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EFFECT OF THE NITRIDING PROCESS IN THE WEAR BEHAVIOUR OF DIN 1.2344 HOT WORK STEEL

Year 2020, Volume 16, Issue 1, 45 - 70,

Abstract

Gas nitriding is a widely applied thermo-chemical surface treatment, which is used to improve mechanical properties and wear characteristics of iron and steels. The effects of the gas nitriding process on the mechanical and wear resistance properties of DIN 1.2344 (X40CrMoV5-1) hot work steel were investigated in this paper. Nitrided and non-nitrided samples were characterized through the optical microscope, SEM/EDX, X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscope (AFM) and 3D optical profilometer. The results of analyses showed increases in wear resistance of the nitrided sample due to the formation of surface layers of nitrides and oxides.

References

  • [1] Kostova, K.G., Uedaa, M., Lepienskyc, M., Soares Jr., P.C., Gomesa, G.F., Silvad, M.M., Reuther H. (2004). Surface Modification of Metal Alloys By Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation and Subsequent Plasma Nitriding. Surface and Coatings Technology, 186, 204–208.
  • [2] Castro, G., Fernández-Vicente, A., Cid, J. (2007). Influence of The Nitriding Time in The Wear Behavior of An AISI H13 Steel During A Crankshaft Forging Process. Wear, 263, 1375–1385.
  • [3] da Silva, L.L.G., Ueda, M., Nakazato, R. Z., (2007). Enhanced Corrosion Resistance of AISI H13 Steel Treated By Nitrogen Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201, 8291–8294.
  • [4] Arif, A.F.M., Akhtar, S. S., Yilbas, B. S. (2010). Effect of ProcessVariables on Gas Nitriding of H13 Tool Steel With Controlled NitridingPotential. International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 4, 396–415.
  • [5] Rodrigo L.O. B., Heloise O. P., Vanessa S., Israel J.R. B., Silvia A.C.A., Fernando S. de S., Almir S., Carlos A. F., Cristiano G., (2010).Microstructure and Corrosion Behaviour of Pulsed Plasma-Nitrided AISI H13 Tool Steel. Corrosion Science, 52, 3133–3139.
  • [6] Yeh, S.-H., Chiu, L.-H., Chang, H. (2011). Effects of Gas Nitriding on the Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of SACM 645 Steel.Engineering, 3, 942–948.
  • [7] Rodríguez-Baracaldo, R., Benito, J. A., Puchi-Cabrera, E. S., Staia, M. H. (2007). High-Temperature Wear Resistance of (TiAl)N PVD Coatingon Untreated and Gas Nitrided AISI H13 Steel With Different Heat Treatments. Wear, 262, 380–389.
  • [8] Lampe, T., Eisenberg, S., Laudien, G. (1993). Compound LayerFormation During Plasma Nitriding and Plasma Nitrocarburising. Surface Engineering, 9, 69–76.
  • [9] Baranowska, J. (2010). Importance of Surface Activation for Nitrided Layer Formation on Austenitic Stainless Steel. Surface Engineering, 26,293–298.
  • [10] Birol, Y., Yuksel, B. (2012). Performance of Gas Nitrided and AlTiN Coated AISI H13 Hot Work Tool Steel in Aluminium Extrusion. Surface and Coatings Technology, 207, 461–466.
  • [11] Güven, Ş. Y., Delikanlı, K., Öncel, E. (2014). AISI 4140 ÇeliğineUygulanan İyon Nitrasyon Yüzey Sertleştirme İşleminin Yorulma Dayanımına Etkisi. SDU Teknik Bilimler Dergisi, 4, 29-39.
  • [12] Bayramoglu, M., Polat, H., Geren, N. (2008). Cost and Performance Evaluation of Different Surface Treated Dies for Hot Forging Process.Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 205, 394–403.
  • [13] Barrallier, L. (2015). Classical Nitriding of Heat Treatable Steel.Woodhead Publishing Limited, 393-412.
  • [14] Azadi, M., Rouhaghdam, A. S., Ahangarani, S., Mo, H. H. (2014). Mechanical Behavior of TiN / TiC Multilayer Coatings Fabricated By Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition on AISI H13 Hot Work Tool Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, 245, 156–166.
  • [15] Li, K. Y., Xiang, Z. D. (2010). Increasing Surface Hardness of Austenitic Stainless Steels By Pack Nitriding Process. Surface and Coatings Technology, 204, 2268–2272.
  • [16] Cui, X. H., Wang, S. Q., Wei, M. X., Yang, Z. R. (2011). Wear Characteristics and Mechanisms of H13 Steel with Various Tempered Structures. 20, 1055–1062.
  • [17] Arif, A.F.M., Akhtar, S. S., Yilbas, B. S. (2012). Influence of Multiple Nitriding on The Case Hardening of H13 Tool Steel: Experimental and Numerical Investigation. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 8, 57–70.
  • [18] Akhtar, S. S., Arif, A.F.M., Yilbas, B. S., Sheikh, A.K. (2010).Influence of Surface Preparation on the Kinetics of Controlled Gas-Nitrided AISI H13 Steels Used in Extrusion Dies, 19, 347–355.
  • [19] Greenwood, J. A. (1985). Formulas for Moderately Elliptical Hertzian Contacts, Journal of Tribology, 107, 501–504.
  • [20] Jordan, D., (2010). Controlling Compound ( White ) Layer Formation During Vacuum Gas Nitriding. Solar Atmospheres Inc., 1-20.
  • [21] Bahrami, A., Anijdan, S. H. M., Golozar, M. A., Shamanian, M., Varahram, N. (2005). Effects of Conventional Heat Treatment on Wear Resistance of AISI H13 Tool Steel. Wear, 258, 846–851.
  • [22] Jacobsen, S. D., Hinrichs, R., Aguzzoli, C., Figueroa, C. A., Baumvol, I. J. R., Vasconcellos, M. A. Z. (2016). Influence of Current Density on Phase Formation and Tribological Behavior of Plasma Nitrided AISI H13 Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, 286, 129–139.
  • [23] Gasem, Z. M. (2013). Cracking in A Multiple Gas-Nitrided H13 Aluminum Extrusion Mandrel. Engineering Failure Analysis Journal, 31,68–75.
  • [24] Yang, K., Shi, X., Zhai, W., Mahmoud Ibrahim, A. M. (2015). WearRate of A Tial Matrix Composite Containing 10 Wt% Ag Predicted Using The Newton Interpolation Method. RSC Advances, 5, 67102-67114.
  • [25] Telasang, G., Dutta Majumdar, J., Padmanabham, G., Manna, I. (2015). Wear and Corrosion Behavior Laser Surface Engineered AISI H13 Hot Working Tool Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology 261, 69–78.
  • [26] Jeong, B. Y., Kim, M. H. (2001). Effects of Pulse Frequency and Temperature on The Nitride Layer and Surface Characteristics of Plasma Nitrided Stainless Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, 137, 249–254.
  • [27] Fernandes, F. A. P., Heck, S. C., Picone, C. A., & Casteletti, L. C. (2020). On the wear and corrosion of plasma nitrided AISI H13. Surface and Coatings Technology, 381, 125216.
  • [28] Miyamoto, J., Abraha, P. (2019). The effect of plasma nitriding treatment time on the tribological properties of the AISI H13 tool steel.Surface and Coatings Technology, 375, 15–21.

NİTRASYON İŞLEMİNİN DIN 1.2344 SICAK İŞ TAKIM ÇELİĞİNİN AŞINMA DAVRANIŞLARI ÜZERİNE ETKİLERİ

Year 2020, Volume 16, Issue 1, 45 - 70,

Abstract

Gaz nitrasyon yöntemi demir ve çeliklerin mekaniksel özelliklerini ve aşınma karakteristiklerini geliştirmek için uygulanan bir termokimyasal yüzey işlemidir. Bu çalışmada DIN 1.2344 (X40CrMoV5-1) sıcak iş takım çeliğine uygulanan gaz nitrasyon işleminin mekanik özelliklerine ve aşınma direncine etkisi araştırılmıştır. Nitrürlenmiş numune ve işlem görmemiş referans numune optik mikroskop, SEM EDX, X ışını difraksiyonu, atomik kuvvet mikroskopu ve 3D optik profilometre yoluyla karakterize edilmiştir. Analiz sonuçları nitrürlenmiş numune yüzeyinde oluşan nitrür alaşımları ve oksidasyon tabakası sayesinde aşınma direnci artış meydana geldiğini göstermiştir. 

References

  • [1] Kostova, K.G., Uedaa, M., Lepienskyc, M., Soares Jr., P.C., Gomesa, G.F., Silvad, M.M., Reuther H. (2004). Surface Modification of Metal Alloys By Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation and Subsequent Plasma Nitriding. Surface and Coatings Technology, 186, 204–208.
  • [2] Castro, G., Fernández-Vicente, A., Cid, J. (2007). Influence of The Nitriding Time in The Wear Behavior of An AISI H13 Steel During A Crankshaft Forging Process. Wear, 263, 1375–1385.
  • [3] da Silva, L.L.G., Ueda, M., Nakazato, R. Z., (2007). Enhanced Corrosion Resistance of AISI H13 Steel Treated By Nitrogen Plasma Immersion Ion Implantation. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201, 8291–8294.
  • [4] Arif, A.F.M., Akhtar, S. S., Yilbas, B. S. (2010). Effect of ProcessVariables on Gas Nitriding of H13 Tool Steel With Controlled NitridingPotential. International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, 4, 396–415.
  • [5] Rodrigo L.O. B., Heloise O. P., Vanessa S., Israel J.R. B., Silvia A.C.A., Fernando S. de S., Almir S., Carlos A. F., Cristiano G., (2010).Microstructure and Corrosion Behaviour of Pulsed Plasma-Nitrided AISI H13 Tool Steel. Corrosion Science, 52, 3133–3139.
  • [6] Yeh, S.-H., Chiu, L.-H., Chang, H. (2011). Effects of Gas Nitriding on the Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of SACM 645 Steel.Engineering, 3, 942–948.
  • [7] Rodríguez-Baracaldo, R., Benito, J. A., Puchi-Cabrera, E. S., Staia, M. H. (2007). High-Temperature Wear Resistance of (TiAl)N PVD Coatingon Untreated and Gas Nitrided AISI H13 Steel With Different Heat Treatments. Wear, 262, 380–389.
  • [8] Lampe, T., Eisenberg, S., Laudien, G. (1993). Compound LayerFormation During Plasma Nitriding and Plasma Nitrocarburising. Surface Engineering, 9, 69–76.
  • [9] Baranowska, J. (2010). Importance of Surface Activation for Nitrided Layer Formation on Austenitic Stainless Steel. Surface Engineering, 26,293–298.
  • [10] Birol, Y., Yuksel, B. (2012). Performance of Gas Nitrided and AlTiN Coated AISI H13 Hot Work Tool Steel in Aluminium Extrusion. Surface and Coatings Technology, 207, 461–466.
  • [11] Güven, Ş. Y., Delikanlı, K., Öncel, E. (2014). AISI 4140 ÇeliğineUygulanan İyon Nitrasyon Yüzey Sertleştirme İşleminin Yorulma Dayanımına Etkisi. SDU Teknik Bilimler Dergisi, 4, 29-39.
  • [12] Bayramoglu, M., Polat, H., Geren, N. (2008). Cost and Performance Evaluation of Different Surface Treated Dies for Hot Forging Process.Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 205, 394–403.
  • [13] Barrallier, L. (2015). Classical Nitriding of Heat Treatable Steel.Woodhead Publishing Limited, 393-412.
  • [14] Azadi, M., Rouhaghdam, A. S., Ahangarani, S., Mo, H. H. (2014). Mechanical Behavior of TiN / TiC Multilayer Coatings Fabricated By Plasma Assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition on AISI H13 Hot Work Tool Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, 245, 156–166.
  • [15] Li, K. Y., Xiang, Z. D. (2010). Increasing Surface Hardness of Austenitic Stainless Steels By Pack Nitriding Process. Surface and Coatings Technology, 204, 2268–2272.
  • [16] Cui, X. H., Wang, S. Q., Wei, M. X., Yang, Z. R. (2011). Wear Characteristics and Mechanisms of H13 Steel with Various Tempered Structures. 20, 1055–1062.
  • [17] Arif, A.F.M., Akhtar, S. S., Yilbas, B. S. (2012). Influence of Multiple Nitriding on The Case Hardening of H13 Tool Steel: Experimental and Numerical Investigation. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 8, 57–70.
  • [18] Akhtar, S. S., Arif, A.F.M., Yilbas, B. S., Sheikh, A.K. (2010).Influence of Surface Preparation on the Kinetics of Controlled Gas-Nitrided AISI H13 Steels Used in Extrusion Dies, 19, 347–355.
  • [19] Greenwood, J. A. (1985). Formulas for Moderately Elliptical Hertzian Contacts, Journal of Tribology, 107, 501–504.
  • [20] Jordan, D., (2010). Controlling Compound ( White ) Layer Formation During Vacuum Gas Nitriding. Solar Atmospheres Inc., 1-20.
  • [21] Bahrami, A., Anijdan, S. H. M., Golozar, M. A., Shamanian, M., Varahram, N. (2005). Effects of Conventional Heat Treatment on Wear Resistance of AISI H13 Tool Steel. Wear, 258, 846–851.
  • [22] Jacobsen, S. D., Hinrichs, R., Aguzzoli, C., Figueroa, C. A., Baumvol, I. J. R., Vasconcellos, M. A. Z. (2016). Influence of Current Density on Phase Formation and Tribological Behavior of Plasma Nitrided AISI H13 Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, 286, 129–139.
  • [23] Gasem, Z. M. (2013). Cracking in A Multiple Gas-Nitrided H13 Aluminum Extrusion Mandrel. Engineering Failure Analysis Journal, 31,68–75.
  • [24] Yang, K., Shi, X., Zhai, W., Mahmoud Ibrahim, A. M. (2015). WearRate of A Tial Matrix Composite Containing 10 Wt% Ag Predicted Using The Newton Interpolation Method. RSC Advances, 5, 67102-67114.
  • [25] Telasang, G., Dutta Majumdar, J., Padmanabham, G., Manna, I. (2015). Wear and Corrosion Behavior Laser Surface Engineered AISI H13 Hot Working Tool Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology 261, 69–78.
  • [26] Jeong, B. Y., Kim, M. H. (2001). Effects of Pulse Frequency and Temperature on The Nitride Layer and Surface Characteristics of Plasma Nitrided Stainless Steel. Surface and Coatings Technology, 137, 249–254.
  • [27] Fernandes, F. A. P., Heck, S. C., Picone, C. A., & Casteletti, L. C. (2020). On the wear and corrosion of plasma nitrided AISI H13. Surface and Coatings Technology, 381, 125216.
  • [28] Miyamoto, J., Abraha, P. (2019). The effect of plasma nitriding treatment time on the tribological properties of the AISI H13 tool steel.Surface and Coatings Technology, 375, 15–21.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Seda ATAŞ BAKDEMİR> (Primary Author)
DENİZ HARP OKULU KOMUTANLIĞI, DENİZ HARP OKULU (DEKANLIK), MAKİNE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, MAKİNE MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0003-1601-2033
Türkiye


Doğuş ÖZKAN>
DENİZ HARP OKULU KOMUTANLIĞI, DENİZ HARP OKULU (DEKANLIK)
0000-0002-3044-4310
Türkiye


M. Cenk TÜRKÜZ>
Titanit Ultra Sert PVD Kaplama
0000-0002-4447-7287
Türkiye


Elif UZUN>
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4950-2162
Türkiye


Serdar SALMAN>
MİLLİ SAVUNMA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9184-3876
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Scientific Research Projects Unit of Marmara University, Turkey
Project Number FEN-C-YLP-120619-0198
Thanks Titanit Ultrahard PVD Company
Publication Date
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 16, Issue 1

Cite

APA Ataş Bakdemir, S. , Özkan, D. , Türküz, M. C. , Uzun, E. & Salman, S. (). EFFECT OF THE NITRIDING PROCESS IN THE WEAR BEHAVIOUR OF DIN 1.2344 HOT WORK STEEL . Journal of Naval Sciences and Engineering , JOURNAL OF NAVAL SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING [en] , 45-70 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jnse/issue/54053/700619