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OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY

Year 2019, Volume 41, Issue 2, 473 - 492, 06.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.14780/muiibd.665744

Abstract

We test the compensating wage differentials hypothesis for the manufacturing industry in Turkey using occupational injury data from the Ministry of Labor and Social Security and wage data from Household Labor Force Surveys, for the 2013-2017 period. First, we estimate a standard hedonic wage equation for the fatal and non-fatal injury risk. In conformity with the standard CWD hypothesis we find a positive relation between occupational risks and wage however after controlling for industry effects, the relation becomes insignificant. For an alternative estimation, we use a two-step procedure. Besides an insignificant and negative effect of risk, poor working conditions are associated with lower wages for the male population, which suggest a segmented labor market. .

References

  • BİLİR, N. (2016). Occupational Safety and Health Profile: Turkey. ILO.
  • BRYAN, M. L. and Jenkins, S. P. (2016). Multilevel modelling of country effects: a cautionary tale. European Sociological Review, 32(1):3-22.
  • EUROFOUND. European Working Conditions Surveys. https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/data/europeanworking-conditions-survey
  • EUROPEAN UNION (2012) European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW). Summary methodology. Eurostat Methodologies and Working papers.
  • GUARDADO, J. R., and Ziebarth, N. R. (2019). Worker investments in safety, workplace accidents, and compensating wage differentials. International Economic Review, 60(1):133-155.
  • HAMALAINEN, P. (2009). The effect of globalization on occupational accidents. Safety Science, 47(6):733-742.
  • HAMALAINEN, P., Leena Saarela, K., and Takala, J. (2009). Global trend according to estimated number of occupational accidents and fatal work-related diseases at region and country level. Journal of Safety Research, 40(2):125-139.
  • HANUSHEK, E. A. (1974). Efficient estimators for regressing regression coefficients. The American Statistician, 28(2):66-67.
  • HINTERMANN, B., Alberini, A., and Markandya, A. (2010). Estimating the value of safety with labour market data: are the results trustworthy? Applied Economics, 42(9):1085 – 1100.
  • HWANG, H.-S., Reed, W. R., and Hubbard, C. (1992). Compensating wage differentials and unobserved productivity. Journal of Political Economy, 100(4):835-858.
  • ILOSTAT – “Safety and health at work” statistics, https://www.ilo.org/ilostat/
  • KIM, S.-W. and Fishback, P. V. (1999). The impact of institutional change on compensating wage differentials for accident risk: South korea, 1984-1990. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 18(3):231-248.
  • KOCHI, I. (2011). Endogeneity and estimates of the value of a statistical life. Environmental Economics, 2(4):17-31.
  • KRUEGER, A. B. and Summers, L. H. (1988). Efficiency wages and the inter-industry wage structure. Econometrica. Journal of the Econometric Society, 259-293.
  • LEIGH, J. P. (1995). Compensating wages, value of a statistical life, and inter-industry differentials. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 28(1):83-97.
  • MESSENGER, J. C. (2011). Working time trends and developments in Europe. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 35(2):295-316.
  • MESSENGER, J. C., Lee, S., and McCann, D. (2007). Working time around the world: Trends in working hours, laws, and policies in a global comparative perspective. Routledge.
  • MORANTZ, A. (2011). Does unionization strengthen regulatory enforcement-an empirical study of the mine safety and health administration. NYDJ Jegis. & Pub. Pol’y, 14:697.
  • OECD (2006). Society at a Glance. OECD Social lndicators. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
  • POLAT, S. (2014). Wage compensation for risk: The case of Turkey. Safety Science, 70:153-160.
  • POLAT, S. and Ulus, M. (2014). Hours worked, wages and productivity. Mimeo, Department of Economics, Galatasaray University.
  • ROSEN, S. (1986). The theory of equalizing differences. Handbook of Labor economics, 1:641-692.
  • SAXONHOUSE, G. R. (1976). Estimated parameters as dependent variables. The American Economic Review, 66(1):178-183.
  • TOKSÖZ, G. (2008). Decent work country report – Turkey. International Labour Organization.
  • VISCUSI, W. K. and Aldy J. E. (2003). The value of a statistical life: a critical review of market estimates throughout the world. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 27(1):5-76.
  • WORLD BANK. Doing Business Index. http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploretopics/employingworkers

Year 2019, Volume 41, Issue 2, 473 - 492, 06.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.14780/muiibd.665744

Abstract

References

  • BİLİR, N. (2016). Occupational Safety and Health Profile: Turkey. ILO.
  • BRYAN, M. L. and Jenkins, S. P. (2016). Multilevel modelling of country effects: a cautionary tale. European Sociological Review, 32(1):3-22.
  • EUROFOUND. European Working Conditions Surveys. https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/data/europeanworking-conditions-survey
  • EUROPEAN UNION (2012) European Statistics on Accidents at Work (ESAW). Summary methodology. Eurostat Methodologies and Working papers.
  • GUARDADO, J. R., and Ziebarth, N. R. (2019). Worker investments in safety, workplace accidents, and compensating wage differentials. International Economic Review, 60(1):133-155.
  • HAMALAINEN, P. (2009). The effect of globalization on occupational accidents. Safety Science, 47(6):733-742.
  • HAMALAINEN, P., Leena Saarela, K., and Takala, J. (2009). Global trend according to estimated number of occupational accidents and fatal work-related diseases at region and country level. Journal of Safety Research, 40(2):125-139.
  • HANUSHEK, E. A. (1974). Efficient estimators for regressing regression coefficients. The American Statistician, 28(2):66-67.
  • HINTERMANN, B., Alberini, A., and Markandya, A. (2010). Estimating the value of safety with labour market data: are the results trustworthy? Applied Economics, 42(9):1085 – 1100.
  • HWANG, H.-S., Reed, W. R., and Hubbard, C. (1992). Compensating wage differentials and unobserved productivity. Journal of Political Economy, 100(4):835-858.
  • ILOSTAT – “Safety and health at work” statistics, https://www.ilo.org/ilostat/
  • KIM, S.-W. and Fishback, P. V. (1999). The impact of institutional change on compensating wage differentials for accident risk: South korea, 1984-1990. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 18(3):231-248.
  • KOCHI, I. (2011). Endogeneity and estimates of the value of a statistical life. Environmental Economics, 2(4):17-31.
  • KRUEGER, A. B. and Summers, L. H. (1988). Efficiency wages and the inter-industry wage structure. Econometrica. Journal of the Econometric Society, 259-293.
  • LEIGH, J. P. (1995). Compensating wages, value of a statistical life, and inter-industry differentials. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 28(1):83-97.
  • MESSENGER, J. C. (2011). Working time trends and developments in Europe. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 35(2):295-316.
  • MESSENGER, J. C., Lee, S., and McCann, D. (2007). Working time around the world: Trends in working hours, laws, and policies in a global comparative perspective. Routledge.
  • MORANTZ, A. (2011). Does unionization strengthen regulatory enforcement-an empirical study of the mine safety and health administration. NYDJ Jegis. & Pub. Pol’y, 14:697.
  • OECD (2006). Society at a Glance. OECD Social lndicators. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
  • POLAT, S. (2014). Wage compensation for risk: The case of Turkey. Safety Science, 70:153-160.
  • POLAT, S. and Ulus, M. (2014). Hours worked, wages and productivity. Mimeo, Department of Economics, Galatasaray University.
  • ROSEN, S. (1986). The theory of equalizing differences. Handbook of Labor economics, 1:641-692.
  • SAXONHOUSE, G. R. (1976). Estimated parameters as dependent variables. The American Economic Review, 66(1):178-183.
  • TOKSÖZ, G. (2008). Decent work country report – Turkey. International Labour Organization.
  • VISCUSI, W. K. and Aldy J. E. (2003). The value of a statistical life: a critical review of market estimates throughout the world. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 27(1):5-76.
  • WORLD BANK. Doing Business Index. http://www.doingbusiness.org/data/exploretopics/employingworkers

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Ayça AKARÇAY This is me (Primary Author)
GALATASARAY UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Sezgin POLAT
GALATASARAY UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8902-1312
Türkiye

Publication Date January 6, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 41, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { muiibd665744, journal = {Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {2587-2672}, address = {}, publisher = {Marmara University}, year = {2020}, volume = {41}, pages = {473 - 492}, doi = {10.14780/muiibd.665744}, title = {OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY}, key = {cite}, author = {Akarçay, Ayça and Polat, Sezgin} }
APA Akarçay, A. & Polat, S. (2020). OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY . Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi , 41 (2) , 473-492 . DOI: 10.14780/muiibd.665744
MLA Akarçay, A. , Polat, S. "OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY" . Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi 41 (2020 ): 473-492 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/muiibd/issue/50936/665744>
Chicago Akarçay, A. , Polat, S. "OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY". Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi 41 (2020 ): 473-492
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY AU - Ayça Akarçay , Sezgin Polat Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.14780/muiibd.665744 DO - 10.14780/muiibd.665744 T2 - Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 473 EP - 492 VL - 41 IS - 2 SN - 2587-2672- M3 - doi: 10.14780/muiibd.665744 UR - https://doi.org/10.14780/muiibd.665744 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Marmara University Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY %A Ayça Akarçay , Sezgin Polat %T OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY %D 2020 %J Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi %P 2587-2672- %V 41 %N 2 %R doi: 10.14780/muiibd.665744 %U 10.14780/muiibd.665744
ISNAD Akarçay, Ayça , Polat, Sezgin . "OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY". Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi 41 / 2 (January 2020): 473-492 . https://doi.org/10.14780/muiibd.665744
AMA Akarçay A. , Polat S. OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY. Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 41(2): 473-492.
Vancouver Akarçay A. , Polat S. OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY. Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi. 2020; 41(2): 473-492.
IEEE A. Akarçay and S. Polat , "OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND WAGE DIFFERENTIALS IN TURKEY", Marmara Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 473-492, Jan. 2020, doi:10.14780/muiibd.665744