Research Article
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Body Mass Index and Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Diabetic Adults

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 4, 84 - 86, 09.10.2023

Abstract

Objective: Studies have shown that an increase in body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of developing diabetes and that there exist a strong relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and BMI. The aim of this studywas to interpret the relationship between BMI and HbA1c levels in adults.

Methods: Three hundred seven adult individuals in the patient group aged 18 years and older who presented to the internal medicine outpatient clinic and were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and 99 healthy volunteers in the control group were evaluated within the scope of our study. Body mass index values and biochemical blood test results of diabetic and healthy individuals participating in our study were obtained prospectively from hospital records.

Results: The mean BMI of the patients was 31.2 ± 6.0 kg/m2, glucose values were 164.7 ± 91.4 mg/ dL, and HbA1c values were 8.3 ± 2.0%. The mean BMI value of all individuals with an HbA1c value of 6.5% and above was found to be above normal

Conclusion: Diabetes and obesity are chronic and progressive diseases that are among the important public health problems today. The results of this research show the importance of HbA1c, BMI measurements, and cholesterol level measurements in health institutions applied for the improvement of public health.

Ethical Statement

Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the ethics committee of Clinical Resarch Ethics Committee of Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital (Date: November 24, 2022, Number: 2022/18-178).

References

  • 1. World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity and over weight. https ://www.who.int/ news- room/ fact- sheets/detail/obesity-and -overweigh t; 2021.
  • 2. World Health Organization (WHO). Body mass index (BMI). http: // www .euro.who.int/en/healthto pics/ disease-prevent ion/nutrition/a-healthyli festyle/body-mass-index-bmi; 2022. 3. Olgun N, Yalın H, Sian HG. Diagnosis and risk determination of diabetes dealing with diabetes. Turkısh Family Physician. 2011;2(2): 41-49.
  • 4. Kleinberger JW, Pollin TI. Personalized medicine in diabetes mellitus: current opportunities and future prospects. Ann NY Acad Sci.2015;1346(1):45-56.
  • 5 American Diabetes Association (ADA). Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2022. https ://diabete sjournals.org/care/article/45/ Supplement 1/S1/138921/In trodu ction -Stan dards-of-M edica l-Car e-in- Diabe tes;37:S81-S90 (Ek:1).
  • 6. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE). Diabetes management guidelines. Natl Diabetes Educ. 2020;21(1). https ://pro.aac e.com /dise ase-s tate- resou rces/ diabetes/clinical-practice-guidelines-treatment-algorithms/comprhensive.
  • 7. Altaş GF, Uysal S. The Use of Estimated Average Glucose Value (eAG) in “Diabetes Mellitus”. Türk Klinik Biyokimya Derg. 2017; 15(2):80-88.
  • 8. Ural D, Kılıçkap M, Göksülük H, et al. Data on prevalence of obesity and waist circumference in Turkey: Systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of epidemiological studies on cardiovascular risk factors. Turk Kardiyol Dern Arş. 2018;46(7):577-590.
  • 9. Agrawal N, Agrawal MK, Kumari T, Kumar S. Correlation Between Body Mass Index and Blood Glucose Levels in Jharkhand Population. International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research. 2017;4(8): 1633-1636.

Body Mass Index and Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Diabetic Adults

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 4, 84 - 86, 09.10.2023

Abstract

Objective: Studies have shown that an increase in body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of developing diabetes and that there exist a strong relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and BMI. The aim of this studywas to interpret the relationship between BMI and HbA1c levels in adults.

Methods: Three hundred seven adult individuals in the patient group aged 18 years and older who presented to the internal medicine outpatient clinic and were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and 99 healthy volunteers in the control group were evaluated within the scope of our study. Body mass index values and biochemical blood test results of diabetic and healthy individuals participating in our study were obtained prospectively from hospital records.

Results: The mean BMI of the patients was 31.2 ± 6.0 kg/m2, glucose values were 164.7 ± 91.4 mg/ dL, and HbA1c values were 8.3 ± 2.0%. The mean BMI value of all individuals with an HbA1c value of 6.5% and above was found to be above normal

Conclusion: Diabetes and obesity are chronic and progressive diseases that are among the important public health problems today. The results of this research show the importance of HbA1c, BMI measurements, and cholesterol level measurements in health institutions applied for the improvement of public health.

Ethical Statement

Ethics committee approval was received for this study from the ethics committee of Clinical Resarch Ethics Committee of Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital (Date: November 24, 2022, Number: 2022/18-178).

References

  • 1. World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity and over weight. https ://www.who.int/ news- room/ fact- sheets/detail/obesity-and -overweigh t; 2021.
  • 2. World Health Organization (WHO). Body mass index (BMI). http: // www .euro.who.int/en/healthto pics/ disease-prevent ion/nutrition/a-healthyli festyle/body-mass-index-bmi; 2022. 3. Olgun N, Yalın H, Sian HG. Diagnosis and risk determination of diabetes dealing with diabetes. Turkısh Family Physician. 2011;2(2): 41-49.
  • 4. Kleinberger JW, Pollin TI. Personalized medicine in diabetes mellitus: current opportunities and future prospects. Ann NY Acad Sci.2015;1346(1):45-56.
  • 5 American Diabetes Association (ADA). Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2022. https ://diabete sjournals.org/care/article/45/ Supplement 1/S1/138921/In trodu ction -Stan dards-of-M edica l-Car e-in- Diabe tes;37:S81-S90 (Ek:1).
  • 6. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE). Diabetes management guidelines. Natl Diabetes Educ. 2020;21(1). https ://pro.aac e.com /dise ase-s tate- resou rces/ diabetes/clinical-practice-guidelines-treatment-algorithms/comprhensive.
  • 7. Altaş GF, Uysal S. The Use of Estimated Average Glucose Value (eAG) in “Diabetes Mellitus”. Türk Klinik Biyokimya Derg. 2017; 15(2):80-88.
  • 8. Ural D, Kılıçkap M, Göksülük H, et al. Data on prevalence of obesity and waist circumference in Turkey: Systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of epidemiological studies on cardiovascular risk factors. Turk Kardiyol Dern Arş. 2018;46(7):577-590.
  • 9. Agrawal N, Agrawal MK, Kumari T, Kumar S. Correlation Between Body Mass Index and Blood Glucose Levels in Jharkhand Population. International Journal of Contemporary Medical Research. 2017;4(8): 1633-1636.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences (Other)
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Adil Furkan KILIÇ 0000-0003-2209-5437

Muharrem BAYRAK 0000-0003-2760-4181

Kenan ÇADIRCI 0000-0002-2765-4288

Publication Date October 9, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 3 Issue: 4

Cite

EndNote KILIÇ AF, BAYRAK M, ÇADIRCI K (October 1, 2023) Body Mass Index and Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Diabetic Adults. Pharmata 3 4 84–86.

Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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