Research Article
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Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2, 152 - 160, 30.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.56150/tjhsl.1114642

Abstract

Aim: This study, it is aimed to examine the attitudes of teachers in Türkiye towards distance education applications, which have become a critical need during the pandemic process, and the effect of their digital literacy levels on this situation. Materials and Methods: The research is a cross-sectional - analytical type of observational study. The research universe consists of teachers working at pre-school, primary, secondary, and high school education levels in Türkiye. The data were collected online via 'Google forms', with an online questionnaire with a total of 43 questions about distance education, including the Digital Literacy Scale. Results: It was carried out with 748 teachers, 451 women and 297 men. According to the results of multivariate regression and path analysis, the increase in teachers' digital literacy levels and age increases the distance education attitude level. In addition, the distance education attitude levels of teachers working in high schools were found to be lower. Conclusion: The trainings to be given to improve the digital literacy levels of teachers will increase their adaptation to distance education.

References

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  • 2. Ried LD. A Distance Education Course in Statistics. Am J Pharm Educ. 2010;74(9). Available from: https://www.ajpe.org/content/74/9/172.
  • 3. Donnelly D, McGarr O, O’Reilly J. A framework for teachers’ integration of ICT into their classroom practice. Comput Educ. 2011;57(2):1469–83.
  • 4. UNESCO 2020. Responding to COVID- 19 and beyond. Available from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000374364/PDF/374364eng.pdf.multi.
  • 5. Turkish Ministry of National Education. Minister Selçuk announced measures taken in the field of education against coronavirus [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://www.meb.gov.tr/bakan-selcuk-koronaviruse-karsi-egitim-alaninda-alinan-tedbirleri-acikladi/haber/20497/tr.
  • 6. Wikipedia - Historical development of distance education [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzaktan_eğitimin_tarihsel_gelişimi.
  • 7. Arar A, Cakmakci B. Historical development of distance education, distance education application models and costs. In: 1st Distance Education Symposium. p. 25–8.
  • 8. Cukadar S, Çelik S. Web-based distance learning and university libraries. Dogus Univ J. 2003;4(1):31–42.
  • 9. Fatih Project [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: http://fatihprojesi.meb.gov.tr/index.html#about.
  • 10. Change in primary education and education law and some laws [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/04/20120411-8.htm.
  • 11. Turkish Ministry of National Education. National Education Statistics Formal Education [Internet]. Ministry of national education strategy development presidency. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://sgb.meb.gov.tr/meb_iys_dosyalar/2020_09/04144812_meb_istatistikleri_orgun_egitim_2019_2020.pdf.
  • 12. Ng W. Can we teach digital natives digital literacy? Comput Educ. 2012;59(3):1065–78.
  • 13. Hamutoğlu NB, Canan Güngören Ö, Kaya Uyanık G, Gür Erdoğan D. Adapting digital literacy scale into Turkish. 2017;18(1):408–29. Available from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/326304.
  • 14. Erbil DG, Demir E, Erbil BA. Examination of primary education teachers’ views on distance education during the pandemic process. Turkish Stud Educ Sci. 2021;16(3):1473–93. Available from: https://turkishstudies.net/education?mod=tammetin&makaleadi=&key=49745.
  • 15. Hebebci MT, Bertiz Y, Alan S. Investigation of Views of Students and Teachers on Distance Education Practices during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic. Int J Technol Educ Sci. 2020;4(4):267–82. Available from: https://ijtes.net/index.php/ijtes/article/view/113.
  • 16. Türker A, Dündar E. The opinions of high school teachers on distance learning which is carried out through EBA (educational informatics network) during COVID-19 pandemic period. Natl Educ. 2020;49 (special issue):323–42.
  • 17. Kara S. An investigation of visual arts teachers’ attitudes towards distance education in the time of COVID-19. Int J Soc Educ Sci. 2021;3(3):576–88. Available from: https://ijonses.net/index.php/ijonses/article/view/246.
  • 18. Düzgün S. Teachers’ attitudes toward Turkey education informatics network during the distance education period in the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Progress Educ. 2021;17(5):102–18.
  • 19. Mohammadyari S, Singh H. Understanding the effect of e-learning on individual performance: The role of digital literacy. Comput Educ. 2015;82:11–25.
  • 20. Kurnaz A, Kaynar H, Şentürk Barişik C, Doğrukök B. Teachers’ views on distance learning. Natl Educ. 2020;49(special issue):293–322.
  • 21. Jeammet P. At the limits of the analysable: the paradigm of adolescence. Rev Belge Psychanal. 2012;60:77–88. Available from: https://pep-web.org/browse/document/rbp.060.0077a.
  • 22. Martin F, Sun T, Westine CD. A systematic review of research on online teaching and learning from 2009 to 2018. Comput Educ. 2020;1;159:104009.
  • 23. Çelik B, Uzunboylu H. Developing an attitude scale towards distance learning. https://doi.org/101080/0144929X20201832576. 2020;41(4):731–9. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0144929X.2020.1832576.
  • 24. Ağır F, Gür H, Okçu A. Development of the attitude scale toward distance learning: reliability and validity. e-Journal New World Sci Acad Soc Sci. 2007;3(2):128–39. Available from: www.newwsa.com.
  • 25. Meyer JD, Barefield AC. Infrastructure and administrative support for online programs. Online J Distance Learn Adm. 2010;13(3). Available from: https://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/Fall133/meyer_barfield133.html.
  • 26. Bawden D. Information and digital literacies: A review of concepts. J Doc. 2001;57(2):218–59.
  • 27. Markless S, Streatfield D. Three decades of information literacy: redefining the parameters. Available from: www.ala.org/acrl/ilcomstan.html.

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2, 152 - 160, 30.08.2022
https://doi.org/10.56150/tjhsl.1114642

Abstract

References

  • 1. Oxford Languages and Google - Turkish | Oxford Languages [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://languages.oup.com/google-dictionary-tr/.
  • 2. Ried LD. A Distance Education Course in Statistics. Am J Pharm Educ. 2010;74(9). Available from: https://www.ajpe.org/content/74/9/172.
  • 3. Donnelly D, McGarr O, O’Reilly J. A framework for teachers’ integration of ICT into their classroom practice. Comput Educ. 2011;57(2):1469–83.
  • 4. UNESCO 2020. Responding to COVID- 19 and beyond. Available from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000374364/PDF/374364eng.pdf.multi.
  • 5. Turkish Ministry of National Education. Minister Selçuk announced measures taken in the field of education against coronavirus [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://www.meb.gov.tr/bakan-selcuk-koronaviruse-karsi-egitim-alaninda-alinan-tedbirleri-acikladi/haber/20497/tr.
  • 6. Wikipedia - Historical development of distance education [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://tr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uzaktan_eğitimin_tarihsel_gelişimi.
  • 7. Arar A, Cakmakci B. Historical development of distance education, distance education application models and costs. In: 1st Distance Education Symposium. p. 25–8.
  • 8. Cukadar S, Çelik S. Web-based distance learning and university libraries. Dogus Univ J. 2003;4(1):31–42.
  • 9. Fatih Project [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: http://fatihprojesi.meb.gov.tr/index.html#about.
  • 10. Change in primary education and education law and some laws [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2012/04/20120411-8.htm.
  • 11. Turkish Ministry of National Education. National Education Statistics Formal Education [Internet]. Ministry of national education strategy development presidency. [cited 2022 May 9]. Available from: https://sgb.meb.gov.tr/meb_iys_dosyalar/2020_09/04144812_meb_istatistikleri_orgun_egitim_2019_2020.pdf.
  • 12. Ng W. Can we teach digital natives digital literacy? Comput Educ. 2012;59(3):1065–78.
  • 13. Hamutoğlu NB, Canan Güngören Ö, Kaya Uyanık G, Gür Erdoğan D. Adapting digital literacy scale into Turkish. 2017;18(1):408–29. Available from: https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/326304.
  • 14. Erbil DG, Demir E, Erbil BA. Examination of primary education teachers’ views on distance education during the pandemic process. Turkish Stud Educ Sci. 2021;16(3):1473–93. Available from: https://turkishstudies.net/education?mod=tammetin&makaleadi=&key=49745.
  • 15. Hebebci MT, Bertiz Y, Alan S. Investigation of Views of Students and Teachers on Distance Education Practices during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic. Int J Technol Educ Sci. 2020;4(4):267–82. Available from: https://ijtes.net/index.php/ijtes/article/view/113.
  • 16. Türker A, Dündar E. The opinions of high school teachers on distance learning which is carried out through EBA (educational informatics network) during COVID-19 pandemic period. Natl Educ. 2020;49 (special issue):323–42.
  • 17. Kara S. An investigation of visual arts teachers’ attitudes towards distance education in the time of COVID-19. Int J Soc Educ Sci. 2021;3(3):576–88. Available from: https://ijonses.net/index.php/ijonses/article/view/246.
  • 18. Düzgün S. Teachers’ attitudes toward Turkey education informatics network during the distance education period in the COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Progress Educ. 2021;17(5):102–18.
  • 19. Mohammadyari S, Singh H. Understanding the effect of e-learning on individual performance: The role of digital literacy. Comput Educ. 2015;82:11–25.
  • 20. Kurnaz A, Kaynar H, Şentürk Barişik C, Doğrukök B. Teachers’ views on distance learning. Natl Educ. 2020;49(special issue):293–322.
  • 21. Jeammet P. At the limits of the analysable: the paradigm of adolescence. Rev Belge Psychanal. 2012;60:77–88. Available from: https://pep-web.org/browse/document/rbp.060.0077a.
  • 22. Martin F, Sun T, Westine CD. A systematic review of research on online teaching and learning from 2009 to 2018. Comput Educ. 2020;1;159:104009.
  • 23. Çelik B, Uzunboylu H. Developing an attitude scale towards distance learning. https://doi.org/101080/0144929X20201832576. 2020;41(4):731–9. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0144929X.2020.1832576.
  • 24. Ağır F, Gür H, Okçu A. Development of the attitude scale toward distance learning: reliability and validity. e-Journal New World Sci Acad Soc Sci. 2007;3(2):128–39. Available from: www.newwsa.com.
  • 25. Meyer JD, Barefield AC. Infrastructure and administrative support for online programs. Online J Distance Learn Adm. 2010;13(3). Available from: https://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/Fall133/meyer_barfield133.html.
  • 26. Bawden D. Information and digital literacies: A review of concepts. J Doc. 2001;57(2):218–59.
  • 27. Markless S, Streatfield D. Three decades of information literacy: redefining the parameters. Available from: www.ala.org/acrl/ilcomstan.html.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Özgür ÖNAL> (Primary Author)
SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, TIP PR.
0000-0001-6514-2120
Türkiye


Kıymet BATMAZ>
SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-3615-7953
Türkiye


Ayşe YILDIRIM UZ>
SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-8880-717X
Türkiye


Ersin USKUN>
SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-6446-0186
Türkiye


Ahmet Nesimi KİŞİOĞLU>
SULEYMAN DEMIREL UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2301-140X
Türkiye

Publication Date August 30, 2022
Acceptance Date August 16, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { tjhsl1114642, journal = {Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life}, issn = {2687-2730}, eissn = {2687-2730}, address = {}, publisher = {Mümin POLAT}, year = {2022}, volume = {5}, number = {2}, pages = {152 - 160}, doi = {10.56150/tjhsl.1114642}, title = {Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?}, key = {cite}, author = {Önal, Özgür and Batmaz, Kıymet and Yıldırım Uz, Ayşe and Uskun, Ersin and Kişioğlu, Ahmet Nesimi} }
APA Önal, Ö. , Batmaz, K. , Yıldırım Uz, A. , Uskun, E. & Kişioğlu, A. N. (2022). Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye? . Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life , 5 (2) , 152-160 . DOI: 10.56150/tjhsl.1114642
MLA Önal, Ö. , Batmaz, K. , Yıldırım Uz, A. , Uskun, E. , Kişioğlu, A. N. "Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?" . Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life 5 (2022 ): 152-160 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjhsl/issue/72265/1114642>
Chicago Önal, Ö. , Batmaz, K. , Yıldırım Uz, A. , Uskun, E. , Kişioğlu, A. N. "Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?". Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life 5 (2022 ): 152-160
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye? AU - ÖzgürÖnal, KıymetBatmaz, AyşeYıldırım Uz, ErsinUskun, Ahmet NesimiKişioğlu Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.56150/tjhsl.1114642 DO - 10.56150/tjhsl.1114642 T2 - Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 152 EP - 160 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - 2687-2730-2687-2730 M3 - doi: 10.56150/tjhsl.1114642 UR - https://doi.org/10.56150/tjhsl.1114642 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye? %A Özgür Önal , Kıymet Batmaz , Ayşe Yıldırım Uz , Ersin Uskun , Ahmet Nesimi Kişioğlu %T Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye? %D 2022 %J Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life %P 2687-2730-2687-2730 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.56150/tjhsl.1114642 %U 10.56150/tjhsl.1114642
ISNAD Önal, Özgür , Batmaz, Kıymet , Yıldırım Uz, Ayşe , Uskun, Ersin , Kişioğlu, Ahmet Nesimi . "Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?". Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life 5 / 2 (August 2022): 152-160 . https://doi.org/10.56150/tjhsl.1114642
AMA Önal Ö. , Batmaz K. , Yıldırım Uz A. , Uskun E. , Kişioğlu A. N. Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?. TJHSL. 2022; 5(2): 152-160.
Vancouver Önal Ö. , Batmaz K. , Yıldırım Uz A. , Uskun E. , Kişioğlu A. N. Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?. Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life. 2022; 5(2): 152-160.
IEEE Ö. Önal , K. Batmaz , A. Yıldırım Uz , E. Uskun and A. N. Kişioğlu , "Did teachers' digital literacy levels affect distance education during the covid-19 pandemic in Türkiye?", Turkish Journal of Health Science and Life, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 152-160, Aug. 2022, doi:10.56150/tjhsl.1114642