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Savunma Sanayiinde Katmanlı İmalat ile Tedarik Zinciri Yönetimi

Year 2023, Volume: 21 Issue: 2, 63 - 73, 24.11.2023
https://doi.org/10.56193/matim.1270281

Abstract

Katmanlı imalat teknolojisi (additive manufacturing [AM]) sunduğu tasarım esnekliği, optimize edilmiş yapılar ve malzeme-ler ile ağırlık azaltımı, daha az parça ve birleştirme adımı, daha az atık, az sayıda üretim için daha kısa üretim süresi gibi teknik avantajlarla son yıllarda popüler hale gelmiştir. Geleneksel tedarik zincirinde devrim yapma potansiyeli ile öne çıkan katmanlı imalat süreçleri, merkeziyetçi olmayan üretim ve tedarik yapısı ile savunma sanayiinde de büyük bir potansiyele sahiptir. Bu makalede, eklemeli imalat süreçleri tedarik zinciri bakış açısından gözden geçirilecektir. Gelecekteki savaş ortam-larında değer zinciri senaryolarının katmanlı imalat teknolojileri ile ulaşabileceği potansiyel değerlendirilecektir. Makalede katmanlı imalat teknolojilerinin savunma ve uzay sanayiide kullanıldığı güncel örneklere yer verilirken, bu yöntemlerin daha da çok kullanım bulabilmesi için iyileştirilmesi gereken yönlerine de değinilmiştir.

References

  • 1. Guo N., Leu M.C. (2013). Additive manufacturing: technology, applications and research needs, Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 8(3), pp.215-243.
  • 2. Discounts, A. (2019). Additive Manufacturing Strategies – You Can Obtain And Enjoy Discounts – Tops bag mart | Informative Articles Can Improve Your Business. [online] Topsbagmart.com. Available at: http://www.topsbagmart.com/business/additive-manufacturing-strategies-you-can-obtain-and-enjoy-discounts/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 3. Ersoy K. (2009): Verschleißprognose für Ziehwerkzeuge aus alternativen Herstellungsverfahren, Dissertation, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM)
  • 4. Ersoy K., Celik B.B. (2019): Utilization of Additive Manufacturing to Produce Tools, Intech Open, Design Engineering and Manufacturing, ISBN: 978-1-78985-865-5, 2019, doi: 10.5772/intechopen.89804
  • 5. Holmström, J. et al. (2010). Rapid manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain: Alternative approaches to capacity deployment. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 21(6), pp.687–697.
  • 6. Ersoy K., Koc B., Yasa E.: A Technological and Business Perspective of Additive Manufacturing for Defense Industry, The 18th International Conference on Machine Design and Production, UMTİK, 2018
  • 7. Yildiz A. S., Davut K., Koc B., Yılmaz O., Wire arc additive manufacturing of high-strength low alloy steels: study of process parameters and their influence on the bead geometry and mechanical characteristics, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol.108, Pp.3391-3404, 2020
  • 8. Khajavi, S.H., Partanen, J. & Holmström, J. (2014). Additive manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain. Computers in Industry, 65(1), pp.50–63. Available at: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S016636151 3001565 [Accessed October 26, 2014]
  • 9. Pour, M.A., Zanardini, M., Bacchetti, A., Zanoni, S. (2016). Additive manufacturing impacts on productions and logistics systems. IFAC-PapersOnLine. 49, pp.1679–1684.
  • 10. Attaran, Mohsen, (2017). Additive Manufacturing: The Most Promising Technology to Alter the Supply Chain and Logistics. Journal of Service Science and Management
  • 11. Mani, M., Lyons, K.W. & Gupta, S.K. (2014). Sustainability Characterization for Additive Manufacturing. 119, pp.419–428.
  • 12. Stratasys Ltd. (2015). Aurora Flight Sciences and Stratasys Deliver World's First Jet-Powered, 3D Printed UAV in Record Time. [online] Available at: https://www.aurora.aero/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/SSYS_News_2015_11_9_Stratasys_Corporate.pdf [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 13. Edlund P., (2017). Additive Manufacturing in Low-volume Production: Business Case for Metal Components. [online] Available at: http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/rec ords/fulltext/251245/251245.pdf [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 14. Cotteleer M., Crane J., Neier M., (2014). 3D opportunity in tooling: Additive manufacturing shapes the future. [online] Available at: https://www2.deloitte.com/insights/us/en/focus/3d-opportunity/additive-manufacturing-3d-opportunity-in-tooling.html [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 15. EOS GmbH Electro Optical Systems, (2019). Tooling: Innomia - Czech Tool Manufacturer Relies on Additive Manufacturing for Complex Customer Projects. [online] Available at: https://www.eos.info/press/case_studies/Innomia [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 16. Michalik J., Joyce J., Barney R., McCune G., (2015). 3D opportunity for product design: AM and the early stage. [online] Available at: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/insights/us/articles/3d-printing-product-design-and-development/DUP_708_3DOpportunityProductDesign.pdf [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 17. Lindemann, Christian & Jahnke, Ulrich & Habdank, Matthias & Koch, Rainer, (2012). Analyzing Product Lifecycle Costs for a Better Understanding of Cost Drivers in Additive Manufacturing. 23rd Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium - An Additive Manufacturing Conference, SFF 2012
  • 18. Walter, Manfred & Holmström, Jan & Yrjölä, Hannu, (2004). Rapid manufacturing and its impact on supply chain management. Proceedings of Logistics Research Network Annual Conference, Dublin, Ireland
  • 19. Campbell T., Williams C., Ivanova O., Garrett B., (2011). Could 3D printing change the world? Atlantic Council Strategic Foresight Report
  • 20. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, (2011). DIY manufacture to ‘slash supply chains’. [online] Available at: www.imeche.org/news/engineering/diy-manufacture-to-slash-supply-chains- [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 21. Kellens, K., Baumers, M., Gutowski, T. G., Flanagan, W., Lifset, R. and Duflou, J. R. (2017). Environmental Dimensions of Additive Manufacturing: Mapping Application Domains and Their Environmental Implications. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 21(S1), pp.S49-S68.
  • 22. EOS GmbH Electro Optical Systems, (2019). ToolRepair with Additive Manufacturing by EOS. [online] Available at: https://www.eos.info/industries_markets/tooling/tool_repair [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 23. Mellor S., Hao L., Zhang D., (2014). Additive manufacturing: A framework for implementation. International Journal of Production Economics, 149, pp.194-201.
  • 24. Zairi M., (1998). Supplier partnerships for effective advanced manufacturing technology implementation: a proposed model. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 9(2), pp.109-119.
  • 25. Ampower Insights, (2019). Additive Manufacturing Make or Buy? [online] Available at: https://am-power.de/en/insights/cost-additive-manufacturing-make-or-buy-2/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 26. Kok Y., Tan X.P., Wang P., Nai M.L.S., Loh N.H., Liu E., Tor S.B., (2018). Anisotropy and heterogeneity of microstructure and mechanical properties in metal additive manufacturing: A critical review. Materials & Design, 139, pp.565-586.
  • 27. Chen, Dr B. (2017). Cyclic Deformation and Damage Mechanisms in additive manufactured Ti-6Al-4V with Graded Microstructures. Engineering Prioritization Panel Meeting, [online] Available at: https://gow.epsrc.ukri.org/NGBOViewGrant.aspx?GrantRef=EP/P025978/1 [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 28. Yasa E., Ersoy K.: Dimensional Accuracy and Mechanical Properties of Chopped Carbon Reinforced Polymers Produced by Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing, MDPI, Materials 12(23), 3885, 2019, doi: 10.3390/ma12233885
  • 29. Office of the Secretary of Defense. Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, 2018. https://dod.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2018-National-Defense-Strategy-Summary.pdf
  • 30. Office of the Secretary of Defense. Department of Defense Additive Manufacturing Strategy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, 2021
  • 31. Autonomous Manufacturing Ltd. (2018). How is 3D Printing Transforming the Defence Industry? [online] Available at: https://amfg.ai/2018/06/19/how-3d-printing-is-transforming-the-defence-industry/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 32. Sevenson B., (2014). U.S. Navy Installs 3D Printer On Their First Ship, The USS Essex. [online] Available at: https://3dprint.com/2554/uss-essex-3d-printer-navy/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 33. Cheney-Peters S., Hipple M., Print Me a Cruiser! | Proceedings - April 2013 Vol. 139/4/1,322 (usni.org), 2013
  • 34. Asclipiadis A., Rapid Equipping Force uses 3-D printing on the frontline, Rapid Equipping Force uses 3-D printing on the frontline | Article | The United States Army
  • 35. L.E. Murr, Frontiers of 3d printing/additive manufacturing: from human organs to aircraft fabrication, J Mater Sci Technol, 32 (2016), pp. 987-995
  • 36. Hambling D., U.S. Army’s New Expeditionary 3D Concrete Printer Can Go Anywhere, Build Anything, Forbes, 2021
  • 37. Yılmaz O., Ugla A., Shaped Metal Deposition technique in additive manufacturing: A review, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 2016
  • 38. Clemens M., Manufacturing May Be Possible on Mars Thanks to 3D Printing, Manufacturing May Be Possible on Mars Thanks to 3D Printing - 3Dnatives, 2022
  • 39. Goulas A., Friel R.F., D Printing with moondust, February 2016, Rapid Prototyping Journal 22(6):864-870, 2016
  • 40. 3D opportunity for quality assurance and parts qualification, DUP_1410-3D-opportunity-QA_MASTER1.pdf (deloitte.com)

Supply Chain Management in Defense Industry with Additive Manufacturing

Year 2023, Volume: 21 Issue: 2, 63 - 73, 24.11.2023
https://doi.org/10.56193/matim.1270281

Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) gains more and more importance in the recent years due to its technical advantages (flexibility in design, weight reduction by optimized materials and design, less waste, reduced production time) and potential to revolu-tionize the conventional supply chain. The AM process offers a huge potential in defense industry, as it enables decentralized manufacturing and supply as well as small volume manufacturing. In this article, the AM process is reviewed from a supply chain point of view, focusing on its advantages and potential on future value chain scenarios, together with the areas open for further improvement. Up to date examples of real-life additive manufacturing applications are also discussed.

References

  • 1. Guo N., Leu M.C. (2013). Additive manufacturing: technology, applications and research needs, Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering, 8(3), pp.215-243.
  • 2. Discounts, A. (2019). Additive Manufacturing Strategies – You Can Obtain And Enjoy Discounts – Tops bag mart | Informative Articles Can Improve Your Business. [online] Topsbagmart.com. Available at: http://www.topsbagmart.com/business/additive-manufacturing-strategies-you-can-obtain-and-enjoy-discounts/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 3. Ersoy K. (2009): Verschleißprognose für Ziehwerkzeuge aus alternativen Herstellungsverfahren, Dissertation, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM)
  • 4. Ersoy K., Celik B.B. (2019): Utilization of Additive Manufacturing to Produce Tools, Intech Open, Design Engineering and Manufacturing, ISBN: 978-1-78985-865-5, 2019, doi: 10.5772/intechopen.89804
  • 5. Holmström, J. et al. (2010). Rapid manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain: Alternative approaches to capacity deployment. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 21(6), pp.687–697.
  • 6. Ersoy K., Koc B., Yasa E.: A Technological and Business Perspective of Additive Manufacturing for Defense Industry, The 18th International Conference on Machine Design and Production, UMTİK, 2018
  • 7. Yildiz A. S., Davut K., Koc B., Yılmaz O., Wire arc additive manufacturing of high-strength low alloy steels: study of process parameters and their influence on the bead geometry and mechanical characteristics, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol.108, Pp.3391-3404, 2020
  • 8. Khajavi, S.H., Partanen, J. & Holmström, J. (2014). Additive manufacturing in the spare parts supply chain. Computers in Industry, 65(1), pp.50–63. Available at: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S016636151 3001565 [Accessed October 26, 2014]
  • 9. Pour, M.A., Zanardini, M., Bacchetti, A., Zanoni, S. (2016). Additive manufacturing impacts on productions and logistics systems. IFAC-PapersOnLine. 49, pp.1679–1684.
  • 10. Attaran, Mohsen, (2017). Additive Manufacturing: The Most Promising Technology to Alter the Supply Chain and Logistics. Journal of Service Science and Management
  • 11. Mani, M., Lyons, K.W. & Gupta, S.K. (2014). Sustainability Characterization for Additive Manufacturing. 119, pp.419–428.
  • 12. Stratasys Ltd. (2015). Aurora Flight Sciences and Stratasys Deliver World's First Jet-Powered, 3D Printed UAV in Record Time. [online] Available at: https://www.aurora.aero/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/SSYS_News_2015_11_9_Stratasys_Corporate.pdf [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 13. Edlund P., (2017). Additive Manufacturing in Low-volume Production: Business Case for Metal Components. [online] Available at: http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/rec ords/fulltext/251245/251245.pdf [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 14. Cotteleer M., Crane J., Neier M., (2014). 3D opportunity in tooling: Additive manufacturing shapes the future. [online] Available at: https://www2.deloitte.com/insights/us/en/focus/3d-opportunity/additive-manufacturing-3d-opportunity-in-tooling.html [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 15. EOS GmbH Electro Optical Systems, (2019). Tooling: Innomia - Czech Tool Manufacturer Relies on Additive Manufacturing for Complex Customer Projects. [online] Available at: https://www.eos.info/press/case_studies/Innomia [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 16. Michalik J., Joyce J., Barney R., McCune G., (2015). 3D opportunity for product design: AM and the early stage. [online] Available at: https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/insights/us/articles/3d-printing-product-design-and-development/DUP_708_3DOpportunityProductDesign.pdf [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 17. Lindemann, Christian & Jahnke, Ulrich & Habdank, Matthias & Koch, Rainer, (2012). Analyzing Product Lifecycle Costs for a Better Understanding of Cost Drivers in Additive Manufacturing. 23rd Annual International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium - An Additive Manufacturing Conference, SFF 2012
  • 18. Walter, Manfred & Holmström, Jan & Yrjölä, Hannu, (2004). Rapid manufacturing and its impact on supply chain management. Proceedings of Logistics Research Network Annual Conference, Dublin, Ireland
  • 19. Campbell T., Williams C., Ivanova O., Garrett B., (2011). Could 3D printing change the world? Atlantic Council Strategic Foresight Report
  • 20. Institution of Mechanical Engineers, (2011). DIY manufacture to ‘slash supply chains’. [online] Available at: www.imeche.org/news/engineering/diy-manufacture-to-slash-supply-chains- [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 21. Kellens, K., Baumers, M., Gutowski, T. G., Flanagan, W., Lifset, R. and Duflou, J. R. (2017). Environmental Dimensions of Additive Manufacturing: Mapping Application Domains and Their Environmental Implications. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 21(S1), pp.S49-S68.
  • 22. EOS GmbH Electro Optical Systems, (2019). ToolRepair with Additive Manufacturing by EOS. [online] Available at: https://www.eos.info/industries_markets/tooling/tool_repair [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 23. Mellor S., Hao L., Zhang D., (2014). Additive manufacturing: A framework for implementation. International Journal of Production Economics, 149, pp.194-201.
  • 24. Zairi M., (1998). Supplier partnerships for effective advanced manufacturing technology implementation: a proposed model. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 9(2), pp.109-119.
  • 25. Ampower Insights, (2019). Additive Manufacturing Make or Buy? [online] Available at: https://am-power.de/en/insights/cost-additive-manufacturing-make-or-buy-2/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 26. Kok Y., Tan X.P., Wang P., Nai M.L.S., Loh N.H., Liu E., Tor S.B., (2018). Anisotropy and heterogeneity of microstructure and mechanical properties in metal additive manufacturing: A critical review. Materials & Design, 139, pp.565-586.
  • 27. Chen, Dr B. (2017). Cyclic Deformation and Damage Mechanisms in additive manufactured Ti-6Al-4V with Graded Microstructures. Engineering Prioritization Panel Meeting, [online] Available at: https://gow.epsrc.ukri.org/NGBOViewGrant.aspx?GrantRef=EP/P025978/1 [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 28. Yasa E., Ersoy K.: Dimensional Accuracy and Mechanical Properties of Chopped Carbon Reinforced Polymers Produced by Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing, MDPI, Materials 12(23), 3885, 2019, doi: 10.3390/ma12233885
  • 29. Office of the Secretary of Defense. Summary of the 2018 National Defense Strategy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, 2018. https://dod.defense.gov/Portals/1/Documents/pubs/2018-National-Defense-Strategy-Summary.pdf
  • 30. Office of the Secretary of Defense. Department of Defense Additive Manufacturing Strategy. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense, 2021
  • 31. Autonomous Manufacturing Ltd. (2018). How is 3D Printing Transforming the Defence Industry? [online] Available at: https://amfg.ai/2018/06/19/how-3d-printing-is-transforming-the-defence-industry/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 32. Sevenson B., (2014). U.S. Navy Installs 3D Printer On Their First Ship, The USS Essex. [online] Available at: https://3dprint.com/2554/uss-essex-3d-printer-navy/ [Accessed 1 Apr. 2019].
  • 33. Cheney-Peters S., Hipple M., Print Me a Cruiser! | Proceedings - April 2013 Vol. 139/4/1,322 (usni.org), 2013
  • 34. Asclipiadis A., Rapid Equipping Force uses 3-D printing on the frontline, Rapid Equipping Force uses 3-D printing on the frontline | Article | The United States Army
  • 35. L.E. Murr, Frontiers of 3d printing/additive manufacturing: from human organs to aircraft fabrication, J Mater Sci Technol, 32 (2016), pp. 987-995
  • 36. Hambling D., U.S. Army’s New Expeditionary 3D Concrete Printer Can Go Anywhere, Build Anything, Forbes, 2021
  • 37. Yılmaz O., Ugla A., Shaped Metal Deposition technique in additive manufacturing: A review, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 2016
  • 38. Clemens M., Manufacturing May Be Possible on Mars Thanks to 3D Printing, Manufacturing May Be Possible on Mars Thanks to 3D Printing - 3Dnatives, 2022
  • 39. Goulas A., Friel R.F., D Printing with moondust, February 2016, Rapid Prototyping Journal 22(6):864-870, 2016
  • 40. 3D opportunity for quality assurance and parts qualification, DUP_1410-3D-opportunity-QA_MASTER1.pdf (deloitte.com)

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Mechanical Engineering
Journal Section Araştırma, Geliştirme ve Uygulama Makaleleri
Authors

Kıvılcım ERSOY 0000-0003-4007-3805

Publication Date November 24, 2023
Submission Date March 24, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 21 Issue: 2

Cite

Vancouver ERSOY K. Savunma Sanayiinde Katmanlı İmalat ile Tedarik Zinciri Yönetimi. MATİM. 2023;21(2):63-7.