Year 2021, Volume 26 , Issue 1, Pages 8 - 17 2021-06-29

VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA

Muhammad Irfan YOUSAF [1] , Muhammad Husnain BHATTI [2] , Aamir GHANI [3] , Aamar SHEHZAD [4] , Aamir HUSSAIN [5] , Rahil SHAHZAD [6] , Muhammad Asad HAFEEZ [7] , Mudassar ABBAS [8] , Muhammad Umer KHALID [9] , Naeem AKHTER [10]


High ambient temperature is one of the most alarming climatic factors in challenging the productivity and sustainability of crops worldwide. An effective way to cope this problem is the development of climate smart, heat resilient maize hybrids through evaluating the cultivated germplasm. The main objective of current study was to evaluate local and multinational maize hybrids for their performance under optimal and heat stress conditions and to devise a selection criterion for the identification of heat tolerant maize hybrids. Nine maize hybrids, including local and multinational, were evaluated under optimal and heat stress conditions across three consecutive spring seasons (2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20) at Maize and Millets Research Institute, Yusafwala, Sahiwal. Results revealed the presence of highly significant differences among maize hybrids under both conditions and for all three seasons. Kernel yield was found to be highly correlated with net photosynthetic rate (0.735**), shelling percentage (0.910**) and relative cell injury percentage (-0.775**) under stress conditions. Cluster and biplot analysis unveiled that two local maize hybrids YH-5507 and YH-5427 were highly heat tolerant while multinational hybrids i.e. NK-8711, P-1543 and DK-6724 were highly productive under control/optimal conditions only. These hybrids can be invaluable sources of genes/alleles for the development of climate smart maize genotypes.
Biplot analysis, Climate smart, Heat tolerance, Multivariate analysis, Photosynthesis
  • Ali, F., N. Kanwal, M. Ahsan, Q. Ali, I. Bibi and N.K. Niazi. 2015. Multivariate analysis of grain yield and its attributing traits in different maize hybrids grown under heat and drought stress. Scientifica 563869: 1-6
  • Brown L, 2009. Plan B 4.0: Mobilizing to save civilization. W.W. Norton & Company, New York. Cheema, U.K., N. Akhtar, M. Arshad and M. I. Yousaf. 2020.
  • Characterization of maize inbred lines for grain yield and related traits under heat stress conditions. Int. J. Biol. Biotech. 17: 367-375.
  • Cicchino, M., J.I.R. Edreira and M.E. Otegui. 2010. Heat stress during late vegetative growth of maize effects on phenology and assessment of optimum temperature. Crop Sci. 50: 1431-1437.
  • Coskun, Y., A. Coskun, U. Demirel and M. Ozden. 2011. Physiological response of maize (Zea mays L.) to high temperature stress. Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 5: 966-975.
  • Dass, S.I., G.K.C. Singh, C.M. Parihar, A. Singode and M.D.K. Singh. 2010. Abiotic stresses in maize, some issues and solutions. Directorate of Maize Research Pusa Campus, New Delhi.
  • Ghani, A., M. I. Yousaf, M. Arshad, K. Hussain, S. Hussain, M.T. Mukhtar, A. Hussain and S. Rehman. 2017. YH-1898: A new high yielding, high temperature tolerant local yellow maize (Zea mays L.) hybrid. Int. J. Biol. Biotech. 14: 441-449.
  • Govt. of Pakistan. 2018-19. Economic survey of Pakistan, Ministry of Finance, Govt. of Pakistan, Islamabad. Available at http://www.fnance.gov.pk/survey_1819.html
  • Hefny, M.M., A. A. Ali, T.Y. Byoumi, M. Al-Ashry and S. A. Okasha. 2017. Classification of genetic diversity for drought tolerance in maize genotypes through principal component analysis. J. Agric. Sci. 62: 213-227
  • Iqbal, M A., J. Eitzinger, H. Formayer, A. Hassan and L.K. Heng. 2011. A simulation study for assessing yield optimization and potential for water reduction for summer-sown maize under different climate change scenarios. J. Agric. Sci. 149: 129-143.
  • Kandel, M., S.K. Ghimire, B.R. Ojha, and J. Shrestha. 2017. Analysis of genetic diversity among the maize inbred lines (Zea mays L.) under heat stress condition. Journal of Maize Research and Development 3: 86-97.
  • Khodarahmpour, Z. 2012. Morphological classification of maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes in heat stress condition. J. Agr. Sci. 4: 31-40.
  • Marinho, J.D.L., D.S.D. Costa, D.U.D. Carvalho, M.A.D. Cruz and C. Zucareli. 2019. Evaluation of vigor and tolerance of sweet corn seeds under hypoxia. J. Seed Sci. 41: 180-186.
  • Meseka, S., A. Menkir, B. Bossey and W. Mengesha. 2018. Performance assessment of drought tolerant maize hybrids under combined drought and heat stress. Agronomy 8: 1-17
  • Nelimor, C., B. Badu-Apraku, A.Y. Tetteh and A.S. N’guetta. 2019. Assessment of Genetic Diversity for Drought, Heat and Combined Drought and Heat Stress Tolerance in Early Maturing Maize Landraces. Plants 8: 518.
  • Noor, J.J., M.T. Vinayan, S. Umar, P. Devi, M. Iqbal, K. Seetharam and P.H. Zaidi. 2019. Morpho-physiological traits associated with heat stress tolerance in tropical maize (Zea mays L.) at reproductive stage. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 13: 536-545.
  • Rahman, S.U., M. Arif, K. Hussain, S. Hussain, T. Mukhtar, A. Razzaq and R.A. Iqbal. 2013. Evaluation of maize hybrids for tolerance to high temperature stress in central Punjab. Amer. J. Bioeng. Biotech. 1: 30-36.
  • Saeed, M., A. Mumtaz, D. Hussain, M. Arshad, M.I. Yousaf and M.S. Ahmad. 2018. Multivariate analysis-based evaluation of maize genotypes under high temperature stress. I3 Biodiversity, 1.
  • Sanchez, B., A. Rasmussen and J.R. Porter. 2014. Temperatures and the growth and development of maize and rice: a review. Global Change Biol. 20: 408-417.
  • Serna-Saldivar, S.O. 2018. Corn: Chemistry and technology, 3rd Edition. AASS International, Elsevier Inc., USA.
  • Shehzad, A., M.I. Yousaf, A. Ghani, K. Hussain, S. Hussain and M. Arshad. 2019. Genetic analysis and combining ability studies for morpho-phonological and grain yield traits in spring maize (Zea mays L.). Int. J. Biol. Biotech. 16: 925-931.
  • Singh, C., V. Kumar, I. Prasad, V.R. Patil and B.K. Rajkumar. 2016. Response of upland cotton (G. hirsutum L.) genotypes to drought stress using drought tolerance indices. J. Crop Sci. Biotechnol. 19: 53-59.
  • Steel, R.G.D., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Dicky. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A biometrical approach, 3rd Ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York, USA.
  • United State Department of Agriculture. 2020. World Agricultural Production. United State Department of Agriculture, Circular series, WAP 04‒20.
  • Yousaf, M.I., K. Hussain, S. Hussain, R. Shahzad, A. Ghani, M. Arshad, A. Mumtaz and N. Akhter. 2017. Morphometric and phonological characterization of maize (Zea mays L.) germplasm under heat stress. Int. J. Biol. Biotech. 14: 271-278.
  • Yousaf, M.I., K. Hussain, S. Hussain, A. Ghani, M. Arshad, A. Mumtaz and R. A. Hameed. 2018. Characterization of indigenous and exotic maize hybrids for grain yield and quality traits under heat stress. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 20: 333-337.
  • Yousaf, M.I., K. Hussain, S. Hussain, A. Ghani, A. Shehzad, A. Mumtaz, M. Arshad, A. Mehmood, M. U. Khalid, N. Akhtar and M. H. Bhatti. 2020. Seasonal influence, heat unit accumulation and heat use efficiency in relation to maize grain yield in Pakistan. Maydica 64: 1-9.
Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Muhammad Irfan YOUSAF (Primary Author)
Institution: Maize and Millets Research Institute (MMRI), Yusafwala, Sahiwal, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Muhammad Husnain BHATTI
Institution: Maize and Millets Research Institute (MMRI), Yusafwala, Sahiwal, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Aamir GHANI
Institution: Maize and Millets Research Institute (MMRI), Yusafwala, Sahiwal, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Aamar SHEHZAD
Institution: Maize Research Station (MRS), AARI, Faisalabad, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Aamir HUSSAIN
Institution: Maize and Millets Research Institute (MMRI), Yusafwala, Sahiwal, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Rahil SHAHZAD
Institution: Agriculture Biotechnology Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad. PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Muhammad Asad HAFEEZ
Institution: Maize and Millets Research Institute (MMRI), Yusafwala, Sahiwal, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Mudassar ABBAS
Institution: Maize Research Station (MRS), AARI, Faisalabad, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Muhammad Umer KHALID
Institution: University of Sargodha, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Author: Naeem AKHTER
Institution: University of Sargodha, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, PAKISTAN
Country: Pakistan


Dates

Publication Date : June 29, 2021

Bibtex @research article { tjfc943458, journal = {Turkish Journal Of Field Crops}, issn = {1301-1111}, address = {}, publisher = {Society of Fields Crop Science}, year = {2021}, volume = {26}, pages = {8 - 17}, doi = {10.17557/tjfc.943458}, title = {VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA}, key = {cite}, author = {Yousaf, Muhammad Irfan and Bhattı, Muhammad Husnain and Ghanı, Aamir and Shehzad, Aamar and Hussaın, Aamir and Shahzad, Rahil and Hafeez, Muhammad Asad and Abbas, Mudassar and Khalıd, Muhammad Umer and Akhter, Naeem} }
APA Yousaf, M , Bhattı, M , Ghanı, A , Shehzad, A , Hussaın, A , Shahzad, R , Hafeez, M , Abbas, M , Khalıd, M , Akhter, N . (2021). VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops , 26 (1) , 8-17 . DOI: 10.17557/tjfc.943458
MLA Yousaf, M , Bhattı, M , Ghanı, A , Shehzad, A , Hussaın, A , Shahzad, R , Hafeez, M , Abbas, M , Khalıd, M , Akhter, N . "VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA" . Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 (2021 ): 8-17 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjfc/issue/63156/943458>
Chicago Yousaf, M , Bhattı, M , Ghanı, A , Shehzad, A , Hussaın, A , Shahzad, R , Hafeez, M , Abbas, M , Khalıd, M , Akhter, N . "VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 (2021 ): 8-17
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA AU - Muhammad Irfan Yousaf , Muhammad Husnain Bhattı , Aamir Ghanı , Aamar Shehzad , Aamir Hussaın , Rahil Shahzad , Muhammad Asad Hafeez , Mudassar Abbas , Muhammad Umer Khalıd , Naeem Akhter Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.943458 DO - 10.17557/tjfc.943458 T2 - Turkish Journal Of Field Crops JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 8 EP - 17 VL - 26 IS - 1 SN - 1301-1111- M3 - doi: 10.17557/tjfc.943458 UR - https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.943458 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal Of Field Crops VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA %A Muhammad Irfan Yousaf , Muhammad Husnain Bhattı , Aamir Ghanı , Aamar Shehzad , Aamir Hussaın , Rahil Shahzad , Muhammad Asad Hafeez , Mudassar Abbas , Muhammad Umer Khalıd , Naeem Akhter %T VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA %D 2021 %J Turkish Journal Of Field Crops %P 1301-1111- %V 26 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17557/tjfc.943458 %U 10.17557/tjfc.943458
ISNAD Yousaf, Muhammad Irfan , Bhattı, Muhammad Husnain , Ghanı, Aamir , Shehzad, Aamar , Hussaın, Aamir , Shahzad, Rahil , Hafeez, Muhammad Asad , Abbas, Mudassar , Khalıd, Muhammad Umer , Akhter, Naeem . "VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA". Turkish Journal Of Field Crops 26 / 1 (June 2021): 8-17 . https://doi.org/10.17557/tjfc.943458
AMA Yousaf M , Bhattı M , Ghanı A , Shehzad A , Hussaın A , Shahzad R , Hafeez M , Abbas M , Khalıd M , Akhter N . VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2021; 26(1): 8-17.
Vancouver Yousaf M , Bhattı M , Ghanı A , Shehzad A , Hussaın A , Shahzad R , Hafeez M , Abbas M , Khalıd M , Akhter N . VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA. Turkish Journal Of Field Crops. 2021; 26(1): 8-17.
IEEE M. Yousaf , M. Bhattı , A. Ghanı , A. Shehzad , A. Hussaın , R. Shahzad , M. Hafeez , M. Abbas , M. Khalıd and N. Akhter , "VARIATIONS AMONG MAIZE (Zea Mays L.) HYBRIDS IN RESPONSE TO HEAT STRESS: HYBRIDS SELECTION CRITERIA", Turkish Journal Of Field Crops, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 8-17, Jun. 2021, doi:10.17557/tjfc.943458

Authors of the Article
Muhammad Irfan YOUSAF [1]
Muhammad Husnain BHATTI [2]
Aamir GHANI [3]
Aamar SHEHZAD [4]
Aamir HUSSAIN [5]
Rahil SHAHZAD [6]
Muhammad Asad HAFEEZ [7]
Mudassar ABBAS [8]
Muhammad Umer KHALID [9]
Naeem AKHTER [10]