Research Article
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Year 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1, 32 - 40, 11.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.737486

Abstract

References

  • Agboma, P., T. Sinclair, K. Jokinen, P. Peltonen-Sainio and E. Pehu. 1997. An evaluation of the effect of exogenous glycinebetaine on the growth and yield of soybean: timing of application, watering regimes and cultivars. Field Crops Res. 54 (1):51-64.
  • Akbari, M., M. Farajpour, M. Aalifar and M. Sadat Hosseini. 2018. Gamma irradiation affects the total phenol, anthocyanin and antioxidant properties in three different persian pistachio nuts. Nat. Prod. Res. 32 (3):322-326.
  • Ashraf, M. and M.R. Foolad. 2007. Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environ. Exp. Bot. 59 (2):206-216.
  • Bilgili, U., E.B. Carpici, B.B. Asik and N. Celik. 2011. Root and shoot response of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.), forage pea (Pisum sativum L.) and canola (Brassica napus L.) to salt stress during early se. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 16 (1):33-38.
  • Bitarafan, Z. and A.H.S. Rad. 2012. Water stress effect on spring rapeseed cultivars yield and yield components in winter planting. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 7 (19):2755-2767.
  • Boroomand, N., M. Sadat-Hosseini, M. Moghbeli and M. Farajpour. 2018. Phytochemical components, total phenol and mineral contents and antioxidant activity of six major medicinal plants from Rayen, Iran. Nat. Prod. Res. 32 (5):564-567.
  • Dawood, M.G. and M.S. Sadak. 2014. Physiological role of glycinebetaine in alleviating the deleterious effects of drought stress on canola plants (Brassica napus L.). Middle East J. Agric. Res. 3 (4):943-954.
  • El-Aal, F.S.A., A. Shaheen, A. Ahmed and A.R. Mahmoud. 2010. Effect of foliar application of urea and amino acids mixtures as antioxidants on growth, yield and characteristics of squash. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 6 (5):583-588.
  • Farajpour, M., M. Ebrahimi, A. Baghizadeh and M. Aalifar. 2017. Phytochemical and Yield Variation among Iranian Achillea millefolium Accessions. HortScience. 52 (6):827-830.
  • Fiebelkorn, D. and M. Rahman. 2016. Development of a protocol for frost-tolerance evaluation in rapeseed/canola (Brassica napus L.). Crop J. 4 (2):147-152.
  • Fletcher, R., M. Santakumari and D. Murr. 1988. Imposition of water stress in wheat seedlings improves the efficacy of uniconazole‐induced thermal resistance. Physiol. Plant. 74 (2):360-364. George, N., L. Levers, S. Thompson, J. Hollingsworth and S. Kaffka. 2017. Modeling identifies optimal fall planting times and irrigation requirements for canola and camelina at locations across California. Calif. Agric. 71 (4):214-220.
  • Gholamian, A. and M. Bayat. 2013. Study of Delay Cultivation on Seed Yield and Seed Quality of Canola (Brassica napus L.) Genotypes. Agrotechnol. 2 (108):2. Giri, J. 2011. Glycinebetaine and abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Plant Signal Behav. 6 (11):1746-1751.
  • Hadi, M.R.H.S., M.T. Darz, Z. Gh and G. Riazi. 2011. Effects of vermicompost and amino acids on the flower yield and essential oil production from Matricaria chamomile L. J. Med. Plants Res. 5 (23):5611-5617.
  • Hassanabadi, M., M. Ebrahimi, M. Farajpour and A. Dejahang. 2019. Variation in essential oil components among Iranian Ferula assa-foetida L. accessions. Ind. Crops. Prod. 140:11598.
  • Hossain, I., F.M. Epplin and E.G. Krenzer. 2003. Planting date influence on dual-purpose winter wheat forage yield, grain yield, and test weight. Agron.J. 95 (5):1179-1188.
  • Hussain, M., M. Farooq, K. Jabran, H. Rehman and M. Akram. 2008. Exogenous glycinebetaine application improves yield under water-limited conditions in hybrid sunflower. Arch. Agron. Soil. Sci. 54 (5):557-567.
  • Hussain Wani, S., N. Brajendra Singh, A. Haribhushan and J. Iqbal Mir. 2013. Compatible solute engineering in plants for abiotic stress tolerance-role of glycine betaine. Curr. Genom. 14 (3):157-165.
  • Kettlewell, P.S., W.L. Heath and I.M. Haigh. 2010. Yield enhancement of droughted wheat by film antitranspirant application: rationale and evidence. Agric. Sci. 1 (03):143.
  • Lopez, C., H. Takahashi and S. Yamazaki. 2002. Plant–water relations of kidney bean plants treated with NaCl and foliarly applied glycinebetaine. J.Agron.Crop Sci. 188 (2):73-80.
  • Mäkelä, P.S., K. Jokinen and K. Himanen. 2019. "Roles of Endogenous Glycinebetaine in Plant Abiotic Stress Responses." In Osmoprotectant-Mediated Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants, 153-173. Springer.
  • Marjanović-Jeromela, A., R. Marinković, A. Mijić, Z. Zdunić, S. Ivanovska and M. Jankulovska. 2008. Correlation and path analysis of quantitative traits in winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Agric. conspec. sci. 73 (1):13-18.
  • Morrison, M.J. and D.W. Stewart. 2002. Heat stress during flowering in summer Brassica. Crop Sci. 42 (3):797-803.
  • Pinter Jr, P., G. Zipoli, R. Reginato, R. Jackson, S. Idso and J. Hohman. 1990. Canopy temperature as an indicator of differential water use and yield performance among wheat cultivars. Agric. Water Manag. 18 (1):35-48.
  • Przybysz, A., H. Gawrońska and J. Gajc-Wolska. 2014. Biological mode of action of a nitrophenolates-based biostimulant: case study. Front. Plant Sci. 5:713.
  • Qureshi, K.M., S. Chughtai, U.S. Qureshi and N.A. Abbasi. 2013. Impact of exogenous application of salt and growth regulators on growth and yield of strawberry. Pak. J. Bot. 45 (4):1179-1185.
  • Rad, A.H.S., Z. Bitarafan, F. Rahmani, T. Taherkhani, A.M. Aghdam and S. Nasresfahani. 2014. Effects of planting date on spring rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under different irrigation regimes. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 19 (2):153-157.
  • Raza, S.H., H.R. Athar, M. Ashraf and A. Hameed. 2007. Glycinebetaine-induced modulation of antioxidant enzymes activities and ion accumulation in two wheat cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Environ. Exp. Bot. 60 (3):368-376.
  • Robertson, M., J. Holland and R. Bambach. 2004. Response of canola and Indian mustard to sowing date in the grain belt of north-eastern Australia. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 44 (1):43-52.
  • Sakamoto, A. and N. Murata. 2002. The role of glycine betaine in the protection of plants from stress: clues from transgenic plants. Plant Cell Environ. 25 (2):163-171.
  • SheikhBeig-Goharrizi, M.-A., A. Dejahang, M. Tohidfar, A. Izadi-Darbandi, N.J. Carrillo, M.-R. Hajirezaei and K. Vahdati. 2016. Agrobacterium mediated transformation of somatic embryos of Persian walnut using fld gene for osmotic stress tolerance. J. Agr. Sci. Tech-Iran. 18:423-435.
  • Siadat, S. and S. Hemayati. 2009. Effect of sowing date on yield and yield components of three oilseed rape varieties. Plant Ecophysiol. 1:31-35.
  • Singh, A. 1977. Practical Plant Physiology. New Delshi: Kalyari Publishers.
  • Steel, R.G. and J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A Biometrical Approach. 2 ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Publ. Company.
  • Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger. 2006. Stress physiology. 4 ed, Plant Physiol. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates, Inc.
  • Turhan, H., M.K. Gül, C.Ö. Egesel and F. Kahriman. 2011. Effect of sowing time on grain yield, oil content, and fatty acids in rapeseed (Brassica napus subsp. oleifera). Turk. J. Agric. For. 35 (3):225-234.
  • Wickens, T.D. and G. Keppel. 2004. Design and Analysis: A Researcher's Handbook. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice-Hall.
  • Xing, W. and C. Rajashekar. 2001. Glycine betaine involvement in freezing tolerance and water stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Environ. Exp. Bot. 46 (1):21-28.
  • Yau, S. 2007. Winter versus spring sowing of rain-fed safflower in a semi-arid, high-elevation Mediterranean environment. Eur. J. Agron. 26 (3):249-2

EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.)

Year 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1, 32 - 40, 11.06.2020
https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.737486

Abstract

Canola (Brassica napus L.) is one of the most important oil seed crops for human consumption. Effects of sowing date and glycine betaine application on yield and oil content of canola genotypes deserve attention. The present study therefore aimed to evaluate the effect of sowing date and glycine betaine on some traits of six canola genotypes (namely Elvis, HL2012, L155, KR2, HW113 and Danob). The genotypes were sown in three sowing dates (October 7, 17, and 27), for two years (2014-2015 and 2015-2016). A factorial split-plot experiment was conducted in a complete randomized blocks design with three replications, where the sowing dates and the two levels of glycine betaine (0 and 0.2%) were allotted to main plots and the genotypes were allotted to subplots. The main effects of sowing date, glycine betaine and genotype were significant for almost all measured traits. The first sowing date and the application of glycine betaine had a positive effect on the all measured traits. According to the result Danob and HL2012 genotypes with high yield and oil content were more suitable for cultivation in the studied area. At the end, the determination of sowing date and choosing a suitable genotype for each region are very important to obtain high yield.

References

  • Agboma, P., T. Sinclair, K. Jokinen, P. Peltonen-Sainio and E. Pehu. 1997. An evaluation of the effect of exogenous glycinebetaine on the growth and yield of soybean: timing of application, watering regimes and cultivars. Field Crops Res. 54 (1):51-64.
  • Akbari, M., M. Farajpour, M. Aalifar and M. Sadat Hosseini. 2018. Gamma irradiation affects the total phenol, anthocyanin and antioxidant properties in three different persian pistachio nuts. Nat. Prod. Res. 32 (3):322-326.
  • Ashraf, M. and M.R. Foolad. 2007. Roles of glycine betaine and proline in improving plant abiotic stress resistance. Environ. Exp. Bot. 59 (2):206-216.
  • Bilgili, U., E.B. Carpici, B.B. Asik and N. Celik. 2011. Root and shoot response of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.), forage pea (Pisum sativum L.) and canola (Brassica napus L.) to salt stress during early se. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 16 (1):33-38.
  • Bitarafan, Z. and A.H.S. Rad. 2012. Water stress effect on spring rapeseed cultivars yield and yield components in winter planting. Int. J. Phys. Sci. 7 (19):2755-2767.
  • Boroomand, N., M. Sadat-Hosseini, M. Moghbeli and M. Farajpour. 2018. Phytochemical components, total phenol and mineral contents and antioxidant activity of six major medicinal plants from Rayen, Iran. Nat. Prod. Res. 32 (5):564-567.
  • Dawood, M.G. and M.S. Sadak. 2014. Physiological role of glycinebetaine in alleviating the deleterious effects of drought stress on canola plants (Brassica napus L.). Middle East J. Agric. Res. 3 (4):943-954.
  • El-Aal, F.S.A., A. Shaheen, A. Ahmed and A.R. Mahmoud. 2010. Effect of foliar application of urea and amino acids mixtures as antioxidants on growth, yield and characteristics of squash. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 6 (5):583-588.
  • Farajpour, M., M. Ebrahimi, A. Baghizadeh and M. Aalifar. 2017. Phytochemical and Yield Variation among Iranian Achillea millefolium Accessions. HortScience. 52 (6):827-830.
  • Fiebelkorn, D. and M. Rahman. 2016. Development of a protocol for frost-tolerance evaluation in rapeseed/canola (Brassica napus L.). Crop J. 4 (2):147-152.
  • Fletcher, R., M. Santakumari and D. Murr. 1988. Imposition of water stress in wheat seedlings improves the efficacy of uniconazole‐induced thermal resistance. Physiol. Plant. 74 (2):360-364. George, N., L. Levers, S. Thompson, J. Hollingsworth and S. Kaffka. 2017. Modeling identifies optimal fall planting times and irrigation requirements for canola and camelina at locations across California. Calif. Agric. 71 (4):214-220.
  • Gholamian, A. and M. Bayat. 2013. Study of Delay Cultivation on Seed Yield and Seed Quality of Canola (Brassica napus L.) Genotypes. Agrotechnol. 2 (108):2. Giri, J. 2011. Glycinebetaine and abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Plant Signal Behav. 6 (11):1746-1751.
  • Hadi, M.R.H.S., M.T. Darz, Z. Gh and G. Riazi. 2011. Effects of vermicompost and amino acids on the flower yield and essential oil production from Matricaria chamomile L. J. Med. Plants Res. 5 (23):5611-5617.
  • Hassanabadi, M., M. Ebrahimi, M. Farajpour and A. Dejahang. 2019. Variation in essential oil components among Iranian Ferula assa-foetida L. accessions. Ind. Crops. Prod. 140:11598.
  • Hossain, I., F.M. Epplin and E.G. Krenzer. 2003. Planting date influence on dual-purpose winter wheat forage yield, grain yield, and test weight. Agron.J. 95 (5):1179-1188.
  • Hussain, M., M. Farooq, K. Jabran, H. Rehman and M. Akram. 2008. Exogenous glycinebetaine application improves yield under water-limited conditions in hybrid sunflower. Arch. Agron. Soil. Sci. 54 (5):557-567.
  • Hussain Wani, S., N. Brajendra Singh, A. Haribhushan and J. Iqbal Mir. 2013. Compatible solute engineering in plants for abiotic stress tolerance-role of glycine betaine. Curr. Genom. 14 (3):157-165.
  • Kettlewell, P.S., W.L. Heath and I.M. Haigh. 2010. Yield enhancement of droughted wheat by film antitranspirant application: rationale and evidence. Agric. Sci. 1 (03):143.
  • Lopez, C., H. Takahashi and S. Yamazaki. 2002. Plant–water relations of kidney bean plants treated with NaCl and foliarly applied glycinebetaine. J.Agron.Crop Sci. 188 (2):73-80.
  • Mäkelä, P.S., K. Jokinen and K. Himanen. 2019. "Roles of Endogenous Glycinebetaine in Plant Abiotic Stress Responses." In Osmoprotectant-Mediated Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants, 153-173. Springer.
  • Marjanović-Jeromela, A., R. Marinković, A. Mijić, Z. Zdunić, S. Ivanovska and M. Jankulovska. 2008. Correlation and path analysis of quantitative traits in winter rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Agric. conspec. sci. 73 (1):13-18.
  • Morrison, M.J. and D.W. Stewart. 2002. Heat stress during flowering in summer Brassica. Crop Sci. 42 (3):797-803.
  • Pinter Jr, P., G. Zipoli, R. Reginato, R. Jackson, S. Idso and J. Hohman. 1990. Canopy temperature as an indicator of differential water use and yield performance among wheat cultivars. Agric. Water Manag. 18 (1):35-48.
  • Przybysz, A., H. Gawrońska and J. Gajc-Wolska. 2014. Biological mode of action of a nitrophenolates-based biostimulant: case study. Front. Plant Sci. 5:713.
  • Qureshi, K.M., S. Chughtai, U.S. Qureshi and N.A. Abbasi. 2013. Impact of exogenous application of salt and growth regulators on growth and yield of strawberry. Pak. J. Bot. 45 (4):1179-1185.
  • Rad, A.H.S., Z. Bitarafan, F. Rahmani, T. Taherkhani, A.M. Aghdam and S. Nasresfahani. 2014. Effects of planting date on spring rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) cultivars under different irrigation regimes. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 19 (2):153-157.
  • Raza, S.H., H.R. Athar, M. Ashraf and A. Hameed. 2007. Glycinebetaine-induced modulation of antioxidant enzymes activities and ion accumulation in two wheat cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Environ. Exp. Bot. 60 (3):368-376.
  • Robertson, M., J. Holland and R. Bambach. 2004. Response of canola and Indian mustard to sowing date in the grain belt of north-eastern Australia. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 44 (1):43-52.
  • Sakamoto, A. and N. Murata. 2002. The role of glycine betaine in the protection of plants from stress: clues from transgenic plants. Plant Cell Environ. 25 (2):163-171.
  • SheikhBeig-Goharrizi, M.-A., A. Dejahang, M. Tohidfar, A. Izadi-Darbandi, N.J. Carrillo, M.-R. Hajirezaei and K. Vahdati. 2016. Agrobacterium mediated transformation of somatic embryos of Persian walnut using fld gene for osmotic stress tolerance. J. Agr. Sci. Tech-Iran. 18:423-435.
  • Siadat, S. and S. Hemayati. 2009. Effect of sowing date on yield and yield components of three oilseed rape varieties. Plant Ecophysiol. 1:31-35.
  • Singh, A. 1977. Practical Plant Physiology. New Delshi: Kalyari Publishers.
  • Steel, R.G. and J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics, A Biometrical Approach. 2 ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Publ. Company.
  • Taiz, L. and E. Zeiger. 2006. Stress physiology. 4 ed, Plant Physiol. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates, Inc.
  • Turhan, H., M.K. Gül, C.Ö. Egesel and F. Kahriman. 2011. Effect of sowing time on grain yield, oil content, and fatty acids in rapeseed (Brassica napus subsp. oleifera). Turk. J. Agric. For. 35 (3):225-234.
  • Wickens, T.D. and G. Keppel. 2004. Design and Analysis: A Researcher's Handbook. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice-Hall.
  • Xing, W. and C. Rajashekar. 2001. Glycine betaine involvement in freezing tolerance and water stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Environ. Exp. Bot. 46 (1):21-28.
  • Yau, S. 2007. Winter versus spring sowing of rain-fed safflower in a semi-arid, high-elevation Mediterranean environment. Eur. J. Agron. 26 (3):249-2

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Neda SAFDARI-MONFARED This is me
Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Department of Horticultural Science and Agronomy, Tehran, IRAN
Iran


Ghorban NOOR-MOHAMMADI This is me (Primary Author)
Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Department of Horticultural Science and Agronomy, Tehran, IRAN
Iran


Amir-hossein SHIRANI-RAD This is me
Seed and Plant Improvement Institute (SPII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, IRAN
Iran


Eslam MAJIDI-HERAVAN This is me
Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Department of Horticultural Science and Agronomy, Tehran, IRAN
Iran

Publication Date June 11, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 25, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tjfc737486, journal = {Turkish Journal Of Field Crops}, issn = {1301-1111}, address = {}, publisher = {Society of Fields Crop Science}, year = {2020}, volume = {25}, number = {1}, pages = {32 - 40}, doi = {10.17557/tjfc.737486}, title = {EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.)}, key = {cite}, author = {Safdarı-monfared, Neda and Noor-mohammadı, Ghorban and Shıranı-rad, Amir-hossein and Majıdı-heravan, Eslam} }
APA Safdarı-monfared, N. , Noor-mohammadı, G. , Shıranı-rad, A. & Majıdı-heravan, E. (2020). EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.) . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops , 25 (1) , 32-40 . DOI: 10.17557/tjfc.737486
MLA Safdarı-monfared, N. , Noor-mohammadı, G. , Shıranı-rad, A. , Majıdı-heravan, E. "EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.)" . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 25 (2020 ): 32-40 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjfc/issue/54900/737486>
Chicago Safdarı-monfared, N. , Noor-mohammadı, G. , Shıranı-rad, A. , Majıdı-heravan, E. "EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.)". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 25 (2020 ): 32-40
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.) AU - NedaSafdarı-monfared, GhorbanNoor-mohammadı, Amir-hosseinShıranı-rad, EslamMajıdı-heravan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.737486 DO - 10.17557/tjfc.737486 T2 - Turkish Journal Of Field Crops JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 32 EP - 40 VL - 25 IS - 1 SN - 1301-1111- M3 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.737486 UR - https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.737486 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal Of Field Crops EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.) %A Neda Safdarı-monfared , Ghorban Noor-mohammadı , Amir-hossein Shıranı-rad , Eslam Majıdı-heravan %T EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.) %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal Of Field Crops %P 1301-1111- %V 25 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17557/tjfc.737486 %U 10.17557/tjfc.737486
ISNAD Safdarı-monfared, Neda , Noor-mohammadı, Ghorban , Shıranı-rad, Amir-hossein , Majıdı-heravan, Eslam . "EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.)". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 25 / 1 (June 2020): 32-40 . https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.737486
AMA Safdarı-monfared N. , Noor-mohammadı G. , Shıranı-rad A. , Majıdı-heravan E. EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.). Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2020; 25(1): 32-40.
Vancouver Safdarı-monfared N. , Noor-mohammadı G. , Shıranı-rad A. , Majıdı-heravan E. EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.). Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2020; 25(1): 32-40.
IEEE N. Safdarı-monfared , G. Noor-mohammadı , A. Shıranı-rad and E. Majıdı-heravan , "EFFECTS OF SOWING DATE AND GLYCINE BETAINE APPLICATION ON YIELD COMPONENTS AND OIL YIELD IN CANOLA (Brassica napus L.)", Turkish Journal Of Field Crops, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 32-40, Jun. 2020, doi:10.17557/tjfc.737486