Objective: Physical and mental health are closely related. Psychiatric problems increase in the presence of a physical illness. Consultation liaison psychiatry provides a combination of medical treatment, psychiatric treatment, and psychosocial care to patients when necessary. In this study, we aimed to examine the consultation-liaison services provided by the child and adolescent psychiatry department of a university hospital within two years and to examine the accuracy rates of recognition of childhood psychiatric diseases nonpsychiatry specialists.
Methods: Consultations for pediatric patients from other clinics were screened retrospectively at Gaziantep University Hospital between January 1st, 2018, and December 31st, 2019. Data relating to the departments requesting a consultation, reasons for consultation, diagnoses made by children and adolescent psychiatrists, and psychiatric treatments were evaluated.
Results: A child and adolescent psychiatry consultations were requested for 290 children over a two-year period. The average age of the cases for whom consultation was requested was 12.1, and 61% of the cases were female. The most common reason for consultation was suicide attempts (26.6%). The most common mental disorder was depression (19%), while the most common intervention was psychoeducation (48.9%). The disorders with the highest diagnostic accuracy were delirium (100%), autism (100%), substance use disorders (80%), and mental disability (70%), while the disorders with the lowest diagnostic accuracy were psychotic disorder (0%), depression (%18,2) and anxiety disorder (22.2%).
Conclusion: Mental disorders are common in children with physical illnesses, but the rate of correct recognition of childhood mental disorders by other physicians is low. The high rates of psychiatric disorders highlight the importance of educating physicians that work with children about childhood mental problems and cooperation between child psychiatrists and other physicians.