Year 2021, Volume 26 , Issue 1, Pages 25 - 34 2021-06-29

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS

Erdal GÖNÜLAL [1] , Süleyman SOYLU [2] , Mehmet ŞAHİN [3]


This study was conducted to determine the effects of different water stress levels on biomass yield, plant height, number of stalks per unit area, single stalk weight, yield reduction ratios and irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE) values of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) cultivars under Central Anatolia conditions. Experiments were conducted for two years (2016 – 2017) in randomized blocks – split plots experimental design with three replications under Konya ecological conditions. Six switchgrass cultivars (Shelter, Alamo, Cave in rock, Shawnee, Kanlow and Trailblazer) and five different irrigation treatments (water stress levels: S1: Full irrigation; S2: 75% of full irrigation; S3: 50% of full irrigation; S4: 25% of full irrigation and S5: Rain-fed without irrigation) were used in present experiments. Kanlow, Alamo and Trailblazer cultivars had greater biomass yields than the other cultivars in all water stress treatments. Under different water stress treatments, dry biomass yields varied between 48300 kg ha-1 (S5- Cave in rock) and 25120 kg ha-1 (S1- Kanlow); plant heights varied between 70 cm (S5) and 180 cm (S1); number of stalks per unit area (meter) varied between 221 (S5) and 356 (S1); stalk weights varied between 0.56 g (S5) and 2.25 g (S1). IWUE was calculated as 5.7 kg m-3 for the first harvest and as 2.1 kg m-3 for the second harvest. Considering the biomass yields from single harvest of rain-fed treatments (S5) and two harvests of the other irrigation treatments (S1-S4), IWUE values and water deficits of the region, it was concluded that single harvest was more suitable for switchgrass plants grown under ecological conditions
Biomass yield, climate change, switchgrass, water stress, yield components
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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Erdal GÖNÜLAL (Primary Author)
Institution: Bahri Dagdas International Agriculture Research Institute, Konya-Turkey
Country: Turkey


Author: Süleyman SOYLU
Institution: SELCUK UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF FIELD CROPS
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5989-7092
Author: Mehmet ŞAHİN
Institution: SELCUK UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURES AND IRRIGATION
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 29, 2021

Bibtex @research article { tjfc758010, journal = {Turkish Journal Of Field Crops}, issn = {1301-1111}, address = {}, publisher = {Society of Fields Crop Science}, year = {2021}, volume = {26}, pages = {25 - 34}, doi = {10.17557/tjfc.758010}, title = {EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS}, key = {cite}, author = {Gönülal, Erdal and Soylu, Süleyman and Şahin, Mehmet} }
APA Gönülal, E , Soylu, S , Şahin, M . (2021). EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops , 26 (1) , 25-34 . DOI: 10.17557/tjfc.758010
MLA Gönülal, E , Soylu, S , Şahin, M . "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS" . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 (2021 ): 25-34 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjfc/issue/63156/758010>
Chicago Gönülal, E , Soylu, S , Şahin, M . "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 (2021 ): 25-34
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS AU - Erdal Gönülal , Süleyman Soylu , Mehmet Şahin Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.758010 DO - 10.17557/tjfc.758010 T2 - Turkish Journal Of Field Crops JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 25 EP - 34 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1301-1111- M3 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.758010 UR - https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.758010 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal Of Field Crops EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS %A Erdal Gönülal , Süleyman Soylu , Mehmet Şahin %T EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS %D 2021 %J Turkish Journal Of Field Crops %P 1301-1111- %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17557/tjfc.758010 %U 10.17557/tjfc.758010
ISNAD Gönülal, Erdal , Soylu, Süleyman , Şahin, Mehmet . "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 / 1 (June 2021): 25-34 . https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.758010
AMA Gönülal E , Soylu S , Şahin M . EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2021; 26(1): 25-34.
Vancouver Gönülal E , Soylu S , Şahin M . EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2021; 26(1): 25-34.
IEEE E. Gönülal , S. Soylu and M. Şahin , "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WATER STRESS LEVELS ON BIOMASS YIELD AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS OF SWITCHGRASS (Panicum virgatum L.) CULTIVARS UNDER ARID AND SEMI-ARID CONDITIONS", Turkish Journal Of Field Crops, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 25-34, Jun. 2021, doi:10.17557/tjfc.758010