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Volatile compounds of the Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (Lamiaceae) Species Cultured in Turkey

Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 3, 1303 - 1308, 01.09.2018
https://doi.org/10.18596/jotcsa.463689

Abstract

The genus Lavandula L. (Lamiaceae) is represented in Turkey by 3 taxa (Lavandula angustifolia Mill. subsp. angustifolia, L. pedunculata  (Mill.) subsp. cariensis (Boiss.), L. stoechas L. subsp. stoechas). L. angustifolia  is locally known as “lavanta”, L. pedunculata subsp. cariensis is locally known as “karan”, L. stoechas subsp. stoechas . is locally known as “karabaş” ( Mill, 1982; Dirmenci, 2012). Within this family there are many medical species such as Lavandula L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill. known as medical lavender, is conducting culture and research studies in many places in the world. It is also known as the ‘’English lavender’2 or L. officinalis. Lavender is used in aromatherapy. Its sedative nature, on inhalation has been shown both in animals and man. Experimental studies in humans and animals have shown that the sedative effect comes from linalool and linalyl acetate. Tanins contained in flowers of lavender is showned antidiarrheal effect. Essential oil of lavender is used in various skin diseases and wound healing. Essential oil of lavender shortens the sleeping period, prolongs the sleeping period. In addition, it also shows antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, fungicidal, insecticidal and acaricidal effects (Zeybek and Haksel, 2010). In this study, we were made to create sources Lavandula agriculture in Turkey. We collected four different provinces in the Lavandula (5 samples and 1 commercial oil). The results of a total five local and commercial are given below. The flowers of Lavandula were water distilled for 3 h using a Clevenger type apparatus. The essential oils were analyzed by GC and GC-MS simultaneously. The main constituents were identified as linalool 31.9 – 50.0 % and linalyl acetate 15.4 – 42.0 %.

References

  • 1. Hickey, M and King, C. Common Families of Flowering Plants. Cambridge Univ, 1997, pp 119-127.
  • 2. Guner, A., Ozhatay, N., Ekim, T and Baser, K.H.C. Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands. Supplement II. Edinburgh Univ, 2000, Vol. 11.
  • 3. Mill, R.R. Lavandula L. In: Davis P.H. (Ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 7, Edinburgh University Press, 1982, 76-78.
  • 4. Dirmenci, T. Lavandula L. In: Guner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. and Babac M.T. (eds.). A Checklist of the Flora of Turkey -Vascular Plants (Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi -Damarlı Bitkiler), Nezahat Gokyigit Botanik Bahcesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Dernegi Yayını, Istanbul, 2012, 558. 5. Zeybek U. and Haksel M., Türkiye’de ve Dünyada Önemli Tıbbi Bitkiler ve Kullanım Alanları, İzmir, Zade Sağlık Yayınları, 2010, 131-132.
  • 6. Adams, R.P. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Allured Publ. Corp, Carol Stream, IL. 2007.
  • 7. Hochmuth, D. H. MassFinder-4, Hochmuth Scientific Consulting, Hamburg, Germany. 2008.
  • 8. McLafferty, F.W., Stauffer, D.B. The Wiley/NBS Registry of Mass Spectral Data, J.Wiley and Sons: New York. 1989.
  • 9. Curvers, J., Rijks, J., Cramers, C., Knauss, K., Larson, P. Temperature pro-grammed retention indexes: calculation from isothermal data. Part 1: Theory.Journal of High Resolution Chromatography 8, 1985, 607–610.
  • 10. Council of Europe European Pharmacopoeia (PhEur), vol. 8.0. Council of Europe, Strasbourg. 2014.
  • 11. Kirimer, N., Mokhtarzadeh S., Demirci B., Goger F., Khawar K.M. and Demirci F. Phytochemical profiling of volatile components of Lavandula angustifolia Miller propagated under in vitro conditions, Industrial Crops and Products 96, 2017, 120–125.
  • 12. ISO 3515:, Oil of Lavender (Lavanta Angustifolia Mill.) Standard. 1985. http://www.iso.org.
  • 13. Kara, N., Baydar H. F. Determinaton of Lavender and Lavandin Cultivars (Lavandula Sp.) Containing High Quality Essential Oil in Isparta, Turkey, Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 2013, 18(1), 58-65.
  • 14. Kivrak, S. Essential oil composition and antioxidant activities of eight cultivars of Lavender and Lavandin from western Anatolia, Industrial Crops & Products, 2018, 117, 88–96.
  • 15. Sharifi-Rad J., Sureda A., Tenore G.C., Daglia M., Sharifi-Rad M., Valussi M., Tundis R., Sharifi-Rad M., Loizzo M.R., Ademiluyi A.O., Sharifi-Rad R., Ayatollahi S.A. and Iriti M. Biological Activities of Essential Oils: From Plant Chemoecology to Traditional Healing Systems, Molecules, 2017, 22, 70; doi:10.3390/molecules22010070.
  • 16. Cavanagh, H.M.A. and Wilkinson, J.M. Biological Activities of Lavender Essential Oil, Phytother. Res. 16. 2012, 301–308.

Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 3, 1303 - 1308, 01.09.2018
https://doi.org/10.18596/jotcsa.463689

Abstract

References

  • 1. Hickey, M and King, C. Common Families of Flowering Plants. Cambridge Univ, 1997, pp 119-127.
  • 2. Guner, A., Ozhatay, N., Ekim, T and Baser, K.H.C. Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands. Supplement II. Edinburgh Univ, 2000, Vol. 11.
  • 3. Mill, R.R. Lavandula L. In: Davis P.H. (Ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 7, Edinburgh University Press, 1982, 76-78.
  • 4. Dirmenci, T. Lavandula L. In: Guner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. and Babac M.T. (eds.). A Checklist of the Flora of Turkey -Vascular Plants (Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi -Damarlı Bitkiler), Nezahat Gokyigit Botanik Bahcesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Dernegi Yayını, Istanbul, 2012, 558. 5. Zeybek U. and Haksel M., Türkiye’de ve Dünyada Önemli Tıbbi Bitkiler ve Kullanım Alanları, İzmir, Zade Sağlık Yayınları, 2010, 131-132.
  • 6. Adams, R.P. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Allured Publ. Corp, Carol Stream, IL. 2007.
  • 7. Hochmuth, D. H. MassFinder-4, Hochmuth Scientific Consulting, Hamburg, Germany. 2008.
  • 8. McLafferty, F.W., Stauffer, D.B. The Wiley/NBS Registry of Mass Spectral Data, J.Wiley and Sons: New York. 1989.
  • 9. Curvers, J., Rijks, J., Cramers, C., Knauss, K., Larson, P. Temperature pro-grammed retention indexes: calculation from isothermal data. Part 1: Theory.Journal of High Resolution Chromatography 8, 1985, 607–610.
  • 10. Council of Europe European Pharmacopoeia (PhEur), vol. 8.0. Council of Europe, Strasbourg. 2014.
  • 11. Kirimer, N., Mokhtarzadeh S., Demirci B., Goger F., Khawar K.M. and Demirci F. Phytochemical profiling of volatile components of Lavandula angustifolia Miller propagated under in vitro conditions, Industrial Crops and Products 96, 2017, 120–125.
  • 12. ISO 3515:, Oil of Lavender (Lavanta Angustifolia Mill.) Standard. 1985. http://www.iso.org.
  • 13. Kara, N., Baydar H. F. Determinaton of Lavender and Lavandin Cultivars (Lavandula Sp.) Containing High Quality Essential Oil in Isparta, Turkey, Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 2013, 18(1), 58-65.
  • 14. Kivrak, S. Essential oil composition and antioxidant activities of eight cultivars of Lavender and Lavandin from western Anatolia, Industrial Crops & Products, 2018, 117, 88–96.
  • 15. Sharifi-Rad J., Sureda A., Tenore G.C., Daglia M., Sharifi-Rad M., Valussi M., Tundis R., Sharifi-Rad M., Loizzo M.R., Ademiluyi A.O., Sharifi-Rad R., Ayatollahi S.A. and Iriti M. Biological Activities of Essential Oils: From Plant Chemoecology to Traditional Healing Systems, Molecules, 2017, 22, 70; doi:10.3390/molecules22010070.
  • 16. Cavanagh, H.M.A. and Wilkinson, J.M. Biological Activities of Lavender Essential Oil, Phytother. Res. 16. 2012, 301–308.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering, Chemical
Published Date Fall
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Sevim KÜÇÜK (Primary Author)
Anadolu Üniversitesi
Türkiye


Esra ÇETİNTAŞ This is me
Türkiye


Mine KÜRKÇÜOĞLU

Publication Date September 1, 2018
Application Date September 25, 2018
Acceptance Date November 12, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

Vancouver Küçük S. , Çetintaş E. , Kürkçüoğlu M. Volatile compounds of the Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (Lamiaceae) Species Cultured in Turkey. Journal of the Turkish Chemical Society Section A: Chemistry. 2018; 5(3): 1303-1308.