Research Article
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ACUTE EFFECT OF FOAM ROLLER APPLIED AT DIFFERENT FREQUENCY LEVELS ON FLEXIBILITY IN AMPUTEE PLAYERS

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 2, 116 - 124, 25.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.856163

Abstract

More than one method has been developed to increase flexibility. One of these methods is foam rolling applications. Although they have different forms, vibrating foam rollers have different frequencies. This study aims to determine the effects of foam roller application applied at different frequency levels on flexibility. Twenty male amputee athletes participating in the study were randomly divided into two groups. Then the flexibility levels of the players were evaluated. After the measurement, vibrating foam rollers with a frequency of 32 Hz and 62 Hz were applied to the 1st and 2nd groups, respectively. Finally, the flexibility measurement was repeated. For the data analysis, 2x2 repeated measures ANOVA was used. As a result of the analyses performed to determine the changes in the range of motion, the main time effect was found to be significant (p <0.001), while the time and group interaction were not significant (p= 0.75). Post Hoc analysis showed that the foam roller application with both frequencies was significant (p <0.001) in increasing range of motion. However, frequency differences do not affect flexibility levels (p= 0.52). The result of this study indicates that the application of vibration foam rolling at different frequency levels is an effective method to increase range of motion. It is also seen that increasing the frequency level does not affect flexibility.

References

  • Ajlan, S., Aktaş, M., & Çolak, H. (2018). Foam roller uygulamasinin kadin basketbolcularda eklem hareket genişliği, esneklik ve alt ekstremite patlayici güç üzerine etkileri. Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi, 9(1), 35-43.
  • Ateş, B., & Yitik, R. (2018). Foam roller kullanılarak gerçekleştirilen kendi kendine miyofasiyal gevşetme egzersizlerinin esneklik ve alt ekstremite gücü üzerine akut etkisi. CBÜ Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 13(2), 310-317.
  • Behm, D.G., Blazevich, A.J., Kay, A.D., & McHugh, M. (2016). Acute effects of muscle stretching on physical performance, range of motion, and injury incidence in healthy active individuals: a systematic review. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(1), 1-11.
  • Cheatham, S.W., Kolber, M.J., Cain, M., & Lee, M. (2015). The effects of self‐myofascial release using a foam roll or roller massager on joint range of motion, muscle recovery, and performance: a systematic review. International journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 10(6), 827.
  • Cheatham, S.W., Stull, K.R., & Kolber, M.J. (2019). Comparison of a vibration roller and a nonvibration roller intervention on knee range of motion and pressure pain threshold: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 28(1), 39-45.
  • Cheatham, S.W. (2019). Roller massage: a descriptive survey of allied health professionals. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 28(6), 640-649.
  • García-Gutiérrez, M.T, Guillén-Rogel, P., Cochrane, D.J., & Marín, P.J. (2018). Cross transfer acute effects of foam rolling with vibration on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion. Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions, 18(2), 262.
  • Han, S.W., Lee, Y.S., & Lee, D.J. (2017). The influence of the vibration form roller exercise on the pains in the muscles around the hip joint and the joint performance. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 29(10), 1844-1847.
  • Harvey, L., Herbert, R., & Crosbie, J. (2002). Does stretching induce lasting increases in joint ROM? A systematic review. Physiotherapy Research International, 7(1), 1-13.
  • Heo, G.H., Lee, H.M., Choen, S.H., Bang, H.S., Kang, J.H., & Kim, J.S. (2008). Effect of local vibration on elbow joint in position sense and maximal grip force. Journal of Korean Society of Physical Medicine, 3(3), 145-149.
  • Junker, D.H., & Stöggl, T.L. (2015). The foam roll as a tool to improve hamstring flexibility. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(12), 3480-3485.
  • Kalichman, L., & David, C.B. (2017). Effect of self-myofascial release on myofascial pain, muscle flexibility, and strength: a narrative review. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 21(2), 446-451.
  • Kiyono, R., Onuma, R., Yasaka, K., Sato, S., Yahata, K., & Nakamura, M. (2020). Effects of 5-week foam rolling intervention on range of motion and muscle stiffness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
  • Lim, J.H., & Park, CB. (2019). The immediate effects of foam roller with vibration on hamstring flexibility and jump performance in healthy adults. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 15(1), 50.
  • Lim, J.Y., Kim, T.H, & Lee, J.S. (2015). Reliability of measuring the passive range of shoulder horizontal adduction using a smartphone in the supine versus the side-lying position. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 27(10), 3119-3122.
  • Medeiros, D.M., Cini, A., Sbruzzi, G., & Lima, C.S. (2016). Influence of static stretching on hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 32(6), 438-445.
  • Morse, C.I., Degens, H., Seynnes, O.R., Maganaris, C.N., & Jones, D.A. (2008). The acute effect of stretching on the passive stiffness of the human gastrocnemius muscle tendon unit. The Journal of Physiology 586(1), 97-106.
  • Nelson, A.G., & Kokkonen, J. (2007). Stretching Anatomy. Human Kinetics.
  • O'Sullivan, K., Murray, E., & Sainsbury, D. (2009). The effect of warm-up, static stretching and dynamic stretching on hamstring flexibility in previously injured subjects. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 10(1), 1-9.
  • Page, P. (2012). Current concepts in muscle stretching for exercise and rehabilitation. International journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 7(1), 109.
  • Pourahmadi, M.R., Taghipour, M., Jannati, E., Mohseni-Bandpei, M.A., Takamjani, I.E., & Rajabzadeh, F. (2016). Reliability and validity of an iPhone® application for the measurement of lumbar spine flexion and extension range of motion. Peer Journal, 4, e2355.
  • Radford, J.A., Burns, J., Buchbinder, R., Landorf, K.B., & Cook, C. (2006). Does stretching increase ankle dorsiflexion range of motion? A systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(10), 870-875.
  • Romero-Moraleda, B., González-García, J., Cuéllar-Rayo, Á., Balsalobre-Fernández, C., Muñoz-García, D., & Morencos, E. (2019) Effects of vibration and non-vibration foam rolling on recovery after exercise with induced muscle damage. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 18(1), 172.
  • Ryan, E.D., Herda, T.J., Costa, P.B., Defreitas, J.M., Beck, T.W., Stout, J., & Cramer, J.T. (2009). Determining the minimum number of passive stretches necessary to alter musculotendinous stiffness. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(9), 957-961.
  • Simic, L., Sarabon, N., & Markovic, G. (2013). Does pre‐exercise static stretching inhibit maximal muscular performance? A meta‐analytical review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 23(2), 131-148.
  • Wanderley, D., Lemos, A., Moretti, E., Barros, M.B., Valença, M.M., & de Oliveira, D.A. (2019). Efficacy of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation compared to other stretching modalities in range of motion gain in young healthy adults: a systematic review. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 35(2), 109-129.
  • Weppler, C.H, & Magnusson, S.P. (2010). Increasing muscle extensibility: a matter of increasing length or modifying sensation? Physical Therapy, 90(3), 438-449.
  • Wilke, J., Mueller, A.L., Giesche, F., Power, G., Ahmedi, H., & Behm, D.G. (2020). Acute effects of foam rolling on range of motion in healthy adults: a systematic review with multilevel meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 50(2), 387-402.

AMPUTE FUTBOLCULARDA FARKLI FREKANS SEVİYELERİNDE UYGULANAN FOAM ROLLER’IN NORMAL EKLEM HAREKETİ ÜZERİNE AKUT ETKİSİ

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 2, 116 - 124, 25.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.856163

Abstract

Esnekliğin artırılması için birden fazla yöntem geliştirilmiştir. Bu yöntemlerden biri de foam rolling uygulamalarıdır. Değişik formları olmakla beraber titreşimli foam rollerin farklı frekansları bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı farklı frekans seviyelerinde uygulanan foam roller uygulamasının esnekliğe etkilerinin belirlenmesidir. Çalışmaya katılan 20 erkek ampute sporcu randomize şekilde 2 gruba ayrılmıştır. Daha sonra oyuncuların esneklik seviyeleri değerlendirilmiştir. Ölçüm sonrası 1. gruba 32 Hz, 2. gruba ise 62 Hz frekansa sahip titreşimli foam roller uygulanmıştır. Son olarak esneklik ölçümü tekrar edilmiştir. Verilerin analizi için 2x2 tekrarlı ölçümlerde ANOVA testi kullanılmıştır. Normal eklem hareketi değişimlerinin belirlenmesi için yapılan analizler neticesinde ana zaman efekti anlamlı bulunurken (p<0.001), zaman ve grup etkileşimi anlamlı bulunmamıştır. Post Hoc analizlerinde her iki frekansa sahip uygulamanın da normal eklem hareketini arttırmada anlamlı (p<0.001) olduğu görülmüştür. Ancak frekans farklılıkları esneklik seviyelerine etki etmemektedir (p=0.524). Bu çalışma sonucu farklı frekans seviyelerinde uygulanan foam rolling uygulamasının normal eklem hareketini arttırmada etkin bir yöntem olduğuna işaret etmektedir. Ayrıca frekans artırımının esneklik üzerine bir etki oluşturmadığı da görülmektedir.

References

  • Ajlan, S., Aktaş, M., & Çolak, H. (2018). Foam roller uygulamasinin kadin basketbolcularda eklem hareket genişliği, esneklik ve alt ekstremite patlayici güç üzerine etkileri. Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi, 9(1), 35-43.
  • Ateş, B., & Yitik, R. (2018). Foam roller kullanılarak gerçekleştirilen kendi kendine miyofasiyal gevşetme egzersizlerinin esneklik ve alt ekstremite gücü üzerine akut etkisi. CBÜ Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 13(2), 310-317.
  • Behm, D.G., Blazevich, A.J., Kay, A.D., & McHugh, M. (2016). Acute effects of muscle stretching on physical performance, range of motion, and injury incidence in healthy active individuals: a systematic review. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(1), 1-11.
  • Cheatham, S.W., Kolber, M.J., Cain, M., & Lee, M. (2015). The effects of self‐myofascial release using a foam roll or roller massager on joint range of motion, muscle recovery, and performance: a systematic review. International journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 10(6), 827.
  • Cheatham, S.W., Stull, K.R., & Kolber, M.J. (2019). Comparison of a vibration roller and a nonvibration roller intervention on knee range of motion and pressure pain threshold: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 28(1), 39-45.
  • Cheatham, S.W. (2019). Roller massage: a descriptive survey of allied health professionals. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 28(6), 640-649.
  • García-Gutiérrez, M.T, Guillén-Rogel, P., Cochrane, D.J., & Marín, P.J. (2018). Cross transfer acute effects of foam rolling with vibration on ankle dorsiflexion range of motion. Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions, 18(2), 262.
  • Han, S.W., Lee, Y.S., & Lee, D.J. (2017). The influence of the vibration form roller exercise on the pains in the muscles around the hip joint and the joint performance. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 29(10), 1844-1847.
  • Harvey, L., Herbert, R., & Crosbie, J. (2002). Does stretching induce lasting increases in joint ROM? A systematic review. Physiotherapy Research International, 7(1), 1-13.
  • Heo, G.H., Lee, H.M., Choen, S.H., Bang, H.S., Kang, J.H., & Kim, J.S. (2008). Effect of local vibration on elbow joint in position sense and maximal grip force. Journal of Korean Society of Physical Medicine, 3(3), 145-149.
  • Junker, D.H., & Stöggl, T.L. (2015). The foam roll as a tool to improve hamstring flexibility. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29(12), 3480-3485.
  • Kalichman, L., & David, C.B. (2017). Effect of self-myofascial release on myofascial pain, muscle flexibility, and strength: a narrative review. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 21(2), 446-451.
  • Kiyono, R., Onuma, R., Yasaka, K., Sato, S., Yahata, K., & Nakamura, M. (2020). Effects of 5-week foam rolling intervention on range of motion and muscle stiffness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
  • Lim, J.H., & Park, CB. (2019). The immediate effects of foam roller with vibration on hamstring flexibility and jump performance in healthy adults. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 15(1), 50.
  • Lim, J.Y., Kim, T.H, & Lee, J.S. (2015). Reliability of measuring the passive range of shoulder horizontal adduction using a smartphone in the supine versus the side-lying position. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 27(10), 3119-3122.
  • Medeiros, D.M., Cini, A., Sbruzzi, G., & Lima, C.S. (2016). Influence of static stretching on hamstring flexibility in healthy young adults: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 32(6), 438-445.
  • Morse, C.I., Degens, H., Seynnes, O.R., Maganaris, C.N., & Jones, D.A. (2008). The acute effect of stretching on the passive stiffness of the human gastrocnemius muscle tendon unit. The Journal of Physiology 586(1), 97-106.
  • Nelson, A.G., & Kokkonen, J. (2007). Stretching Anatomy. Human Kinetics.
  • O'Sullivan, K., Murray, E., & Sainsbury, D. (2009). The effect of warm-up, static stretching and dynamic stretching on hamstring flexibility in previously injured subjects. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 10(1), 1-9.
  • Page, P. (2012). Current concepts in muscle stretching for exercise and rehabilitation. International journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 7(1), 109.
  • Pourahmadi, M.R., Taghipour, M., Jannati, E., Mohseni-Bandpei, M.A., Takamjani, I.E., & Rajabzadeh, F. (2016). Reliability and validity of an iPhone® application for the measurement of lumbar spine flexion and extension range of motion. Peer Journal, 4, e2355.
  • Radford, J.A., Burns, J., Buchbinder, R., Landorf, K.B., & Cook, C. (2006). Does stretching increase ankle dorsiflexion range of motion? A systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(10), 870-875.
  • Romero-Moraleda, B., González-García, J., Cuéllar-Rayo, Á., Balsalobre-Fernández, C., Muñoz-García, D., & Morencos, E. (2019) Effects of vibration and non-vibration foam rolling on recovery after exercise with induced muscle damage. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 18(1), 172.
  • Ryan, E.D., Herda, T.J., Costa, P.B., Defreitas, J.M., Beck, T.W., Stout, J., & Cramer, J.T. (2009). Determining the minimum number of passive stretches necessary to alter musculotendinous stiffness. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(9), 957-961.
  • Simic, L., Sarabon, N., & Markovic, G. (2013). Does pre‐exercise static stretching inhibit maximal muscular performance? A meta‐analytical review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 23(2), 131-148.
  • Wanderley, D., Lemos, A., Moretti, E., Barros, M.B., Valença, M.M., & de Oliveira, D.A. (2019). Efficacy of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation compared to other stretching modalities in range of motion gain in young healthy adults: a systematic review. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 35(2), 109-129.
  • Weppler, C.H, & Magnusson, S.P. (2010). Increasing muscle extensibility: a matter of increasing length or modifying sensation? Physical Therapy, 90(3), 438-449.
  • Wilke, J., Mueller, A.L., Giesche, F., Power, G., Ahmedi, H., & Behm, D.G. (2020). Acute effects of foam rolling on range of motion in healthy adults: a systematic review with multilevel meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 50(2), 387-402.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Sport Sciences
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Gürkan GÜNAYDIN> (Primary Author)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, FİZYOTERAPİ VE REHABİLİTASYON BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-3432-6431
Türkiye

Publication Date August 25, 2021
Submission Date January 7, 2021
Acceptance Date June 23, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 2

Cite

APA Günaydın, G. (2021). ACUTE EFFECT OF FOAM ROLLER APPLIED AT DIFFERENT FREQUENCY LEVELS ON FLEXIBILITY IN AMPUTEE PLAYERS . Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi , 12 (2) , 116-124 . DOI: 10.17155/omuspd.856163