Oil revenues are of strategic significance for the Iranian economy. Iran, one of the largest oil producers, affects both the international markets and is affected by the developments in international markets. Although oil incomes have an important position for public sector balance and economic activity level, oil shocks have been crucial for the increasing budget deficits of the Iranian economy. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the dynamic economic growth, budget deficits, inflation and oil income shocks relation in Iran by SVAR Model using annual data for the period 1970-2012. The structural impulse-response functions and structural variance decomposition results made by SVAR technique showed that budget deficits are the most important variable explaining total oil incomes in Iranian economy.
Oil Income Shocks, Economic Growth, Inflation, Budget Deficit, SVAR