Year 2021, Volume 26 , Issue 1, Pages 111 - 116 2021-06-29

DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION
DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION

Rasim UNAN [1]


Hybrid rice has an average 15 % to 20 % yield advantage over inbred lines. The availability of stable cytoplasmic male sterility system is vital for commercial hybrid rice. The experiment was conducted to develop japonica type CMS lines of national rice varieties. National varieties were tested to determine as maintainer, CMS or restorer features via test cross. The test crosses were made by using 19 japonica type national rice varieties and 21 CMS lines and 1 restorer line. All national rice varieties which tested are determined maintainer features. In addition to, 5 CMS introduction lines and 1 restorer lines adapted Mediterranean ecological condition for hybrid breeding process. Two maintainer were backcrossed for 6 generations and it was developed similar agronomic features and 100% spikelet sterile CMS lines. For production of CMS lines Osmancik-97 and Kiziltan, it was employed wild abortive rice which is CMS V20A. Successive backcrossing of varieties succeeded to produce completely male sterile CMS lines. Wild abortive cytoplasm did not affect agronomic characteristic. Since Osmancik-97 is one of the most popular varieties and it was used as a donor gene for new varieties, the WA-CMS lines of Osmancik-97 and Kiziltan will be useful for hybrid rice breeding. 

Hybrid rice has an average 15 % to 20 % yield advantage over inbred lines. The availability of stable cytoplasmic male sterility system is vital for commercial hybrid rice. The experiment was conducted to develop japonica type CMS lines of national rice varieties. National varieties were tested to determine as maintainer, CMS or restorer features via test cross. The test crosses were made by using 19 japonica type national rice varieties and 21 CMS lines and 1 restorer line.  All national rice varieties which tested are determined maintainer features. In addition to, 5 CMS introduction lines and 1 restorer lines adapted Mediterranean ecological condition for hybrid breeding process. Two maintainer were backcrossed for 6 generations and it was developed similar agronomic features and 100% spikelet sterile CMS lines. For production of CMS lines Osmancik-97 and Kiziltan, it was employed wild abortive rice which is CMS V20A. Successive backcrossing of varieties succeeded to produce completely male sterile CMS lines. Wild abortive cytoplasm did not affect agronomic characteristic. Since Osmancik-97 is one of the most popular varieties and it was used as a donor gene for new varieties, the WA-CMS lines of Osmancik-97 and Kiziltan will be useful for hybrid rice breeding. 

  • Ali, M., M.A. Hossain, M.J. Hasan and M.E. Kabir. 2014. Identifıcation of Maintainer And Restorer Lines In Local Aromatic Rice (Oryza Sativa). Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 39(1): 1-12.
  • Barclay, A. 2010. Hybridizing the world. Rice Today 9:32–35.
  • Gevrek, M.N. 2012. Some Agronomic and Quality Characteristics of New Rice Varieties In The Aegean Region Of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Field Crops, 2012, 17(1):74-77.
  • Govinda, R.K. and S.S. Virmani. 1989. Maintainer and restorers for different cytoplasmic male sterile systems. Intl. Rice Res. Newsl. 14(5): 7-8.
  • IRRI.1997. Hybrid rice breeding manual. International rice research institute. Los Banos. Philippines.
  • IRRI. 2014. Standart evaluation sysytem for rice (SES). 5th Eition, Los Banos, International Rice Research Institute. Philippines.
  • Jain, M., R. Kaur and S.S. Yadav. 2017. Phenotypic characterization of new cytoplasmic male sterile lines in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2017; 6(3): 166-167.
  • Julfiquar, A.W., J. M. Hasan, A.K. Azad and A.M. Nurunnabi. 2002. Research and development of hybrid rice in Bangladesh: A motivation to adoption. Proc. First National Workshop on “Research and Development of Hybrid Rice in Bangladesh, Progress and Future Strategies”. Bangladesh Rice Res. Inst., held on 5-6 January. 2002. 9-19Pp.
  • Kaul, M.L.H. 1997. Male sterility: cytological, biological and molecular alterations. In: Plant Breeding and Crop Improvement. Vol. (II) (Eds. Kapoor and Saini) CBS Publishers Distribution. New Delhi. 377-378Pp.
  • Kumar, R.V., P.V. Satyanarayana and M.S. Rao.1996. New cytoplasmic male sterile lines developed in Andhra Pradesh, India. Intl. Rice Res. Notes 21(2-3): 30.
  • Leon, J.C., E.D. Redona, I.A. Cruz, M.F. Ablaza, F.M. Malabanan, R.J. Lara and S.R. Obien. 1997. Hybrid rice in the Philippines: progress and prospects. Advances in hybrid rice technology. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Hybrid Rice, 14-16 November 1996, Hyderabad, India. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute.
  • SAS. 2002. SAS Institute. SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, v. 9.1.3. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute
  • Sattari, M., A. Kathiresan, G.B. Gregorio, J.E Hernandez, T.M. Nas and S.S. Virmani. 2007. Development and use of a two-gene marker-aided selection system for fertility restorer genes in rice. Euphytica 153:35–42. doi:10. 1007/s10681-006-9213-5.
  • Sezer, I., R. Unan, M. Sahin and M.O. Way. 2016. The effect of trinexapac-ethyl and seeding rate on rice milling yields. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 40: 53-61 doi:10.3906/tar-1406-143.
  • Tatar, O. and M. Gevrek. 2007. Effects of Salt Stress on Some Physiolagical Characters of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Germination and Seedling Stages. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2007; 12(1): 34-39.
  • Unan, R., I. Sezer, M. Sahin and L.A.J. Mur. 2013. Control of lodging and reduction in plant length in rice (Oryza sativa L.) with the treatment of trinexapac-ethyl and sowing density. Turkish Journal of Agriculture Forestry 3 (37) 257-264. doi:10.3906/tar-1207-72.
  • Unan, R., H. Surek, R and Kaya. 2016. Research on Male Sterility to Commercial Hybrid Rice. Journal of Field Crops Central Research Institute, 2016, 25 (Special issue-1): 100-104. DOI: 10.21566/tarbitderg.280269.
  • Yuan, L.P. and S.S. Virmani. 1988. Status of hybrid rice research and development. In: Hybrid rice. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. p 7-24.
Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Rasim UNAN (Primary Author)
Institution: SAMSUN KARADENİZ TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Tarımsal Araştırmalar ve Politikalar Genel Müdürlüğü
Project Number TAGEM/TBAD/16/A12/P04/001
Thanks This research was supported by General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies, Turkey (Project No: TAGEM/TBAD/16/A12/P04/001 ).
Dates

Publication Date : June 29, 2021

Bibtex @research article { tjfc650908, journal = {Turkish Journal Of Field Crops}, issn = {1301-1111}, address = {}, publisher = {Society of Fields Crop Science}, year = {2021}, volume = {26}, pages = {111 - 116}, doi = {10.17557/tjfc.650908}, title = {DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION}, key = {cite}, author = {Unan, Rasim} }
APA Unan, R . (2021). DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops , 26 (1) , 111-116 . DOI: 10.17557/tjfc.650908
MLA Unan, R . "DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION" . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 (2021 ): 111-116 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjfc/issue/63156/650908>
Chicago Unan, R . "DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 (2021 ): 111-116
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION AU - Rasim Unan Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.650908 DO - 10.17557/tjfc.650908 T2 - Turkish Journal Of Field Crops JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 111 EP - 116 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1301-1111- M3 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.650908 UR - https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.650908 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal Of Field Crops DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION %A Rasim Unan %T DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION %D 2021 %J Turkish Journal Of Field Crops %P 1301-1111- %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17557/tjfc.650908 %U 10.17557/tjfc.650908
ISNAD Unan, Rasim . "DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 / 1 (June 2021): 111-116 . https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.650908
AMA Unan R . DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2021; 26(1): 111-116.
Vancouver Unan R . DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2021; 26(1): 111-116.
IEEE R. Unan , "DEVELOPMENT OF JAPONICA TYPE CYTOPLASMIC MALE STERILE (CMS) RICE LINES FOR COMMERCIAL HYBRID RICE IN MEDITERRANEAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION", Turkish Journal Of Field Crops, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 111-116, Jun. 2021, doi:10.17557/tjfc.650908