Clinical Research
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Year 2022, Volume 4, Issue 2, 1 - 8, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.55895/sshs.1137134

Abstract

References

  • 1. Ayyala RS, Cruz DA, Margo CE, Harman LE, Pautler SE, Misch DM, Mines JA, Richards DW. (1998). Cystoid macular edema associated with latanoprost in aphakic and pseudophakic eyes. Am J Ophthalmol 126(4), 602– 604.doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(98)00127-5.
  • 2. Binder S.P. (2004). OCT detects higher than expected incidence of macular oedema after cataract surgery. Eurotimes, 9, 1–3.
  • 3. Flach AJ. (1998). The incidence, pathogenesis and treatment of cystoid macular edema following cataract surgery. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 96, 557–634.
  • 4. Fu A, Ahmed I, AI E. (2004). Cystoid Macular Edema in: Ophthalmology Myron Yanoff, Jay S. Duker (eds.) St.Louis, Mosby Inc.
  • 5. Gharbiya M, Cruciani F, Cuozzo G, Parisi F, Russo P, Abdolrahimzadeh S. (2013). Macular thickness changes evaluated with spectral domain optical coherence tomography after uncomplicated phacoemulsification. Eye, 27(5), 605–611. doi: 10.1038/eye.2013.28. Epub 2013 Mar 1
  • 6. Jurecka T, Bátková Z, Ventruba J. (2007). Macular edema after an uncomplicated cataract surgery. Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 63(4), 262-73.0
  • 7. Kemer Atik B, Kirmaci Kabakci A, Garip R. (2021). Comparison of macular thickness change by optical coherence tomography after uncomplicated cataract surgery in eyes with and without exfoliation syndrome. Int Ophthalmol. 41(2), 519-526. doi 10.1007/s10792-020-01602-2(
  • 8. Kessel L, Tendal B, Jørgensen KJ, Erngaard D, Flesner P, Andresen JL, Hjortdal J. (2014). Post-cataract Prevention of Inflammation and Macular Edema by Steroid and Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Eye Drops: A Systematic Review, Ophthalmology, 121(10), 1915-1924. doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2014.04.035.
  • 9. Linebarger EJ, Hardten DR, Shah GK, Lindstrom RL. (1999). Phacoemulsification and Modern Cataract Surgery. Survey of Ophthalmology, 44(2), 123-147. doi: 10.1016/S0039-6257(99)00085-5.
  • 10. Liu L, Zou J, Jia L, Yang JG, Chen SR. (2014). Spectral- and time-domain optical coherence tomography measurements of macular thickness in young myopic eyes. Diagn. Pathol.9(1), 38. doi: 10.1186/1746-1596-9-38.
  • 11. Lobo CL, Faria PM, Soares MA, Bernardes RC, Cunha-Vaz JG. (2004). Macular alterations after small-incision cataract surgery. J Cataract Refract Surg 30(4), 752–760. doi: 10.1016/S0886-3350(03)00582-0.
  • 12. Quillen DA, Blodi BA, Bennett TJ. (2002). Clinical Features of Retinal Disease in: Clinical Retina. (pp. 41 – 70) David A. Quillen, Barbara A. Blodi (Eds). AMA Press.
  • 13. Rossetti L; Autelitano A. (2000). Cystoid macular edema following cataract surgery. Curr Opin Ophthalmol, 11(1), 65-72. doi: 10.1097/00055735-200002000-00010.
  • 14. Šiško K, Knez NK, Pahor D. (2015). Influence of cataract surgery on macular thickness: a 6-month follow-up. Wien Klin Wochenschr 127(Suppl 5), S169–S174. doi 10.1007/s00508-015-0702-1
  • 15. Sönmez PA, Atmaca LS, Özyol E. (2007). Ön segment cerrahisi sonrası kistoid makula ödemi. Retina-Vitreus,15(1), 71-75

ALTERATIONS IN CENTRAL MACULAR THICKNESS AFTER UNCOMPLICATED PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY AND INTRAOCULAR LENS IMPLANTATION

Year 2022, Volume 4, Issue 2, 1 - 8, 31.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.55895/sshs.1137134

Abstract

Purpose: Evaluation of central macular thickness changes with optical coherence tomography (OCT) in patients with uncomplicated phacoemulsification cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation. Methods: 44 eyes of 30 patients who underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification cataract surgery and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were included in this study. Central macular thickness measurements were performed preoperatively and postoperative 2nd week, 1st and 3rd months with optical coherence tomography. Central macular thickness values were measured at the central 1x1 mm area obtained from fovea centered 6x6 mm macular map in the OCT measurements. Preoperative values were compared with the values in the postoperative period. Results: The mean age of the patients was 66.7 ± 8.7 years. The mean central macular thickness values were 268.5 µm preoperatively, 269.3 µm 2 weeks after surgery, 275.9 µm 1 month after surgery and 274.9 µm 3 months after surgery. There was no statistically significant change in the postoperative two weeks period compared with the preoperative measurements. (p = 0.536). Compared to the preoperative values, central macular thickness significantly increased 1 month and 3 months after the surgery. There was a statistically significant change in central macular thickness measurements at 1st month(p < 0.001) and 3rd months (p < 0.001) compared with the preoperative values. Conclusions: Our data indicate that an increase in central macular thickness is not rare after uncomplicated phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Compared to the preoperative measurements we have demonstrated an increase in central macular thickness in the postoperative period.

References

  • 1. Ayyala RS, Cruz DA, Margo CE, Harman LE, Pautler SE, Misch DM, Mines JA, Richards DW. (1998). Cystoid macular edema associated with latanoprost in aphakic and pseudophakic eyes. Am J Ophthalmol 126(4), 602– 604.doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(98)00127-5.
  • 2. Binder S.P. (2004). OCT detects higher than expected incidence of macular oedema after cataract surgery. Eurotimes, 9, 1–3.
  • 3. Flach AJ. (1998). The incidence, pathogenesis and treatment of cystoid macular edema following cataract surgery. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 96, 557–634.
  • 4. Fu A, Ahmed I, AI E. (2004). Cystoid Macular Edema in: Ophthalmology Myron Yanoff, Jay S. Duker (eds.) St.Louis, Mosby Inc.
  • 5. Gharbiya M, Cruciani F, Cuozzo G, Parisi F, Russo P, Abdolrahimzadeh S. (2013). Macular thickness changes evaluated with spectral domain optical coherence tomography after uncomplicated phacoemulsification. Eye, 27(5), 605–611. doi: 10.1038/eye.2013.28. Epub 2013 Mar 1
  • 6. Jurecka T, Bátková Z, Ventruba J. (2007). Macular edema after an uncomplicated cataract surgery. Cesk Slov Oftalmol. 63(4), 262-73.0
  • 7. Kemer Atik B, Kirmaci Kabakci A, Garip R. (2021). Comparison of macular thickness change by optical coherence tomography after uncomplicated cataract surgery in eyes with and without exfoliation syndrome. Int Ophthalmol. 41(2), 519-526. doi 10.1007/s10792-020-01602-2(
  • 8. Kessel L, Tendal B, Jørgensen KJ, Erngaard D, Flesner P, Andresen JL, Hjortdal J. (2014). Post-cataract Prevention of Inflammation and Macular Edema by Steroid and Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Eye Drops: A Systematic Review, Ophthalmology, 121(10), 1915-1924. doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2014.04.035.
  • 9. Linebarger EJ, Hardten DR, Shah GK, Lindstrom RL. (1999). Phacoemulsification and Modern Cataract Surgery. Survey of Ophthalmology, 44(2), 123-147. doi: 10.1016/S0039-6257(99)00085-5.
  • 10. Liu L, Zou J, Jia L, Yang JG, Chen SR. (2014). Spectral- and time-domain optical coherence tomography measurements of macular thickness in young myopic eyes. Diagn. Pathol.9(1), 38. doi: 10.1186/1746-1596-9-38.
  • 11. Lobo CL, Faria PM, Soares MA, Bernardes RC, Cunha-Vaz JG. (2004). Macular alterations after small-incision cataract surgery. J Cataract Refract Surg 30(4), 752–760. doi: 10.1016/S0886-3350(03)00582-0.
  • 12. Quillen DA, Blodi BA, Bennett TJ. (2002). Clinical Features of Retinal Disease in: Clinical Retina. (pp. 41 – 70) David A. Quillen, Barbara A. Blodi (Eds). AMA Press.
  • 13. Rossetti L; Autelitano A. (2000). Cystoid macular edema following cataract surgery. Curr Opin Ophthalmol, 11(1), 65-72. doi: 10.1097/00055735-200002000-00010.
  • 14. Šiško K, Knez NK, Pahor D. (2015). Influence of cataract surgery on macular thickness: a 6-month follow-up. Wien Klin Wochenschr 127(Suppl 5), S169–S174. doi 10.1007/s00508-015-0702-1
  • 15. Sönmez PA, Atmaca LS, Özyol E. (2007). Ön segment cerrahisi sonrası kistoid makula ödemi. Retina-Vitreus,15(1), 71-75

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Medicine
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orhan ALTUNKAYA> (Primary Author)
AMASYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2768-8952
Türkiye


Hamiyet PEKEL>
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0002-3697-3379
Türkiye


Gülfidan BİTİRGEN>
NECMETTIN ERBAKAN UNIVERSITY, MERAM SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MERAM MEDICINE PR.
0000-0002-0509-5649
Türkiye


Ahmet ÖZKAĞNICI>
NECMETTIN ERBAKAN UNIVERSITY, MERAM SCHOOL OF MEDICINE, MERAM MEDICINE PR.
0000-0001-7411-2484
Türkiye

Publication Date August 31, 2022
Submission Date June 28, 2022
Acceptance Date August 18, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 4, Issue 2

Cite

APA Altunkaya, O. , Pekel, H. , Bitirgen, G. & Özkağnıcı, A. (2022). ALTERATIONS IN CENTRAL MACULAR THICKNESS AFTER UNCOMPLICATED PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY AND INTRAOCULAR LENS IMPLANTATION . Sabuncuoglu Serefeddin Health Sciences , 4 (2) , 1-8 . DOI: 10.55895/sshs.1137134