Research Article
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Numerical Investigation into the Effect of Duct Use on the Performance of Controllable Pitch Propellers

Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 2, 45 - 50, 10.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.14744/seatific.2023.0006

Abstract

In this study, CFD methods are used to solve the complex flow around a CPP propeller with ducts. It is aimed to investigate the performance differences between ducted and non-duct propeller versions. In particular, the values of pitch changes and blade spindle torques at different advance coefficients were determined. STAR-CCM+, a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, was used in the study. The k-ε model was preferred to predict turbulence in the flow. In addition to the coefficients of performance such as thrust coefficient, torque coefficient and propeller efficiency, the study also examined the blade spindle torque that provides the movement of the propeller blades. It was found that the use of ducts at low advance coefficients is beneficial in terms of both performance improvement and torque reduction that facilitates the movement of the blades.

References

  • Celik, F., Dogrul, A., Arıkan, Y., (2011). Investigation of the optimum duct Geometry for A Passenger ferry. In: Proceedings of the 9th Symposium on High Speed Marine Vehicles.
  • Oosterveld, M. W. C. (1972). Ducted propeller systems suitable for tugs and pushboats. International Shipbuilding Progress, 19(219), 351-371.
  • Caldas, A., Meis, M., & Sarasquete, A. (2010). CFD validation of different propeller ducts on Open Water condition. In 13th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium, Germany.
  • Bhattacharyya, A., Neitzel, J. C., Steen, S., Abdel-Maksoud, M., & Krasilnikov, V. (2015). Influence of flow transition on open and ducted propeller characteristics. In Fourth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors, Austin, Texas, USA.
  • Bhattacharyya, A., Krasilnikov, V., & Steen, S. (2016b). A CFD-based scaling approach for ducted propellers. Ocean engineering, 123, 116-130.
  • Baltazar, J., & de Campos, J. F. (2019). Potential flow modelling of ducted propellers with blunt trailing edge duct using a panel method. In In Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. Rome, Italy, May (pp. 26-30).
  • Zhang, Q., & Jaiman, R. K. (2019). Numerical analysis on the wake dynamics of a ducted propeller. Ocean Engineering, 171, 202-224.
  • Zhang, Q., Jaiman, R. K., Ma, P., & Liu, J. (2020). Investigation on the performance of a ducted propeller in oblique flow. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 142(1), 011801.
  • Gong, J., Ding, J., & Wang, L. (2021). Propeller–duct interaction on the wake dynamics of a ducted propeller. Physics of Fluids, 33(7).
  • Zhang, T., & Barakos, G. N. (2021). High-fidelity numerical analysis and optimisation of ducted propeller aerodynamics and acoustics. Aerospace Science and Technology, 113, 106708.
  • Kim, S., & Kinnas, S. A. (2022). A panel method for the prediction of unsteady performance of ducted propellers in ship behind condition. Ocean Engineering, 246, 110582.
  • Celik, F., Guner, M., & Ekinci, S. (2010). An approach to the design of ducted propeller. Scienta Iranica Transaction B: Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 406-417.
  • Haimov, H., Vicario, J., & Del Corral, J. (2011). RANSE code application for ducted and endplate propellers in open water. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Marine Propulsors (pp. 1-9).
  • Elbatran, A. H., Kotb, M. A., Hassan, A. A., Ahmed, M. W. A. E., & Banawan, A. A. (2014). Stationary and Low Speed Performance Characteristics of Open and Ducted CPPs. International Marine and Offshore Engineering Conference, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Arief, I. S., Baidowi, A., & Ulfa, M. (2021). Thrust and Torque Analysis on Propeller C4-40 with The Addition of Kort Nozzle to Pitch Variation. International Journal of Marine Engineering Innovation and Research, 6(3).
  • Huisman, J., Garenaux, M., de Jager, A., & Janse, G. (2022). Validation of Cavitation Prediction of Ducted Propeller Design and Analysis Tools. Seventh International Symposium on Marine Propulsors smp’22, Wuxi, China
  • Liu, X. L., & Wang, G. Q. (2006). A potential based panel method for prediction of steady performance of ducted propeller. Journal of Ship Mechanics, 10(6), 26-35.
  • Bhattacharyya, A., Krasilnikov, V., & Steen, S. (2016a). Scale effects on open water characteristics of a controllable pitch propeller working within different duct designs. Ocean Engineering, 112, 226-242.
  • Godjevac, M., Van Beek, T., Grimmelius, H. T., Tinga, T., & Stapersma, D. (2009). Prediction of fretting motion in a controllable pitch propeller during service. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 223(4), 541-560.
  • Jessup, S. D., Donnelly, M., Fry, D., Etebari, A., Burton, J., & Jacobson, J. (2009). Measurements of Controllable Pitch Propeller Blade Loads in Turns. In SNAME Propeller and Shafting Symposium.
  • Martelli, M., Figari, M., Altosole, M., & Vignolo, S. (2014). Controllable pitch propeller actuating mechanism, modelling and simulation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 228(1), 29-43.
  • Tarbiat, S., Ghassemi, H., & Fadavie, M. (2014). Numerical prediction of hydromechanical behaviour of controllable pitch propeller. International Journal of Rotating Machinery, 2014.
  • Pourmostafa, M., & Ghadimi, P. (2020). Applying boundary element method to simulate a high-skew Controllable Pitch Propeller with different hub diameters for preliminary design purposes. Cogent Engineering, 7(1), 1805857.
  • Yurtseven, A., & Aktay, K. (2023). The numerical investigation of spindle torque for a controllable pitch propeller in feathering maneuver. Brodogradnja: Teorija i praksa brodogradnje i pomorske tehnike, 74(2), 95-108.
  • Liu, A., Dang, J., Xie, Q., & Hu, J. (2015). The effect of sheet cavitation on the blade spindle torque of a controllable pitch propeller. In 4th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors.
  • Funeno, I., Pouw, C., & Bosman, R. (2013). Measurements and computations for blade spindle torque of controllable pitch propellers in open water. In Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Marine Propulsors smp (Vol. 13).
  • Siemens, S. (2021). Star CCM+ Version 2020.3. User guide, n.d. Roache, P. J. (1994). Perspective: a method for uniform reporting of grid refinement studies. Journal of Fluids Engineering. Trans. ASME 116, 405–413.
  • Celik, I. B., Ghia, U., Roache, P. J., & Freitas, C. J. (2008). Procedure for estimation and reporting of uncertainty due to discretization in CFD applications. Journal of fluids Engineering-Transactions of the ASME, 130(7).
  • ITTC, (1999). Recommended Procedures and Guidelines-CFD, General CFD Verification. Kajitani, H., Miyata, H., Ikehata, M., Tanaka, H., Adachi, H., Namimatsu, M., Ogiwara, S., 1983. The Summary of the Cooperative Experiment on Wigley Parabolic Model in Japan the Executive Members 4 I.
  • Cosner, R., Oberkampf, B., Rumsey, C., Rahaim, C., & Shih, T. (2006). AIAA Committee on standards for computational fluid dynamics: status and plans. In 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (p. 889).
  • Kim, K. W., Paik, K. J., Lee, J. H., Song, S. S., Atlar, M., & Demirel, Y. K. (2021). A study on the efficient numerical analysis for the prediction of full-scale propeller performance using CFD. Ocean Engineering, 240, 109931.
  • Heinke, H. J. (2011). Potsdam Propeller Test Case (PPTC), Open Water Tests with the Model Propeller, VP1304, Report 3753.
Year 2023, Volume: 3 Issue: 2, 45 - 50, 10.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.14744/seatific.2023.0006

Abstract

References

  • Celik, F., Dogrul, A., Arıkan, Y., (2011). Investigation of the optimum duct Geometry for A Passenger ferry. In: Proceedings of the 9th Symposium on High Speed Marine Vehicles.
  • Oosterveld, M. W. C. (1972). Ducted propeller systems suitable for tugs and pushboats. International Shipbuilding Progress, 19(219), 351-371.
  • Caldas, A., Meis, M., & Sarasquete, A. (2010). CFD validation of different propeller ducts on Open Water condition. In 13th Numerical Towing Tank Symposium, Germany.
  • Bhattacharyya, A., Neitzel, J. C., Steen, S., Abdel-Maksoud, M., & Krasilnikov, V. (2015). Influence of flow transition on open and ducted propeller characteristics. In Fourth International Symposium on Marine Propulsors, Austin, Texas, USA.
  • Bhattacharyya, A., Krasilnikov, V., & Steen, S. (2016b). A CFD-based scaling approach for ducted propellers. Ocean engineering, 123, 116-130.
  • Baltazar, J., & de Campos, J. F. (2019). Potential flow modelling of ducted propellers with blunt trailing edge duct using a panel method. In In Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors. Rome, Italy, May (pp. 26-30).
  • Zhang, Q., & Jaiman, R. K. (2019). Numerical analysis on the wake dynamics of a ducted propeller. Ocean Engineering, 171, 202-224.
  • Zhang, Q., Jaiman, R. K., Ma, P., & Liu, J. (2020). Investigation on the performance of a ducted propeller in oblique flow. Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 142(1), 011801.
  • Gong, J., Ding, J., & Wang, L. (2021). Propeller–duct interaction on the wake dynamics of a ducted propeller. Physics of Fluids, 33(7).
  • Zhang, T., & Barakos, G. N. (2021). High-fidelity numerical analysis and optimisation of ducted propeller aerodynamics and acoustics. Aerospace Science and Technology, 113, 106708.
  • Kim, S., & Kinnas, S. A. (2022). A panel method for the prediction of unsteady performance of ducted propellers in ship behind condition. Ocean Engineering, 246, 110582.
  • Celik, F., Guner, M., & Ekinci, S. (2010). An approach to the design of ducted propeller. Scienta Iranica Transaction B: Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 406-417.
  • Haimov, H., Vicario, J., & Del Corral, J. (2011). RANSE code application for ducted and endplate propellers in open water. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Marine Propulsors (pp. 1-9).
  • Elbatran, A. H., Kotb, M. A., Hassan, A. A., Ahmed, M. W. A. E., & Banawan, A. A. (2014). Stationary and Low Speed Performance Characteristics of Open and Ducted CPPs. International Marine and Offshore Engineering Conference, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Arief, I. S., Baidowi, A., & Ulfa, M. (2021). Thrust and Torque Analysis on Propeller C4-40 with The Addition of Kort Nozzle to Pitch Variation. International Journal of Marine Engineering Innovation and Research, 6(3).
  • Huisman, J., Garenaux, M., de Jager, A., & Janse, G. (2022). Validation of Cavitation Prediction of Ducted Propeller Design and Analysis Tools. Seventh International Symposium on Marine Propulsors smp’22, Wuxi, China
  • Liu, X. L., & Wang, G. Q. (2006). A potential based panel method for prediction of steady performance of ducted propeller. Journal of Ship Mechanics, 10(6), 26-35.
  • Bhattacharyya, A., Krasilnikov, V., & Steen, S. (2016a). Scale effects on open water characteristics of a controllable pitch propeller working within different duct designs. Ocean Engineering, 112, 226-242.
  • Godjevac, M., Van Beek, T., Grimmelius, H. T., Tinga, T., & Stapersma, D. (2009). Prediction of fretting motion in a controllable pitch propeller during service. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 223(4), 541-560.
  • Jessup, S. D., Donnelly, M., Fry, D., Etebari, A., Burton, J., & Jacobson, J. (2009). Measurements of Controllable Pitch Propeller Blade Loads in Turns. In SNAME Propeller and Shafting Symposium.
  • Martelli, M., Figari, M., Altosole, M., & Vignolo, S. (2014). Controllable pitch propeller actuating mechanism, modelling and simulation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment, 228(1), 29-43.
  • Tarbiat, S., Ghassemi, H., & Fadavie, M. (2014). Numerical prediction of hydromechanical behaviour of controllable pitch propeller. International Journal of Rotating Machinery, 2014.
  • Pourmostafa, M., & Ghadimi, P. (2020). Applying boundary element method to simulate a high-skew Controllable Pitch Propeller with different hub diameters for preliminary design purposes. Cogent Engineering, 7(1), 1805857.
  • Yurtseven, A., & Aktay, K. (2023). The numerical investigation of spindle torque for a controllable pitch propeller in feathering maneuver. Brodogradnja: Teorija i praksa brodogradnje i pomorske tehnike, 74(2), 95-108.
  • Liu, A., Dang, J., Xie, Q., & Hu, J. (2015). The effect of sheet cavitation on the blade spindle torque of a controllable pitch propeller. In 4th International Symposium on Marine Propulsors.
  • Funeno, I., Pouw, C., & Bosman, R. (2013). Measurements and computations for blade spindle torque of controllable pitch propellers in open water. In Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Marine Propulsors smp (Vol. 13).
  • Siemens, S. (2021). Star CCM+ Version 2020.3. User guide, n.d. Roache, P. J. (1994). Perspective: a method for uniform reporting of grid refinement studies. Journal of Fluids Engineering. Trans. ASME 116, 405–413.
  • Celik, I. B., Ghia, U., Roache, P. J., & Freitas, C. J. (2008). Procedure for estimation and reporting of uncertainty due to discretization in CFD applications. Journal of fluids Engineering-Transactions of the ASME, 130(7).
  • ITTC, (1999). Recommended Procedures and Guidelines-CFD, General CFD Verification. Kajitani, H., Miyata, H., Ikehata, M., Tanaka, H., Adachi, H., Namimatsu, M., Ogiwara, S., 1983. The Summary of the Cooperative Experiment on Wigley Parabolic Model in Japan the Executive Members 4 I.
  • Cosner, R., Oberkampf, B., Rumsey, C., Rahaim, C., & Shih, T. (2006). AIAA Committee on standards for computational fluid dynamics: status and plans. In 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit (p. 889).
  • Kim, K. W., Paik, K. J., Lee, J. H., Song, S. S., Atlar, M., & Demirel, Y. K. (2021). A study on the efficient numerical analysis for the prediction of full-scale propeller performance using CFD. Ocean Engineering, 240, 109931.
  • Heinke, H. J. (2011). Potsdam Propeller Test Case (PPTC), Open Water Tests with the Model Propeller, VP1304, Report 3753.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Maritime Engineering (Other)
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ahmet YURTSEVEN 0000-0003-2561-1783

Early Pub Date October 4, 2023
Publication Date January 10, 2024
Submission Date August 27, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 3 Issue: 2

Cite

APA YURTSEVEN, A. (2024). Numerical Investigation into the Effect of Duct Use on the Performance of Controllable Pitch Propellers. Seatific Journal, 3(2), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.14744/seatific.2023.0006

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