Review
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

Detection of Salmonella in Eggs

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 1 - 7, 30.03.2018

Abstract

The purpose of this review paper is to describe improved test methods for estimating the extent of Salmonella contamination on an egg, in order to assist in the control and elimination of this food infection hazard. Salmonella a member of the bacterial family Enterobacteriaceae may be recovered from foods and processing facilities. Salmonella has been recognized as an important zoonotic pathogen of economic significance in animals and humans. The egg’s contents are an ideal growth medium for microorganisms that are hazardous to humans. A variety of methods has been developed in order to expedite the detection of Salmonella in eggs, including Gene Quence DNA hybridization, PCR analysis, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In addition, brilliant green agar found to support more growth of all the types of studied Salmonella, while bismuth sulphite act as inhibitory to S. typhimurium, S. anatis, S. Worthington and S. oranienburg. In each mentioned article of this review, different methods are used for detection of Salmonella on an egg.

References

  • Baldwin RE, Cloninger M, Fields ML, (1968) Growth and destruction of Salmonella typhimurium in egg white foam products cooked by microwaves. Appl Microbiol, 16(12), 1929-1934.
  • Byrne AF, Rayman MM, Schneider MD, (1955) Methods for the detection and estimation of numbers of Salmonella in dried eggs and other food products. Appl Microbiol, 3(6): 368-372.
  • Camps N, Dominguez A, Company M, Perez M, Pardos J, Llobet T, Usera MA, Salleras L, (2005) Working Group for the Investigation of the Outbreak of Salmonellosis in Torroella de M: A foodborne outbreak of Salmonella infection due to overproduction of egg-containing foods for a festival. Epidemiol Infect, 133(5), 817-822.
  • Carrique-Mas JJ, Marin C, Breslin M, McLaren I, Davies R, (2009) A comparison of the efficacy of cleaning and disinfection methods in eliminating Salmonella spp. from commercial egg laying houses. Avian Pathol, 38(5), 419-424.
  • Cheung PY, Chan CW, Wong W, Cheung TL, Kam KM, (2004) Evaluation of two real-time polymerase chain reaction pathogen detection kits for Salmonella spp. in food. Lett Appl Microbiol, 39(6), 509-515.
  • Chousalkar KK, Roberts JR, (2012) Recovery of Salmonella from eggshell wash, eggshell crush, and egg internal contents of unwashed commercial shell eggs in Australia. Poult Sci, 91(7), 1739-1741.
  • Clavijo RI, Loui C, Andersen GL, Riley LW, Lu S, (2006) Identification of genes associated with survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in chicken egg albumen. Appl Environ Microbiol, 72(2), 1055-1064.
  • Cocolin L, Manzano M, Cantoni C, Comi G, (1998) Use of polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme analysis to directly detect and identify Salmonella typhimurium in food. J Appl Microbiol, 85(4), 673-677.
  • Cox NA, Berrang ME, Cason JA, (2000) Salmonella penetration of egg shells and proliferation in broiler hatching eggs--a review. Poult Sci, 79(11), 1571-1574.
  • Day JB, Basavanna U, Sharma SK, (2009) Development of a cell culture method to isolate and enrich Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis from shell eggs for subsequent detection by real-time PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol, 75(16), 5321-5327.
  • Garcia C, Soriano JM, Benitez V, Catala-Gregori P, (2011) Assessment of Salmonella spp. in feces, cloacal swabs, and eggs (eggshell and content separately) from a laying hen farm. Poult Sci, 90(7), 1581-1585.
  • Gast RK, Guraya R, Jones DR, Anderson KE (2014) Contamination of eggs by Salmonella Enteritidis in experimentally infected laying hens housed in conventional or enriched cages. Poult Sci, 93(3), 728-733.
  • Gast RK, Jones DR, Anderson KE, Guraya R, Guard J, Holt PS, (2010) In vitro penetration of Salmonella Enteritidis through yolk membranes of eggs from 6 genetically distinct commercial lines of laying hens. Poult Sci, 89(8), 1732-1736.
  • Gole VC, Chousalkar KK, Roberts JR, Sexton M, May D, Tan J, Kiermeier A (2014) Effect of egg washing and correlation between eggshell characteristics and egg penetration by various Salmonella Typhimurium strains. PLoS One, 9(3), e90987.
  • Gole VC, Torok V, Sexton M, Caraguel CG, Chousalkar KK (2014) Association between indoor environmental contamination by Salmonella enterica and contamination of eggs on layer farms. J Clin Microbiol, 52(9), 3250-3258.
  • Jaradat Z, Bzikot J, Zawistowski J, Bhunia A. (2004) Optimization of a rapid dot-blot immunoassay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in poultry products and environmental samples, 761-769. Hyeon JY, Park C, Choi IS, Holt PS, Seo KH, (2010) Development of multiplex real-time PCR with Internal amplification control for simultaneous detection of Salmonella and Cronobacter in powdered infant formula, 144(1), 177-81
  • Kim S, Frye JG, Hu J, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Gautom R, Boyle DS, (2006) Multiplex PCR-based method for identification of common clinical serotypes of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica. J Clin Microbiol, 44(10), 3608-3615.
  • Malorny B, Paccassoni E, Fach P, Bunge C, Martin A, Helmuth R (2004) Diagnostic real-time PCR for detection of Salmonella in food. Appl Environ Microbiol, 70(12), 7046-7052.
  • Moosavy MH, Esmaeili S, Bagheri Amiri F, Mostafavi E, Zahraei Salehi T (2015) Detection of Salmonella spp in commercial eggs in Iran. Iran J Microbiol, 7(1): 50-54.
  • Odumeru J, León-Velarde C (2012) Salmonella Detection Methods for Food and Food Ingredients, ISBN 978-953-307-782-6. Poppe C, Duncan CL, Mazzocco A, (1998) Salmonella contamination of hatching and table eggs: a comparison. Can J Vet Res, 62(3), 191-198.
  • Rantala M, Nurmi E, (2007) Prevention of the growth of Salmonella infantisin chicks by the flora of the alimentary tract of chickens 14 (6), 627-630.
  • Sakha MZ, Fujikawa H (2012) Growth characteristics of Salmonella enteritidis in pasteurized and unpasteurized liquid egg products. Biocontrol Sci, 17(4), 183-190.
  • Schroeder CM, Latimer HK, Schlosser WD, Golden NJ, Marks HM, Coleman ME, Hogue AT, Ebel ED, Quiring NM, Kadry AR, (2005) Overview and summary of the Food Safety and Inspection Service risk assessment for Salmonella enteritidis in shell eggs. Foodborne Pathog Dis, 3(4), 403-412.
  • Soria MA, Soria MC, Bueno DJ, (2012) A comparative study of culture methods and polymerase chain reaction for Salmonella detection in egg content. Poult Sci, 91(10), 2668-2676.
  • Wells F, Bergquist D, Forsythe RH, (1957) A comparison of selective media for the isolation of Salmonella from commercial egg white solids. Appl Microbiol, 6(3), 198-201.
  • Whiley H, Ross K, (2015) Salmonella and eggs: from production to plate. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 12(3), 2543-2556. Wiriya L, Kiettisak P, Nilubol K, Ratchawat N, (2010) Detection-of-Salmonella-in-Egg Shell-and-Egg-Content-from-Different-Housing-Systems-for-Laying-Hens,Vol:4, No:5.
  • Wong MH, Chen S, (2013) First detection of oqxAB in Salmonella spp. isolated from food. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 57(1), 658-660.
  • Yamawaki RA, Milbradt EL, Coppola MP, Rodrigues JC, Andreatti Filho RL, Padovani CR, Okamoto AS (2013) Effect of immersion and inoculation in ovo of Lactobacillus spp. in embryonated chicken eggs in the prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis after hatch. Poult Sci, 92(6), 1560-1563.
  • Yoshimasu MA, Zawistowski J (2001) Application of rapid dot blot immunoassay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in eggs, poultry, and other foods. Appl Environ Microbiol, 67(1), 459-461.
  • Zhang G, Brown EW, Hammack TS (2013) Comparison of different preenrichment broths, egg:preenrichment broth ratios, and surface disinfection for the detection of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Enteritidis in shell eggs. Poult Sci, 92(11), 3010-3016.
  • Zou W, Al-Khaldi SF, Branham WS, Han T, Fuscoe JC, Han J, Foley SL, Xu J, Fang H, Cerniglia CE (2011) Microarray analysis of virulence gene profiles in Salmonella serovars from food/food animal environment. J Infect Dev Ctries, 5(2), 94-105.

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 1 - 7, 30.03.2018

Abstract

References

  • Baldwin RE, Cloninger M, Fields ML, (1968) Growth and destruction of Salmonella typhimurium in egg white foam products cooked by microwaves. Appl Microbiol, 16(12), 1929-1934.
  • Byrne AF, Rayman MM, Schneider MD, (1955) Methods for the detection and estimation of numbers of Salmonella in dried eggs and other food products. Appl Microbiol, 3(6): 368-372.
  • Camps N, Dominguez A, Company M, Perez M, Pardos J, Llobet T, Usera MA, Salleras L, (2005) Working Group for the Investigation of the Outbreak of Salmonellosis in Torroella de M: A foodborne outbreak of Salmonella infection due to overproduction of egg-containing foods for a festival. Epidemiol Infect, 133(5), 817-822.
  • Carrique-Mas JJ, Marin C, Breslin M, McLaren I, Davies R, (2009) A comparison of the efficacy of cleaning and disinfection methods in eliminating Salmonella spp. from commercial egg laying houses. Avian Pathol, 38(5), 419-424.
  • Cheung PY, Chan CW, Wong W, Cheung TL, Kam KM, (2004) Evaluation of two real-time polymerase chain reaction pathogen detection kits for Salmonella spp. in food. Lett Appl Microbiol, 39(6), 509-515.
  • Chousalkar KK, Roberts JR, (2012) Recovery of Salmonella from eggshell wash, eggshell crush, and egg internal contents of unwashed commercial shell eggs in Australia. Poult Sci, 91(7), 1739-1741.
  • Clavijo RI, Loui C, Andersen GL, Riley LW, Lu S, (2006) Identification of genes associated with survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in chicken egg albumen. Appl Environ Microbiol, 72(2), 1055-1064.
  • Cocolin L, Manzano M, Cantoni C, Comi G, (1998) Use of polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme analysis to directly detect and identify Salmonella typhimurium in food. J Appl Microbiol, 85(4), 673-677.
  • Cox NA, Berrang ME, Cason JA, (2000) Salmonella penetration of egg shells and proliferation in broiler hatching eggs--a review. Poult Sci, 79(11), 1571-1574.
  • Day JB, Basavanna U, Sharma SK, (2009) Development of a cell culture method to isolate and enrich Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis from shell eggs for subsequent detection by real-time PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol, 75(16), 5321-5327.
  • Garcia C, Soriano JM, Benitez V, Catala-Gregori P, (2011) Assessment of Salmonella spp. in feces, cloacal swabs, and eggs (eggshell and content separately) from a laying hen farm. Poult Sci, 90(7), 1581-1585.
  • Gast RK, Guraya R, Jones DR, Anderson KE (2014) Contamination of eggs by Salmonella Enteritidis in experimentally infected laying hens housed in conventional or enriched cages. Poult Sci, 93(3), 728-733.
  • Gast RK, Jones DR, Anderson KE, Guraya R, Guard J, Holt PS, (2010) In vitro penetration of Salmonella Enteritidis through yolk membranes of eggs from 6 genetically distinct commercial lines of laying hens. Poult Sci, 89(8), 1732-1736.
  • Gole VC, Chousalkar KK, Roberts JR, Sexton M, May D, Tan J, Kiermeier A (2014) Effect of egg washing and correlation between eggshell characteristics and egg penetration by various Salmonella Typhimurium strains. PLoS One, 9(3), e90987.
  • Gole VC, Torok V, Sexton M, Caraguel CG, Chousalkar KK (2014) Association between indoor environmental contamination by Salmonella enterica and contamination of eggs on layer farms. J Clin Microbiol, 52(9), 3250-3258.
  • Jaradat Z, Bzikot J, Zawistowski J, Bhunia A. (2004) Optimization of a rapid dot-blot immunoassay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in poultry products and environmental samples, 761-769. Hyeon JY, Park C, Choi IS, Holt PS, Seo KH, (2010) Development of multiplex real-time PCR with Internal amplification control for simultaneous detection of Salmonella and Cronobacter in powdered infant formula, 144(1), 177-81
  • Kim S, Frye JG, Hu J, Fedorka-Cray PJ, Gautom R, Boyle DS, (2006) Multiplex PCR-based method for identification of common clinical serotypes of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica. J Clin Microbiol, 44(10), 3608-3615.
  • Malorny B, Paccassoni E, Fach P, Bunge C, Martin A, Helmuth R (2004) Diagnostic real-time PCR for detection of Salmonella in food. Appl Environ Microbiol, 70(12), 7046-7052.
  • Moosavy MH, Esmaeili S, Bagheri Amiri F, Mostafavi E, Zahraei Salehi T (2015) Detection of Salmonella spp in commercial eggs in Iran. Iran J Microbiol, 7(1): 50-54.
  • Odumeru J, León-Velarde C (2012) Salmonella Detection Methods for Food and Food Ingredients, ISBN 978-953-307-782-6. Poppe C, Duncan CL, Mazzocco A, (1998) Salmonella contamination of hatching and table eggs: a comparison. Can J Vet Res, 62(3), 191-198.
  • Rantala M, Nurmi E, (2007) Prevention of the growth of Salmonella infantisin chicks by the flora of the alimentary tract of chickens 14 (6), 627-630.
  • Sakha MZ, Fujikawa H (2012) Growth characteristics of Salmonella enteritidis in pasteurized and unpasteurized liquid egg products. Biocontrol Sci, 17(4), 183-190.
  • Schroeder CM, Latimer HK, Schlosser WD, Golden NJ, Marks HM, Coleman ME, Hogue AT, Ebel ED, Quiring NM, Kadry AR, (2005) Overview and summary of the Food Safety and Inspection Service risk assessment for Salmonella enteritidis in shell eggs. Foodborne Pathog Dis, 3(4), 403-412.
  • Soria MA, Soria MC, Bueno DJ, (2012) A comparative study of culture methods and polymerase chain reaction for Salmonella detection in egg content. Poult Sci, 91(10), 2668-2676.
  • Wells F, Bergquist D, Forsythe RH, (1957) A comparison of selective media for the isolation of Salmonella from commercial egg white solids. Appl Microbiol, 6(3), 198-201.
  • Whiley H, Ross K, (2015) Salmonella and eggs: from production to plate. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 12(3), 2543-2556. Wiriya L, Kiettisak P, Nilubol K, Ratchawat N, (2010) Detection-of-Salmonella-in-Egg Shell-and-Egg-Content-from-Different-Housing-Systems-for-Laying-Hens,Vol:4, No:5.
  • Wong MH, Chen S, (2013) First detection of oqxAB in Salmonella spp. isolated from food. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 57(1), 658-660.
  • Yamawaki RA, Milbradt EL, Coppola MP, Rodrigues JC, Andreatti Filho RL, Padovani CR, Okamoto AS (2013) Effect of immersion and inoculation in ovo of Lactobacillus spp. in embryonated chicken eggs in the prevention of Salmonella Enteritidis after hatch. Poult Sci, 92(6), 1560-1563.
  • Yoshimasu MA, Zawistowski J (2001) Application of rapid dot blot immunoassay for detection of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis in eggs, poultry, and other foods. Appl Environ Microbiol, 67(1), 459-461.
  • Zhang G, Brown EW, Hammack TS (2013) Comparison of different preenrichment broths, egg:preenrichment broth ratios, and surface disinfection for the detection of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Enteritidis in shell eggs. Poult Sci, 92(11), 3010-3016.
  • Zou W, Al-Khaldi SF, Branham WS, Han T, Fuscoe JC, Han J, Foley SL, Xu J, Fang H, Cerniglia CE (2011) Microarray analysis of virulence gene profiles in Salmonella serovars from food/food animal environment. J Infect Dev Ctries, 5(2), 94-105.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Alush MUSAJ This is me
Faculty of Food Technology, University of Mitrovica “Isa Boletini”, Mitrovica, Kosovo
Kosovo


Dafina LLUGAXHİU This is me (Primary Author)
Faculty of Food Technology, University of Mitrovica “Isa Boletini”, Mitrovica, Kosovo
Kosovo


Bahtir HYSENİ This is me

Publication Date March 30, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @review { jieas477765, journal = {Journal of International Environmental Application and Science}, issn = {1307-0428}, eissn = {2636-7661}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {1 - 7}, title = {Detection of Salmonella in Eggs}, key = {cite}, author = {Musaj, Alush and Llugaxhiu, Dafina and Hyseni, Bahtir} }
APA Musaj, A. , Llugaxhiu, D. & Hyseni, B. (2018). Detection of Salmonella in Eggs . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , 13 (1) , 1-7 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/477765
MLA Musaj, A. , Llugaxhiu, D. , Hyseni, B. "Detection of Salmonella in Eggs" . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 1-7 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/477765>
Chicago Musaj, A. , Llugaxhiu, D. , Hyseni, B. "Detection of Salmonella in Eggs". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 1-7
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Detection of Salmonella in Eggs AU - AlushMusaj, DafinaLlugaxhiu, BahtirHyseni Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Environmental Application and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 7 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-0428-2636-7661 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Environmental Application and Science Detection of Salmonella in Eggs %A Alush Musaj , Dafina Llugaxhiu , Bahtir Hyseni %T Detection of Salmonella in Eggs %D 2018 %J Journal of International Environmental Application and Science %P 1307-0428-2636-7661 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Musaj, Alush , Llugaxhiu, Dafina , Hyseni, Bahtir . "Detection of Salmonella in Eggs". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 / 1 (March 2018): 1-7 .
AMA Musaj A. , Llugaxhiu D. , Hyseni B. Detection of Salmonella in Eggs. JIEAS. 2018; 13(1): 1-7.
Vancouver Musaj A. , Llugaxhiu D. , Hyseni B. Detection of Salmonella in Eggs. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science. 2018; 13(1): 1-7.
IEEE A. Musaj , D. Llugaxhiu and B. Hyseni , "Detection of Salmonella in Eggs", Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1-7, Mar. 2018

“Journal of International Environmental Application and Science” is indexed in Index Copernicus, 

CAS Source Index (CASSI), ProQuest, CABI, Ulrich's™ Serials Analysis System, EBSCO, 

SCIRUS, ArgosBiotech, NAAEE, The University of Queensland's institutional Indexing List.