Research Article
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Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”)

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 27 - 32, 30.03.2018

Abstract

Heavy metal toxicity is one of the important abiotic stresses. When a few metals such as copper, manganase, cobalt, zinc and chromium are present at excessive levels, they have potential to become toxic to plants. In the study, the important anatomical changes caused by chromium (Cr) in Triticum aestivum cv. “Ekiz” were investigated. For this aim, plants were treated with 0.3 and 0.4 mmol Cr for 21 days. Microscopic studies showed that Cr accumulated mainly in the roots of the metal-treated plants. The stems of Cr-treated plants showed an increase in diameter of parenchyma cells and a decrease in thickness of sclerenchyma. In the leaves of plants exposed to Cr treatment, the thickness of phloem, xylem and mesophyll tissue was decreased compared with control plants. The anatomical changes in the root, stem and leaves of Cr- treated plants indicated that Cr has an important impact on Triticum aestivum cv. “Ekiz”.

References

  • Aery NC., Sarkar S, (2012) Metal species vis-à-vis seed germination and early seedling growth responses in soybean. J. Chem. Bio. Phy. Sci. Sec. B. 2(2), 763-769.
  • Al-Saadi SAAM, Al-Saadi WM, Al- Waheeb ANH, (2013) The effect of some heavy metals accumulation on physiological and anatomical characteristic of some Potamogeton L. plant. J. Eco. & Environ. Sci. 4(1), 100-108.
  • Ambo-Rappe R, Lajus DL, Schreider MJ, (2011) Heavy metal impact on growth and leaf asymmetry of seagrass, Halophila ovalis. J.Environ. Chem. & Ecotox. 3(6), 149-159.
  • Barcelo J, Vazquez MD, Poschenrieder CH, (1988) Cadmium induced structural and ultrastructural changes in the vascular system of bush bean stems. Bot. Acta. 101, 254-261.
  • Barnabas AD, (1996) Casparian band-like structures in the root hypodermis of some aquatic angiosperms. Aquatic Botany 55, 217-225.
  • Becquer T, Quantin C, Sicot M, Boudot JP, (2003) Chromium availability in ultramafic soils from New Caledonia. Sci Total Environ. 301, 251–261.
  • Gupta S, Chakrabarti K, (2013) Effect of heavy metals on different anatomical structures of Bruguiera sexangula. International Journal of Bio-resources and Stress Management 4(4), 605-609.
  • Gomes MP, Marques TCL, Nogueira MOG, Castro EM, Soares AM, (2011) Ecophysiological and anatomical changes due to uptake and accumulation of heavy metal in Brachiaria decumbens. Sci. Agri. (Piracicaba, Braz.). 68(5), 566-573.
  • Han FX, Sridhar BBM, Monts DL, Su Y, (2004) Phytoavailability and toxicity of trivalent and hexavalent chromium to Brassica juncea L. Czern. New Phytol. 169, 489-499.
  • MacFarlane GR, Burchett MD, (2000) Cellular distribution of copper, lead and Zn in the grey mangrove, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. Aquatic Botany 68(1), 45-59.
  • Maleci L, Bini C, Paolillo A, (2001) Chromium (III) uptake by Calendula arvensis L. and related phytotoxicity. Proc. VI ICOBTE, Guelph, On. , p. 384 (abstract).
  • Mangabeira P, Almeida AA, Mielke M, Gomes FP, Mushrifah I, Escaig F, Laffray D, Severo MI, Oliveira AH, Galle P, (2001) Ultrastructural investigations and electron probe X-ray microanalysis of chromium-treated plants. Proc. VI ICOBTE, Guelph, p. 555 (abstract). Mei B, Puryear JD, Newton RJ, (2002) Assessment of Cr tolerance and accumulation in selected plant species. Plant Soil 247, 223-231. Sethy SK, Ghosh S, (2013) Effect of heavy metals on germination of seeds. J.Nat. Sci. Biol. Med. 4(2), 272-275. Shahandeh H, Hossner LR, (2000) Plant screening for chromium phytoremediation. Int. J. Phytorem. 2,31-51.
  • Shanker AK, Cervantes C, Loza-Tavera H, Avudainayagam S, (2005) Chromium toxicity in plants. Environ. Intl. 31, 739-753. Sharma DC, Sharma CP, (1993) Chromium uptake and its effects on growth and biological yield of wheat. Cereal Research Communications 21, 317-319. Sharma SS, Dietz KJ, (2006) The significance of amino acids and amino acid-derived molecules in plant response and adaptation to heavy metal stress. J. of Exp. Bot. 57, 711-726. Soudeh, F. and F. Zarinkamar, (2012) Morphological and anatomical responses of Matricaria chamomilla Plants to cadmium and calcium. Adv. in Environ. Bio. 6(5), 1603-1609.
  • Sridhar BBM, Han FX, Diehl SV, Monts DL, Su Y, (2011) Effect of phytoaccumulation of arsenic and chromium on structural and ultrastructural changes of brake fern (Pteris vittata). Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 23(4), 285-293. Stohs SJ, Bagachi D, Hassoun E, Bgachi M, (2000) Oxidative mechanism in the toxicity of chromium and cadmium ions. J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol. 19, 201-213. Suzuki T, Sumi Y, Miyazaki K, Muraki T, Nokubi K, Kimura M, Kato M, (1978) Histochemical staining of chromium by Azurol S. Acta Histochemica Et Cytochemica 11, 46-51.
  • Vázquez MD, Poschenrieder C, Barceló J, (1992) Ultrastructural effects and localization of low cadmium concentrations in bean roots. New Phytologist 140, 350-355.
  • Velichkova K, Pavlov D, Ninova D, (2011) Effect of experimentally polluted water on the morphological characteritics of the leaves of two varieties of Triticum aestivum L. grown on different soil types. Agricultural Science and Technology 3(3), 265-268. Wang H, Liu RL, Jin JY, (2009) Effect of zinc and soil moisture on photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of maize. Biol. Plant. 53, 191-194. Wójcik M, Vangronsveld J, D’Haen J, Tukiendorf A, (2005) Cadmium tolerance in Thlaspi caerulescens. II. Localization of cadmium in Thlaspi caerulescens. Environ. & Exper. Botany 53, 163–171. Zayed A, Lytle CM, Jin-Hong Q, Terry N, Qian JH, (1998) Chromium accumulation, translocation and chemical speciation in vegetable crops. Planta 206, 293–299. Zhao FJ, Lombi E, Breedon T, McGrath SP (2000) Zinc hyperaccumulation and cellular distribution in Arabidopsis halleri. Plant Cell Environ. 23, 507-514.

Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1, 27 - 32, 30.03.2018

Abstract

References

  • Aery NC., Sarkar S, (2012) Metal species vis-à-vis seed germination and early seedling growth responses in soybean. J. Chem. Bio. Phy. Sci. Sec. B. 2(2), 763-769.
  • Al-Saadi SAAM, Al-Saadi WM, Al- Waheeb ANH, (2013) The effect of some heavy metals accumulation on physiological and anatomical characteristic of some Potamogeton L. plant. J. Eco. & Environ. Sci. 4(1), 100-108.
  • Ambo-Rappe R, Lajus DL, Schreider MJ, (2011) Heavy metal impact on growth and leaf asymmetry of seagrass, Halophila ovalis. J.Environ. Chem. & Ecotox. 3(6), 149-159.
  • Barcelo J, Vazquez MD, Poschenrieder CH, (1988) Cadmium induced structural and ultrastructural changes in the vascular system of bush bean stems. Bot. Acta. 101, 254-261.
  • Barnabas AD, (1996) Casparian band-like structures in the root hypodermis of some aquatic angiosperms. Aquatic Botany 55, 217-225.
  • Becquer T, Quantin C, Sicot M, Boudot JP, (2003) Chromium availability in ultramafic soils from New Caledonia. Sci Total Environ. 301, 251–261.
  • Gupta S, Chakrabarti K, (2013) Effect of heavy metals on different anatomical structures of Bruguiera sexangula. International Journal of Bio-resources and Stress Management 4(4), 605-609.
  • Gomes MP, Marques TCL, Nogueira MOG, Castro EM, Soares AM, (2011) Ecophysiological and anatomical changes due to uptake and accumulation of heavy metal in Brachiaria decumbens. Sci. Agri. (Piracicaba, Braz.). 68(5), 566-573.
  • Han FX, Sridhar BBM, Monts DL, Su Y, (2004) Phytoavailability and toxicity of trivalent and hexavalent chromium to Brassica juncea L. Czern. New Phytol. 169, 489-499.
  • MacFarlane GR, Burchett MD, (2000) Cellular distribution of copper, lead and Zn in the grey mangrove, Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. Aquatic Botany 68(1), 45-59.
  • Maleci L, Bini C, Paolillo A, (2001) Chromium (III) uptake by Calendula arvensis L. and related phytotoxicity. Proc. VI ICOBTE, Guelph, On. , p. 384 (abstract).
  • Mangabeira P, Almeida AA, Mielke M, Gomes FP, Mushrifah I, Escaig F, Laffray D, Severo MI, Oliveira AH, Galle P, (2001) Ultrastructural investigations and electron probe X-ray microanalysis of chromium-treated plants. Proc. VI ICOBTE, Guelph, p. 555 (abstract). Mei B, Puryear JD, Newton RJ, (2002) Assessment of Cr tolerance and accumulation in selected plant species. Plant Soil 247, 223-231. Sethy SK, Ghosh S, (2013) Effect of heavy metals on germination of seeds. J.Nat. Sci. Biol. Med. 4(2), 272-275. Shahandeh H, Hossner LR, (2000) Plant screening for chromium phytoremediation. Int. J. Phytorem. 2,31-51.
  • Shanker AK, Cervantes C, Loza-Tavera H, Avudainayagam S, (2005) Chromium toxicity in plants. Environ. Intl. 31, 739-753. Sharma DC, Sharma CP, (1993) Chromium uptake and its effects on growth and biological yield of wheat. Cereal Research Communications 21, 317-319. Sharma SS, Dietz KJ, (2006) The significance of amino acids and amino acid-derived molecules in plant response and adaptation to heavy metal stress. J. of Exp. Bot. 57, 711-726. Soudeh, F. and F. Zarinkamar, (2012) Morphological and anatomical responses of Matricaria chamomilla Plants to cadmium and calcium. Adv. in Environ. Bio. 6(5), 1603-1609.
  • Sridhar BBM, Han FX, Diehl SV, Monts DL, Su Y, (2011) Effect of phytoaccumulation of arsenic and chromium on structural and ultrastructural changes of brake fern (Pteris vittata). Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 23(4), 285-293. Stohs SJ, Bagachi D, Hassoun E, Bgachi M, (2000) Oxidative mechanism in the toxicity of chromium and cadmium ions. J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol. 19, 201-213. Suzuki T, Sumi Y, Miyazaki K, Muraki T, Nokubi K, Kimura M, Kato M, (1978) Histochemical staining of chromium by Azurol S. Acta Histochemica Et Cytochemica 11, 46-51.
  • Vázquez MD, Poschenrieder C, Barceló J, (1992) Ultrastructural effects and localization of low cadmium concentrations in bean roots. New Phytologist 140, 350-355.
  • Velichkova K, Pavlov D, Ninova D, (2011) Effect of experimentally polluted water on the morphological characteritics of the leaves of two varieties of Triticum aestivum L. grown on different soil types. Agricultural Science and Technology 3(3), 265-268. Wang H, Liu RL, Jin JY, (2009) Effect of zinc and soil moisture on photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of maize. Biol. Plant. 53, 191-194. Wójcik M, Vangronsveld J, D’Haen J, Tukiendorf A, (2005) Cadmium tolerance in Thlaspi caerulescens. II. Localization of cadmium in Thlaspi caerulescens. Environ. & Exper. Botany 53, 163–171. Zayed A, Lytle CM, Jin-Hong Q, Terry N, Qian JH, (1998) Chromium accumulation, translocation and chemical speciation in vegetable crops. Planta 206, 293–299. Zhao FJ, Lombi E, Breedon T, McGrath SP (2000) Zinc hyperaccumulation and cellular distribution in Arabidopsis halleri. Plant Cell Environ. 23, 507-514.

Details

Primary Language English
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Tulay Aytas AKCİN This is me (Primary Author)


Adnan AKCİN This is me


Cengiz YİLDİRİM This is me

Publication Date March 30, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 13, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jieas477927, journal = {Journal of International Environmental Application and Science}, issn = {1307-0428}, eissn = {2636-7661}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {13}, number = {1}, pages = {27 - 32}, title = {Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”)}, key = {cite}, author = {Akcin, Tulay Aytas and Akcin, Adnan and Yildirim, Cengiz} }
APA Akcin, T. A. , Akcin, A. & Yildirim, C. (2018). Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”) . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , 13 (1) , 27-32 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/477927
MLA Akcin, T. A. , Akcin, A. , Yildirim, C. "Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”)" . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 27-32 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/40187/477927>
Chicago Akcin, T. A. , Akcin, A. , Yildirim, C. "Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”)". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 (2018 ): 27-32
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”) AU - Tulay AytasAkcin, AdnanAkcin, CengizYildirim Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Environmental Application and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 27 EP - 32 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-0428-2636-7661 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Environmental Application and Science Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”) %A Tulay Aytas Akcin , Adnan Akcin , Cengiz Yildirim %T Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”) %D 2018 %J Journal of International Environmental Application and Science %P 1307-0428-2636-7661 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Akcin, Tulay Aytas , Akcin, Adnan , Yildirim, Cengiz . "Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”)". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 13 / 1 (March 2018): 27-32 .
AMA Akcin T. A. , Akcin A. , Yildirim C. Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”). JIEAS. 2018; 13(1): 27-32.
Vancouver Akcin T. A. , Akcin A. , Yildirim C. Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”). Journal of International Environmental Application and Science. 2018; 13(1): 27-32.
IEEE T. A. Akcin , A. Akcin and C. Yildirim , "Effects of Chromium on Anatomical Characteristics of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”)", Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 27-32, Mar. 2018

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