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The possible usage of mycoviruses in biological control against tree pathogenic fungi

Year 2015, Volume 65, Issue 1, 60 - 71, 01.01.2015
https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.46043

Abstract

Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları

Özet: Mikovirüsler bitki patojeni funguslarının da bulunduğu birçok organizmada yaygın olarak bulunan obligat parazitlerdir. Eşeyli veya eşeysiz fungal yapılar sayesinde hücreler arası yayılış göstermekte ve konukçularında bazı değişikliklere neden olmaktadırlar. Mikovirüslerin konukçularında neden olduğu değişiklikler tam anlamıyla bilinmemekteyse de, enfekte ettikleri funguslarda bazi fenotipik değişimlere yol açtığı düşünülmektedir. Özellikle, bitki patojeni fungusların virülensi arttırma ya da azaltma yönünde üzerine etkide bulunmaktadırlar. Virulensi azaltmaları durumunda, kestane kanseri örneğinde olduğu gibi, mikovirüslerin biyolojik mücadelede kullanmak mümkün olabilmektedir. Bu derlemede, dünyada ve ülkemizde orman ağaçlarında hastalığa neden olan bazı önemli fungal patojenlerde görülen mikovirüsler tanıtılarak, bunların biyolojik mücadelede kullanım olanakları üzerine yapılan araştırmalar özetlenmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: dsRNA, fungus, orman, hastalık, kontrol


The possible usage of mycoviruses in biological control against tree pathogenic fungi

Abstract: Mycoviruses in many organism including plant pathogenic fungi. They are mostly spread intracellularly via asexual and sexual reproduction of the fungi and cause some changes on them. Although many mycoviruses have no clear effect on their hosts, there are also many reports that they cause some phenotypic chances. Especially, they have effect on plant pathogenic fungi by increasing or decreasing their virulence. When they reduce the virulence of the host like in Chestnut canker sample, it is possible to use them in biological control. In this review, mycoviruses detected on some important fungal pathogens of forest trees both in our country and world were introduced and the studies carried out were summarized.

Keywords: dsRNA, fungi, forest, disease, control

 

Received: 07 August 2014 - Accepted: 17 August 2014

 

To cite this article:  Kaya, A.G.A., Doğmuş-Lehtijarvi, H.T., Lehtijarvi, A.,  2015. Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları. Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 65(1): 60-71. DOI: 10.17099/jffiu.46043

References

  • Anagnostakis, S.L., Day, P.R., 1979. Hypovirulence conversion in Endothia parasitica. Phytopathology 69: 1226– 1229.
  • Ahn, I.P., Lee Y.H., 2001. A viral double-stranded RNA up regulates the fungal virulence of Nectria radicola. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 14: 496-507.
  • Aday, A.G., Lehtijarvi, A., Doğmuş-Lehtijarvi, H.T., 2012. Frequency of virus in some Diplodia pinea and Gremmeniella abietina isolates originated from Turkey. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 4(9): 181-183.
  • Akıllı, S., Katırcıoğlu, Y.Z., Maden, S., 2009. Vegetative compatibility types of Cryphonectria parasitica, causal agent of chestnut blight in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Forest Pathology 39: 390-396.
  • Akıllı, S., Ulubaş-Serçe, Ç., Katırcıoğlu, Y.Z., Maden, S., Rigling, D., 2012. Characterization of hypovirulent isolates of the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica from the Marmara and Black Sea regions of Turkey. European Journal of Plant Pathology 135(2): 323-334.
  • Barker, J.L., 1979. Geographical variation in spore morphology of Diplodia pinea. Project No. 856. Forestry Commission of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
  • Boland, G.J., 1992. Hypovirulence and double-stranded RNA in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 14: 10–17.
  • Bottacin, A.M., Levesque, C.A., Punja, Z.K., 1994. Characterization of dsRNA in Chalara elegans and effects on growth and virulence. Phytopathology 84: 303-312.
  • Brasier, C.M., 1986. The d-factor in Ceratocystis ulmi: its biological characteristics implications for Dutch elm disease. In Fungal virology. Edited by K.W. Buck. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla.
  • Buck, K.W., 1986. Fungal virology – an overview. In: Buck, K.W (Ed.), Fungal virology. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, pp. 1-84.
  • Buchanan, T.S., 1967. Diplodia twig blight of pine. In Important forest and diseases of mutual concern to Canada, the United States and Mexico. Canadian Department of Forestry and Rural Development, Ottawa, Ont. pp. 189–191.
  • Büchen-Osmond, A., 2004. ICTVdb Index of viruses. Available from URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/Ictv/index.htm [Ulaşım: 20 Nisan 2006].
  • Choi, G.H., Nuss, D.L., 1992. Hypovirulence of the chestnut blight fungus conferred by an infectious viral cDNA. Science 257: 800–803.
  • Chou, C.K.S., 1987. Crown wilt of Pinus radiata associated with Diplodia of woody stems. European Journal of Forest Pathology 17: 398–411.
  • Coenen, A., Kevei, F., Hoekstra, R.F., 1997. Factors affecting the spread of doublestranded RNA viruses in Aspergillus nidulans. Genetical Research 69: 1-10
  • Cole, T.E., Hong, Y., Brasier, C.M. and Buck, K.W., 2000. Detection of an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in mitochondria from a mitovirus-infected isolate of the Dutch elm disease fungus, Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Virology 268: 239-243.
  • Day, P.R., Dodds, J.A., Elliston, J.E., Jaynes, R.A., Anagnostakis, S.L., 1977. Double-stranded RNA in Endothia parasitica. Phytopathology 67: 1393–1396.
  • Dodds, J.A., 1980. Revised estimates of the molecular weights of dsRNA segments in hypovirulent strains of Endothia parasitica. Phytopathology 70: 1217–1220.
  • Doğmuş- Lehtijärvi, H.T., Lehtijärvi, A., Korhonen, K., 2006: Heterobasidion abietinum on Abies species in western Turkey. Forest Pathology 36: 280–286.
  • Doğmuş- Lehtijärvi, H.T., Lehtijärvi, A., Korhonen, K., 2007. Heterobasidion on Abies nordmanniana in northeastern Turkey. Forest Pathology 37: 387–390.
  • Eldridge, K.G., 1957. Diplodia pinea (Desm.) Kickx, a parasite on Pinus radiata. M.Sc. thesis, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Elliston, J.E., 1982. Hypovirulence. Advanced Plant Pathology 1: 1–33. Evans, J., 1987. Some growth effects of hail damage and drought in P. patula plantations. South African Journal of Forestry, 105: 8–12.
  • Ghabrial, S. A., 1994. New developments in fungal virology. Advanced Virus Research 43: 303-388.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., 1998. Origin, adaptation and evolutionary pathways of fungal viruses. Virus Genes 16: 119-131.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., Hillman, B.I., 1999. Partitiviruses ± fungal (Partitiviridae). In: Encyclopedia of Virology, 2nd edn. London: Academic Press, pp. 1147-1151.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., 2001. Fungal viruses. In: Maloy, O. and Murray, T., (Eds.), Encyclopedia of plant pathology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 478-483.
  • Griffin, G. J., Robbins, N., Hogan, E. P., Farias-Santopietro, G., 2004. Nucleotide sequence identification of Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 infecting Cryphonectria parasitica on grafted American chestnut trees 12–18 years after inoculation with a hypovirulent strain mixture. Forest Pathology 34: 33–46.
  • Hamelin, R.C., Lecours, N., Hansson, P., Hellgren, M., LaFlamme, G., 1996. Genetic differentiation within the European race of Gremmeniella abietina. Mycological Research 100: 49-56.
  • Heiniger, U., Rigling, D., 1994. Biological control of chestnut blight in Europe. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 32: 581-599.
  • Hollings, M., 1982. Mycoviruses and plant pathology. Plant Disease, 66: 1106-1112.
  • Ihrmark, K., Zheng, J., Strenström, E., Stenlid, J., 2001. Presence of double-stranded RNA in Heterobasidion annosum. Forest Pathology 31: 387-394.
  • Ihrmark, K., Johannesson, H., Stenström, E., Stenlid, J., 2002. Transmission of doublestranded RNA in Heterobasidion annosum. Fungal Genetics and Biology 36: 147-154.
  • Ihrmark, K., Stenström, E., Stenlid, J., 2004. Double-stranded RNA transmission through basidiospores of Heterobasidion annosum. Mycological Research 108: 149-153.
  • Kaitera, J., Müller, M., Hantula, J., 1998. Occurrence of Gremmeniella abietina var. abietina large- and small-tree types in separate Scots pine stands in northern Finland and in the Kola peninsula. Mycological Research 102: 199- 208.
  • Krajacic, M., Lorkovic, Z, 1992. Double- Stranded RNA from Plants Infected with Two Tymoviruses. Acta Biologica 16(2): 11-19
  • Lemke, P.A., Nash, C.H., 1974. Fungal viruses. Bacteriology Review 38: 29-56.
  • Liu, Y.C., Milgroom, M.G., 1996. Correlation between hypovirus transmission and the number of vegetative incompatibility (vic) genes different among isolates from a natural population of Cryphonectria parasitica. Phytopathology 86: 79–86.
  • Lückhoff, H.A., 1964. Disease of exotic plantation trees in the Republic of South Africa. In Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations – International Union of Forest Research Organizations Symposium on Internationally Dangerous Forest Diseases and Insects. Meeting No. VI. International Union of Forest Research Organizations, Vienna, Austria.
  • Magliani, W., Conti, S., Gerloni, M., Bertolotti, D., Polonelli, L., 1997. Yeast killer systems. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 10: 369-400
  • Marks, G.C., Minko, G., 1969. The virulence of Diplodia pinea to Pinus radiata D. Don. Australian Journal of Botany 17: 1–12.
  • McCabe, P.M., Pfeiffer, P., Van Alfen, N.K., 1999. The influence of dsRNA viruses on the biology of plant pathogenic fungi. Trends Microbiology 7: 377–81
  • McManus, P.S., Ewers, F.W., Fulbright, D.W., 1989. Characterisation of the chestnut blight canker and the localisation of the pathogen Cryphonectria parasitica. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 3600–3607.
  • Milgroom, M.G., Cortesi, P., 2004. Biological control of chestnut blight with hypovirulence: a critical analysis. Annual Review of Phytopathology 42: 311–38.
  • Newhouse, J.R., Hoch, H.C., MacDonald W.L., 1983. The ultrastructure of Endothia parasitica. Comparison of a virulent with a hypovirulent isolate. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 389–399.
  • Niemelä, T., Korhonen, K., 1998. Taxonomy of the genus Heterobasidion annosum. In: Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, Ecology, Impact and Control. Ed by Woodward, S., Stenlid, J., Huttermann, A., Karjalainen, R. Oxon, New York: CAB International, 27-33.
  • Nuss, D.L., Koltin, Y., 1990. Significance of dsRNA genetic elements in plant pathogenic fungi, Annual Review of Phytopathology 28: 37–58.
  • Oskay, F., Lehtijärvi, A., Doğmuş-Lehtijärvi, H.T., 2011. Yüksek Dağ Konifer Ormanlarında Karla İlişkili Fungal Patojenler. Türkiye IV. Bitki Koruma Kongresi, sayfa: 391, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Haziran 2011, Türkiye
  • Palmer, M.A., Stewart, E.L., 1982. Variation in isolates of Diplodia pinea in the north-central United States. Phytopathology 72: 966.
  • Palmer, M.A., Nicholls, T.H., 1985. Shoot blight and collar rot of Pinus resinosa caused by Sphaeropsis sapinea in forest tree nurseries. Plant Disease 69: 739–740.
  • Perlerou C., Diamandis S., 2006. Identification and geographic distribution of vc types of Cryphonectria parasitica and occurrence of hypovirulence in Greece. Forest Pathology 36: 413-421.
  • Rigling, D., Van Alfen, N.K., 1993. Intra- and extracellular laccases of the plant pathogenic fungus Cryphonectria parasitica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 59: 3634-3639.
  • Rogers, H.J., Buck, K.W., Brazier, C.M., 1986. Transmission of double-stranded RNA and a disease factor in Ophiostoma ulmi. Plant Pathology 35: 277–287.
  • Slagg, C.M., Wright, E., 1943. Diplodia blight in coniferous seedbeds. Phytopathology 33: 390–393.
  • Sonnenberg, A.S.M., Van Griensven, L.J.L.D., 1991. Evidence for transmission of La France disease in Agaricus bisporus by dsRNA. In: Genetics and breeding of Agaricus: proceedings of the first international seminar on mushroom science, Mushroom Experimental Station, Horst, the Netherlands. Ed. by Van Griensven, L. J.L.D. Pudoc. Wageningen, the Netherlands. pp. 109-1 13.
  • Sonnenberg, A.S.M., Van Kempen, I.P.J., Van Griensven, L.J.L.D., 1995. Detection of Agaricus bisporus viral dsRNAs in pure cultures, spawn and spawn-run compost by RTPCR. In: Science and cultivation of edible fungi, volume 2: Proceedings of the 14th International Congress, Oxford,. Ed. by Elliott, T.J. Balkema. Rotterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 587-594.

Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları

Year 2015, Volume 65, Issue 1, 60 - 71, 01.01.2015
https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.46043

Abstract

Mikovirüsler bitki patojeni funguslarının da bulunduğu birçok organizmada yaygın olarak bulunan obligat parazitlerdir. Eşeyli veya eşeysiz fungal yapılar sayesinde hücreler arası yayılış göstermekte ve konukçularında bazı değişikliklere neden olmaktadırlar. Mikovirüslerin konukçularında neden olduğu değişiklikler tam anlamıyla bilinmemekteyse de, enfekte ettikleri funguslarda bazı fenotipik değişimlere yol açtığı düşünülmektedir. Özellikle, bitki patojeni fungusların virülensi arttırma ya da azaltma yönünde üzerine etkide bulunmaktadırlar. Virulensi azaltmaları durumunda, kestane kanseri örneğinde olduğu gibi, mikovirüslerin biyolojik mücadelede kullanmak mümkün olabilmektedir. Bu derlemede, dünyada ve ülkemizde orman ağaçlarında hastalığa neden olan bazı önemli fungal patojenlerde görülen mikovirüsler tanıtılarak, bunların biyolojik mücadelede kullanım olanakları üzerine yapılan araştırmalar özetlenmiştir.

References

  • Anagnostakis, S.L., Day, P.R., 1979. Hypovirulence conversion in Endothia parasitica. Phytopathology 69: 1226– 1229.
  • Ahn, I.P., Lee Y.H., 2001. A viral double-stranded RNA up regulates the fungal virulence of Nectria radicola. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 14: 496-507.
  • Aday, A.G., Lehtijarvi, A., Doğmuş-Lehtijarvi, H.T., 2012. Frequency of virus in some Diplodia pinea and Gremmeniella abietina isolates originated from Turkey. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development 4(9): 181-183.
  • Akıllı, S., Katırcıoğlu, Y.Z., Maden, S., 2009. Vegetative compatibility types of Cryphonectria parasitica, causal agent of chestnut blight in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Forest Pathology 39: 390-396.
  • Akıllı, S., Ulubaş-Serçe, Ç., Katırcıoğlu, Y.Z., Maden, S., Rigling, D., 2012. Characterization of hypovirulent isolates of the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica from the Marmara and Black Sea regions of Turkey. European Journal of Plant Pathology 135(2): 323-334.
  • Barker, J.L., 1979. Geographical variation in spore morphology of Diplodia pinea. Project No. 856. Forestry Commission of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
  • Boland, G.J., 1992. Hypovirulence and double-stranded RNA in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 14: 10–17.
  • Bottacin, A.M., Levesque, C.A., Punja, Z.K., 1994. Characterization of dsRNA in Chalara elegans and effects on growth and virulence. Phytopathology 84: 303-312.
  • Brasier, C.M., 1986. The d-factor in Ceratocystis ulmi: its biological characteristics implications for Dutch elm disease. In Fungal virology. Edited by K.W. Buck. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Fla.
  • Buck, K.W., 1986. Fungal virology – an overview. In: Buck, K.W (Ed.), Fungal virology. CRC Press. Boca Raton, FL, pp. 1-84.
  • Buchanan, T.S., 1967. Diplodia twig blight of pine. In Important forest and diseases of mutual concern to Canada, the United States and Mexico. Canadian Department of Forestry and Rural Development, Ottawa, Ont. pp. 189–191.
  • Büchen-Osmond, A., 2004. ICTVdb Index of viruses. Available from URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ICTVdb/Ictv/index.htm [Ulaşım: 20 Nisan 2006].
  • Choi, G.H., Nuss, D.L., 1992. Hypovirulence of the chestnut blight fungus conferred by an infectious viral cDNA. Science 257: 800–803.
  • Chou, C.K.S., 1987. Crown wilt of Pinus radiata associated with Diplodia of woody stems. European Journal of Forest Pathology 17: 398–411.
  • Coenen, A., Kevei, F., Hoekstra, R.F., 1997. Factors affecting the spread of doublestranded RNA viruses in Aspergillus nidulans. Genetical Research 69: 1-10
  • Cole, T.E., Hong, Y., Brasier, C.M. and Buck, K.W., 2000. Detection of an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in mitochondria from a mitovirus-infected isolate of the Dutch elm disease fungus, Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Virology 268: 239-243.
  • Day, P.R., Dodds, J.A., Elliston, J.E., Jaynes, R.A., Anagnostakis, S.L., 1977. Double-stranded RNA in Endothia parasitica. Phytopathology 67: 1393–1396.
  • Dodds, J.A., 1980. Revised estimates of the molecular weights of dsRNA segments in hypovirulent strains of Endothia parasitica. Phytopathology 70: 1217–1220.
  • Doğmuş- Lehtijärvi, H.T., Lehtijärvi, A., Korhonen, K., 2006: Heterobasidion abietinum on Abies species in western Turkey. Forest Pathology 36: 280–286.
  • Doğmuş- Lehtijärvi, H.T., Lehtijärvi, A., Korhonen, K., 2007. Heterobasidion on Abies nordmanniana in northeastern Turkey. Forest Pathology 37: 387–390.
  • Eldridge, K.G., 1957. Diplodia pinea (Desm.) Kickx, a parasite on Pinus radiata. M.Sc. thesis, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Elliston, J.E., 1982. Hypovirulence. Advanced Plant Pathology 1: 1–33. Evans, J., 1987. Some growth effects of hail damage and drought in P. patula plantations. South African Journal of Forestry, 105: 8–12.
  • Ghabrial, S. A., 1994. New developments in fungal virology. Advanced Virus Research 43: 303-388.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., 1998. Origin, adaptation and evolutionary pathways of fungal viruses. Virus Genes 16: 119-131.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., Hillman, B.I., 1999. Partitiviruses ± fungal (Partitiviridae). In: Encyclopedia of Virology, 2nd edn. London: Academic Press, pp. 1147-1151.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., 2001. Fungal viruses. In: Maloy, O. and Murray, T., (Eds.), Encyclopedia of plant pathology. John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 478-483.
  • Griffin, G. J., Robbins, N., Hogan, E. P., Farias-Santopietro, G., 2004. Nucleotide sequence identification of Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 infecting Cryphonectria parasitica on grafted American chestnut trees 12–18 years after inoculation with a hypovirulent strain mixture. Forest Pathology 34: 33–46.
  • Hamelin, R.C., Lecours, N., Hansson, P., Hellgren, M., LaFlamme, G., 1996. Genetic differentiation within the European race of Gremmeniella abietina. Mycological Research 100: 49-56.
  • Heiniger, U., Rigling, D., 1994. Biological control of chestnut blight in Europe. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 32: 581-599.
  • Hollings, M., 1982. Mycoviruses and plant pathology. Plant Disease, 66: 1106-1112.
  • Ihrmark, K., Zheng, J., Strenström, E., Stenlid, J., 2001. Presence of double-stranded RNA in Heterobasidion annosum. Forest Pathology 31: 387-394.
  • Ihrmark, K., Johannesson, H., Stenström, E., Stenlid, J., 2002. Transmission of doublestranded RNA in Heterobasidion annosum. Fungal Genetics and Biology 36: 147-154.
  • Ihrmark, K., Stenström, E., Stenlid, J., 2004. Double-stranded RNA transmission through basidiospores of Heterobasidion annosum. Mycological Research 108: 149-153.
  • Kaitera, J., Müller, M., Hantula, J., 1998. Occurrence of Gremmeniella abietina var. abietina large- and small-tree types in separate Scots pine stands in northern Finland and in the Kola peninsula. Mycological Research 102: 199- 208.
  • Krajacic, M., Lorkovic, Z, 1992. Double- Stranded RNA from Plants Infected with Two Tymoviruses. Acta Biologica 16(2): 11-19
  • Lemke, P.A., Nash, C.H., 1974. Fungal viruses. Bacteriology Review 38: 29-56.
  • Liu, Y.C., Milgroom, M.G., 1996. Correlation between hypovirus transmission and the number of vegetative incompatibility (vic) genes different among isolates from a natural population of Cryphonectria parasitica. Phytopathology 86: 79–86.
  • Lückhoff, H.A., 1964. Disease of exotic plantation trees in the Republic of South Africa. In Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations – International Union of Forest Research Organizations Symposium on Internationally Dangerous Forest Diseases and Insects. Meeting No. VI. International Union of Forest Research Organizations, Vienna, Austria.
  • Magliani, W., Conti, S., Gerloni, M., Bertolotti, D., Polonelli, L., 1997. Yeast killer systems. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 10: 369-400
  • Marks, G.C., Minko, G., 1969. The virulence of Diplodia pinea to Pinus radiata D. Don. Australian Journal of Botany 17: 1–12.
  • McCabe, P.M., Pfeiffer, P., Van Alfen, N.K., 1999. The influence of dsRNA viruses on the biology of plant pathogenic fungi. Trends Microbiology 7: 377–81
  • McManus, P.S., Ewers, F.W., Fulbright, D.W., 1989. Characterisation of the chestnut blight canker and the localisation of the pathogen Cryphonectria parasitica. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 3600–3607.
  • Milgroom, M.G., Cortesi, P., 2004. Biological control of chestnut blight with hypovirulence: a critical analysis. Annual Review of Phytopathology 42: 311–38.
  • Newhouse, J.R., Hoch, H.C., MacDonald W.L., 1983. The ultrastructure of Endothia parasitica. Comparison of a virulent with a hypovirulent isolate. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 389–399.
  • Niemelä, T., Korhonen, K., 1998. Taxonomy of the genus Heterobasidion annosum. In: Heterobasidion annosum. Biology, Ecology, Impact and Control. Ed by Woodward, S., Stenlid, J., Huttermann, A., Karjalainen, R. Oxon, New York: CAB International, 27-33.
  • Nuss, D.L., Koltin, Y., 1990. Significance of dsRNA genetic elements in plant pathogenic fungi, Annual Review of Phytopathology 28: 37–58.
  • Oskay, F., Lehtijärvi, A., Doğmuş-Lehtijärvi, H.T., 2011. Yüksek Dağ Konifer Ormanlarında Karla İlişkili Fungal Patojenler. Türkiye IV. Bitki Koruma Kongresi, sayfa: 391, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi, Haziran 2011, Türkiye
  • Palmer, M.A., Stewart, E.L., 1982. Variation in isolates of Diplodia pinea in the north-central United States. Phytopathology 72: 966.
  • Palmer, M.A., Nicholls, T.H., 1985. Shoot blight and collar rot of Pinus resinosa caused by Sphaeropsis sapinea in forest tree nurseries. Plant Disease 69: 739–740.
  • Perlerou C., Diamandis S., 2006. Identification and geographic distribution of vc types of Cryphonectria parasitica and occurrence of hypovirulence in Greece. Forest Pathology 36: 413-421.
  • Rigling, D., Van Alfen, N.K., 1993. Intra- and extracellular laccases of the plant pathogenic fungus Cryphonectria parasitica. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 59: 3634-3639.
  • Rogers, H.J., Buck, K.W., Brazier, C.M., 1986. Transmission of double-stranded RNA and a disease factor in Ophiostoma ulmi. Plant Pathology 35: 277–287.
  • Slagg, C.M., Wright, E., 1943. Diplodia blight in coniferous seedbeds. Phytopathology 33: 390–393.
  • Sonnenberg, A.S.M., Van Griensven, L.J.L.D., 1991. Evidence for transmission of La France disease in Agaricus bisporus by dsRNA. In: Genetics and breeding of Agaricus: proceedings of the first international seminar on mushroom science, Mushroom Experimental Station, Horst, the Netherlands. Ed. by Van Griensven, L. J.L.D. Pudoc. Wageningen, the Netherlands. pp. 109-1 13.
  • Sonnenberg, A.S.M., Van Kempen, I.P.J., Van Griensven, L.J.L.D., 1995. Detection of Agaricus bisporus viral dsRNAs in pure cultures, spawn and spawn-run compost by RTPCR. In: Science and cultivation of edible fungi, volume 2: Proceedings of the 14th International Congress, Oxford,. Ed. by Elliott, T.J. Balkema. Rotterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 587-594.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Science
Journal Section Review (Derleme Makale)
Authors

Ayşe ADAY KAYA>


Hatice DOĞMUŞ-LEHTİJARVİ>


Asko LEHTİJARVİ>

Publication Date January 1, 2015
Published in Issue Year 2015, Volume 65, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @ { jffiu198128, journal = {Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University}, issn = {0535-8418}, eissn = {1309-6257}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul University-Cerrahpasa}, year = {2015}, volume = {65}, number = {1}, pages = {60 - 71}, doi = {10.17099/jffiu.46043}, title = {Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları}, key = {cite}, author = {Aday Kaya, Ayşe and Doğmuş-lehtijarvi, Hatice and Lehtijarvi, Asko} }
APA Aday Kaya, A. , Doğmuş-lehtijarvi, H. & Lehtijarvi, A. (2015). Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları . Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University , 65 (1) , 60-71 . DOI: 10.17099/jffiu.46043
MLA Aday Kaya, A. , Doğmuş-lehtijarvi, H. , Lehtijarvi, A. "Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları" . Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 65 (2015 ): 60-71 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jffiu/issue/18796/198128>
Chicago Aday Kaya, A. , Doğmuş-lehtijarvi, H. , Lehtijarvi, A. "Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları". Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 65 (2015 ): 60-71
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The possible usage of mycoviruses in biological control against tree pathogenic fungi AU - AyşeAday Kaya, HaticeDoğmuş-lehtijarvi, AskoLehtijarvi Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.17099/jffiu.46043 DO - 10.17099/jffiu.46043 T2 - Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 60 EP - 71 VL - 65 IS - 1 SN - 0535-8418-1309-6257 M3 - doi: 10.17099/jffiu.46043 UR - https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.46043 Y2 - 2023 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları %A Ayşe Aday Kaya , Hatice Doğmuş-lehtijarvi , Asko Lehtijarvi %T Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları %D 2015 %J Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University %P 0535-8418-1309-6257 %V 65 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17099/jffiu.46043 %U 10.17099/jffiu.46043
ISNAD Aday Kaya, Ayşe , Doğmuş-lehtijarvi, Hatice , Lehtijarvi, Asko . "Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları". Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 65 / 1 (January 2015): 60-71 . https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.46043
AMA Aday Kaya A. , Doğmuş-lehtijarvi H. , Lehtijarvi A. Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları. J FAC FOR ISTANBUL U. 2015; 65(1): 60-71.
Vancouver Aday Kaya A. , Doğmuş-lehtijarvi H. , Lehtijarvi A. Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları. Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University. 2015; 65(1): 60-71.
IEEE A. Aday Kaya , H. Doğmuş-lehtijarvi and A. Lehtijarvi , "Mikovirüslerin orman patojenlerine karşı kullanım olanakları", Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 60-71, Jan. 2015, doi:10.17099/jffiu.46043