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Year 2021, Volume 22, Issue 1, 1 - 8, 15.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.770526

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, Ocak-Şubat 2019'da Edirne (Suburban), İstanbul (Suburban) ve Kars (Dağ bozkırı) illerinden toplanan toplam 691 adet kulaklı orman baykuşu peleti analiz edilmiştir. Diyet içeriği farklı habitat türlerine (bozkır ve suburban) göre karşılaştırılmıştır. Küçük memeliler tüm alanlarda diyet içeriğinin çoğunu oluşturmaktadır, ayrıca peletlerde az miktarda kuş kalıntısı tespit edilmiştir. 7 farklı memeli taksonuna (Apodemus sp., Cricetulus sp., Crocidura sp., Micromys sp., Microtus sp., Mus sp., Rattus sp.) ait 1474 av belirlenmiştir. Edirne (%50,34) ve İstanbul'dan (%41,42) toplanan peletlerde yüksek miktarda Mus sp. tespit edilmiştir. Kars’tan toplanan peletlerde ise Microtus sp. ana av türüdür. Genel olarak, çalışmamız kulaklı orman baykuşunun fırsatçı bir avcı olarak beslendiğini ve diyet içeriğini farklı çevresel koşullara göre değiştirdiğini desteklemiştir. Kapanlama çalışması ile pelet analizi arasında uyumsuz sonuçlar elde edilmiştir. Bunun nedenleri, bazı memeli türlerinin tesadüfen yakalanabilmeleri, kapanlama alanının, baykuşun tüm avlanma alanını temsil edememesi ve bazı memeli türlerinin tuzaktan kaçınmaları olabilir. 

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DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY

Year 2021, Volume 22, Issue 1, 1 - 8, 15.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.770526

Abstract

In this study, we analysed a total of 691 pellets of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus L.) collected from Edirne (Suburban), İstanbul (Suburban) and Kars (High altitude steppe) provinces in January-February 2019. Dietary contents of the Long-eared Owl were considering the different habitat (steppe and suburban) types. Small mammals constituted the majority of the diet content in all areas, but a small amount of bird remains were also found in pellets. 1474 prey items belonging to 7 different mammal taxa (Apodemus sp., Cricetulus sp., Crocidura sp., Micromys sp., Microtus sp., Mus sp., Rattus sp.) were identified. High amount of Mus sp. was found in pellets collected from Edirne (50.34%) and İstanbul (41.42%). On the other hand, Microtus sp. was the main prey species in Kars. Overall, our study supported that the Long-eared Owl acts as an opportunistic predator and change its dietary contents according to different environmental conditions. Incompatible results were obtained between the trapping study and pellet examination. The reasons could be that some mammal species can be caught by chance, trapping area cannot represent the entire hunting area and some mammal species could avoid trapping.

References

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  • 16. Escala, C., Alonso, D., Mazuelas, D., Mendiburu, A., Vilches, A., Arizaga, J. & Scheme, A.R. 2009. Winter diet of Long-eared Owls Asio otus in the Ebro valley (NE Iberia). Revista Catalana d’Ornitologia, 25: 49-53.
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  • 22. Heisler, L.M., Somers, C.M. & Poulin, R.G. 2016. Owl pellets: a more effective alternative to conventional trapping for broad‐scale studies of small mammal communities. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 7(1): 96-103.
  • 23. Hizal, E. 2013. Diet of the Long-eared Owl Asio otus, in Central Anatolia (Aves: Strigidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 59: 118-122.
  • 24. Kafkaletou-Diez, A., Tsachalidis, E.P. & Poirazidis, K. 2008. Seasonal variation in the diet of the Long-eared Owl (Asio otus) in a northeastern agricultural area of Greece. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki, 10: 181-189.
  • 25. Kaya, A. & Çoşkun, Y. 2017. Erzurum’dan toplanan kulaklı orman baykuşu (Asio otus) peletlerinde memeli hayvan türleri. Bitlis Eren University Journal of Science, 6: 47-50.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Article/Araştırma Makalesi
Authors

Ahmet Yesari SELÇUK>
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-2785-2823
Türkiye


Ömral Ünsal ÖZKOÇ> (Primary Author)
ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5918-8664
Türkiye


Melisa BAL>
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA
0000-0001-8208-564X
Türkiye


Osman Özmen YELTEKİN>
TRAKYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1623-2936
Türkiye


Umut GÜNGÖR>
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA
0000-0003-0455-6076
Türkiye

Thanks The authors are grateful to Barış Yıldız, PhD for his support in fieldwork. We also thank Assist. Prof. Dr. Necmettin Güler (Edirne) for identification of the tree species.
Publication Date April 15, 2021
Application Date July 16, 2020
Acceptance Date October 4, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 22, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { trkjnat770526, journal = {Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences}, eissn = {2528-9691}, address = {}, publisher = {Trakya University}, year = {2021}, volume = {22}, number = {1}, pages = {1 - 8}, doi = {10.23902/trkjnat.770526}, title = {DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY}, key = {cite}, author = {Selçuk, Ahmet Yesari and Özkoç, Ömral Ünsal and Bal, Melisa and Yeltekin, Osman Özmen and Güngör, Umut} }
APA Selçuk, A. Y. , Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Bal, M. , Yeltekin, O. Ö. & Güngör, U. (2021). DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY . Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences , 22 (1) , 1-8 . DOI: 10.23902/trkjnat.770526
MLA Selçuk, A. Y. , Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Bal, M. , Yeltekin, O. Ö. , Güngör, U. "DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY" . Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 22 (2021 ): 1-8 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/trkjnat/issue/61393/770526>
Chicago Selçuk, A. Y. , Özkoç, Ö. Ü. , Bal, M. , Yeltekin, O. Ö. , Güngör, U. "DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 22 (2021 ): 1-8
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY AU - Ahmet YesariSelçuk, Ömral ÜnsalÖzkoç, MelisaBal, Osman ÖzmenYeltekin, UmutGüngör Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.23902/trkjnat.770526 DO - 10.23902/trkjnat.770526 T2 - Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 8 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - -2528-9691 M3 - doi: 10.23902/trkjnat.770526 UR - https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.770526 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY %A Ahmet Yesari Selçuk , Ömral Ünsal Özkoç , Melisa Bal , Osman Özmen Yeltekin , Umut Güngör %T DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY %D 2021 %J Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences %P -2528-9691 %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.23902/trkjnat.770526 %U 10.23902/trkjnat.770526
ISNAD Selçuk, Ahmet Yesari , Özkoç, Ömral Ünsal , Bal, Melisa , Yeltekin, Osman Özmen , Güngör, Umut . "DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 22 / 1 (April 2021): 1-8 . https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.770526
AMA Selçuk A. Y. , Özkoç Ö. Ü. , Bal M. , Yeltekin O. Ö. , Güngör U. DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY. Trakya Univ J Nat Sci. 2021; 22(1): 1-8.
Vancouver Selçuk A. Y. , Özkoç Ö. Ü. , Bal M. , Yeltekin O. Ö. , Güngör U. DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences. 2021; 22(1): 1-8.
IEEE A. Y. Selçuk , Ö. Ü. Özkoç , M. Bal , O. Ö. Yeltekin and U. Güngör , "DIET COMPOSITION OF THE WINTERING Asio otus L. (STRIGIFORMES: STRIGIDAE) IN TWO DIFFERENT HABITAT TYPES IN TURKEY", Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 1-8, Apr. 2021, doi:10.23902/trkjnat.770526

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