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AN ENERGY SYSTEM SIMULATION OF TURKEY WITH A 50% RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO

Year 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, 1 - 25, 19.04.2021

Abstract

Decreasing the usage of fossil fuels in the electricity production is a tough challenge for countries. The world is still depended on fossil fuels to generate electricity. Increasing the share of renewable energy systems in electricity production is significant in many aspects such as lower CO2 emissions, grid flexibility, decentralizing, etc. Nowadays, many countries shape their energy policies and strategies to use more renewable and indigenous resources. Turkey is one of these countries and has ambitions goals to use more domestic sources to produce electricity. Turkey generally aims to reduce the usage of imported energy sources in electricity generation. Thus this paper investigates the share of 50% renewable energy system (RES) simulation in the electricity production via the EnergyPLAN model. An energy system analysis was conducted in a 50% renewable scenario in 2023. The main target of this scenario is to perform a 50% renewable energy system in electricity production. A reference year is 2018 and the results of the 50% RES scenario were compared with a reference scenario. A main focus of this study is to investigate aspects of carbon emissions, RES share, and costs between the scenarios for the years 2018 and 2023.

References

  • Connolly, D., Lund, H., Mathiesen, B. V., & Leahy, M. (2011). “The First Step towards a 100% Renewable Energy-System for Ireland”. Applied Energy, Elsevier, 88 (2), pp. 502-507.
  • Ćosić, B., Krajačić, G., & Duić, N. (2012). “A 100% Renewable Energy System in the Year 2050: The Case of Macedonia”. Energy, Vol. 48, Issue 1, pp. 80-87.
  • EPIAS (December, 2018). “Monthly Electricity Market Reports”. Retrieved from https://www.epias.com.tr/en/spot-electricity% 20market/electricity-market-reports/electricity-market-monthly-reports/
  • EPIAS Transparency Platform (2018). “Final Daily Production Program”. Retrieved from https://seffaflik.epias.com.tr/transparency/uretim/planlama/kgup.xhtml
  • Fernandes, L., & Ferreira, P. (2014). “Renewable Energy Scenarios in the Portuguese Electricity System”. Energy, Vol. 69, pp. 51-57.
  • IRENA (2020). “Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019”. International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). ISBN 978-92-9260-244-4. Retrieved from https://www.irena.org/publications/2020/Jun/Renewable- Power-Costs-in-2019
  • Lund, H., & Mathiesen, B. V. (2009). “Energy System Analysis of 100% Renewable Energy Systems—The Case of Denmark in Years 2030 and 2050”. Energy, Vol. 34, Issue 5, pp. 524-531.
  • Lund, H., & Thellufsen, J. Z. (September, 2019). “EnergyPLAN: Advanced Energy Systems Analysis Computer Model Documentation Version 15”. Sustainable Energy Planning Research Group, Aalborg University, Denmark. Retrieved from https://www.energyplan.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/documentation.pdf
  • Melikoğlu, M. (2016). “The Role of Renewables and Nuclear Energy in Turkey's Vision 2023 Energy Targets: Economic and Technical Scrutiny”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 62, pp. 1-12.
  • Presidency of the Republic of Turkey (July, 2019). “The Eleventh Development Plan (2019-2023)”. Presidency of Strategy and Budget of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved from https://www.sbb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/ Eleventh_Development_Plan-2019-2023.pdf
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (2018). “Info Bank-Energy-Electricity”. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved from https://enerji.gov.tr/bilgi-merkezi-enerji-elektrik-en
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (2018). “Energy Balance Tables”. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved from https://enerji.gov.tr/enerji-isleri-genel-mudurlugu-denge-tablolari
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and National Sources (2020). “The 2019-2023 Strategic Plan”. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved from https://sp.enerji.gov.tr/ETKB_2019_2023_Stratejik_Plani.pdf
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration (January, 2020). “Cost and Performance Characteristics of New Generating Technologies, Annual Energy Outlook 2020”. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Retrieved from https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo/assumptions/pdf/table_8.2.pdf

% 50 YENİLENEBİLİR ENERJİ SENARYOSU İLE TÜRKİYE’NİN ENERJİ SİSTEM SİMÜLASYONU

Year 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1, 1 - 25, 19.04.2021

Abstract

Elektrik üretiminde fosil yakıt kullanımının düşürülmesi zor bir süreçtir. Tüm dünya hala elektrik üretiminde fosil yakıtlara bağlı durumdadır. Güç üretiminde yenilenebilir enerji payının arttırılması, CO2 emisyonunun düşürülmesi, şebeke esnekliğinin sağlanması ve merkezi olmayan elektrik üretimi gibi birçok yönden avantaj sağlamaktadır. Günümüzde birçok ülke enerji stratejilerini ve politikalarını daha fazla yerli ve yenilenebilir kaynakların kullanımı şekillendirmektedir. Türkiye de bu ülkelerden birisidir ve elektrik üretiminde daha fazla yerli kaynak kullanımı için etkili politikalara sahiptir. Türkiye genel olarak elektrik üretiminde ithal enerji kaynaklarının kullanımını düşürmeyi hedeflemektedir. Bu makalede EnergyPLAN modeli ile 2023 için %50 yenilenebilir enerji sistemi simülasyonu incelenmiştir. Enerji sistem analizi, 2023 için %50 yenilenebilir enerji sistem senaryosu üzerine kurulmuştur. Bu senaryodaki temel hedef, elektrik üretiminde %50 yenilenebilir enerji kullanımını gerçekleştirmektir. Bu çalışmada referans yıl ise 2018 olarak seçilmiştir ve 2023 senaryosunun sonuçları ile kıyaslanmıştır. Bu çalışmanın odağı 2018 ve 2023 senaryolarının yenilenebilir enerji payı, CO2 emisyonu ve maliyetler yönünden incelenmesidir.

References

  • Connolly, D., Lund, H., Mathiesen, B. V., & Leahy, M. (2011). “The First Step towards a 100% Renewable Energy-System for Ireland”. Applied Energy, Elsevier, 88 (2), pp. 502-507.
  • Ćosić, B., Krajačić, G., & Duić, N. (2012). “A 100% Renewable Energy System in the Year 2050: The Case of Macedonia”. Energy, Vol. 48, Issue 1, pp. 80-87.
  • EPIAS (December, 2018). “Monthly Electricity Market Reports”. Retrieved from https://www.epias.com.tr/en/spot-electricity% 20market/electricity-market-reports/electricity-market-monthly-reports/
  • EPIAS Transparency Platform (2018). “Final Daily Production Program”. Retrieved from https://seffaflik.epias.com.tr/transparency/uretim/planlama/kgup.xhtml
  • Fernandes, L., & Ferreira, P. (2014). “Renewable Energy Scenarios in the Portuguese Electricity System”. Energy, Vol. 69, pp. 51-57.
  • IRENA (2020). “Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2019”. International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). ISBN 978-92-9260-244-4. Retrieved from https://www.irena.org/publications/2020/Jun/Renewable- Power-Costs-in-2019
  • Lund, H., & Mathiesen, B. V. (2009). “Energy System Analysis of 100% Renewable Energy Systems—The Case of Denmark in Years 2030 and 2050”. Energy, Vol. 34, Issue 5, pp. 524-531.
  • Lund, H., & Thellufsen, J. Z. (September, 2019). “EnergyPLAN: Advanced Energy Systems Analysis Computer Model Documentation Version 15”. Sustainable Energy Planning Research Group, Aalborg University, Denmark. Retrieved from https://www.energyplan.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/documentation.pdf
  • Melikoğlu, M. (2016). “The Role of Renewables and Nuclear Energy in Turkey's Vision 2023 Energy Targets: Economic and Technical Scrutiny”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 62, pp. 1-12.
  • Presidency of the Republic of Turkey (July, 2019). “The Eleventh Development Plan (2019-2023)”. Presidency of Strategy and Budget of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. Retrieved from https://www.sbb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/ Eleventh_Development_Plan-2019-2023.pdf
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (2018). “Info Bank-Energy-Electricity”. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved from https://enerji.gov.tr/bilgi-merkezi-enerji-elektrik-en
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (2018). “Energy Balance Tables”. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved from https://enerji.gov.tr/enerji-isleri-genel-mudurlugu-denge-tablolari
  • Republic of Turkey Ministry of Energy and National Sources (2020). “The 2019-2023 Strategic Plan”. The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources. Retrieved from https://sp.enerji.gov.tr/ETKB_2019_2023_Stratejik_Plani.pdf
  • U.S. Energy Information Administration (January, 2020). “Cost and Performance Characteristics of New Generating Technologies, Annual Energy Outlook 2020”. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Retrieved from https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo/assumptions/pdf/table_8.2.pdf

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Emre LEBLEBİCİOĞLU> (Primary Author)
Marmara University
0000-0001-9974-3645
Türkiye


Egemen SULUKAN>
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-1138-2465
Türkiye


Tanay Sıdkı UYAR This is me
BEYKENT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-0960-1203
Türkiye

Publication Date April 19, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 17, Issue 1

Cite

APA Leblebicioğlu, E. , Sulukan, E. & Uyar, T. S. (2021). AN ENERGY SYSTEM SIMULATION OF TURKEY WITH A 50% RENEWABLE ENERGY SCENARIO . Journal of Naval Sciences and Engineering , 17 (1) , 1-25 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jnse/issue/61654/833297