Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 2, Pages 479 - 498 2020-07-01

Afrika’da Verimlilik, İşgücü ve Yatırım Kamalarının İncelenmesi
Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa

Sevgi COSKUN [1] , Oyakhilome IBHAGUİ [2]


Kişi başına gelirdeki ülkelerarası farklılıklar Sahra altı Afrika ekonomileri (Nijerya, Güney Afrika ve Angola) ve Kuzey Afrika ekonomileri (Mısır, Cezayir ve Fas) arasında yüksek olduğu bilinmektedir. Bu makalenin amacı, Afrika’daki 1990-2013 dönemi için gelir farklılıkları olgusunu incelemek ve sonrasında standart neoklasik, küçük açık ekonomi modeline İş Döngüsü Muhasebesi’nin (Chari, Kehoe and McGrattan (2007)) yanı sıra Kalkınma Muhasebesi’nin (Caselli (2005) ve Konya (2013)) birleşik metodolojilerine başvurmaktır. Ulaşılan temel sonuç, verimlilik kaması Afrika’daki gelir farklılıklarını açıklamada önemli bir rol oynamasına rağmen işgücü ve yatırım kamalarının da bu ekonomilerdeki gelir farklılıklarını anlamada önemli olduğu gözükmektedir.

Cross-country differences in per capita income are known to be high among Sub-Saharan Africa’s economies (Nigeria, South Africa and Angola), and North Africa’s economies (Egypt, Algeria and Morocco). The aim of this paper is hence to examine the phenomenon of income discrepancies in Africa for periods 1990-2013 and then apply the combined methodologies of Development Accounting (Caselli (2005) and Konya (2013)) as well as Business Cycle Accounting (Chari, Kehoe and McGrattan (2007)) in a standard neoclassical, small open economy model. Our main finding is that although efficiency wedge plays an important role in explaining income differences in Africa, labor wedge and investment wedge are also important for understanding income differences in these economies.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Published Date Yaz
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9561-7200
Author: Sevgi COSKUN (Primary Author)
Institution: ARDAHAN UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND ADMINISTRATIVE SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6986-6422
Author: Oyakhilome IBHAGUİ
Institution: International Finance Cooperation
Country: United States


Dates

Application Date : March 12, 2020
Acceptance Date : April 16, 2020
Publication Date : July 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { optimum702693, journal = {Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-4228}, address = {}, publisher = {Usak University}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {479 - 498}, doi = {10.17541/optimum.702693}, title = {Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa}, key = {cite}, author = {Coskun, Sevgi and Ibhagui̇, Oyakhilome} }
APA Coskun, S , Ibhagui̇, O . (2020). Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa . Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi , 7 (2) , 479-498 . DOI: 10.17541/optimum.702693
MLA Coskun, S , Ibhagui̇, O . "Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa" . Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 7 (2020 ): 479-498 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/optimum/issue/55026/702693>
Chicago Coskun, S , Ibhagui̇, O . "Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa". Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 7 (2020 ): 479-498
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa AU - Sevgi Coskun , Oyakhilome Ibhagui̇ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17541/optimum.702693 DO - 10.17541/optimum.702693 T2 - Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 479 EP - 498 VL - 7 IS - 2 SN - -2148-4228 M3 - doi: 10.17541/optimum.702693 UR - https://doi.org/10.17541/optimum.702693 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa %A Sevgi Coskun , Oyakhilome Ibhagui̇ %T Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa %D 2020 %J Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2148-4228 %V 7 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17541/optimum.702693 %U 10.17541/optimum.702693
ISNAD Coskun, Sevgi , Ibhagui̇, Oyakhilome . "Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa". Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi 7 / 2 (July 2020): 479-498 . https://doi.org/10.17541/optimum.702693
AMA Coskun S , Ibhagui̇ O . Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa. OEYBD. 2020; 7(2): 479-498.
Vancouver Coskun S , Ibhagui̇ O . Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa. Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 7(2): 479-498.
IEEE S. Coskun and O. Ibhagui̇ , "Examining the Efficiency, Labor and Investment Wedges in Africa", Optimum Ekonomi ve Yönetim Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 479-498, Jul. 2020, doi:10.17541/optimum.702693