Research Article
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Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1 - 19, 30.03.2022

Abstract

References

  • Ahn, N., García, J. & Jımeno,J.(2004).The Impact of Unemployment on Individual Well-Being in The Eu, European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes Working Paper No. 29, 1-19.
  • Andersen, S. (2009). Unemployment and Subjective Well-Being a Question of Class?, Work and Occupations, 36(1), 3-9
  • Angeles, L. (2010). Adaptation and Anticipation Effects to Life Events in the United Kingdom, Discussion Paper, 1-10.
  • Aysan, F.M. & Aysan, U., (2017). The Effect of Employment Status on Life Satisfaction in Europe, EmpiricalStudies on Economics of Innovation, Public Economics, and Management,6,335-347.
  • Caner, A. (2015). Happiness, Comparison Effects, and Expectations in Turkey, Journal of Happiness Studies, 16,1323-1345.
  • Carroll, N. (2005). Unemployment and Psychological Well-Being, The Australian National UniversityCentre For Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No.492, 1-36.
  • Chen, WH. & Hou, F. (2019). The Effect Of Unemployment On Life Satisfaction: A Cross NationalComparison Between Canada, Germany, The United Kingdom And The United States, Applied Research in Quality of Life, 14, 1035-1058.
  • Clark, A. E.(2003). Unemployment as a Social Norm: Psychological Evidence from Panel Data, Journal of Labor Economics, 21(2), 323-351.
  • Clark, A.E.& Oswald, A.J. (1994). Andrew J. Unhappiness and Unemployment,, The Economic Journal, 104(424), 648-659.
  • De Juan, R., Mochón, F., & Rojas, M. A. R. I. A. N. O. (2014). Expectations and happiness: Evidence from Spain. Journal of Social Research & Policy, 5(2), 89-102.
  • Feather, N.T. & O’Brien, G. E.(1986). A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Employment and Unemployment on School-Leavers, Journal of Occupational Psychology, 59(2), 121-144.
  • Gallie, D. & Russell, H. (1998). Unemployment and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, European Journal of Sociology, 39(2), 248-280.
  • Gao, W. & Smyth, R.(2011). What keeps China’s migrant workers going? Expectations and happiness among China’s floating population, Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, 16(2),163-182.
  • ILO: https://www.ilo.org/global/lang—en/index.htm.
  • IMF (2020). World Economic Outlook: a Long and Difficult Ascent, Washington, 57. https://www.imf.org/ en/Publications/WEO/Issues/2020/09/30/world-economic-outlook-October-2020
  • Kassenboehmer, S. C. & Haisken-DeNew, J.P. (2009). “You’re Fired! The Causal Negative Effect of Entry Unemployment on Life Satisfaction,, The Economic Journal, 119(536), 448–462.
  • Kuzu, S., Atay,E.S.,Gercek,M. (2019). The Analysis of Unemployment, Happiness and Demographic Factors Using Log-Linear Models, International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 17(1),87-105.
  • Michalos, A.C.(1980).Satisfaction and Happiness, Social Indicators Research, 8(4), 385-422.
  • Møller, V.(1996). Life satisfaction and expectations for the future in a sample of university students: A research note, South African Journal of Sociology, 27(1),16-26.
  • Ohtake, F.(2012). Unemployment and Happiness, Japan Labor Review, 9(2), 59-74.
  • Stam, K., Sieben, I., Verbakel, E., & de Graaf, P. M. (2015). Employment Status and Subjective Well-Being: The Role of The Social Norm to Work, Work, Employment & Society, 30(2), 309-333.
  • Stewart, C.D. (1950). The Definition of Unemployment, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 32(1), 55- 59.
  • Susanlı, B.Z.(2018), Life satisfaction and unemployment in Turkey: evidence from Life Satisfaction Surveys 2004–2013, Quality & Quantity, International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 479-499, January.
  • Van der Meer, P. H., & Wielers, R. (2016). Happiness, Unemployment, And Self-Esteem, Research Report, 16016, 1-6.
  • Vatter, J. (2012). Well-Being in Germany: GDP and Unemployment Still Matter, RatSWD Working Paper No.196, 1-33.
  • Veenhoven, R. ve Dumludağ,D.(2018). İktisat ve Mutluluk: Bugün Daha Mutlu muyuz?, İktisatta Davranışsal Yaklaşımlar, Derleyenler: Devrim Dumludağ, Özge Ökdemir, Levent Neyse, Ester Ruben, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları, 223-251.
  • Winkelmann, L. & Winkelmann,R.(1995). Happiness and Unemployment: A Panel Data Analysis for Germany, Applied Economics Quarterly, 41(4), 293-307.
  • Winkelmann, R. (2009). Unemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being, Journal of Happiness Studies,10,421–430.
  • World Database of Happiness: https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/.
  • Wulfgramm, M.(2014).Life Satisfaction Effects of Unemployment in Europe: The Moderating Influence of Labour Market Policy, Journal of European Social Policy ,24(3), 258– 272.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOYMENT, EMPLOYMENT EXPECTATIONS AND HAPPINESS IN TURKEY FOR THE YEARS: 2003-2018

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1 - 19, 30.03.2022

Abstract

This study analyses the relationship between employment/unemployment, expectations, and happiness in Turkey by using the Life Satisfaction Survey conducted regularly by the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) since 2003. In the study, happiness of unemployed individuals comprising of different people between 2003-2018 has been analyzed through a comparison of those in employment versus those outside of the workforce. In addition to the relationship between unemployment and happiness; the entire sample between the ages of 18-64 and the unemployed were compared in terms of their employment expectations for the following year for the country as well as their personal employment expectations and happiness. The results of the study indicate that being unemployed is correlated with negative life satisfaction, and there is a negative correlation between happiness and unemployment. As a result of the study, it is determined that there is a difference between those who live in the region with a high unemployment rate and those who live in the region with a low unemployment rate. Accordingly, the life satisfaction of an unemployed person living in an area with a high unemployment rate is less negatively affected than an unemployed person living in an area with a low unemployment rate.

References

  • Ahn, N., García, J. & Jımeno,J.(2004).The Impact of Unemployment on Individual Well-Being in The Eu, European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes Working Paper No. 29, 1-19.
  • Andersen, S. (2009). Unemployment and Subjective Well-Being a Question of Class?, Work and Occupations, 36(1), 3-9
  • Angeles, L. (2010). Adaptation and Anticipation Effects to Life Events in the United Kingdom, Discussion Paper, 1-10.
  • Aysan, F.M. & Aysan, U., (2017). The Effect of Employment Status on Life Satisfaction in Europe, EmpiricalStudies on Economics of Innovation, Public Economics, and Management,6,335-347.
  • Caner, A. (2015). Happiness, Comparison Effects, and Expectations in Turkey, Journal of Happiness Studies, 16,1323-1345.
  • Carroll, N. (2005). Unemployment and Psychological Well-Being, The Australian National UniversityCentre For Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No.492, 1-36.
  • Chen, WH. & Hou, F. (2019). The Effect Of Unemployment On Life Satisfaction: A Cross NationalComparison Between Canada, Germany, The United Kingdom And The United States, Applied Research in Quality of Life, 14, 1035-1058.
  • Clark, A. E.(2003). Unemployment as a Social Norm: Psychological Evidence from Panel Data, Journal of Labor Economics, 21(2), 323-351.
  • Clark, A.E.& Oswald, A.J. (1994). Andrew J. Unhappiness and Unemployment,, The Economic Journal, 104(424), 648-659.
  • De Juan, R., Mochón, F., & Rojas, M. A. R. I. A. N. O. (2014). Expectations and happiness: Evidence from Spain. Journal of Social Research & Policy, 5(2), 89-102.
  • Feather, N.T. & O’Brien, G. E.(1986). A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Employment and Unemployment on School-Leavers, Journal of Occupational Psychology, 59(2), 121-144.
  • Gallie, D. & Russell, H. (1998). Unemployment and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-Cultural Comparison, European Journal of Sociology, 39(2), 248-280.
  • Gao, W. & Smyth, R.(2011). What keeps China’s migrant workers going? Expectations and happiness among China’s floating population, Journal of Asia Pacific Economy, 16(2),163-182.
  • ILO: https://www.ilo.org/global/lang—en/index.htm.
  • IMF (2020). World Economic Outlook: a Long and Difficult Ascent, Washington, 57. https://www.imf.org/ en/Publications/WEO/Issues/2020/09/30/world-economic-outlook-October-2020
  • Kassenboehmer, S. C. & Haisken-DeNew, J.P. (2009). “You’re Fired! The Causal Negative Effect of Entry Unemployment on Life Satisfaction,, The Economic Journal, 119(536), 448–462.
  • Kuzu, S., Atay,E.S.,Gercek,M. (2019). The Analysis of Unemployment, Happiness and Demographic Factors Using Log-Linear Models, International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 17(1),87-105.
  • Michalos, A.C.(1980).Satisfaction and Happiness, Social Indicators Research, 8(4), 385-422.
  • Møller, V.(1996). Life satisfaction and expectations for the future in a sample of university students: A research note, South African Journal of Sociology, 27(1),16-26.
  • Ohtake, F.(2012). Unemployment and Happiness, Japan Labor Review, 9(2), 59-74.
  • Stam, K., Sieben, I., Verbakel, E., & de Graaf, P. M. (2015). Employment Status and Subjective Well-Being: The Role of The Social Norm to Work, Work, Employment & Society, 30(2), 309-333.
  • Stewart, C.D. (1950). The Definition of Unemployment, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 32(1), 55- 59.
  • Susanlı, B.Z.(2018), Life satisfaction and unemployment in Turkey: evidence from Life Satisfaction Surveys 2004–2013, Quality & Quantity, International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 52(1), pages 479-499, January.
  • Van der Meer, P. H., & Wielers, R. (2016). Happiness, Unemployment, And Self-Esteem, Research Report, 16016, 1-6.
  • Vatter, J. (2012). Well-Being in Germany: GDP and Unemployment Still Matter, RatSWD Working Paper No.196, 1-33.
  • Veenhoven, R. ve Dumludağ,D.(2018). İktisat ve Mutluluk: Bugün Daha Mutlu muyuz?, İktisatta Davranışsal Yaklaşımlar, Derleyenler: Devrim Dumludağ, Özge Ökdemir, Levent Neyse, Ester Ruben, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi Yayınları, 223-251.
  • Winkelmann, L. & Winkelmann,R.(1995). Happiness and Unemployment: A Panel Data Analysis for Germany, Applied Economics Quarterly, 41(4), 293-307.
  • Winkelmann, R. (2009). Unemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being, Journal of Happiness Studies,10,421–430.
  • World Database of Happiness: https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/.
  • Wulfgramm, M.(2014).Life Satisfaction Effects of Unemployment in Europe: The Moderating Influence of Labour Market Policy, Journal of European Social Policy ,24(3), 258– 272.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Melodi Buket KANLIOĞLU>
MARMARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-5788-5845
Türkiye


Devrim DUMLUDAĞ This is me
MARMARA UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4366-2317
Türkiye

Early Pub Date March 25, 2022
Publication Date March 30, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 1

Cite

APA Kanlıoğlu, M. B. & Dumludağ, D. (2022). THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOYMENT, EMPLOYMENT EXPECTATIONS AND HAPPINESS IN TURKEY FOR THE YEARS: 2003-2018 . Journal of Research in Economics , 6 (1) , 1-19 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jore/issue/69075/1093362

Please submit your manuscript to jore@marmara.edu.tr