. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2(3), 184–192. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2012.09.002
  • Newland, A. (2009). The Relationship Between Mental Toughness And Performance In Collegiate Basketball Players. Western Illinois University.
  • Nicholls, A. R., Perry, J., Jones, L., Sanctuary, C., Carson, F., & Clough, P. J. (2015). The mediating role of mental toughness in sport. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 55(7–8), 824–834.
  • Petrides, K, V. (2010). Trait emotional intelligence theory. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 3(2), 136–139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9434.2010.01213.x
  • Schutte, N, S., Malouff, J, M., Hall, L, E., Haggerty, D, J., Cooper, J, T., & Golden, C, J. (1998). Development and validation of a measure of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 25, 167–177.
  • Slack, L. A., Maynard, I. W., Butt, J., & Olusoga, P. (2015). An evaluation of a mental toughness education and training program for early-career English Football League referees. The Sport Psychologist, 29(3), 237–257. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2014-0015
  • Sheard, M., Golby, J., & van Wersch, A. (2009). Progress toward construct validation of the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 25, 184–191.
  • Sheard, M. (2013). Mental Toughness: The Mindset Behind Sporting Achievement (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
  • Thelwell, R. C., & Greenlees, I. A. (2003). Developing competitive endurance performance using mental skills training. The Sport Psychologist, 17(3), 318–337. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.17.3.318
  • Van Rooy, D. L., Alonso, A., & Viswevaran, C. (2005). Group differences in emotional intelligences scores: theorical and practical implications. Personality and Individual Differences, 38(3), 689–700. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.023
  • Yazıcı, A. (2019). Kavramsal Bakış Açısı İle Sporda Üstün Başarı İçin Zihinsel Dayanıklılık. In N. Dal (Ed.), Spor Psikolojisinde Yeni Yaklaşımlar (pp. 75–97). Yenişehir/Ankara: Akademisyen Kitabevi.
  • Zizzi, S., Deaner, H., & Hirschhorn, D. (2003). The relationship between emotional intelligence and performance among college baseball players. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15(3), 262–269. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200305390

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Sport Sciences
Published Date Yaz
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mehmet GUNAY>
Faculty of Sports Sciences, Gazi University
0000-0003-0047-2203
Türkiye


Mehmet GÜÇLÜ>
Faculty of Sports Sciences, Gazi University
0000-0002-0673-8642
Türkiye


Atakan YAZICI> (Primary Author)
Graduate School of Health Sciences, Gazi University
0000-0001-8899-2515
Türkiye

Supporting Institution *This article was produced from Atakan YAZICI master's thesis titled "Mental toughess and emotional intelligence of professional basketball players in terms of different variables".
Publication Date August 30, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jessm987630, journal = {The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine}, eissn = {2687-265X}, address = {Mebusevleri Mah. Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak Sok. No:45/6 Çankaya/ANKARA}, publisher = {Spor Bilimleri Derneği}, year = {2021}, volume = {3}, number = {2}, pages = {96 - 105}, doi = {10.53431/jessm.987630}, title = {Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players}, key = {cite}, author = {Gunay, Mehmet and Güçlü, Mehmet and Yazıcı, Atakan} }
APA Gunay, M. , Güçlü, M. & Yazıcı, A. (2021). Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players . The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine , 3 (2) , 96-105 . DOI: 10.53431/jessm.987630
MLA Gunay, M. , Güçlü, M. , Yazıcı, A. "Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players" . The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine 3 (2021 ): 96-105 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jessm/issue/64695/987630>
Chicago Gunay, M. , Güçlü, M. , Yazıcı, A. "Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players". The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine 3 (2021 ): 96-105
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players AU - MehmetGunay, MehmetGüçlü, AtakanYazıcı Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.53431/jessm.987630 DO - 10.53431/jessm.987630 T2 - The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 96 EP - 105 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2687-265X M3 - doi: 10.53431/jessm.987630 UR - https://doi.org/10.53431/jessm.987630 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players %A Mehmet Gunay , Mehmet Güçlü , Atakan Yazıcı %T Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players %D 2021 %J The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine %P -2687-265X %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.53431/jessm.987630 %U 10.53431/jessm.987630
ISNAD Gunay, Mehmet , Güçlü, Mehmet , Yazıcı, Atakan . "Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players". The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine 3 / 2 (August 2021): 96-105 . https://doi.org/10.53431/jessm.987630
AMA Gunay M. , Güçlü M. , Yazıcı A. Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players. JESSM. 2021; 3(2): 96-105.
Vancouver Gunay M. , Güçlü M. , Yazıcı A. Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players. The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine. 2021; 3(2): 96-105.
IEEE M. Gunay , M. Güçlü and A. Yazıcı , "Examination of Mental Toughness and Emotional Intelligence to the Turkish and American Professional Basketball Players", The Journal of Eurasia Sport Sciences and Medicine, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 96-105, Aug. 2021, doi:10.53431/jessm.987630