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JENERİK BİR SAVAŞ GEMİSİNDE GEMİ-YAŞAM DÖNGÜSÜ DEĞERLENDİRMESİ (SLCA) VE MALİYET MODELİ (SLCC) GELİŞTİRİLMESİ

Year 2020, Volume 16, Issue 2, 193 - 216, 11.11.2020

Abstract

Savaş gemileri, uluslararası anlaşmalar tarafından belirlenen pek çok kural ve yönetmeliklerden muaf tutulduğundan, bu gemilerin atık ve emisyon yönünden yaşam döngüsü analizi üzerine çok az çalışma vardır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, jenerik bir savaş gemisinin iki bileşeninin çevresel etkilerini ve maliyet analizini hesaplamak ve Yaşam Döngüsü Değerlendirmesi'ni (LCA) kullanarak emisyon azaltımını araştırmaktır. Jenerik bir savaş gemisinin valf ve yağlama yağı sistemleri atıkları, valf ve yağlama yağının tüm kullanım ömrü, nakliye ve geri dönüşüm aşamaları da dahil olmak üzere lisanslı SimaPro yazılımı kullanılarak hesaplanmıştır. Ayrıca, LCA yöntemi kullanılarak elde edilen faydaları hesaplamak için Yaşam Döngüsü Maliyet analizi (LCC) uygulanmıştır ve geri dönüşüm işlemiyle elde edilen toplam faydaların yaklaşık 46.400 € olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Atık valf ve yağlama yağının çevresel etkileri hesaplanarak, atık yağın geri dönüşümünün gemi başına atık yağ ayrıştırma maliyetini %30 oranında azalttığını göstermektedir.

References

  • Alkaner, S., Zhou, P., (2006). A comparative study on life cycle analysis of molten carbon fuel cells and diesel engines for marine application. J Power Sources 158:188–199
  • Bengtsson, S., Andersson, K., Fridell, E., (2011). “Life Cycle Assessment of Marine fuels: A Comparative Study of Four Fossil Fuels for Marine Propulsion”. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, ISBN: 1652-9189
  • Bijwaard, G., Knapp, S., (2008). “Analysis of Ship Life Cycles-The Impact of Economic Cycles and Ship Inspections”. Marine Policy 33:350-369
  • Bilgili, L. (2019). “The Social Cost and Environmental Life Cycle Analysis of Passenger Ships in Istanbul”. Journal of ETA Maritime Science, 7(3), 252-263. https://dx.doi.org/10.5505/jems.2019.75437
  • Bilgili, L., Celebi, U.B., (2013). “Life Cycle Assessment Approach of Waste Management for Ship Operation”, Sustainable Intelligence Manufacturing Proceedings, 269-27, https://doi.org/10.1201/b15002-52
  • Bilgili, L., Unlugencoglu, K., Celebi, U.B., (2014). “Life Cycle Assessment Model Establishment for Ships”, INT-NAM 2014, 23-24 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey ISBN: 978-605-4123-32-2 (E)
  • Carvalho, I.S., Antão, P., Soares, C.G., (2011). “Modelling of Environmental Impacts of Ship Dismantling, Ships and Offshore Structures” 6 (1–2):161–173
  • Celebi, U.B., Bilgili, L., Yilmaz, B., (2019). “Life Cycle Cost Analysis for the Yaw Damping System of a Warship from a Financial Viewpoint”. Brodogradnja, 70(1), 1-9
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., (2014) “Applications of Life Cycle Assessment in Shipping” INT-NAM 2014 (Second International Symposium on Naval Architecture and Maritime), 23-24 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey ISBN: 978-605-4123-32-2(E)
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., (2015a). “Critical Analysis of Air Emissions from Ships: Life Cycle Thinking and Results”. Green Transport Logistics: The Quest For Win-Win Solutions: 387-412, Editor: Psaraftis HN, Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-17174-6
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., (2015b). “Holistic Framework for Studying Ship Air Emissions In A Life Cycle Perspective”. Ocean Engineering 110:113–122
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., Bilgili, L., Celebi, U.B., (2016). “Ship Life Cycle Green House Gas Emissions”, Part XV, Chapter 65 of Energy, Transportation and Global Warming: 883-895, Editor: Grammelis P, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-30126-6
  • Chiffi, C., Fiorello, D., (2009). “Energy Intensity of Maritime Trades: Evidences from the EX-TREMIS Database”. Energy Policy 37(10):3752–3757
  • Choia, J., Kelleya, D., Murphyc, S., Thangamanib, D., (2015). “Economic And Environmental Perspectives of End-Of-Life Ship Management”. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 107: 82–91
  • Fet, A.M., (2002). “Environmental Reporting in Marine Transport Based on LCA”. J Mar Des Oper BB1: 1476–1556
  • Finnveden, G., Hauschild, M., Ekvall, T., Guine´e, J., Heijungs, R., Hellweg, S., Koehler, A., Pennington, D., Suh, S., (2009). “Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment”. Journal of Environmental Management 91:1–21
  • Galera, A.N., Ortúzar-Maturana, R.I., & Leiva F.M., (2011). “The Application of Life Cycle Costing in Evaluating Military Investments: An Empirical Study at an International Scale”, Defence and Peace Economics, 22:5, 509-543, DOI:10.1080/10242694.2010.508573
  • Jiven, K., Anders, S., Nilsson, M., Ellis, J., Trägårdh, P., Nordström, M., (2004). “LCA-Ship, Design tool for energy efficient ships, A life cycle analysis program for ships, Final Report
  • Kameyama, M., Hiraoka, K., Tauchi, H., (2007). “Study on life cycle impact assessment for ships”. National Maritime Research Institute, vol.7, No.3, pp133-143
  • NATO, Research and Technology Organisation, (2003). “Cost Structure and Life Cycle Costs for Military Systems”, TR-SAS-058
  • NATO (2007). Research and Technology Organization, Methods and Models for Life Cycle Costing, TR-SAS-054 NATO (2008). NATO Guidance on Life Cycle Cost, ALCCP-1 Ed. 1 NATO (2006). Allied Naval Engineering Publication ANEP-41 Ed.4, Ship Costing US Department of Defense (1983). Military Handbook, MIL-HDBK-259, Life Cycle Cost in Navy Acquisition
  • Okasha, N., Frangopol, D., Decò, A., (2010). “Integration of Structural Health Monitoring In Life-Cycle Performance Assessment of Ship Structures Under Uncertainty”. Marine Structures 23:303–321
  • Pérez, R., Toman, M., “Tuning CAD tools to Fit Naval Design Requirements”, INT-NAM 2014 (Second International Symposium on Naval Architecture and Maritime), 23-24 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey ISBN: 978-605-4123-32-2 (E)
  • Scientific Applications International Corporation (SAIC) (2006). “Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and Practice”, EPA/600/R-06/060
  • Seoa, Y., Youa, H., Leea, S., Huhb, C., Changa, D., (2015). “Evaluation of CO2 liquefaction Processes for Ship-Based Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Terms of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Considering Availability”. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 35:1–12
  • Shama, M.A., (2005). “Life cycle assessment of ships, Maritime Transportation and Exploitation of Ocean and Coastal Resources” –Guedes Soares, Garbatov & Fonseca (eds) 2005 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 0 415 390362
  • Sharma, P.D., (2009). “Life cycle Assessment (LCA)-A tool for quantifying sustainability and sound methodology for describing environmental impacts” https://saferenvironment.wordpress.com/2009/11/06/life-cycle-assessment-lca-a-tool-for-quantifying-sustainability-and-sound-methodology-for-describing-environmental-impacts/
  • Stefano, Z., Elvis, B., Boris, M., “Life cycle Assessment of Ship-Generated Waste Management of Luka Koper”, Waste Management 29 (2009) 3036–3046
  • Tamer, E., Bilgili, L., Çelebi, U.B., (2016). “Waste Management with Life Cycle Analysis Method for Military Ship Machine Systems”. 3rd Eurasia Waste Management Symposium, 1, 598-603
  • Vlad, M., (2009). “Development and application of mathematical programs for contribution analysis in life cycle assessment”. Norwegian University of Science and Technology Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Master of Science in Energy and Environment Thesis.
  • UNEP (2006). Background report for a UNEP Guide to Life Cycle Management-A bridge to sustainable products, United Nations Environment Programme, Editors: Jensen, A,A,, Remmen, A.
  • Zuin, S., Elvis, B., Boris, M., (2009).”Life Cycle Assessment of Ship-Generated Waste Management of Luka Koper”, Waste Management 29 3036–46

GENERIC NAVAL VESSEL WASTE MANAGEMENT MODEL DEVELOPMENT IN SHIP-LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (SLCA) AND COST (SLCC)

Year 2020, Volume 16, Issue 2, 193 - 216, 11.11.2020

Abstract

Naval vessels are exposed to many of the rules and regulations determined by international treaties, there are few studies on life cycle analysis of these ships. The aim of study is to calculate life cycle impacts and cost analysis of two vital parts of a generic warship and investigate the emission reduction by using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Two important parts (valve and lubricating oil) of a generic warship are selected and the wastes and emissions of these parts are calculated by using licensed SimaPro software. The whole life cycle of the valve and lubricating oil is considered including transportation and recycling phases. Besides, Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analysis is implemented to the samples to calculate the benefits obtained by using LCA method. LCC is implemented on the system and its resulting total benefits, which is obtained by recycling process, is approximately 46,400 €. The environmental impacts of waste valve and lubricating oil are calculated by the help of licensed SimaPro software. The results show that recycling waste oil recovers the cost of waste oil separator by 30 % per ship.

References

  • Alkaner, S., Zhou, P., (2006). A comparative study on life cycle analysis of molten carbon fuel cells and diesel engines for marine application. J Power Sources 158:188–199
  • Bengtsson, S., Andersson, K., Fridell, E., (2011). “Life Cycle Assessment of Marine fuels: A Comparative Study of Four Fossil Fuels for Marine Propulsion”. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, ISBN: 1652-9189
  • Bijwaard, G., Knapp, S., (2008). “Analysis of Ship Life Cycles-The Impact of Economic Cycles and Ship Inspections”. Marine Policy 33:350-369
  • Bilgili, L. (2019). “The Social Cost and Environmental Life Cycle Analysis of Passenger Ships in Istanbul”. Journal of ETA Maritime Science, 7(3), 252-263. https://dx.doi.org/10.5505/jems.2019.75437
  • Bilgili, L., Celebi, U.B., (2013). “Life Cycle Assessment Approach of Waste Management for Ship Operation”, Sustainable Intelligence Manufacturing Proceedings, 269-27, https://doi.org/10.1201/b15002-52
  • Bilgili, L., Unlugencoglu, K., Celebi, U.B., (2014). “Life Cycle Assessment Model Establishment for Ships”, INT-NAM 2014, 23-24 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey ISBN: 978-605-4123-32-2 (E)
  • Carvalho, I.S., Antão, P., Soares, C.G., (2011). “Modelling of Environmental Impacts of Ship Dismantling, Ships and Offshore Structures” 6 (1–2):161–173
  • Celebi, U.B., Bilgili, L., Yilmaz, B., (2019). “Life Cycle Cost Analysis for the Yaw Damping System of a Warship from a Financial Viewpoint”. Brodogradnja, 70(1), 1-9
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., (2014) “Applications of Life Cycle Assessment in Shipping” INT-NAM 2014 (Second International Symposium on Naval Architecture and Maritime), 23-24 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey ISBN: 978-605-4123-32-2(E)
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., (2015a). “Critical Analysis of Air Emissions from Ships: Life Cycle Thinking and Results”. Green Transport Logistics: The Quest For Win-Win Solutions: 387-412, Editor: Psaraftis HN, Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-17174-6
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., (2015b). “Holistic Framework for Studying Ship Air Emissions In A Life Cycle Perspective”. Ocean Engineering 110:113–122
  • Chatzinikolaou, S., Ventikos, N., Bilgili, L., Celebi, U.B., (2016). “Ship Life Cycle Green House Gas Emissions”, Part XV, Chapter 65 of Energy, Transportation and Global Warming: 883-895, Editor: Grammelis P, Springer, ISBN 978-3-319-30126-6
  • Chiffi, C., Fiorello, D., (2009). “Energy Intensity of Maritime Trades: Evidences from the EX-TREMIS Database”. Energy Policy 37(10):3752–3757
  • Choia, J., Kelleya, D., Murphyc, S., Thangamanib, D., (2015). “Economic And Environmental Perspectives of End-Of-Life Ship Management”. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 107: 82–91
  • Fet, A.M., (2002). “Environmental Reporting in Marine Transport Based on LCA”. J Mar Des Oper BB1: 1476–1556
  • Finnveden, G., Hauschild, M., Ekvall, T., Guine´e, J., Heijungs, R., Hellweg, S., Koehler, A., Pennington, D., Suh, S., (2009). “Recent developments in Life Cycle Assessment”. Journal of Environmental Management 91:1–21
  • Galera, A.N., Ortúzar-Maturana, R.I., & Leiva F.M., (2011). “The Application of Life Cycle Costing in Evaluating Military Investments: An Empirical Study at an International Scale”, Defence and Peace Economics, 22:5, 509-543, DOI:10.1080/10242694.2010.508573
  • Jiven, K., Anders, S., Nilsson, M., Ellis, J., Trägårdh, P., Nordström, M., (2004). “LCA-Ship, Design tool for energy efficient ships, A life cycle analysis program for ships, Final Report
  • Kameyama, M., Hiraoka, K., Tauchi, H., (2007). “Study on life cycle impact assessment for ships”. National Maritime Research Institute, vol.7, No.3, pp133-143
  • NATO, Research and Technology Organisation, (2003). “Cost Structure and Life Cycle Costs for Military Systems”, TR-SAS-058
  • NATO (2007). Research and Technology Organization, Methods and Models for Life Cycle Costing, TR-SAS-054 NATO (2008). NATO Guidance on Life Cycle Cost, ALCCP-1 Ed. 1 NATO (2006). Allied Naval Engineering Publication ANEP-41 Ed.4, Ship Costing US Department of Defense (1983). Military Handbook, MIL-HDBK-259, Life Cycle Cost in Navy Acquisition
  • Okasha, N., Frangopol, D., Decò, A., (2010). “Integration of Structural Health Monitoring In Life-Cycle Performance Assessment of Ship Structures Under Uncertainty”. Marine Structures 23:303–321
  • Pérez, R., Toman, M., “Tuning CAD tools to Fit Naval Design Requirements”, INT-NAM 2014 (Second International Symposium on Naval Architecture and Maritime), 23-24 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey ISBN: 978-605-4123-32-2 (E)
  • Scientific Applications International Corporation (SAIC) (2006). “Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and Practice”, EPA/600/R-06/060
  • Seoa, Y., Youa, H., Leea, S., Huhb, C., Changa, D., (2015). “Evaluation of CO2 liquefaction Processes for Ship-Based Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Terms of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Considering Availability”. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 35:1–12
  • Shama, M.A., (2005). “Life cycle assessment of ships, Maritime Transportation and Exploitation of Ocean and Coastal Resources” –Guedes Soares, Garbatov & Fonseca (eds) 2005 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 0 415 390362
  • Sharma, P.D., (2009). “Life cycle Assessment (LCA)-A tool for quantifying sustainability and sound methodology for describing environmental impacts” https://saferenvironment.wordpress.com/2009/11/06/life-cycle-assessment-lca-a-tool-for-quantifying-sustainability-and-sound-methodology-for-describing-environmental-impacts/
  • Stefano, Z., Elvis, B., Boris, M., “Life cycle Assessment of Ship-Generated Waste Management of Luka Koper”, Waste Management 29 (2009) 3036–3046
  • Tamer, E., Bilgili, L., Çelebi, U.B., (2016). “Waste Management with Life Cycle Analysis Method for Military Ship Machine Systems”. 3rd Eurasia Waste Management Symposium, 1, 598-603
  • Vlad, M., (2009). “Development and application of mathematical programs for contribution analysis in life cycle assessment”. Norwegian University of Science and Technology Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Master of Science in Energy and Environment Thesis.
  • UNEP (2006). Background report for a UNEP Guide to Life Cycle Management-A bridge to sustainable products, United Nations Environment Programme, Editors: Jensen, A,A,, Remmen, A.
  • Zuin, S., Elvis, B., Boris, M., (2009).”Life Cycle Assessment of Ship-Generated Waste Management of Luka Koper”, Waste Management 29 3036–46

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Uğur Buğra ÇELEBİ> (Primary Author)
Yildiz Technical University
0000-0002-2658-1291
Türkiye

Thanks The author presents special thanks to the Turkish Lloyd for its financial support to buy licensed SimaPro Software.
Publication Date November 11, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 16, Issue 2

Cite

APA Çelebi, U. B. (2020). GENERIC NAVAL VESSEL WASTE MANAGEMENT MODEL DEVELOPMENT IN SHIP-LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (SLCA) AND COST (SLCC) . Journal of Naval Sciences and Engineering , 16 (2) , 193-216 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jnse/issue/57757/767900