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Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 108 - 118, 28.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1106786

Abstract

References

  • Abd Elhakam, A., Mohamed, A. E., Awad, E., Elhakam, A. A., Mohamed, A. E., & Awad, E. (2012). Influence of self-healing, mixing method and adding silica fume on mechanical properties of recycled aggregates concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 35, 421–427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.04.013
  • Akça, K., Çakır, Ö., İpek, M., & Ipek, M. (2015). Properties of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete using recycled aggregates. Constr Build Mater, 98, 620–630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.08.133
  • Amario, M., Santana, C., Pepe, M., Dias, R., & Filho, T. (2017). Optimization of normal and high strength recycled aggregate concrete mixtures by using packing model. Cement and Concrete Composites, 84, 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.08.016
  • Ashraf, W. B., & Noor, M. A. (2011). Performance-Evaluation of Concrete Properties for Different Combined Aggregate Gradation Approaches. Procedia Engineering, 14, 2627–2634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.330
  • Awchat, G. D., & Kanhe, N. M. (2013). Experimental Studies on Polymer Modified Steel Fibre Reinforced Recycled Aggregate Concrete. International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management, 2(12), 126–134.
  • Behera, M., Bhattacharyya, S. K., Minocha, A. K., Deoliya, R., & Maiti, S. (2014). Recycled aggregate from C&D waste & its use in concrete - A breakthrough towards sustainability in construction sector: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 68, 501–516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.003
  • Bravo, M., de Brito, J., Evangelista, L., & Pacheco, J. (2017). Superplasticizer’s efficiency on the mechanical properties of recycled aggregates concrete: Influence of recycled aggregates composition and incorporation ratio. Construction and Building Materials, 153, 129–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.103
  • Bui, N. K., Satomi, T., & Takahashi, H. (2017). Improvement of mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete basing on a new combination method between recycled aggregate and natural aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 148, 376–385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.05.084
  • Byun, H. S., & Lee, K. H. (2005). A decision support system for the selection of a rapid prototyping process using the modified TOPSIS method. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 26(11–12), 1338–1347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-004-2099-2
  • Çakır, Ö., & Dilbas, H. (2021). Durability properties of treated recycled aggregate concrete: Effect of optimized ball mill method. Construction and Building Materials, 268, 121776. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121776
  • Corinaldesi, V., & Moriconi, G. (2009). Behaviour of cementitious mortars containing different kinds of recycled aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 23(1), 289–294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2007.12.006
  • de Brito, J., & Saikia, N. (2013). Recycled Aggregate in Concrete Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4540-0
  • Dilbas, H. (2014). An Examination on Mechanical Behaviour of A Cantilever Beam Produced With Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, Yildiz Technical University.
  • Dilbas, H. (2020). An Investigation of the Effect of Recycled Aggregate Use on Concrete Properties [Ph.D., Yildiz Technical University]. tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Dilbas, H., & Çakır, Ö. (2020). Influence of basalt fiber on physical and mechanical properties of treated recycled aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 254, 119216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119216
  • Dilbas, H., Çakır, Ö., & Atiş, C. D. (2019). Experimental investigation on properties of recycled aggregate concrete with optimized Ball Milling Method. Construction and Building Materials, 212, 716–726. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.04.007
  • Dilbas, H., Çakır, Ö., & Yıldırım, H. (2020). An experimental investigation on fracture parameters of recycled aggregate concrete with optimized ball milling method. Construction and Building Materials, 252, 119118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119118
  • Dilbas, H., & Güneş, M. Ş. (2021). Mineral Addition and Mixing Methods Effect on Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Materials, 14(4), 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14040907
  • Dilbas, H., Şimşek, M., & Çakır, Ö. (2014a). An Approach for Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Disposal through Concrete Using Silica Fume. EurAsia Waste Management Symposium.
  • Dilbas, H., Şimşek, M., & Çakır, Ö. (2014b). An investigation on mechanical and physical properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) with and without silica fume. Construction and Building Materials, 61, 50–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.02.057
  • Duan, Z., Li, B., Xiao, J., & Guo, W. (2020). Optimizing mix proportion of recycled aggregate concrete by readjusting the aggregate gradation. Structural Concrete, suco.201900517. https://doi.org/10.1002/suco.201900517
  • Erdoğan, T. (2007). Beton (in Turkish) (2nd ed.). METU Press. European Parlement. (2008). Directive 2008/98/EC of The European Parliament and of The Council of 19 November 2008 on Waste and Repealing Certain Directives. In Official Journal of the European Union (Vol. 312).
  • Guo, H., Shi, C., Guan, X., Zhu, J., Ding, Y., Ling, T. C., Zhang, H., & Wang, Y. (2018). Durability of recycled aggregate concrete – A review. Cement and Concrete Composites, 89, 251–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2018.03.008
  • Kocatürk, A. N., Haberveren, S., Altıntepe, A., Bayramov, F., Ağar, A. Ş., & Taşdemir, M. A. (2003). Agrega konsantrasyonunun betonun aşınma direncine etkisi (in Turkish). 5. Ulusal Beton Kongresi, 535–544.
  • Li, X. (2008). Recycling and reuse of waste concrete in China: Part I. Material behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53(1–2), 36–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.09.006
  • McGinnis, M. J., Davis, M., de la Rosa, A., Weldon, B. D., & Kurama, Y. C. (2017). Strength and stiffness of concrete with recycled concrete aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, 154, 258–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.015
  • Mehta, P. K., & Monteiro, P. J. M. (2006). Concrete: Microstructure, Properties and Materails (Third Edit). The McGraw-Hill. https://doi.org/10.1036/0071462889
  • Olson, D. (2004). Comparison of weights in TOPSIS models. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 40, 721–727.
  • Omary, S., Ghorbel, E., Wardeh, G., & Nguyen, M. D. (2018). Mix Design and Recycled Aggregates Effects on the Concrete’s Properties. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(8), 973–992. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-017-0247-y
  • Orhan, A. E. (2018). Accounting for Greenhouse Gases Emission From Cement Production. Hacettepe University. Pepe, M., Toledo Filho, R. D., Koenders, E. A. B., & Martinelli, E. (2014). Alternative processing procedures for recycled aggregates in structural concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 69, 124–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.06.084
  • Pradhan, S., Kumar, S., & Barai, S. V. (2017). Recycled aggregate concrete: Particle Packing Method (PPM) of mix design approach. Construction and Building Materials, 152, 269–284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.171
  • Ramyar, K., Mardani-Aghabaglou, A., Inan, G., İnan Sezer, G., & Ramyar, K. (2014). Comparison of fly ash, silica fume and metakaolin from mechanical properties and durability performance of mortar mixtures view point. Construction and Building Materials, 70, 17–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2014.07.089
  • Rashid, K., Hameed, R., Ahmad, H. A., Razzaq, A., Ahmad, M., & Mahmood, A. (2018). Analytical framework for value added utilization of glass waste in concrete: Mechanical and environmental performance. Waste Management, 79, 312–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.07.052
  • Rashid, K., Razzaq, A., Ahmad, M., Rashid, T., & Tariq, S. (2017). Experimental and analytical selection of sustainable recycled concrete with ceramic waste aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 154, 829–840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.219
  • Rashid, K., Rehman, M. U., de Brito, J., & Ghafoor, H. (2020). Multi-criteria optimization of recycled aggregate concrete mixes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 276, 124316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124316
  • Shaban, W. M., Yang, J., Su, H., Mo, K. H., Li, L., & Xie, J. (2019). Quality improvement techniques for recycled concrete aggregate: A review. Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 17(4), 151–167. https://doi.org/10.3151/jact.17.4.151
  • Sharifi, E., Sadjadi, S. J., Aliha, M. R. M., & Moniri, A. (2020). Optimization of high-strength self-consolidating concrete mix design using an improved Taguchi optimization method. Construction and Building Materials, 236, 117547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117547
  • Shi, C., Li, Y., Zhang, J., Li, W., Chong, L., & Xie, Z. (2016). Performance enhancement of recycled concrete aggregate – A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 466–472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.057
  • Silva, R. V., de Brito, J., & Dhir, R. K. (2015). Tensile strength behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 83, 108–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.03.034
  • Şimşek, B., & Uygunoǧlu, T. (2016). Multi-response optimization of polymer blended concrete: A TOPSIS based Taguchi application. Construction and Building Materials, 117, 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.027
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2010a). TS EN 12390-2 Testing hardened concrete - Part 2: Making and curing specimens for strength tests.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2010b). TS EN 12390-3 Testing hardened concrete - Part 3 : Compressive strength of test specimens.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2012). TS EN 197-1 Cement – Part 1: Composition, specification and conformity criteria for common cements.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2013). TS EN 12390-7 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 6: Determination of particle density and water absorption.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2016). TS 802 Design of concrete mixes.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2019). TS EN 206-1 Concrete - Specification, performance, production and conformity.
  • Wardeh, G., Ghorbel, E., & Gomart, H. (2015). Mix Design and Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concretes: Applicability of Eurocode 2. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 9(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40069-014-0087-y
  • Wikipedia. (2019). Wikipedia. https://www.wikipedia.org/
  • Xiao, J., Li, W., Fan, Y., & Huang, X. (2012). An overview of study on recycled aggregate concrete in China (1996–2011). Construction and Building Materials, 31, 364–383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.12.074
  • Xiao, J., Li, W., Poon, C., Jianzhuang, X., Wengui, L. I., Chisun, P., Xiao, J., Li, W., & Poon, C. (2012). Recent studies on mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete in China-A review. Science China Technological Sciences, 55(6), 1463–1480. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-012-4786-9
  • Zhu, Y., Tian, D., & Yan, F. (2020). Effectiveness of Entropy Weight Method in Decision-Making. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2020, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3564835

An investigation on effect of aggregate distribution on physical and mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC)

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2, 108 - 118, 28.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1106786

Abstract

The aim of the study is to optimize the aggregate gradation curve (AGC) for recycled aggregate concrete (RAC). Accordingly, TS 802 aggregate gradation curves such as A16, B16 and C16 and, also two proposed AGCs such as G1 and G2 are examined in the experiments. Hence, in total, 10 mixes are designed in consideration of A16, B16, C16, G1 and G2. The physical (density and water absorption) and the mechanical (compressive strength) properties are determined conducting the standard tests at the age of 28th days after a standard 22±2oC water curing. Also, a criterion weighting method such as Entropy Method is used in the evaluation of the properties of concretes and the weights of the properties of concretes are determined. Then, TOPSIS is used to find the best concrete in consideration of the design parameters and test results for the selection of the optimum AGC. As a result, the influence of AGC on the properties of natural aggregate concretes (NACs) and RACs are unsimilar and while A16 results in a denser NAC with higher compressive strength, C16 can be offered to decrease the open pore content of RAC in terms of water absorption leading a durable concrete with a higher compressive strength. Besides, the results of Entropy Method present interesting findings, and the coarse aggregate ratio in the mix is found as the most effective parameters among the investigated design parameters. However, the best AGCs are found as A16 for NAC and G2 for RAC according to TOPSIS results. It is concluded that further investigations are required.

References

  • Abd Elhakam, A., Mohamed, A. E., Awad, E., Elhakam, A. A., Mohamed, A. E., & Awad, E. (2012). Influence of self-healing, mixing method and adding silica fume on mechanical properties of recycled aggregates concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 35, 421–427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.04.013
  • Akça, K., Çakır, Ö., İpek, M., & Ipek, M. (2015). Properties of polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete using recycled aggregates. Constr Build Mater, 98, 620–630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.08.133
  • Amario, M., Santana, C., Pepe, M., Dias, R., & Filho, T. (2017). Optimization of normal and high strength recycled aggregate concrete mixtures by using packing model. Cement and Concrete Composites, 84, 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.08.016
  • Ashraf, W. B., & Noor, M. A. (2011). Performance-Evaluation of Concrete Properties for Different Combined Aggregate Gradation Approaches. Procedia Engineering, 14, 2627–2634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.07.330
  • Awchat, G. D., & Kanhe, N. M. (2013). Experimental Studies on Polymer Modified Steel Fibre Reinforced Recycled Aggregate Concrete. International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management, 2(12), 126–134.
  • Behera, M., Bhattacharyya, S. K., Minocha, A. K., Deoliya, R., & Maiti, S. (2014). Recycled aggregate from C&D waste & its use in concrete - A breakthrough towards sustainability in construction sector: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 68, 501–516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.003
  • Bravo, M., de Brito, J., Evangelista, L., & Pacheco, J. (2017). Superplasticizer’s efficiency on the mechanical properties of recycled aggregates concrete: Influence of recycled aggregates composition and incorporation ratio. Construction and Building Materials, 153, 129–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.103
  • Bui, N. K., Satomi, T., & Takahashi, H. (2017). Improvement of mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete basing on a new combination method between recycled aggregate and natural aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 148, 376–385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.05.084
  • Byun, H. S., & Lee, K. H. (2005). A decision support system for the selection of a rapid prototyping process using the modified TOPSIS method. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 26(11–12), 1338–1347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-004-2099-2
  • Çakır, Ö., & Dilbas, H. (2021). Durability properties of treated recycled aggregate concrete: Effect of optimized ball mill method. Construction and Building Materials, 268, 121776. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121776
  • Corinaldesi, V., & Moriconi, G. (2009). Behaviour of cementitious mortars containing different kinds of recycled aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 23(1), 289–294. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2007.12.006
  • de Brito, J., & Saikia, N. (2013). Recycled Aggregate in Concrete Use of Industrial, Construction and Demolition Waste. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4540-0
  • Dilbas, H. (2014). An Examination on Mechanical Behaviour of A Cantilever Beam Produced With Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science, Yildiz Technical University.
  • Dilbas, H. (2020). An Investigation of the Effect of Recycled Aggregate Use on Concrete Properties [Ph.D., Yildiz Technical University]. tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Dilbas, H., & Çakır, Ö. (2020). Influence of basalt fiber on physical and mechanical properties of treated recycled aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 254, 119216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119216
  • Dilbas, H., Çakır, Ö., & Atiş, C. D. (2019). Experimental investigation on properties of recycled aggregate concrete with optimized Ball Milling Method. Construction and Building Materials, 212, 716–726. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.04.007
  • Dilbas, H., Çakır, Ö., & Yıldırım, H. (2020). An experimental investigation on fracture parameters of recycled aggregate concrete with optimized ball milling method. Construction and Building Materials, 252, 119118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119118
  • Dilbas, H., & Güneş, M. Ş. (2021). Mineral Addition and Mixing Methods Effect on Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Materials, 14(4), 907. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14040907
  • Dilbas, H., Şimşek, M., & Çakır, Ö. (2014a). An Approach for Construction and Demolition (C&D) Waste Disposal through Concrete Using Silica Fume. EurAsia Waste Management Symposium.
  • Dilbas, H., Şimşek, M., & Çakır, Ö. (2014b). An investigation on mechanical and physical properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) with and without silica fume. Construction and Building Materials, 61, 50–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.02.057
  • Duan, Z., Li, B., Xiao, J., & Guo, W. (2020). Optimizing mix proportion of recycled aggregate concrete by readjusting the aggregate gradation. Structural Concrete, suco.201900517. https://doi.org/10.1002/suco.201900517
  • Erdoğan, T. (2007). Beton (in Turkish) (2nd ed.). METU Press. European Parlement. (2008). Directive 2008/98/EC of The European Parliament and of The Council of 19 November 2008 on Waste and Repealing Certain Directives. In Official Journal of the European Union (Vol. 312).
  • Guo, H., Shi, C., Guan, X., Zhu, J., Ding, Y., Ling, T. C., Zhang, H., & Wang, Y. (2018). Durability of recycled aggregate concrete – A review. Cement and Concrete Composites, 89, 251–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2018.03.008
  • Kocatürk, A. N., Haberveren, S., Altıntepe, A., Bayramov, F., Ağar, A. Ş., & Taşdemir, M. A. (2003). Agrega konsantrasyonunun betonun aşınma direncine etkisi (in Turkish). 5. Ulusal Beton Kongresi, 535–544.
  • Li, X. (2008). Recycling and reuse of waste concrete in China: Part I. Material behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53(1–2), 36–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.09.006
  • McGinnis, M. J., Davis, M., de la Rosa, A., Weldon, B. D., & Kurama, Y. C. (2017). Strength and stiffness of concrete with recycled concrete aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, 154, 258–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.015
  • Mehta, P. K., & Monteiro, P. J. M. (2006). Concrete: Microstructure, Properties and Materails (Third Edit). The McGraw-Hill. https://doi.org/10.1036/0071462889
  • Olson, D. (2004). Comparison of weights in TOPSIS models. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 40, 721–727.
  • Omary, S., Ghorbel, E., Wardeh, G., & Nguyen, M. D. (2018). Mix Design and Recycled Aggregates Effects on the Concrete’s Properties. International Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(8), 973–992. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-017-0247-y
  • Orhan, A. E. (2018). Accounting for Greenhouse Gases Emission From Cement Production. Hacettepe University. Pepe, M., Toledo Filho, R. D., Koenders, E. A. B., & Martinelli, E. (2014). Alternative processing procedures for recycled aggregates in structural concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 69, 124–132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.06.084
  • Pradhan, S., Kumar, S., & Barai, S. V. (2017). Recycled aggregate concrete: Particle Packing Method (PPM) of mix design approach. Construction and Building Materials, 152, 269–284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.171
  • Ramyar, K., Mardani-Aghabaglou, A., Inan, G., İnan Sezer, G., & Ramyar, K. (2014). Comparison of fly ash, silica fume and metakaolin from mechanical properties and durability performance of mortar mixtures view point. Construction and Building Materials, 70, 17–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2014.07.089
  • Rashid, K., Hameed, R., Ahmad, H. A., Razzaq, A., Ahmad, M., & Mahmood, A. (2018). Analytical framework for value added utilization of glass waste in concrete: Mechanical and environmental performance. Waste Management, 79, 312–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2018.07.052
  • Rashid, K., Razzaq, A., Ahmad, M., Rashid, T., & Tariq, S. (2017). Experimental and analytical selection of sustainable recycled concrete with ceramic waste aggregate. Construction and Building Materials, 154, 829–840. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.219
  • Rashid, K., Rehman, M. U., de Brito, J., & Ghafoor, H. (2020). Multi-criteria optimization of recycled aggregate concrete mixes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 276, 124316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124316
  • Shaban, W. M., Yang, J., Su, H., Mo, K. H., Li, L., & Xie, J. (2019). Quality improvement techniques for recycled concrete aggregate: A review. Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 17(4), 151–167. https://doi.org/10.3151/jact.17.4.151
  • Sharifi, E., Sadjadi, S. J., Aliha, M. R. M., & Moniri, A. (2020). Optimization of high-strength self-consolidating concrete mix design using an improved Taguchi optimization method. Construction and Building Materials, 236, 117547. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117547
  • Shi, C., Li, Y., Zhang, J., Li, W., Chong, L., & Xie, Z. (2016). Performance enhancement of recycled concrete aggregate – A review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 466–472. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.08.057
  • Silva, R. V., de Brito, J., & Dhir, R. K. (2015). Tensile strength behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 83, 108–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.03.034
  • Şimşek, B., & Uygunoǧlu, T. (2016). Multi-response optimization of polymer blended concrete: A TOPSIS based Taguchi application. Construction and Building Materials, 117, 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.027
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2010a). TS EN 12390-2 Testing hardened concrete - Part 2: Making and curing specimens for strength tests.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2010b). TS EN 12390-3 Testing hardened concrete - Part 3 : Compressive strength of test specimens.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2012). TS EN 197-1 Cement – Part 1: Composition, specification and conformity criteria for common cements.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2013). TS EN 12390-7 Tests for mechanical and physical properties of aggregates - Part 6: Determination of particle density and water absorption.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2016). TS 802 Design of concrete mixes.
  • Turkish Standards Institution. (2019). TS EN 206-1 Concrete - Specification, performance, production and conformity.
  • Wardeh, G., Ghorbel, E., & Gomart, H. (2015). Mix Design and Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concretes: Applicability of Eurocode 2. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 9(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40069-014-0087-y
  • Wikipedia. (2019). Wikipedia. https://www.wikipedia.org/
  • Xiao, J., Li, W., Fan, Y., & Huang, X. (2012). An overview of study on recycled aggregate concrete in China (1996–2011). Construction and Building Materials, 31, 364–383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.12.074
  • Xiao, J., Li, W., Poon, C., Jianzhuang, X., Wengui, L. I., Chisun, P., Xiao, J., Li, W., & Poon, C. (2012). Recent studies on mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete in China-A review. Science China Technological Sciences, 55(6), 1463–1480. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11431-012-4786-9
  • Zhu, Y., Tian, D., & Yan, F. (2020). Effectiveness of Entropy Weight Method in Decision-Making. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2020, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/3564835

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Hasan DİLBAS> (Primary Author)
VAN YUZUNCU YIL UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
0000-0002-3780-8818
Türkiye

Publication Date June 28, 2022
Application Date April 21, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 2

Cite

APA Dilbas, H. (2022). An investigation on effect of aggregate distribution on physical and mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) . Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies , 7 (2) , 108-118 . DOI: 10.47481/jscmt.1106786

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