Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 1, 50 - 64, 28.02.2021

Abstract

References

  • Abrams, D., Swift, H.J., Lamont, R.A., & Drury, L. (2015). The barriers to and enablers of positive attitudes to ageing and older people, at the societal and individual level. Government Office for Science.
  • Arpacı, F., & Bekar, A. (2013). Opinions of children about their interactions with grandparents. The Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 29,11-29.
  • Arpacı, F., & Şahin Tezel, F. (2015). The views of elderly individuals regarding elderlychild interaction. The Journal of Turkish Social Research, 19(1), 231-245.
  • Arun, Ö. (2008). The adventure of elderly in Turkey: Scenarios on the quality ageing. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 313-330.
  • Aşiret Duru, G.., Kaymaz Turten, T., Çopur Öztürk, E., & Akyar, I. (2017). Ageism attitude towards elderly: Young perspective. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(2),827.
  • Bahar, G., Bahar, A.,& Savaş, A.H. (2009). Elderly and social services for the elderly. Fırat University Journal of Health Sciences, 4(12), 85-98. Demiriz, S., & Arpacı, F.A. (2016). Study into the views of the preschool children over their grandparents. Çankiri Karatekin University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 7(1), 707-726.
  • Devine, P, & Carney, MG. (cited 2019, October 24). What do children about old age? Retrieved from: http://www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update101.pdf
  • Erdoğan, S., Nahcivan, N., & Esin, M.S. (2015). Hemşirelikte araştırma; süreç, uygulama ve kritik (2. Baskı). İstanbul: Nobel Tıp Kitabevi.
  • Flamion, A., Missotten, P., Marquet, M., & Adam, S. (2019). Impact of contact with grandparents on children's and adolescents’ views on the elderly. Child development, 90(4), 1155-1169. doi:10.1111/cdev.12992
  • Forghani, A., & Neustedter, C. (2014). The routines and needs of grandparents and parents for grandparent-grandchild conversations over distance. ACM Digital Library. Goriup, J., & Lahe, D. (2018). The role of education and knowledge about ageing in creating young people’s attitudes to the elderly. Acta Educationis Generalis, 8(1): 63-75. doi:10.2478/atd-2018-0004
  • The British Psychological Society 2005.Grandparents and grandchildren. (cited 2019, January 10). Retrieved from: https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-18/edition-11/grandparents-and-grandchildren.
  • TÜİK 2016.İstatistiklerle yaşlılık. Erişim Adresi: http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24644
  • Keeling, S. (2012). Grandchildren’s perspectives on grandparents in rural new zeland. Journal of Rural Studies, 28(4); 371-379. doi: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2012.04.002
  • Mahdi Vidouje, M., Abolfathi Momtaz, Y., Foroughan, M., Azimi, M. S., Moravveji, S. A., Zarei, H., & Saraf, R. (2017). Grandparent-grandchild relationship and older adults’ life satisfaction. Mod Care, 24,1-5.
  • Murakami, İ. (2017). Practices to promote intergenerational relations in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Social Research, 21; 295-308.
  • Oliveira Alves de, N,, Luchesi, B.M., Inouye, K., Barham, E.J., & Pavarini C.S. (2015). Assessment of the attitudes toward ageing among children who live with the elderly. Acta Paul Enferm, 28(1), 87-94. doi:10.1590/1982-0194201500015
  • Pekesen, M. (2020). Aging and social exclusion, Gençtürk in z. (eds) Aging and Social Policy Debate, Detail Publishing, 1st edition, Ankara, Turkey pp. 122-148.
  • Petkova, G. (2015). An analysis of children’s attitudes toward older adults. Trakia Journal of Sciences,13(1), 533-540. doi:10.15547/tjs.2015.s.01.094
  • Sum, S., Emamian, S., & Sefidchian, A. (2016). Ageing educational program to reduce ageism: intergenerational approach. Elderly Health Journal, 2(1), 33-38.
  • Swift, H. J., Abrams, D., Lamont, R. A., & Drury, L. (2017). The risks of ageism model: how ageism and negative attitudes toward age can be a barrier to active ageing. Social Issues and Policy Review, 11(1), 195-231. doi:10.1111/sipr.12031
  • Türkbeyler, İ. H., Öztürk, Z. A., Kalem, A., & Abiyev, A. (2018). Aging sense in our developing and aging society. Health, 22:30. Retrieved from: https://www.nobelmedicus.com/tr/Makale.aspx?m=631
  • Viguer, P., Melendez, J., Valencia, S, & Cantero, M.J. (2013). Grandparent-grandchild relationships from the children's perspective: Shared activities and socialization styles. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 708-717.doi: 10.1017/S1138741600002377
  • Yoon Y, Witvorapong, N., & Pothisiri, W. (2017). Perceptions towards the elderly among the thai working-age population: A structural equation modeling analysis. Int. Journal of Economics and Management, 11, 271 – 286.
  • World Health Organizatin (WHO). (cited 2019, January 02). Global health and ageing. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/ageing/publications/global_health/en/.
  • World Health Organizatin (WHO). (cited 2019, January 10). Proposed working definition of an older person in Africa for the MDS Project. Retrieved from: :http://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefnolder/en/.
  • World Health Organizatin (WHO). (cited 2018, November 24). World’s older population grows dramatically. National Institues of Health. Retrieved from: https://www.nih.gov/.../worlds-older-population-grows-dra....

How Do The Five-Six Year-Old Age Group Children Define The Old Age?

Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 1, 50 - 64, 28.02.2021

Abstract

Aim: This study was conducted to determine the perceptions of children concerning the old age. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative research, which was conducted with the mixed research method. Pre-school institutions functioning in Karaman province that admitted to participate in the project were included into the research. 106 children, who volunteered to participate and lived with their families, were included into the sample group. Semi-structured survey form was used as the data collection tool. Descriptive statistics were used in the assessment of the quantitative data and inductive content analysis was used for the assessment of the qualitative data. Results: Most of the participant children were 6 years old (67.9 %) and they were living in the city center (84.9 %), with their family elders (76.4 %). The "old" definitions of the children were summarized as changes in physical characteristics (graying hair, losing teeth, using the walking stick etc.), changes in the physical activities (slow walking, hearing less etc.), and other (getting closer to death etc.). According to the children, the positive characteristics of the elders are geniality, doing whatever they want, and being given a seat on the buses; negative aspects are their walking with difficulty, using walking sticks, having knee pains, and their death. Conclusion: The views of children about the elders are in a positive manner, and it was observed that the time spent with the elders and the games played had an important influence over their definitions about the "elders". Therefore, it is suggested that the children should be met with the elders from early ages on and they should be provided more opportunity to make observations about the elders and old age.

References

  • Abrams, D., Swift, H.J., Lamont, R.A., & Drury, L. (2015). The barriers to and enablers of positive attitudes to ageing and older people, at the societal and individual level. Government Office for Science.
  • Arpacı, F., & Bekar, A. (2013). Opinions of children about their interactions with grandparents. The Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 29,11-29.
  • Arpacı, F., & Şahin Tezel, F. (2015). The views of elderly individuals regarding elderlychild interaction. The Journal of Turkish Social Research, 19(1), 231-245.
  • Arun, Ö. (2008). The adventure of elderly in Turkey: Scenarios on the quality ageing. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 313-330.
  • Aşiret Duru, G.., Kaymaz Turten, T., Çopur Öztürk, E., & Akyar, I. (2017). Ageism attitude towards elderly: Young perspective. International Journal of Caring Sciences, 10(2),827.
  • Bahar, G., Bahar, A.,& Savaş, A.H. (2009). Elderly and social services for the elderly. Fırat University Journal of Health Sciences, 4(12), 85-98. Demiriz, S., & Arpacı, F.A. (2016). Study into the views of the preschool children over their grandparents. Çankiri Karatekin University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 7(1), 707-726.
  • Devine, P, & Carney, MG. (cited 2019, October 24). What do children about old age? Retrieved from: http://www.ark.ac.uk/publications/updates/update101.pdf
  • Erdoğan, S., Nahcivan, N., & Esin, M.S. (2015). Hemşirelikte araştırma; süreç, uygulama ve kritik (2. Baskı). İstanbul: Nobel Tıp Kitabevi.
  • Flamion, A., Missotten, P., Marquet, M., & Adam, S. (2019). Impact of contact with grandparents on children's and adolescents’ views on the elderly. Child development, 90(4), 1155-1169. doi:10.1111/cdev.12992
  • Forghani, A., & Neustedter, C. (2014). The routines and needs of grandparents and parents for grandparent-grandchild conversations over distance. ACM Digital Library. Goriup, J., & Lahe, D. (2018). The role of education and knowledge about ageing in creating young people’s attitudes to the elderly. Acta Educationis Generalis, 8(1): 63-75. doi:10.2478/atd-2018-0004
  • The British Psychological Society 2005.Grandparents and grandchildren. (cited 2019, January 10). Retrieved from: https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-18/edition-11/grandparents-and-grandchildren.
  • TÜİK 2016.İstatistiklerle yaşlılık. Erişim Adresi: http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24644
  • Keeling, S. (2012). Grandchildren’s perspectives on grandparents in rural new zeland. Journal of Rural Studies, 28(4); 371-379. doi: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2012.04.002
  • Mahdi Vidouje, M., Abolfathi Momtaz, Y., Foroughan, M., Azimi, M. S., Moravveji, S. A., Zarei, H., & Saraf, R. (2017). Grandparent-grandchild relationship and older adults’ life satisfaction. Mod Care, 24,1-5.
  • Murakami, İ. (2017). Practices to promote intergenerational relations in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Social Research, 21; 295-308.
  • Oliveira Alves de, N,, Luchesi, B.M., Inouye, K., Barham, E.J., & Pavarini C.S. (2015). Assessment of the attitudes toward ageing among children who live with the elderly. Acta Paul Enferm, 28(1), 87-94. doi:10.1590/1982-0194201500015
  • Pekesen, M. (2020). Aging and social exclusion, Gençtürk in z. (eds) Aging and Social Policy Debate, Detail Publishing, 1st edition, Ankara, Turkey pp. 122-148.
  • Petkova, G. (2015). An analysis of children’s attitudes toward older adults. Trakia Journal of Sciences,13(1), 533-540. doi:10.15547/tjs.2015.s.01.094
  • Sum, S., Emamian, S., & Sefidchian, A. (2016). Ageing educational program to reduce ageism: intergenerational approach. Elderly Health Journal, 2(1), 33-38.
  • Swift, H. J., Abrams, D., Lamont, R. A., & Drury, L. (2017). The risks of ageism model: how ageism and negative attitudes toward age can be a barrier to active ageing. Social Issues and Policy Review, 11(1), 195-231. doi:10.1111/sipr.12031
  • Türkbeyler, İ. H., Öztürk, Z. A., Kalem, A., & Abiyev, A. (2018). Aging sense in our developing and aging society. Health, 22:30. Retrieved from: https://www.nobelmedicus.com/tr/Makale.aspx?m=631
  • Viguer, P., Melendez, J., Valencia, S, & Cantero, M.J. (2013). Grandparent-grandchild relationships from the children's perspective: Shared activities and socialization styles. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 708-717.doi: 10.1017/S1138741600002377
  • Yoon Y, Witvorapong, N., & Pothisiri, W. (2017). Perceptions towards the elderly among the thai working-age population: A structural equation modeling analysis. Int. Journal of Economics and Management, 11, 271 – 286.
  • World Health Organizatin (WHO). (cited 2019, January 02). Global health and ageing. Retrieved from: https://www.who.int/ageing/publications/global_health/en/.
  • World Health Organizatin (WHO). (cited 2019, January 10). Proposed working definition of an older person in Africa for the MDS Project. Retrieved from: :http://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefnolder/en/.
  • World Health Organizatin (WHO). (cited 2018, November 24). World’s older population grows dramatically. National Institues of Health. Retrieved from: https://www.nih.gov/.../worlds-older-population-grows-dra....

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services, Primary Health Care
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Mehtap PEKESEN This is me
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Demet ÇELİK> (Primary Author)
KARAMANOĞLU MEHMETBEY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Ayşe TÜRKMEN>
KARAMANOĞLU MEHMETBEY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3716-3255
Türkiye

Publication Date February 28, 2021
Application Date January 3, 2021
Acceptance Date February 28, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 3, Issue 1

Cite

APA Pekesen, M. , Çelik, D. & Türkmen, A. (2021). How Do The Five-Six Year-Old Age Group Children Define The Old Age? . Sabuncuoglu Serefeddin Health Sciences , 3 (1) , 50-64 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sshs/issue/60508/853061