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Economic Cyber Espionage: The US-China Dilemma

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 2, 77 - 90, 29.12.2023

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the acceptance of the multi-faceted phenomenon of economic cyber-espionage among great powers by taking into account different perspectives. The paper illuminates the disagreement of the US on economic cyber espionage, especially China, and the widespread perception that China is conducting cyber espionage activities to steal intellectual property from the US military, private companies, and other nations with the goal of surpassing the US as the global superpower. The US advocates for the development of new standards that limit the use of cyber espionage for traditional intelligence purposes concerning national security decisions. This paper argues that, since China is now among the countries advocating technology licensing, the country also advocates for the development of these standards because they would not dare to lose more than they would gain from cyber espionage. The paper also highlights the need for further study to refine existing definitions and develop widely accepted monitoring mechanisms.

References

  • Akdag, Y. (2019). The likelihood of Cyberwar between the US and China: A neorealism and power transition theory perspective. Journal of Chinese Political Science, 24(2), 225–247.
  • Alford, W. P. (1995). To steal a book is an elegant offense: Intellectual property law in Chinese civilization. Stanford University Press.
  • Allen, G. C. (2019). Understanding China’s AI strategy: Clues to Chinese strategic thinking on artificial intelligence and national security. Center for a New American Security. (http://www.globalhha.com/doclib/data/upload/doc_con/5e50c522eeb91.pdf)
  • Ball, D. (2011). China’s cyber warfare capabilities. Security Challenges, 7(2), 81–103.
  • Barr, D. M. (2011). Who’s afraid of China?: The challenge of Chinese soft power. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Bernik, I. (2014). Cybercrime and cyber warfare. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Berrell, M., & Wrathall, J. (2006). Between Chinese culture and the rule of law: What foreign managers in China should know about intellectual property rights. Management Research News, 30(1), 57–76.
  • Biase, N., & Margolin, J. (2021). Senior NASA scientist sentenced to prison for making false statements related to the Chinese thousand talents program. https://www.justice.gov/usao-sdny/pr/senior-nasa-scientist-sentenced-prison-making-false-statements-related-chinese-thousand

Ekonomik Siber Casusluk: ABD-Çin İkilemi

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 2, 77 - 90, 29.12.2023

Abstract

Bu makale çok yönlü bir olgu olan ekonomik siber casusluğun büyük güçler arasında nasıl kabul gördüğü konusunda birçok perspektifi dikkate alarak genel bir bakış açısı sunmaktadır. Makale ABD’nin özellikle Çin ile ekonomik siber casusluk konusundaki anlaşmazlığını ve Çin’in ABD’yi küresel süper güç olarak geçmek amacıyla ABD ordusu, özel şirketler ve diğer uluslardan fikri mülkiyet çaldığına ilişkin yaygın algıyı aydınlatmaktadır. ABD, ulusal güvenlik kararları için geleneksel istihbarat amaçlarıyla kullanılan siber casusluğu sınırlayan yeni standartların geliştirilmesi gerektiğini savunmaktadır. Makalede, Çin’in artık teknoloji lisanslamasını savunan ülkeler arasında yer almasıyla birlikte, siber casusluktan kazanacağından daha çok kaybetmeyi göze alamadığı için bu standartların geliştirilmesini savunduğunu ileri sürmektedir. Makale ayrıca mevcut tanımların iyileştirilmesi ve yaygın olarak kabul gören izleme mekanizmalarının geliştirilmesi için daha fazla çalışma yapılması gerektiğinin altını çizmektedir.

References

  • Akdag, Y. (2019). The likelihood of Cyberwar between the US and China: A neorealism and power transition theory perspective. Journal of Chinese Political Science, 24(2), 225–247.
  • Alford, W. P. (1995). To steal a book is an elegant offense: Intellectual property law in Chinese civilization. Stanford University Press.
  • Allen, G. C. (2019). Understanding China’s AI strategy: Clues to Chinese strategic thinking on artificial intelligence and national security. Center for a New American Security. (http://www.globalhha.com/doclib/data/upload/doc_con/5e50c522eeb91.pdf)
  • Ball, D. (2011). China’s cyber warfare capabilities. Security Challenges, 7(2), 81–103.
  • Barr, D. M. (2011). Who’s afraid of China?: The challenge of Chinese soft power. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Bernik, I. (2014). Cybercrime and cyber warfare. John Wiley & Sons.
  • Berrell, M., & Wrathall, J. (2006). Between Chinese culture and the rule of law: What foreign managers in China should know about intellectual property rights. Management Research News, 30(1), 57–76.
  • Biase, N., & Margolin, J. (2021). Senior NASA scientist sentenced to prison for making false statements related to the Chinese thousand talents program. https://www.justice.gov/usao-sdny/pr/senior-nasa-scientist-sentenced-prison-making-false-statements-related-chinese-thousand

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects International Security
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Juma Mdimu RUGİNA 0009-0008-5435-998X

Publication Date December 29, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 3 Issue: 2

Cite

APA RUGİNA, J. M. (2023). Economic Cyber Espionage: The US-China Dilemma. Uluslararası İlişkiler Çalışmaları Dergisi, 3(2), 77-90.

Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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