Year 2018, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 61 - 72 2017-09-01

The Weathering Study of PC/ASA Alloy For Automotive Exterior Applications

Sinan ÖZTÜRK [1]

Polycarbonates (PC) are used in automotive industry due to high physical and mechanical properties like high impact resistance and ductility. Polycarbonates are blended with ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene) and ASA (Acrylonitrile-Styrene-Acrylate) terpolymers for interior and exterior applications of automotive components to achieve good physical and mechanical properties. Other reason for choosing such alloys for interior applications is the IZOD impact resistance requirement higher than 40kJ/m2. Recently, grades of PC/ASA with UV stabilized are developed for non-painted exterior applications.  

The aim of our study is to investigate whether new developed PC/ASA could be chosen for exterior applications of automotive industry. In this study, the samples are prepared from injection molding and the weathering performance of PC/ASA was tested by a weather-o-meter for 1500h at a total of 1890 kJ/m2 at 340nm with a cut-off filter at λ<290nm. The results are evaluated by FT-IR, DSC, TGA and SEM. It has been observed that UV degradation of PC/ASA leads to several major changes in its IR spectrum like broad bands occurred in the hydroxyl region around 3300cm-1, and carbonyl stretching region increased around 1728 cm-1. The main degradations were based on photo-oxidation and photo-Fries rearrangement of PC. In our study, the photo-oxidation was followed by the color shift to yellowing of the polymer.

PC/ASA Alloy, weathering, photo-oxidative degradation, automotive exterior applications
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Subjects Engineering, Engineering, Chemical
Journal Section Articles

Author: Sinan ÖZTÜRK
Institution: TOFAŞ Türk Otomobil Fabrikası A.Ş
Country: Turkey


Application Date : January 27, 2017
Acceptance Date : October 19, 2017
Publication Date : September 1, 2017

Vancouver Öztürk S . The Weathering Study of PC/ASA Alloy For Automotive Exterior Applications. Journal of the Turkish Chemical Society Section A: Chemistry. 2017; 61-72.