Year 2020, Volume 20 , Issue 2, Pages 1 - 17 2020-12-31

APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES

Abdeldjalil DAHMANE [1]


This study is conducted to determine the level of beekeeping management and know the state and control of the Varroa destructor infestation. A questionnaire is applied to 41 beekeepers during April and May 2018 in Mila district from Northern Algeria. It was found that 53.65% of beekeepers surveyed are between 20 and 40 years old, 46.34% have a secondary school level, and 19.51% have a university level. This is considered a constraint to the development of this activity. Most of the beekeepers have 30 to 100 beehives (41.46%) and often exercise transhumance (80.48%). The renewal of the hive is periodic according to the professional experience and the technicality, the majority of whom are artificial swarming (82.92%). Statistical analysis revealed a large difference in the behavior of apiaries (p <0.05). Losses of colonies are reported by 62% of beekeepers. The mortality in front of the hives is declared by 73.17% beekeepers. For monitoring and screening of varroa infestation, 39.02% of beekeepers never followed up. This screening is often carried out at the end of the season (36.58% after treatment). More than half of beekeepers practicing screening (60.97%) monitor natural mortalities. Thus, 43.90% of these beekeepers examined less than 20% of the colonies. This study visualize a critical situation of beekeeping in this region, which needs an adequate strategy to develop it.
Algeria, beekeeping management, honey bee, sustainable development, Varroa destructor
  • [1] VIDAL-NAQUET, N (2011), Honey bees. In Ames, I A (Ed). Invertebrate Medicine (2nd edition). Blackwell-Wiley Publishing, UK. pp. 285-323.
  • [2] NEUMANN, P; CARRECK, N L (2010), Honey bee colony losses. Journal of Apicultural Research, 49 (1): 1-6.
  • [3] HAUBRUGE, É; NGUYEN, B K; WIDART, J; THOME, J P; FICKERS, P; DEPAUW, E (2006), Le dépérissement de l'abeille domestique, Apis mellifera L., 1758 (Hymenoptera: Apidae): faits et causes probables. Notes Fauniques de Gembloux, 59: 3-21.
  • [4] VIDAL-NAQUET, N (2009), L’abeille Apis mellifera: les castes et les cycles. Bulletin des GTV, 51: 86–90.
  • [5] VIDAL-NAQUET, N (2010), La loque américaine: méthode de lutte, prévention. In 12th Symposium of National Days of GTV, France. P 1232.
  • [6] BOUCHER, C; DESJARDINS, F; GIOVENAZZO, P; MARCEAU, J; PETTIGREW, A; TREMBLAY, H; TREMBLAY, N (2008), Gestion optimale du rucher. Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire. Québec, Canada, 12-16.
  • [7] YAMANE, T (2010), Basic Sampling Methods. Literature Publishing; Istanbul, Turkey, 420 pp.
  • [8] MEIXNER, M D; COSTA, C; KRYGER, P; HATJINA, F; BOUGA, M; IVANOVA, E; BUCHLER, R (2010), Conserving diversity and vitality for honey bee breeding. Journal of Apicultural Research, 49 (1): 85-92.
  • [9] TARPY, D R (2003), Genetic diversity within honey bee colonies prevents severe infections and promotes colony growth. In Proceedings of the royal society of London, London, United Kingdom. P 132.
  • [10] GENERSCH, E (2010), American Foulbrood in honeybees and its causative agent, Paenibacillus larvae. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 103: 10-19.
  • [11] FRIES, I; CAMAZINE, S (2001), Implications of horizontal and vertical pathogen transmission for honey bee epidemiology. Apidologie, 32: 199-214.
  • [12] CHAHBAR, M (2017), Principales maladies et ennemis de l’abeille domestique Apis mellifera L. 1758 en Algérie. ENSA Press; Algiers, Algeria, 231 pp.
  • [13] FERNANDEZ, N; COINEAU, Y (2007), Varroa: the serial bee killer mite—to be able to combat her, one must properly understand her. Biarritz: Atlantica, pp 43-62.
  • [14] LEE, K V; STEINHAUER, N; RENNICH, K; WILSON, M E; TARPY, D R; CARON, D M; ROSE, R; DELAPLANE, K S; BAYLIS, K; LENGERICH, E J; PETTIS, J; SKINNER, J A; WILKES, J T; SAGILI, R; VANENGELSDORP, N (2015), A national survey of managed honey bee 2013–2014 annual colony losses in the USA. Apidologie, 46: 292-305.
  • [15] MUTINELLI, F; COSTA, C; LODESANI, M; BAGGIO, A; MEDRZYCKI, P; FORMATO, G; PORRINI, C (2010), Honey bee colony losses in Italy. Journal of Apicultural Research, 49 (1): 119-120.
  • [16] TOPOLSKA, G; GAJDA, A; POHORECKA, K; BOBER, A; KASPRZAK, S; SKUBIDA, M; SEMKIW, P (2010), Winter colony losses in Poland. Journal of Apicultural Research, 49 (1): 126-128.
  • [17] STEINHAUER, N A; RENNICH, K; WILSON, M E; CARON, D M; LENGERICH, E J; PTTIS, J S; ROSE, R; SKINNER, J A; TARPY, D R; WILKES, J T; VAN ENGELSDORPET, D (2014), A national survey of managed honey bee 2012–2013 annual colony losses in the USA: results from the Bee Informed Partnership 2012–2013. Journal of Apicultural Research, 53 (1): 1-18.
  • [18] ADJLANE, N; DOUMANDJI, S (2011), La varroase: biologie, diagnostic et traitement ; situation actuelle de la varroase en Algérie. Pratique vétérinaire, 9: 8-11.
  • [19] DE FAVAUX, M (1984), Les acariens et les insectes parasites et prédateurs des abeilles Apis mellifera intermissa en Algérie. Bulletin de Zoologie Agricole INA, 8: 13-21.
  • [20] ROSENKRANZ, P; AUMEIER, P; ZIEGELMANN, B (2010), Biology and control of Varroa destructor. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 103: S96-S119.
  • [21] HONEY BEE HEALTH COALITION (2016), Tools for Varroa Management: A Guide to Effective Varroa Sampling & Control. The Keystone Policy Center on behalf of The Honey Bee Health Coalition. Available from: http://honeybeehealthcoalition.org/.
  • [22] GIOVENAZZO, P (2011), Application d’une stratégie de lutte intégrée contre le parasite Varroa destructor dans les colonies d’abeilles mellifères du Québec. Thèse de doctorat en sciences. Université de Montréal, 142 pp.
  • [23] FRIES, I (1991), Treatment of sealed honey-bee brood with formic acid for control of Varroa jacobsoni. American Bee Journal, 131 (5): 313-314.
  • [24] DELAPLANE, K S; BERRY, J A; SKINNER, J A; PARKMAN, J P; HOOD, W M (2005), Integrated pest management against Varroa destructor reduces colony mite levels and delays treatment threshold. Journal of Apicultural Research, 44 (4): 157-162.
  • [25] CALDERONE, N W; TURCOTTE, R M (1998), Development of sampling methods for estimating levels of Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) infestation in colonies of Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 91: 851-863.
  • [26] FERLAND, J (2017), Enquête sur la mortalité hivernale des colonies d’abeilles au Québec en 2016. Québec : Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation du Québec (MAPAQ).
  • [27] DIETEMANN, V; NAZZI, F; MARTIN, S J; ANDERSON, D; LOCKE, B; DELAPLANE, K S; WAUQUIEZ, Q; TANNAHILL, C; ELLIS, J D (2013), Standard methods for varroa research. Journal of Apicultural Research, 52 (1): 1-54.
  • [28] LEE, K V; MOON, R D; BURKNESS, E C; HUTCHISON, W D; SPIVAKET, M (2010), Practical Sampling Plans for Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) in Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Colonies and Apiaries. Journal of Economic Entomology, 103 (4): 1039-1050.
  • [29] HUMMEL, R; FELTIN, M (2014), Reconnaître les maladies des abeilles quand on est apiculteur débutant. Québec: Syndicat des apiculteurs de Thann et environs.
  • [30] BOUCHER, C ; DESJARDINS, F ; GIOVENAZZO, P. et al (2011), Gestion optimale du rucher. Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire. Québec, Canada, 12-16.
  • [31] FREY, E; SCHNELL, H; ROSENKRANZ, P (2011), Invasion of Varroa destructor mites into mite- free honey bee colonies under the controlled conditions of a military training area. Journal of Apicultural Research, 50 (2): 138-144.
  • [32] ROMO-CHACON, A; MARTNEZ-CONTRERAS, L J; MOLINA-CORRAL, F J; ACOSTA-MUÑIZ, C H; RÍOS-VELASCO, C; LEÓN-DOOR, A P; RIVERA, R (2016), Evaluation of Oregano (Lippia berlandieri) Essential Oil and Entomopathogenic Fungi for Varroa destructor Control in Colonies of Honey Bee, Apis mellifera. Southwestern Entomologist, 41 (4): 971-982.
  • [33] RADEMACHER, E; HARZ, M; SCHNEIDER, S (2015), The development of Hop Guard A (R) as a winter treatment against Varroa destructor in colonies of Apis mellifera. Apidologie, 46 (6): 748-759.
  • [34] RAZAVI, S M; ASADPOUR, M; JAFARI, A; MALEKPOUR, S H (2015), The field efficacy of Lepidium latifolium and Zataria multiflora methanolic extracts against Varroa destructor. Parasitology Research, 114 (11): 4233-4238.
  • [35] CHEN, Y P; EVANS, J D; MURPHY, C; GUTELL, R; ZUKER, M; GUNDENSEN‐RINDAL, D; PETTIS, J S (2009), Morphological, Molecular, and Phylogenetic Characterization of Nosema ceranae , a Microsporidian Parasite Isolated from the European Honey Bee, Apis mellifera 1. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 56: 142-147.
  • [36] AKYOL, E; YENINAR, H (2008), Controlling Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) in honeybee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) colonies by using Thymovar® and BeeVital®. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 7 (2): 237-242.
  • [37] FAUCON, J P; DRAJNUDEL, P; FLECHE, C (1995), Mise en évidence d'une diminution de l'efficacité de l'apistan utilisé contre la varroase de l'abeille. Apidologie, 26: 291-296.
  • [38] ELZEN, P J; WESTERVELT, D (2002), Detection of coumaphos resistance in Varroa destructor in Florida. American Bee Journal, 142: 291-292.
Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1584-9571
Author: Abdeldjalil DAHMANE (Primary Author)
Institution: Ecole Nationale Supérieure Vétérinaire d'Alger, Algérie
Country: Algeria


Dates

Application Date : August 18, 2020
Acceptance Date : November 11, 2020
Publication Date : December 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { mellifera779021, journal = {Mellifera}, issn = {1302-5821}, address = {HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ ARI VE ARI ÜRÜNLERİ UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ BEYTEPE-ANKARA}, publisher = {Hacettepe University}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {1 - 17}, doi = {}, title = {APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES}, key = {cite}, author = {Dahmane, Abdeldjalil} }
APA Dahmane, A . (2020). APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES . Mellifera , 20 (2) , 1-17 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mellifera/issue/59162/779021
MLA Dahmane, A . "APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES" . Mellifera 20 (2020 ): 1-17 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mellifera/issue/59162/779021>
Chicago Dahmane, A . "APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES". Mellifera 20 (2020 ): 1-17
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES AU - Abdeldjalil Dahmane Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Mellifera JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 17 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1302-5821- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Mellifera APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES %A Abdeldjalil Dahmane %T APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES %D 2020 %J Mellifera %P 1302-5821- %V 20 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Dahmane, Abdeldjalil . "APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES". Mellifera 20 / 2 (December 2020): 1-17 .
AMA Dahmane A . APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES. mellifera. 2020; 20(2): 1-17.
Vancouver Dahmane A . APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES. Mellifera. 2020; 20(2): 1-17.
IEEE A. Dahmane , "APIS MELLIFERA KEEPING IN MILA DISTRICT FROM ALGERIA; COLONY MANAGEMENT AND VARROA DESTRUCTOR CONTROL PRACTICES", Mellifera, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1-17, Dec. 2021