It has been stated that heavy metals such as lead and cadmium, which have accumulated in the mother's body for years, can pass to the fetus through the placenta, cord and pose a risk for fetus and newborn health. Our research was carried out in descriptive and analytical type based on both blood and questionnaire applications from 100 volunteer pregnant women by obtaining and designing ethical committee permission to determine the levels of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in the cord blood and the factors affecting it. The cord blood lead value of pregnant women was found to be between 0,92 ± 0,22 and cadmium average was 0,29 ± 0,07 and it was found to be among the safe reference values. In addition, a significant relationship was found between daily smoking of pregnant women and cord blood Pb value, and between the year in Karabük province and cord blood Pb (p <0.001). As a result, since Karabük is one of the leading provinces of the Iron and Steel industry, it has been determined that cord blood Pb and Cd heavy metals change depending on the pregnancies smoking, exposure to cigarette smoke and the year of living here. In the future, long-term heavy metal exposure on pregnant women and babies is required and an inventory should be kept.
|Subjects||Health Care Sciences and Services|
|Journal Section||Research Articles|
|Publication Date||August 30, 2020|
|Application Date||August 10, 2020|
|Acceptance Date||August 30, 2020|
|Published in Issue||Year 2020, Volume 2, Issue 2|