Research Article
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Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 2, 83 - 100, 29.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.54141/psbd.1061379

Abstract

Reform Document of Education (FRDE), creating active schools by relying on environmental potentialities is the goal with utmost significance; therefore, the present study aimed to explore the role that physical and digital environments play in achieving this objective. To this end, a descriptive-correlational design was utilized to probe the perception of teachers and physical education experts (n=302) sampled from a population including 892 personnel of the Education Department of Guilan. Data were obtained using a 5-point Likert scale, and 30 experts judged the face and content validity. The reliability and construct validity of the scale was checked and confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha (α=.87) and exploratory-confirmatory factor analysis. Using SPSS 22 and PLS3 for data analysis, researchers found that physical, social, and digital factors effectively created an active school environment .31, .23, and .29 percent of the variances. Moreover, Social context as the mediating variable was correlated with physical and digital environment .30 and .34, respectively. Relying on the findings of this research trend, policymakers and managers can enrich the physical and digital environments of the schools and move towards accomplishing principle 6.6 of FRDE, which highlights the role of the social environment in an effective educational system.

References

  • Aflaki Fard, H., & Bazm, Q. (2018). The effect of educational environment on students' happiness and learning. New Achievements in Humanities Studies, 1 (2):43-77.
  • Asefi A., & Qanbarpournarsrati, A. (2017). The role of the family in institutionalizing physical activity in children. Physiology and Management Research in Sport, 10 (1): 55-65.
  • Bay, N., & Isfahani Nia, A. (2019). Modeling the effect of parental social support, perceived competence and school atmosphere on the pleasure of participating in physical activity of female students. Research in Educational Sports,7 (16): 307-326. 10.22089/res.2018.5783.1448
  • Brahui, M., & Hassani Lutak, M. (2015). Investigating aversion to membership in virtual social networks among teachers in Nusratabad district. National Conference on Psychology and Social Injury Management; Islamic Azad University, Chabahar Branch.
  • Brittin, J., Sorensen, D., Trowbridge, M., Lee, K. K., Breithecker, D., Frerichs, L., & Huang, T. (2015). Physical activity design guidelines for school architecture. PLoS One: 132-158. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132597
  • Bronfenbrenner, U. (1999). Environments in developmental perspective: Theoretical and operational models. In S. L. Friedman & T. D. Wachs (Eds.), Measuring environment across the life span: Emerging methods and concepts: 3–28. https://doi.org/10.1037/10317-001
  • Casey, A., Goodyear, V.A., & Armour, K.A. (2017). Rethinking the relationship between pedagogy, technology and learning in health and physical education. Sport, Education and Society, 22: 288–304. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2016.1226792
  • Chu, T. L. A., Zhang, T., Thomas, K. T., Zhang, X., & Gu, X. (2020). School environments predict Hispanic children's physical education related outcomes through basic psychological need satisfaction. Learning and Individual Differences:101-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2020.101844
  • Cradock, A.L., Kawachi, I., Colditz, G.A., Gortmaker, S.L., & Buka, S. L. (2009). Neighbourhood social cohesion and youth participation in physical activity in Chicago. Social science & medicine, 68(3):427-435.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.10.028
  • Davison, K. K. (2009). School performance, lack of facilities, and safety concerns: barriers to parents' support of their children's physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23(5):315-319.‏ https://doi.org/10.4278%2Fajhp.071119122
  • Ebrahimzadeh, Y. (2015). Investigating the relationship between conflict management style with employee motivation and quality of work life of employees of state-owned banks in Urmia. Third International Conference on Research in Engineering, Science and Technology.
  • Fabian, K., & MacLean, D. (2014). Keep taking the tablets? Assessing the use of tablet devices in learning and teaching activities in the Further Education sector. Research in Learning Technology, 22: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v22.22648
  • Farahani, A., & Keshavarz, L. (2003). The role of the media in teaching table tennis lessons in the field of physical education in the distance education system. Olympic Quarterly, 11 (1): 69-76.
  • Fazelian, P., & Azimi, S. (2014). A study of teachers' views on how to refresh schools according to the physical standards of designing educational spaces. Educational research, 1 (29): 41-61.
  • Fitria, H., & Suminah, S. (2020). Role of teachers in digital instructional era. Journal of Social Work and Science Education, 1(1): 70-77. https://doi.org/10.52690/jswse.v1i1.11
  • Franklin, R., & Smith, J. (2015). Practical assessment on the run–iPads as an effective mobile and paperless tool in physical education and teaching. Research in Learning Technology: 23. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v23.27986
  • Gibson, J. J. (1978). The ecological approach to the visual perception of pictures. Leonardo.11(3): 227-235.
  • Gubbels, J. S., Kremers, S. P., Van Kann, D. H., Stafleu, A., Candel, M. J., Dagnelie, P. C., Thijs, C., & De Vries, N. K. (2011). Interaction between physical environment, social environment, and child characteristics in determining physical activity at child care. Health Psychology, 30(1): 84. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/a0021586
  • Hair, J.,Anderson, R., Tatham, R., & Black, W. (1995). Multivariate data analysis, 4th ed, Prentice-Hall Inc, New Jersey:20-32.
  • Hajizadeh, A., Ebrahimi Dolatabadi, R., Mokhtari, F, Bagheri, S., Monemi, F., Taghavi Moazed, F., & Abbaszadeh, M. (2020). Active School Manual. Second Edition. Monadi Tarbiat Press Ministry of Education.
  • Hashemi Motlagh Sh., Aslankhani M., Safania A. (2018). The effect of perceived environment and social support on participation in leisure physical activity of 13 employees of Islamic Azad University. New approaches in sports management, 6 (21): 104-95. http://ntsmj.issma.ir/article-1-1123-en.html
  • Hamburger, Y. A. & Ben-Artzi, E. (2005). The relationship between extraversion and neurotism and the different uses of the internet. computers in Human behavior, 70-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0747-5632(00)00017-0
  • Hejazi, M., Taghipour Farshi, F. (2020). Investigating the effect of job happiness on human resource productivity. Productivity Management, 9 (2): 77-92.
  • Hug, S. M., Hartig, T., Hansmann, R., Seeland, K., & Hornung, R. (2009). Restorative qualities of indoor and outdoor exercise settings as predictors of exercise frequency. Health & place. 15(4): 971-980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.03.002
  • Huppke, R.W. (2001). Study finds community work linked to happiness. In European conference on positive psychology (pp. 8-1).
  • Hyndman, B. P., & Wyver, S. (2020). Outdoor Recreation within the School Setting: A Physiological and Psychological Exploration. In Outdoor Recreation-Physiological and Psychological Effects on Health. IntechOpen: 80-99.
  • Javanbakht, M., Nazer, M., Pourshafei, H. (2015). Virtual social network pathology, National Conference on Psychology and Social Injury Management; Chabahar, Islamic Azad University, Chabahar Branch.
  • Karhu, K., Gustafsson, R., & Lyytinen, K. (2018). Exploiting and defending open digital platforms with boundary resources: Android’s five platform forks. Information Systems Research, 29(2):479-497. https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.2018.0786
  • Keroack, J. (2015). Exploring the Relationship Between Coaching Behavior and Developmental Outcomes Among Adolescent Female Athletes in Competitive Sport:1-24. https://doi.org/10.17615/n71c-wz83
  • Laboy, M. (2019). Physical environments for active schools: future directions for transdisciplinary research. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 4(17): 155-164. 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000097
  • McDavid, L., Cox, A. E., & Amorose, A. J. (2012). The relative roles of physical education teachers and parents in adolescents’ leisure-time physical activity motivation and behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 13(2), 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.10.003
  • Mehdizadeh, S., Ganji, M., Zare Ghiasabadi, F. (2014). Study of the relationship between happiness and social capital among youth, Strategic Studies of Sports and Youth, 13 (26): 32-50. Ministry of Education (2010). Fundamental Reform Document. Higher Education Council. Accessible via: http://sanadtahavol.ir/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/sanand-tahavol.pdf
  • Ministry of Education (2018). Fundamental Reform Document. (2018). Active school Circular. Accessible via: http://sanadtahavol.ir/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/sanand-tahavol.pdf
  • Mirshah Jafari, I., Abedi, M., & Drikundi, H. (2001). Happiness and the factors affecting it. Cognitive Science News, 4 (3): 50-58.
  • Mirzaei, S., & Zangiabadi, A. (2020). Explaining the effective factors on achieving a happy city in Shiraz metropolis. Space planning and arrangement,24 (3):65-.103.
  • Mohammadi, A. (2019). The effect of social factors on social happiness (Case study: Isfahan residents). Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 20 (4): 123-135.
  • Mosadeghrad A M, Dehnavi H, Darrudi. A. (2020). Equity in hospital beds distribution in Zanjan Province, Iran. Payesh, 19 (3): 255-266. http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1369-en.html
  • Mousavi, S., Safari Jafarloo, H., Afrozeh, M. (2020). The effect of social support on women's sports participation in Yasuj with the mediating role of feeling of security. Two Quarterly Journal of Women Police Studies; 14 (33): 19-44.
  • Papas, M. A., Alberg, A. J., Ewing, R., Helzlsouer, K. J., Gary, T. L., & Klassen, A. C. (2007). The built environment and obesity. Epidemiologic reviews. 29(1): 129-143.‏ https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxm009
  • Prins, R. G., Mohnen, S. M., van Lenthe, F. J., Brug, J., & Oenema, A. (2012). Are neighborhood social capital and availability of sports facilities related to sports participation among Dutch adolescents? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(1): 90.‏ https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-90
  • Russell, J. A., & Ward, L. M. (1982). Environmental psychology. Annual review of psychology. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1146/annurev.ps.33.020182.003251
  • Smith, M., Ikeda, E., Hawley, G., Mavoa, S., Hosking, J., Egli, V., Zhao, J., Mackay, L., Donnellan, N., Amann, R., Mackie, H., & Witten, K. (2020). An integrated conceptual model of environmental needs for New Zealand children's active travel to school. Journal of Transport & Health:16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100814
  • Smith, W.R., Moore, R., Cosco, N., Wesoloski, J., Danninger, T., Ward, D. S., Trost, S. G., & Ries, N. (2016). Increasing physical activity in childcare outdoor learning environments: the effect of setting adjacency relative to other built environment and social factors. Environment and behavior, 48(4): 550-578. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0013916514551048
  • Stokols, D. (1992). Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion, American Journal of Health Promotion,41(1). https://doi.org/10.4278%2F0890-1171-10.4.282
  • Sullivan, R. (2019).The use of digital technology in primary physical education. Profession, 18: 19.
  • Weng, P. Y., & Chiang, Y. C. (2014). Psychological restoration through indoor and outdoor leisure activities. Journal of Leisure Research, 46(2): 203-217. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2014.11950320

Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 2, 83 - 100, 29.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.54141/psbd.1061379

Abstract

References

  • Aflaki Fard, H., & Bazm, Q. (2018). The effect of educational environment on students' happiness and learning. New Achievements in Humanities Studies, 1 (2):43-77.
  • Asefi A., & Qanbarpournarsrati, A. (2017). The role of the family in institutionalizing physical activity in children. Physiology and Management Research in Sport, 10 (1): 55-65.
  • Bay, N., & Isfahani Nia, A. (2019). Modeling the effect of parental social support, perceived competence and school atmosphere on the pleasure of participating in physical activity of female students. Research in Educational Sports,7 (16): 307-326. 10.22089/res.2018.5783.1448
  • Brahui, M., & Hassani Lutak, M. (2015). Investigating aversion to membership in virtual social networks among teachers in Nusratabad district. National Conference on Psychology and Social Injury Management; Islamic Azad University, Chabahar Branch.
  • Brittin, J., Sorensen, D., Trowbridge, M., Lee, K. K., Breithecker, D., Frerichs, L., & Huang, T. (2015). Physical activity design guidelines for school architecture. PLoS One: 132-158. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132597
  • Bronfenbrenner, U. (1999). Environments in developmental perspective: Theoretical and operational models. In S. L. Friedman & T. D. Wachs (Eds.), Measuring environment across the life span: Emerging methods and concepts: 3–28. https://doi.org/10.1037/10317-001
  • Casey, A., Goodyear, V.A., & Armour, K.A. (2017). Rethinking the relationship between pedagogy, technology and learning in health and physical education. Sport, Education and Society, 22: 288–304. https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2016.1226792
  • Chu, T. L. A., Zhang, T., Thomas, K. T., Zhang, X., & Gu, X. (2020). School environments predict Hispanic children's physical education related outcomes through basic psychological need satisfaction. Learning and Individual Differences:101-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2020.101844
  • Cradock, A.L., Kawachi, I., Colditz, G.A., Gortmaker, S.L., & Buka, S. L. (2009). Neighbourhood social cohesion and youth participation in physical activity in Chicago. Social science & medicine, 68(3):427-435.‏ https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.10.028
  • Davison, K. K. (2009). School performance, lack of facilities, and safety concerns: barriers to parents' support of their children's physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23(5):315-319.‏ https://doi.org/10.4278%2Fajhp.071119122
  • Ebrahimzadeh, Y. (2015). Investigating the relationship between conflict management style with employee motivation and quality of work life of employees of state-owned banks in Urmia. Third International Conference on Research in Engineering, Science and Technology.
  • Fabian, K., & MacLean, D. (2014). Keep taking the tablets? Assessing the use of tablet devices in learning and teaching activities in the Further Education sector. Research in Learning Technology, 22: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v22.22648
  • Farahani, A., & Keshavarz, L. (2003). The role of the media in teaching table tennis lessons in the field of physical education in the distance education system. Olympic Quarterly, 11 (1): 69-76.
  • Fazelian, P., & Azimi, S. (2014). A study of teachers' views on how to refresh schools according to the physical standards of designing educational spaces. Educational research, 1 (29): 41-61.
  • Fitria, H., & Suminah, S. (2020). Role of teachers in digital instructional era. Journal of Social Work and Science Education, 1(1): 70-77. https://doi.org/10.52690/jswse.v1i1.11
  • Franklin, R., & Smith, J. (2015). Practical assessment on the run–iPads as an effective mobile and paperless tool in physical education and teaching. Research in Learning Technology: 23. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v23.27986
  • Gibson, J. J. (1978). The ecological approach to the visual perception of pictures. Leonardo.11(3): 227-235.
  • Gubbels, J. S., Kremers, S. P., Van Kann, D. H., Stafleu, A., Candel, M. J., Dagnelie, P. C., Thijs, C., & De Vries, N. K. (2011). Interaction between physical environment, social environment, and child characteristics in determining physical activity at child care. Health Psychology, 30(1): 84. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/a0021586
  • Hair, J.,Anderson, R., Tatham, R., & Black, W. (1995). Multivariate data analysis, 4th ed, Prentice-Hall Inc, New Jersey:20-32.
  • Hajizadeh, A., Ebrahimi Dolatabadi, R., Mokhtari, F, Bagheri, S., Monemi, F., Taghavi Moazed, F., & Abbaszadeh, M. (2020). Active School Manual. Second Edition. Monadi Tarbiat Press Ministry of Education.
  • Hashemi Motlagh Sh., Aslankhani M., Safania A. (2018). The effect of perceived environment and social support on participation in leisure physical activity of 13 employees of Islamic Azad University. New approaches in sports management, 6 (21): 104-95. http://ntsmj.issma.ir/article-1-1123-en.html
  • Hamburger, Y. A. & Ben-Artzi, E. (2005). The relationship between extraversion and neurotism and the different uses of the internet. computers in Human behavior, 70-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0747-5632(00)00017-0
  • Hejazi, M., Taghipour Farshi, F. (2020). Investigating the effect of job happiness on human resource productivity. Productivity Management, 9 (2): 77-92.
  • Hug, S. M., Hartig, T., Hansmann, R., Seeland, K., & Hornung, R. (2009). Restorative qualities of indoor and outdoor exercise settings as predictors of exercise frequency. Health & place. 15(4): 971-980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.03.002
  • Huppke, R.W. (2001). Study finds community work linked to happiness. In European conference on positive psychology (pp. 8-1).
  • Hyndman, B. P., & Wyver, S. (2020). Outdoor Recreation within the School Setting: A Physiological and Psychological Exploration. In Outdoor Recreation-Physiological and Psychological Effects on Health. IntechOpen: 80-99.
  • Javanbakht, M., Nazer, M., Pourshafei, H. (2015). Virtual social network pathology, National Conference on Psychology and Social Injury Management; Chabahar, Islamic Azad University, Chabahar Branch.
  • Karhu, K., Gustafsson, R., & Lyytinen, K. (2018). Exploiting and defending open digital platforms with boundary resources: Android’s five platform forks. Information Systems Research, 29(2):479-497. https://doi.org/10.1287/isre.2018.0786
  • Keroack, J. (2015). Exploring the Relationship Between Coaching Behavior and Developmental Outcomes Among Adolescent Female Athletes in Competitive Sport:1-24. https://doi.org/10.17615/n71c-wz83
  • Laboy, M. (2019). Physical environments for active schools: future directions for transdisciplinary research. Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine, 4(17): 155-164. 10.1249/TJX.0000000000000097
  • McDavid, L., Cox, A. E., & Amorose, A. J. (2012). The relative roles of physical education teachers and parents in adolescents’ leisure-time physical activity motivation and behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 13(2), 99-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.10.003
  • Mehdizadeh, S., Ganji, M., Zare Ghiasabadi, F. (2014). Study of the relationship between happiness and social capital among youth, Strategic Studies of Sports and Youth, 13 (26): 32-50. Ministry of Education (2010). Fundamental Reform Document. Higher Education Council. Accessible via: http://sanadtahavol.ir/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/sanand-tahavol.pdf
  • Ministry of Education (2018). Fundamental Reform Document. (2018). Active school Circular. Accessible via: http://sanadtahavol.ir/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/sanand-tahavol.pdf
  • Mirshah Jafari, I., Abedi, M., & Drikundi, H. (2001). Happiness and the factors affecting it. Cognitive Science News, 4 (3): 50-58.
  • Mirzaei, S., & Zangiabadi, A. (2020). Explaining the effective factors on achieving a happy city in Shiraz metropolis. Space planning and arrangement,24 (3):65-.103.
  • Mohammadi, A. (2019). The effect of social factors on social happiness (Case study: Isfahan residents). Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 20 (4): 123-135.
  • Mosadeghrad A M, Dehnavi H, Darrudi. A. (2020). Equity in hospital beds distribution in Zanjan Province, Iran. Payesh, 19 (3): 255-266. http://payeshjournal.ir/article-1-1369-en.html
  • Mousavi, S., Safari Jafarloo, H., Afrozeh, M. (2020). The effect of social support on women's sports participation in Yasuj with the mediating role of feeling of security. Two Quarterly Journal of Women Police Studies; 14 (33): 19-44.
  • Papas, M. A., Alberg, A. J., Ewing, R., Helzlsouer, K. J., Gary, T. L., & Klassen, A. C. (2007). The built environment and obesity. Epidemiologic reviews. 29(1): 129-143.‏ https://doi.org/10.1093/epirev/mxm009
  • Prins, R. G., Mohnen, S. M., van Lenthe, F. J., Brug, J., & Oenema, A. (2012). Are neighborhood social capital and availability of sports facilities related to sports participation among Dutch adolescents? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(1): 90.‏ https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-90
  • Russell, J. A., & Ward, L. M. (1982). Environmental psychology. Annual review of psychology. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1146/annurev.ps.33.020182.003251
  • Smith, M., Ikeda, E., Hawley, G., Mavoa, S., Hosking, J., Egli, V., Zhao, J., Mackay, L., Donnellan, N., Amann, R., Mackie, H., & Witten, K. (2020). An integrated conceptual model of environmental needs for New Zealand children's active travel to school. Journal of Transport & Health:16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2019.100814
  • Smith, W.R., Moore, R., Cosco, N., Wesoloski, J., Danninger, T., Ward, D. S., Trost, S. G., & Ries, N. (2016). Increasing physical activity in childcare outdoor learning environments: the effect of setting adjacency relative to other built environment and social factors. Environment and behavior, 48(4): 550-578. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0013916514551048
  • Stokols, D. (1992). Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion, American Journal of Health Promotion,41(1). https://doi.org/10.4278%2F0890-1171-10.4.282
  • Sullivan, R. (2019).The use of digital technology in primary physical education. Profession, 18: 19.
  • Weng, P. Y., & Chiang, Y. C. (2014). Psychological restoration through indoor and outdoor leisure activities. Journal of Leisure Research, 46(2): 203-217. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2014.11950320

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Sport Sciences
Journal Section Teacher Education & Sport Pedagogy
Authors

Yasaman Sadat ASL AHMADİ> (Primary Author)
guilan university
0000-0001-5431-4898
Iran


Rahim RAMEZANİ NEZHAD This is me
University of Guilan
0000-0001-5431-4898
Iran


Hamid Reza GOHAR.ROSTAMİ This is me
University of Guilan Rasht, iran
0000-0002-6518-466X
Iran

Publication Date August 29, 2022
Acceptance Date May 24, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 13, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { psbd1061379, journal = {Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences}, eissn = {1309-0356}, address = {}, publisher = {Pamukkale University}, year = {2022}, volume = {13}, number = {2}, pages = {83 - 100}, doi = {10.54141/psbd.1061379}, title = {Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment}, key = {cite}, author = {Asl Ahmadi, Yasaman Sadat and Ramezani Nezhad, Rahim and Gohar.rostami, Hamid Reza} }
APA Asl Ahmadi, Y. S. , Ramezani Nezhad, R. & Gohar.rostami, H. R. (2022). Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment . Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences , 13 (2) , 83-100 . DOI: 10.54141/psbd.1061379
MLA Asl Ahmadi, Y. S. , Ramezani Nezhad, R. , Gohar.rostami, H. R. "Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment" . Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences 13 (2022 ): 83-100 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/psbd/issue/72367/1061379>
Chicago Asl Ahmadi, Y. S. , Ramezani Nezhad, R. , Gohar.rostami, H. R. "Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment". Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences 13 (2022 ): 83-100
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment AU - Yasaman SadatAsl Ahmadi, RahimRamezani Nezhad, Hamid RezaGohar.rostami Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.54141/psbd.1061379 DO - 10.54141/psbd.1061379 T2 - Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 83 EP - 100 VL - 13 IS - 2 SN - -1309-0356 M3 - doi: 10.54141/psbd.1061379 UR - https://doi.org/10.54141/psbd.1061379 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment %A Yasaman Sadat Asl Ahmadi , Rahim Ramezani Nezhad , Hamid Reza Gohar.rostami %T Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment %D 2022 %J Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences %P -1309-0356 %V 13 %N 2 %R doi: 10.54141/psbd.1061379 %U 10.54141/psbd.1061379
ISNAD Asl Ahmadi, Yasaman Sadat , Ramezani Nezhad, Rahim , Gohar.rostami, Hamid Reza . "Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment". Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences 13 / 2 (August 2022): 83-100 . https://doi.org/10.54141/psbd.1061379
AMA Asl Ahmadi Y. S. , Ramezani Nezhad R. , Gohar.rostami H. R. Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment. Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences. 2022; 13(2): 83-100.
Vancouver Asl Ahmadi Y. S. , Ramezani Nezhad R. , Gohar.rostami H. R. Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment. Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences. 2022; 13(2): 83-100.
IEEE Y. S. Asl Ahmadi , R. Ramezani Nezhad and H. R. Gohar.rostami , "Investigating the Role of Physical and Digital Environment on Creating Active School with Respect to the Mediating Role of Social Environment", Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 83-100, Aug. 2022, doi:10.54141/psbd.1061379