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Characterization of carbon fiber reinforced conductive mortars filled with recycled ferrochrome slag aggregates

Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 3, 145 - 157, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1157026

Abstract

Recently, it is known that carbon fiber, which is a conductive fiber, is used in different mixture designs and developing electrically conductive cementitious materials. However, the evaluation of ferrochrome as a recycled aggregate in the mixture of these special concretes has still not been investigated. In this study, electrically conductive mortars were produced by using 100% recycled ferrochrome aggregate with a particle size of less than 1 mm as filling material and using carbon fiber (CF) in 4 different ratios, 0%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%. 2, 14, 28, 90 and 180 days electrical resistivity properties of the obtained samples were investigated. In addition, 28-day compressive strength, flexural strength, dynamic resonance, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), Leeb hardness, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) tests were performed on all samples. The obtained results were compared with the literature and it was proved that ferrochrome can be used as a reasonable aggregate in conductive mortars.

References

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  • [39] E.T. Dawood, Y.Z. Mohammad, W.A. Abbas, M.A. Mannan, Toughness, elasticity and physical properties for the evaluation of foamed concrete reinforced with hybrid fibers, Heliyon. 4 (2018) e01103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e01103.
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Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 3, 145 - 157, 30.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.47481/jscmt.1157026

Abstract

References

  • [1] M.Z. Islam, K.M.A. Sohel, K. Al-Jabri, A. Al Harthy, Properties of concrete with ferrochrome slag as a fine aggregate at elevated temperatures, Case Studies in Construction Materials. 15 (2021) e00599. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2021.e00599.
  • [2] K. Al-Jabri, H. Shoukry, Influence of nano metakaolin on thermo-physical, mechanical and microstructural properties of high-volume ferrochrome slag mortar, Construction and Building Materials. 177 (2018) 210–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.05.125.
  • [3] P.K. Acharya, S.K. Patro, Utilization of ferrochrome wastes such as ferrochrome ash and ferrochrome slag in concrete manufacturing, Waste Management and Research. 34 (2016) 764–774. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X16654751.
  • [4] W. Abbass, M.I. Khan, S. Mourad, Evaluation of mechanical properties of steel fiber reinforced concrete with different strengths of concrete, Construction and Building Materials. 168 (2018) 556–569. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.02.164.
  • [5] V.M. de Alencar Monteiro, L.R. Lima, F. de Andrade Silva, On the mechanical behavior of polypropylene, steel and hybrid fiber reinforced self-consolidating concrete, Construction and Building Materials. 188 (2018) 280–291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.08.103.
  • [6] A.I. Fares, K.M.A. Sohel, A. Al-mamun, Characteristics of ferrochrome slag aggregate and its uses as a green material in concrete – A review, Construction and Building Materials. 294 (2021) 123552. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.123552.
  • [7] K. Al-Jabri, H. Shoukry, I.S. Khalil, S. Nasir, H.F. Hassan, Reuse of Waste Ferrochrome Slag in the Production of Mortar with Improved Thermal and Mechanical Performance, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 30 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0002345.
  • [8] M.K. Dash, S.K. Patro, Effects of water cooled ferrochrome slag as fine aggregate on the properties of concrete, Construction and Building Materials. 177 (2018) 457–466. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.05.079.
  • [9] P. Niemelä, M. Kauppi, Production, characteristics and use of ferrochromium slags, Innovations In The Ferro Alloy Industry - Proceedings of the XI International Conference on Innovations in the Ferro Alloy Industry, Infacon XI. (2007) 171–179.
  • [10] B.B. Lind, A.-M. Fällman, L.B. Larsson, Environmental impact of ferrochrome slag in road construction, Waste Management. 21 (2001) 255–264. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053X(00)00098-2.
  • [11] P.K. Acharya, S.K. Patro, Effect of lime and ferrochrome ash (FA) as partial replacement of cement on strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity and permeability of concrete, Construction and Building Materials. 94 (2015) 448–457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.07.081.
  • [12] C.R. Panda, K.K. Mishra, K.C. Panda, B.D. Nayak, B.B. Nayak, Environmental and technical assessment of ferrochrome slag as concrete aggregate material, Construction and Building Materials. 49 (2013) 262–271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.08.002.
  • [13] B.A.V.R. Kumar, L. Keshav, P.A. Sivanantham, G.G.V. Arokiaraj, D.R.Z. Rahman, P.M. Kumar, D. Somashekar, Comprehensive Characterization of Ferrochrome Slag and Ferrochrome Ash as Sustainable Materials in Construction, Journal of Nanomaterials. 2022 (2022) 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/8571055.
  • [14] P.K. Acharya, S.K. Patro, Bond, Permeability, and Acid Resistance Characteristics of Ferrochrome Waste Concrete, ACI Materials Journal. 115 (2018). https://doi.org/10.14359/51702008.
  • [15] G.M. Kim, B.J. Yang, G.U. Ryu, H.K. Lee, The electrically conductive carbon nanotube (CNT)/cement composites for accelerated curing and thermal cracking reduction, Composite Structures. 158 (2016) 20–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2016.09.014.
  • [16] M.M. Mokhtar, S.A. Abo-El-Enein, M.Y. Hassaan, M.S. Morsy, M.H. Khalil, Mechanical performance, pore structure and micro-structural characteristics of graphene oxide nano platelets reinforced cement, Construction and Building Materials. 138 (2017) 333–339. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.02.021.
  • [17] M. Chiarello, R. Zinno, Electrical conductivity of self-monitoring CFRC, Cement and Concrete Composites. 27 (2005) 463–469. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2004.09.001.
  • [18] B. Chen, J. Liu, Damage in carbon fiber-reinforced concrete, monitored by both electrical resistance measurement and acoustic emission analysis, Construction and Building Materials. 22 (2008) 2196–2201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2007.08.004.
  • [19] R.H. Roberts, Y.-L. Mo, Development of carbon nanofiber aggregate for concrete strain monitoring, in: Innovative Developments of Advanced Multifunctional Nanocomposites in Civil and Structural Engineering, Elsevier, 2016: pp. 9–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-78242-326-3.00002-6.
  • [20] Z. Hou, Z. Li, J. Wang, Electrical conductivity of the carbon fiber conductive concrete, Journal Wuhan University of Technology, Materials Science Edition. 22 (2007) 346–349. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11595-005-2346-x.
  • [21] S. Vaidya, E.N. Allouche, Strain sensing of carbon fiber reinforced geopolymer concrete, Materials and Structures. 44 (2011) 1467–1475. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-011-9711-3.
  • [22] M. Chen, P. Gao, F. Geng, L. Zhang, H. Liu, Mechanical and smart properties of carbon fiber and graphite conductive concrete for internal damage monitoring of structure, Construction and Building Materials. 142 (2017) 320–327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.03.048.
  • [23] J. Han, D. Wang, P. Zhang, Effect of nano and micro conductive materials on conductive properties of carbon fiber reinforced concrete, Nanotechnology Reviews. 9 (2020) 445–454. https://doi.org/10.1515/ntrev-2020-0034.
  • [24] A.S. El-Dieb, M.A. El-Ghareeb, M.A.H. Abdel-Rahman, E.S.A. Nasr, Multifunctional electrically conductive concrete using different fillers, Journal of Building Engineering. 15 (2018) 61–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2017.10.012.
  • [25] H. Dehghanpour, K. Yilmaz, Heat behavior of electrically conductive concretes with and without rebar reinforcement, Medziagotyra. 26 (2020) 471–476. https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.26.4.23053.
  • [26] ASTM C215, Standard Test Method for Fundamental Transverse, Longitudinal, and Torsional Resonant Frequencies of Concrete Specimens, American Society for Testing and Materials. (2019).
  • [27] TS EN 196-1, Methods of testing cement–Part 1: Determination of strength, Turkish Standard. (2005).
  • [28] ASTM C597, Standard test method for pulse velocity through concrete, American Society for Testing and Materials. (2009).
  • [29] ASTM A956, Standard Test Method for Leeb Hardness Testing of Steel Products, American Society for Testing and Materials. (2006).
  • [30] R. Al-Shamayleh, H. Al-Saoud, M. Abdel-Jaber, M. Alqam, Shear and flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete beams with variable compressive strength values using externally bonded carbon fiber plates, Results in Engineering. 14 (2022) 100427. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rineng.2022.100427.
  • [31] H. Dehghanpour, K. Yilmaz, M. Ipek, Evaluation of recycled nano carbon black and waste erosion wires in electrically conductive concretes, Construction and Building Materials. 221 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.06.025.
  • [32] A. D’Alessandro, M. Rallini, F. Ubertini, A.L. Materazzi, J.M. Kenny, Investigations on scalable fabrication procedures for self-sensing carbon nanotube cement-matrix composites for SHM applications, Cement and Concrete Composites. 65 (2016) 200–213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2015.11.001.
  • [33] C. Liang, T. Liu, J. Xiao, D. Zou, Q. Yang, The damping property of recycled aggregate concrete, Construction and Building Materials. 102 (2016) 834–842. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.11.026.
  • [34] F. Nabavi, B. Bhattacharjee, A. Madan, Improving the damping properties of concrete, 21st Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM). (2011) 867–872. https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000391803700140.
  • [35] H. Dehghanpour, S. Subasi, S. Guntepe, M. Emiroglu, M. Marasli, Investigation of fracture mechanics, physical and dynamic properties of UHPCs containing PVA, glass and steel fibers, Construction and Building Materials. 328 (2022) 127079. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.127079.
  • [36] J. Tian, C. Fan, T. Zhang, Y. Zhou, Rock breaking mechanism in percussive drilling with the effect of high-frequency torsional vibration, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects. 0 (2019) 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2019.1650138.
  • [37] J.L. Vilaplana, F.J. Baeza, O. Galao, E.G. Alcocel, E. Zornoza, P. Garcés, Mechanical properties of alkali activated blast furnace slag pastes reinforced with carbon fibers, Construction and Building Materials. 116 (2016) 63–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.04.066.
  • [38] F. Dabbaghi, A. Sadeghi-Nik, N.A. Libre, S. Nasrollahpour, Characterizing fiber reinforced concrete incorporating zeolite and metakaolin as natural pozzolans, Structures. 34 (2021) 2617–2627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2021.09.025.
  • [39] E.T. Dawood, Y.Z. Mohammad, W.A. Abbas, M.A. Mannan, Toughness, elasticity and physical properties for the evaluation of foamed concrete reinforced with hybrid fibers, Heliyon. 4 (2018) e01103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e01103.
  • [40] M. Gomez-Heras, D. Benavente, C. Pla, J. Martinez-Martinez, R. Fort, V. Brotons, Ultrasonic pulse velocity as a way of improving uniaxial compressive strength estimations from Leeb hardness measurements, Construction and Building Materials. 261 (2020) 119996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119996.
  • [41] M. Mahamaya, S.K. Das, Characterization of ferrochrome slag as a controlled low-strength structural fill material, International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 14 (2020) 312–321. https://doi.org/10.1080/19386362.2018.1448527.
  • [42] M.K. Dash, S.K. Patro, P.K. Acharya, M. Dash, Impact of elevated temperature on strength and micro-structural properties of concrete containing water-cooled ferrochrome slag as fine aggregate, Construction and Building Materials. 323 (2022) 126542. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.126542.
  • [43] M.Z. Islam, K.M.A. Sohel, K. Al-Jabri, A. Al Harthy, Properties of concrete with ferrochrome slag as a fine aggregate at elevated temperatures, Case Studies in Construction Materials. 15 (2021) e00599. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cscm.2021.e00599.
  • [44] S. Barbhuiya, P. Chow, Nanoscaled Mechanical Properties of Cement Composites Reinforced with Carbon Nanofibers, Materials. 10 (2017) 662. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10060662.
  • [45] H.-A. Nguyen, T.-P. Chang, J.-Y. Shih, C.-T. Chen, T.-D. Nguyen, Sulfate resistance of low energy SFC no-cement mortar, Construction and Building Materials. 102 (2016) 239–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.10.107.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Civil Engineering
Published Date September 2022
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Fatih DOĞAN>
MUNZUR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4234-4034
Türkiye


Heydar DEHGHANPOUR> (Primary Author)
Fibrobeton Company, R&D
0000-0001-7801-2288
Türkiye


Serkan SUBAŞI>
DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7826-1348
Türkiye


Muhammed MARAŞLI>
Fibrobeton Company, R&D
0000-0003-2684-1003
Türkiye

Project Number STB-072161
Publication Date September 30, 2022
Application Date August 5, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

APA Doğan, F. , Dehghanpour, H. , Subaşı, S. & Maraşlı, M. (2022). Characterization of carbon fiber reinforced conductive mortars filled with recycled ferrochrome slag aggregates . Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies , 7 (3) , 145-157 . DOI: 10.47481/jscmt.1157026

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Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies is open access journal under the CC BY-NC license  (Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License)

Based on a work at https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jscmt

E-mail: jscmt@yildiz.edu.tr