This paper deals with the physical characterization and the optimization of fineness moduli of some natural sand samples for their appropriate valorization in construction in North Cameroon. Five sands samples (SN5, SB1, SB2, SB3 and SB4) were selected from various locations. Tests conducted include Particle size analysis, Organic impurities, Sand Equivalent and Bulk density. Fineness Modulus (FM), Mean grain, Sorting index (Si), Skewedness index and Uniformity coefficient have been deducted mathematically. Results shown that the particle size distribution curves of the studied sands have an "S" shape. The sand equivalent values vary between 91.1 and 96.8 %, characteristic of very clean sand. The fineness moduli values vary between 1.9 and 3.4 except for samples SB1 and SB2 which are coarser with values of 3.4 and 3.3 respectively. Others results shown that all the sands are pure (impurity level less than 0.5 %), well classified Sorting index Si 0.35) and Coefficient of uniformity (Cu 2). Studied sands are globally coarse (skewedness index between -0.35 at -0.79). Only SB4 and SN5 satisfy the NF EN 933-1 gradation limits. Combinations of SB3 (FM = 2.1) with SB1 (FM =3.4) or SB2 (FM= 3.3) were carried out to get desired sand gradation (2.2 to 2.8), SB4 and SN5 having already good fineness moduli of 2.6 and 2.8 respectively.
|Publication Date||April 15, 2020|
|Submission Date||September 11, 2019|
|Published in Issue||Year 2020, Volume 5, Issue 1|
Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies is open access journal under the CC BY-NC license (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License)
Based on a work at https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jscmt