Research Article
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Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria

Year 2022, Volume 17, Issue 3, 104 - 114, 31.10.2022

Abstract

Nigeria generates more than 32 million tons of solid waste annually, out of which only 20–30% is collected and disposed in an open dump site. Besides, reckless disposal of solid waste has led to blockage of sewers and drainage networks and choking of water bodies. More so, the problem of solid waste management has become one of the nation’s most serious environmental problems. In this research work, an investigation of municipal solid waste treatment in Okada community using a developed shredding machine was carried out. The shredding machine was developed and evaluated for performance using individual waste components. Parameters such as efficiency, shredding time, and machine throughput capacity were determined using food waste, paper waste, plastic, and nylon waste. Furthermore, the composition and analysis of the solid waste stream in the Okada community was carried out. The density, moisture content, and volume of municipal solid waste were determined. The values obtained were used to determine the daily amount of municipal solid waste generated in the Okada community. Load Count Analysis techniques were used to determine the volume of municipal solid waste generated daily. From the experimental results obtained, shredding techniques for solid waste treatment were most suitable for the Okada community. Besides, it was determined that food waste, with 28.0%, and plastic and nylon, with 21.0%, have the highest percentage composition of municipal solid waste generated in the Okada community. It was also revealed that food waste has the highest quantity of properly shredded waste (48.89 kg), and this was followed by paper waste, with a mass of 47.85 kg properly shredded. Furthermore, it was revealed from the research work that 3,027.6 kg of municipal solid waste will be generated daily in the Okada community. Besides, the developed machine was efficient because in each of the tests and evaluations of individual waste components, the efficiency obtained was above 80%.

References

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Year 2022, Volume 17, Issue 3, 104 - 114, 31.10.2022

Abstract

References

  • Ajji, A., and Rhachi, M. (2013). The Influence of Particle Size on the Performance of Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste. Energy Procedia, 36, 515 – 520.
  • Benjamin, T.A., Emmanuel, E.O., and Gideon, A.D. (2014). Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the Federal Capital, Abuja, Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research: Environment and Earth Science, 14(2), 1-7
  • Ebunilo, P.O., Atuma, E.V., Orhorhoro, E.K. (2021). Performance Evaluation of a Developed Dried Grass Shredding Machine for Composting. Advanced Engineering Forum, 40,73-82.
  • Hoornweg, D. and Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management. Urban Development Series Knowledge Papers, World Bank. pp.7. [Online] Available from:http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387-1334852610766/What_a_Waste2012_Final.pdf. [Accessed: 5th January, 2016].
  • Hoornweg, D., Thomas, L., and Otten, L. (2014). Composting and its Application in Developing Countries. Urban Waste Management Urban waste management. Working Paper 8, Urban Development Division, Washington DC, World Bank.
  • Igbinomwanhia, D.I., Ohwovoriole, Ejovo, N. (2011). A Study of the Solid Waste Chain in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science Environmental Management, 15 (4), 589 – 593
  • Igbinomwanhia, D.I., Ohwovoriole, E.N., Ejovo, N. (2012). A study of the constraints to Residential Solid Wastes Management in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Science, 3(1): 103-107. Kadafa, A. A., Latifah, A.M., Abdullah, H.S. and Wannur, A. (2012). A Review on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Nigeria. Journal of American Science, 8(12), 975-982
  • Khurmi, R. J., and Gupta, J. K. (2013). Machine Design, Eurasia Publishing House (PVT) Ltd, New Delhi. Kumar, E.V. (2013). Design and Analysis of Rotor Shaft Assembly of Hammer Mill Crusher. International Journal of Engineering and Management Research, 3 (2), 22-30.
  • Mavropoulos. A (2010). Waste Management 2030 the future of waste management on an overcrowded planet. Waste Management World.
  • Omole, F.K., & Alakinde, M.K. (2013). Managing the Unwanted Materials: The Agony of Solid Waste Management in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Education and Research, 1(4), 1.
  • Orhorhoro, E.K., Ebunilo, P.O., Tamuno, R.I., & Essienubong, I.A. (2016a). The Study of Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Non-Uniform Multiple Feed Stock Availability and Composition in Nigeria. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science, 1(1), 39-42.
  • Orhorhoro, E.K., Ikpe, A.E., & Tamuno, R.I (2016b). Performance Analysis of Locally Design Plastic Crushing Machine for Domestic and Industrial Use in Nigeria. European Journal of Engineering Research and Science, 1 (2), 26-30.
  • Orhorhoro, E.K., Ebunilo, P.O.B., & Sadjere, E.G., (2017). Determination and Quantification of Household Solid Waste Generation for Planning Suitable Sustainable Waste Management in Nigeria. International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology, 5(8),1-9
  • Orhorhoro, E.K., Lindsay, E.E., & Oyejide, J.O. (2022). Analysis and Evaluation of a Three-Stage Anaerobic Digestion Plant for Management of Biodegradable Municipal Solid Waste. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, 60, 75-87
  • Owamah, I.H., Izinyon, O.C., Igbinewekan, P. (2015). Characteristics and quantification of solid waste generation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: a case study of Ogbe-Ijoih community in Delta State. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 19(1), 366-373
  • Titus, E.A., & Anim, O.A. (2014). Appraisal of Solid Waste Management Practices in Enugu City, Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 4, 98.
  • United Nations Development Programme (2010). Retrieved October 20, 2011 from http://www.beta.undp.org/undp/en/home.html
  • United Nation World Population Estimation (UNWPE) (2016): “Population of Nigeria”, http://www.worldometers.info/word-population/nigeria-population/”, [Accessed September 13th, 2019]

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Azike Rowland UGOCHUKWU This is me
Igbinedion University, Okada
0000-0003-4044-483X
Nigeria


Ejiroghene Kelly ORHORHORO> (Primary Author)
Igbinedion University, Okada, Nigeria
Nigeria


Fashanu OMOLAYO This is me
Igbinedion University, Okada, Nigeria
0000-0001-6705-8395
Nigeria

Publication Date October 31, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 17, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @research article { jieas1170493, journal = {Journal of International Environmental Application and Science}, issn = {1307-0428}, eissn = {2636-7661}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2022}, volume = {17}, number = {3}, pages = {104 - 114}, title = {Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {Ugochukwu, Azike Rowland and Orhorhoro, Ejiroghene Kelly and Omolayo, Fashanu} }
APA Ugochukwu, A. R. , Orhorhoro, E. K. & Omolayo, F. (2022). Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science , 17 (3) , 104-114 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/73353/1170493
MLA Ugochukwu, A. R. , Orhorhoro, E. K. , Omolayo, F. "Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria" . Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 17 (2022 ): 104-114 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jieas/issue/73353/1170493>
Chicago Ugochukwu, A. R. , Orhorhoro, E. K. , Omolayo, F. "Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 17 (2022 ): 104-114
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria AU - Azike RowlandUgochukwu, Ejiroghene KellyOrhorhoro, FashanuOmolayo Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of International Environmental Application and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 104 EP - 114 VL - 17 IS - 3 SN - 1307-0428-2636-7661 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of International Environmental Application and Science Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria %A Azike Rowland Ugochukwu , Ejiroghene Kelly Orhorhoro , Fashanu Omolayo %T Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria %D 2022 %J Journal of International Environmental Application and Science %P 1307-0428-2636-7661 %V 17 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Ugochukwu, Azike Rowland , Orhorhoro, Ejiroghene Kelly , Omolayo, Fashanu . "Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria". Journal of International Environmental Application and Science 17 / 3 (October 2022): 104-114 .
AMA Ugochukwu A. R. , Orhorhoro E. K. , Omolayo F. Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria. JIEAS. 2022; 17(3): 104-114.
Vancouver Ugochukwu A. R. , Orhorhoro E. K. , Omolayo F. Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria. Journal of International Environmental Application and Science. 2022; 17(3): 104-114.
IEEE A. R. Ugochukwu , E. K. Orhorhoro and F. Omolayo , "Analysis and Evaluation of a Developed Municipal Solid Waste Shredding Machine for Okada Community, Nigeria", Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 104-114, Oct. 2022

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