Research Article
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Optimization of drones communication by using meta-heuristic optimization algorithms

Year 2022, Volume 40, Issue 1, 108 - 117, 25.03.2022


Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), more generally known as drones or remotely piloted aircraft, h ave b een e xtensively u sed i n b oth c ivilian a ctivities a nd m ilitary m issions b ecause of their high mobility and low cost. Multi-UAV systems structured in an ad hoc manner called UAVs ad hoc network which is also familiar as flying ad hoc Network (FANET). For FANETs, the IEEE 802.11 standard offers Medium Access Control (MAC) layer requirements. Optimization of the contention window (CW) size will optimize the output. Three distinct meta-heuristic optimization algorithms are used in this paper to improve the efficiency of FANETs, which are the Cuckoo Search Algorithm (CUCO), the Differential Evolution Algorithm (DEA)\ and the Honey Bee Algorithm (HBA). Optimum CW size is defined through meta-heuristic optimization algorithms. Performance comparison among CUCO, DEA, HBA, and traditional MAC based on IEEE 802.11 is presented. Relationships among parameters are obtained through Markov chain based analytical study. Performance metrics such as successful transmission probability, collision probability, channel busy probability, throughput, packet dropping rate (PDR), and delay expressions are derived. Simulation results reveal that meta-heuristic optimization algorithms improve the quality and reliability of communication by increasing throughput and decreasing PDR and latency.


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Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles

A. F. M. Shahen SHAH This is me (Primary Author)
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Muhammet Ali KARABULUT>
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey

Publication Date March 25, 2022
Application Date December 14, 2020
Acceptance Date January 4, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 40, Issue 1


Vancouver Shah A. F. M. S. , Karabulut M. A. Optimization of drones communication by using meta-heuristic optimization algorithms. Sigma Journal of Engineering and Natural Sciences. 2022; 40(1): 108-117.