Year 2021, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 9 - 24 2021-01-18

Tackling Gender Inequality in the Shadow of Neoliberalism: Analysis of Chile
Neoliberalizmin Gölgesinde Toplumsal Cinsiyet Eşitsizliği ile Mücadele: Şili Analizi

Gökhan ÇİN [1]


Neoliberalism, the political-economic theory with the mission of increasing prosperity, requires the guarantee of individual freedoms and a free-market economy protected from interference. The free-market-oriented approach and the definition of freedom reduced to the individual level of neoliberalism results in the state’s struggles remain superficial against collective social problems, especially gender inequality. In this context, the state’s, whose duties are minimized within the neoliberalism, to provide collective rights by going beyond individual freedoms is defined as a threat to the mission of increasing welfare. In this study, the scope and limitations of the struggle against gender inequality in Chile, which is the first country where neoliberal policies are systematically implemented by the state since its historical past dates back to the second half of the 1970s, was analyzed.
Temel olarak refahın arttırılmasını misyon edinen politik ekonomik teori neoliberalizm, bireysel özgürlüklerin güvence altına alınmasını ve serbest piyasa ekonomisinin dış müdahalelerden olabildiğince arındırılmasını zorunlu kılmaktadır. Neoliberalizmin serbest piyasa eksenli yaklaşımı ve bireysel düzeye indirgenmiş özgürlük tanımı, devletlerin toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliği başta olmak üzere kolektif sosyal problemler ile mücadelesinin yüzeysel kalmasına sebebiyet vermektedir. Bu bağlamda, neoliberal konseptte minimal rol üstlenen siyasal iktidarın bireysel özgürlüklerin ötesine geçerek kolektif faydayı amaçlaması serbest piyasa ekonomisine ve refahın arttırılması misyonuna tehdit olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, tarihsel geçmişi 1970’li yılların ikinci yarısına dayanması itibarıyla neoliberal politikaların sistemli bir biçimde uygulandığı ilk ülke olan Şili’de toplumsal cinsiyet eşitsizliği ile mücadelenin kapsamı ve sınırlılıkları analiz edilmiştir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Women's Studies, Political Science, International Relations
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4210-0563
Author: Gökhan ÇİN (Primary Author)
Institution: Giresun University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : September 6, 2020
Acceptance Date : December 18, 2020
Publication Date : January 18, 2021

APA Çin, G . (2021). Neoliberalizmin Gölgesinde Toplumsal Cinsiyet Eşitsizliği ile Mücadele: Şili Analizi . Lectio Socialis , 5 (1) , 9-24 . DOI: 10.47478/lectio.791144