Year 2015, Volume 28 , Issue 2, Pages 81 - 89 2015-09-14

Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?
Öğrencilerin öğrenme stilleri, öğrenme yöntemleri ve öğrenme ortamlarına uyum sağlamalarını etkiler mi?

Kenan Topal [1] , Özlem Sarıkaya [2] , Ramazan Basturk [3] , Akile Buke [4]


Objectives: The process of development and evaluation of undergraduate medical education programs should include analysis of learners’ characteristics, needs, and perceptions about learning methods. This study aims to evaluate medical students’ perceptions about problem-based learning methods and to compare these results with their individual learning styles.

Materials and Methods: The survey was conducted at Marmara University Medical School where problem-based learning was implemented in the curriculum for the first three years of the medical education. An evaluative questionnaire about a studentcentered learning environment and an “Inventory of Learning Styles” were completed by the students. One-way ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis tests were used for statistical analyses of the study.

Results: It was found that personally interested students who need external regulation strategies and who were prone to learn by stepwise processing were less satisfied with problem-based learning and other active learning methods than students who were less dependent on these learning styles. Thus, the former students did not benefit much from the organization, content, acquired knowledge and skills of problem-based learning.

Conclusion: It is important for the students to develop their self-regulated learning skills so that they can benefit from problem-based learning and student–centered learning activities. Curriculum development and program evaluation studies should consider improving the students’ development of self-regulation and professional skills.

Keywords: Medical education, Problem-based learning, Learning styles, Curriculum development

Amaç: Program geliştirme ve değerlendirme süreci öğrencilerin öğrenme stillerini, gereksinimlerini ve algılarının analizlerini içermelidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, probleme dayalı öğrenme yöntemleri ve ortamı ile ilgili öğrencilerin değerlendirmelerini öğrenmek ve elde edilen sonuçları kendi öğrenme stilleriyle karşılaştırmaktır.Gereç ve Yöntem: Bu araştırma, mezuniyet öncesi eğitimin ilk üç yılında probleme dayalı öğrenim yönteminin uygulandığı Marmara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesinde yapıldı. Öğrencilere, öğrenci merkezli öğrenim ortamı ile ilgili bir değerlendirme anketi ve Öğrenme Biçimleri Ölçeği (Inventory of Learning Styles) uygulandı. İstatistik analizlerler için One-way ANOVA ve Kruskal-Wallis testleri kullanıldı.Bulgular: Bireysel ilgi yönelimli, öğrenme stratejilerinin dışarıdan düzenlenmesine ihtiyaç duyan, bilgiyi adım adım işleyerek öğrenmeye daha çok ve orta düzeyde eğilimli olan öğrenciler, bu öğrenme stillerine, daha az bağımlı öğrencilere göre probleme dayalı öğrenme ve diğer öğrenci merkezli yöntemlerden daha az memnun kaldılar. Dolayısıyla, bu öğrenciler aynı zamanda probleme dayalı öğrenim sisteminin organizasyonundan, içeriğinden, kazandırdığı bilgi ve becerilerden de daha az yararlanmaktaydılar.Sonuç: Öğrencilerin probleme dayalı öğrenim ve diğer öğrenci merkezli öğrenim aktivitelerinden daha fazla yararlanabilmeleri için kendi kendine öğrenmeyi düzenleme becerilerinin gelişmesi önemlidir. Aktif öğrenme stratejilerine uygun müfredat geliştirme ve program değerlendirme çalışmaları, öğrencilerin, kendi kendine düzenleme ve profesyonel beceri gelişimini dikkate almalıdır
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Kenan Topal

Author: Özlem Sarıkaya

Author: Ramazan Basturk

Author: Akile Buke

Dates

Publication Date : September 14, 2015

Bibtex @ { marumj3176, journal = {Marmara Medical Journal}, issn = {1019-1941}, eissn = {1309-9469}, address = {}, publisher = {Marmara University}, year = {2015}, volume = {28}, pages = {81 - 89}, doi = {10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04}, title = {Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?}, key = {cite}, author = {Topal, Kenan and Sarıkaya, Özlem and Basturk, Ramazan and Buke, Akile} }
APA Topal, K , Sarıkaya, Ö , Basturk, R , Buke, A . (2015). Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment? . Marmara Medical Journal , 28 (2) , 81-89 . DOI: 10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04
MLA Topal, K , Sarıkaya, Ö , Basturk, R , Buke, A . "Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?" . Marmara Medical Journal 28 (2015 ): 81-89 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/marumj/issue/430/3176>
Chicago Topal, K , Sarıkaya, Ö , Basturk, R , Buke, A . "Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?". Marmara Medical Journal 28 (2015 ): 81-89
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment? AU - Kenan Topal , Özlem Sarıkaya , Ramazan Basturk , Akile Buke Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04 DO - 10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04 T2 - Marmara Medical Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 81 EP - 89 VL - 28 IS - 2 SN - 1019-1941-1309-9469 M3 - doi: 10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04 UR - https://doi.org/10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Marmara Medical Journal Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment? %A Kenan Topal , Özlem Sarıkaya , Ramazan Basturk , Akile Buke %T Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment? %D 2015 %J Marmara Medical Journal %P 1019-1941-1309-9469 %V 28 %N 2 %R doi: 10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04 %U 10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04
ISNAD Topal, Kenan , Sarıkaya, Özlem , Basturk, Ramazan , Buke, Akile . "Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?". Marmara Medical Journal 28 / 2 (September 2015): 81-89 . https://doi.org/10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04
AMA Topal K , Sarıkaya Ö , Basturk R , Buke A . Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?. Marmara Med J. 2015; 28(2): 81-89.
Vancouver Topal K , Sarıkaya Ö , Basturk R , Buke A . Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?. Marmara Medical Journal. 2015; 28(2): 81-89.
IEEE K. Topal , Ö. Sarıkaya , R. Basturk and A. Buke , "Do students’ styles of learning affect how they adapt to learning methods and to the learning environment?", Marmara Medical Journal, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 81-89, Sep. 2015, doi:10.5472/MMJoa.2802.04