Year 2019, Volume 1 , Issue 1, Pages 6 - 14 2019-10-29

Obesity is an important public health problem with increasing frequency, leading to different comorbidities including hypertension and can cause mortality. Possible mechanisms that increase blood pressure in overweight and obese people are renal damage, activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, sleep apnea syndrome, leptin-melanocortin pathway and genetic predisposition. Most of these mechanisms stimulate the sympathetic nervous system. Medical nutrition therapy, lifestyle interventions, medical and/or surgical antiobesity treatment modalities contribute to the control of blood pressure via weight loss. Besides antihypertensive medications should be chosen carefully in overweight and obese patients and drug groups preventing weight loss should not be preferred if possible. 

obesity, overweight, hypertension, kidney
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Reviews
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4510-6282
Author: Canan ERSOY (Primary Author)
Institution: Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Bursa
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0710-0923
Author: Alparslan ERSOY
Institution: Uludag University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Bursa
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 18, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 25, 2019
Publication Date : October 29, 2019

EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Internal Medicine Obesity and Hypertension %A Canan Ersoy , Alparslan Ersoy %T Obesity and Hypertension %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Internal Medicine %P -2687-4245 %V 1 %N 1 %R doi: 10.46310/tjim.634597 %U 10.46310/tjim.634597