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FARKLI SESLERİN GENÇ FUTBOLCULARDA PAS ORANLARINA ETKİSİ: PİLOT ÇALIŞMA

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 2, 149 - 155, 25.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.888721

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı; farklı seslerin genç futbolcularda pas oranlarına etkisini incelenmektir. Çalışmanın örneklem grubunu yaş ortalaması 13.201.0 yıl, boy ortalaması 1600.5 cm, vücut ağırlık ortalaması 50.47.12 kg ve vücut kitle indeksi 19.591.55 kg/m2 olan toplam 20 gönüllü altyapı futbolcusu oluşturmuştur. Katılımcılara sessiz ortamda, olumsuz ses ve olumlu sesli ortamda pas testleri uygulanmış; olumsuz ses olarak vuvuzela sesi, olumlu ses olarak taraftar sesi dinletilmiştir. Testler sırasında ses düzeyi 80 desibel (dB) olarak belirlenmiştir ve ses sistemi 1 dakika süre içerisinde katılımcıların toplam kaç pas, isabetli pas ve yanlış pas yaptığını ölçmektedir. Katılımcılar 48 saat ara ile 3 farklı günde, her bir gün farklı bir ses uygulaması ile testlerini gerçekleştirmişler ve sesleri kura yöntemiyle belirlemişlerdir. Katılımcıların pas oranları Hit/İt pas ölçer ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. İstatistiksel analizler SPSS 20.00 paket programı kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Katılımcıların farklı ses türlerinde pas yüzde performansları arasındaki farkın belirlenmesinde Manova analizi kullanılmış; ortaya çıkan farklılıkların belirlenmesinde Benferonni testinden yararlanılmıştır. Çalışma süresince anlamlılık düzeyi p<0.05 olarak kabul edilmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda; vuvuzela sesindeki isabetsiz pas oranının, seyirci sesi ve sessiz durumlardaki puanlardan daha yüksek olduğu görülmüştür. Bunun yanı sıra vuvuzela sesinde toplam pas oranının da seyirci sesi ve sessiz durumlardaki puanlardan daha yüksek olduğu görülmüştür (p>0.05). Sonuç olarak genç futbolcuların baskı altında istatistiksel olarak daha fazla pas yaptıkları görülse de pas hata oranları da aynı orantıda yükselmiştir

References

  • Arıkan, E. (2010). The effect of some factors on shot percentage in basketball. Niğde Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı. 38-39.
  • Bayraktar, B., Kurtoğlu, M. (2009). Sporda performans, etkili faktörler, değerlendirilmesi ve arttırılması. Klinik gelişim. 22(1): 16-24.
  • Bilgin, H. (2017). Effects of negative fan chants from both own and against team supporters on professional football players. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 30-31.
  • Hazar, S. (2017). Ses seviyesinin denge performansına etkisi. Journal of Human Science. 14(1), 217-224.
  • https://www.theguardian.com/football/2009/jun/19/football-world-cup-vuvuzela Etkileşim Tarihi: 12.01.2020.
  • İnan, T. (2020). The Effect of crowd support on home-field advantage: evidence from european football. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 8(3), 2-9.
  • Kalıpcı, E., Arslan, F. (2007). Determantion of noise pollution knowledge in the sport centres of konya city, J. Int Environmental Application & Science. 2(4), 63-69.
  • Kawada, T. (2004). The effect of noise on the health of children. J Nippon Med Sch. 71(1), 5-10.
  • Keskin, B. (2015). The Effects on soccer passing skills when warming up with two different sized soccer balls. Educational Research and Reviews. 10(22), 2860-2868.
  • Mackenzie, R., Cushion, C. (2013). Performance analysis in football: A critical review and implications for future research. Journal of Sports Sciences. 31, 639–676.
  • Malina, M.R., Ribeiro, B., Aroso, J & Cumming, S.P. (2007). Characteristics of youth soccer players aged 13-15 years classifield by skill level. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 41(5), 290-295.
  • McCaffrey, R., Dorsch, K. (2017). Exploring the effect of simulated crowd noise on multiple object tracking performance in usport football athletes. Scapps. 49(1), 1.
  • Nevill, A., Holder, R. (1999). Home advantage in sport. Sports Medicine. 28(4), 221–236.
  • Otte, F.W., Millar, K.S & Klatt, S. (2020). What do you hear? the effect of stadium noise on football players passing performance. European Journal of Sport Science. 1-10.
  • Öz, M.H., Köse, E. (2020). Investigation of the performance levels of the noise preventive acoustic materials. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 18, 1-10.
  • Rein, R., Raabe, D & Memment, D. (2017). “Which pass is better?” novel approaches to asses passing effectivenessin elite soccer. Human Movement Science. 55, 172-181.
  • Sert, R. (2015). Investigation of the some parameters on futsal players’ shot percentage. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 41-42.
  • Unkelbach C, Memmert D. (2010). Crowd noise as a cue in referee decisions contributes to the home advantage. journal of sport and exercise psychology. 32(4), 483–498.
  • Vonderheide, M. (2015). Soccer Soundscape: how fan chants impact match atmosphere, https://sites.duke.edu/soundscapes/2015/11/23/soccer-soundscape-how-fan-chants-impact-match-atmosphere/
  • Zhou, C., Zhang, S., Calvo, A.L & Cui, Y. (2018). Chinese soccer association super league, 2012-2017: Key performance indicators in balance games. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 18(4), 645-656.

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SOUNDS ON YOUTH FOOTBALL PLAYERS’ PASS RATES: A PILOT STUDY

Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 2, 149 - 155, 25.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.888721

Abstract

This study examines the effects of different sounds on youth football players’ pass rates. The sample group comprised of 20 volunteering youth football players with an average age of 13.201.0 years, average height of 1.600.5 cm, average weight of 50.47.12 kg and average body mass index of 19.591.55 kg/m2. Pass accuracy was evaluated while the participants listened to vuvuzela sounds as negative sound and fans’ sound as positive sound. During the tests, sound level was determined as 80 decibels (dB) and the sound system measured how many passes, accurate passes and inaccurate passes participants made within a minute. The participants had their tests on 3 different days with an interval of 48 hours, with a different sound each day and the sounds were determined with lot method. Pass rates of the participants were measured with a Hit/It pass meter. Statistical analyses were performed using the program SPSS 20. MANOVA was used to determine the difference between the participants’ pass percentage performances with different sounds and Bonferonni test was used to determine the differences found. The significance level was p<0.05. It was found that inaccurate passes were more common with the vuvuzela sound than with fans cheering or silence. It was also found that the total pass rate with the vuvuzela sound was higher than with the sound of fans cheering or silence (p>0.05). As a result, it was found that although young players passed statistically more under pressure, their inaccurate pass rates also increased.

References

  • Arıkan, E. (2010). The effect of some factors on shot percentage in basketball. Niğde Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı. 38-39.
  • Bayraktar, B., Kurtoğlu, M. (2009). Sporda performans, etkili faktörler, değerlendirilmesi ve arttırılması. Klinik gelişim. 22(1): 16-24.
  • Bilgin, H. (2017). Effects of negative fan chants from both own and against team supporters on professional football players. Dumlupınar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 30-31.
  • Hazar, S. (2017). Ses seviyesinin denge performansına etkisi. Journal of Human Science. 14(1), 217-224.
  • https://www.theguardian.com/football/2009/jun/19/football-world-cup-vuvuzela Etkileşim Tarihi: 12.01.2020.
  • İnan, T. (2020). The Effect of crowd support on home-field advantage: evidence from european football. Ann Appl Sport Sci. 8(3), 2-9.
  • Kalıpcı, E., Arslan, F. (2007). Determantion of noise pollution knowledge in the sport centres of konya city, J. Int Environmental Application & Science. 2(4), 63-69.
  • Kawada, T. (2004). The effect of noise on the health of children. J Nippon Med Sch. 71(1), 5-10.
  • Keskin, B. (2015). The Effects on soccer passing skills when warming up with two different sized soccer balls. Educational Research and Reviews. 10(22), 2860-2868.
  • Mackenzie, R., Cushion, C. (2013). Performance analysis in football: A critical review and implications for future research. Journal of Sports Sciences. 31, 639–676.
  • Malina, M.R., Ribeiro, B., Aroso, J & Cumming, S.P. (2007). Characteristics of youth soccer players aged 13-15 years classifield by skill level. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 41(5), 290-295.
  • McCaffrey, R., Dorsch, K. (2017). Exploring the effect of simulated crowd noise on multiple object tracking performance in usport football athletes. Scapps. 49(1), 1.
  • Nevill, A., Holder, R. (1999). Home advantage in sport. Sports Medicine. 28(4), 221–236.
  • Otte, F.W., Millar, K.S & Klatt, S. (2020). What do you hear? the effect of stadium noise on football players passing performance. European Journal of Sport Science. 1-10.
  • Öz, M.H., Köse, E. (2020). Investigation of the performance levels of the noise preventive acoustic materials. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 18, 1-10.
  • Rein, R., Raabe, D & Memment, D. (2017). “Which pass is better?” novel approaches to asses passing effectivenessin elite soccer. Human Movement Science. 55, 172-181.
  • Sert, R. (2015). Investigation of the some parameters on futsal players’ shot percentage. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi. 41-42.
  • Unkelbach C, Memmert D. (2010). Crowd noise as a cue in referee decisions contributes to the home advantage. journal of sport and exercise psychology. 32(4), 483–498.
  • Vonderheide, M. (2015). Soccer Soundscape: how fan chants impact match atmosphere, https://sites.duke.edu/soundscapes/2015/11/23/soccer-soundscape-how-fan-chants-impact-match-atmosphere/
  • Zhou, C., Zhang, S., Calvo, A.L & Cui, Y. (2018). Chinese soccer association super league, 2012-2017: Key performance indicators in balance games. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 18(4), 645-656.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Sport Sciences
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Alper KARTAL> (Primary Author)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5209-5134
Türkiye

Publication Date August 25, 2021
Submission Date March 1, 2021
Acceptance Date July 8, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 12, Issue 2

Cite

APA Kartal, A. (2021). FARKLI SESLERİN GENÇ FUTBOLCULARDA PAS ORANLARINA ETKİSİ: PİLOT ÇALIŞMA . Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi , 12 (2) , 149-155 . DOI: 10.17155/omuspd.888721