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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION

Year 2022, Volume 23, Issue Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect, 31 - 39, 20.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1113991

Abstract

Despite the rich biodiversity potential of Anatolia, the blackfly fauna of Türkiye has not been fully explored. In the present study, a sampling study for blackflies were performed in Western Black Sea Region in spring seasons from 2016 to 2018 and 15 blackfly species from 73 different lotic habitats have been reported. Simulium (Nevermannia) carthusiense Grenier & Dorier, 1959 is new for Turkish fauna. Ten species have been recorded from the region for the first time. Distributional remarks in Türkiye and the world are given along with brief taxonomic evaluations for each species. 

References

  • 1. Adler, P.H. 2022. World blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae): a comprehensive revision of the taxonomic and geographical inventory. http: www.clemson.edu/cafls/departments/esps/ biomia/pdfs/blackflyinventory.pdf (Date accessed: 05.04.2022).
  • 2. Adler, P.H., Currie, D.C. & Wood, D.M. 2004. The Black flies (Simuliidae) of North America. Ithaca, NY, 960 pp.
  • 3. Adler, P.H. & Seitz, G. 2014. Chromosomal characteristics and evolutionary relationships of the Palearctic blackfly Simulium carthusiense (Diptera: Simuliidae). European Journal of Entomology, 111(4): 469-474.
  • 4. Adler, P.H., Inci, A., Yildirim, A., Duzlu, O., McCreadie, J.W., Kúdela, M., Khazeni, A., Brúderová, T., Seitz, G., Takaoka, H., Otsuka, Y. & Bass, J. 2015. Are blackflies of the subgenus Wilhelmia (Diptera: Simuliidae) multiple species or a single geographical generalist? Insights from the macrogenome. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114: 163-183.
  • 5. Aslan, B. 2021. COI ve ITS 1-2 Gen Bölgeleri İle Prosimulium rachiliense Djafarov, 1954 (Diptera: Simuliidae) Türü Türkiye Populasyonlarının Genetik Çeşitliliklerinin Araştırılması. Master thesis, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Eskişehir, 82 pp.
  • 6. Austen E.E. 1925. A contribution to knowledge of the blood-sucking Diptera of the Dardanelles. Bulletin of EntomologicalResearch, 16: 1-23.
  • 7. Bass, J. 1998. Last-instar larvae and pupae of the Simuliidae of Britain and Ireland. Cumbria: United Kingdom, 102 pp.
  • 8. Başören, Ö. & Kazancı, N. 2016. A checklist of Simuliidae (Insecta, Diptera) species of Turkey. Review of Hydrobiology, 9(2): 153-164.
  • 9. Başören, Ö. & Kazancı, N. 2020. Distribution of aquatic Diptera larvae of Yeşilırmak River (Turkey) and ecological characteristics. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 37(4): 397-407.
  • 10. Başören, Ö. & Kazancı, N. 2021. Ecological requirements of larval Simuliidae (Insecta, Diptera) species of some streams in Camili Valley (Artvin, Turkey). Acta Aquatica Turcica, 17(1): 97-107.
  • 11. Crosskey, R.W. 1990. The Natural History of Black flies. Chichester, 711 pp.
  • 12. Crosskey, R.W. 1998. Records of blackflies from mainland Greece (Diptera: Simuliidae). Entomologist’s Gazette, 49: 277-283.
  • 13. Crosskey, R.W. 2002. A taxonomic account of the blackfly fauna of Iraq and Iran, including keys for species identification (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Natural History, 36: 1841-1886.
  • 14. Crosskey, R.W. & Malicky, H. 2001. A first account of the black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of the Greek Islands. Studia Dipterologica, 8: 111-141.
  • 15. Crosskey, R.W & Howard, T.M. 2004. A Revised Taxonomic and Geographical inventory of World Blackflies (Diptera:Simuliidae). Department of Entomology. Natural history museum. London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/projects/blackflies/ (Date accessed: 05.04.2022)
  • 16. Crosskey, R.W. & Zwick, H. 2007. New faunal records, with taxonomic annotations, for the blackflies of Turkey (Diptera, Simuliidae). Aquatic Insects, 29: 21-48.
  • 17. Çağlar, S.S. & İpekdal, K. 2009. A biogeographical evaluation of the Turkish Simuliidae fauna. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 19: 148-151.
  • 18. Fidan, E.C. 2020. Türkiye Simulium ornatum tür grubunun (Simuliidae: Diptera), filogenisi, filocoğrafyası ve taksonomisi. PhD thesis, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Eskişehir, 189 pp.
  • 19. Gazyağcı, A.N. & Aydenizöz, M.N. 2019. Prevalance of Simulium Species in the Kızılırmak River Basin in Ankara and Kırıkkale Territories. International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(3): 76-82.
  • 20. Jedlicka, L. 1975. Odagmia ornata caucasica Rubtsov,1940 (Diptera,Simuliidae) in Turkey. Acta Rerum Naturalium Musei Nationalis Slovaciae Bratislava, 21: 255-258.
  • 21. Jedlicka, L., Kudela, M., & Stloukalova, V. 2004. Key to the identification of blackfly pupae (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Central Europe. Biologia Bratislava, 59(15): 157-178.
  • 22. Kazancı, N. & Clergue Gazeau, M. 1990. Simuliidae de Turquie. I. Premiéres données faunistiques et biogeographiques (Diptera, Simuliidae). Annales de Limnologie, 26: 45-50.
  • 23. Knoz, J. 1965. To identification of Czechoslovakian black-flies (Diptera, Simuliidae). Folia Pírodovdecké Fakulty University, J. E., 6(5): 1-142.
  • 24. Kuşvuran, A., Nazlı, R.İ. & Tansı, V. 2011. Türkiye’de ve Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi’nde Çayır-Mera Alanları, Hayvan Varlığı ve Yem Bitkileri Tarımının Bugünkü Durumu. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 28(2): 21-32.
  • 25. Onder, Z., Yildirim, A., Duzlu, O., Arslan, M.O., Sari, B., Tasci, G.T., Ciloglu, A., Parmaksizoglu Aydin, N., Inci, A. &Adler, P. H. 2019. Molecular characterization of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in areas with pest outbreaks and simuliotoxicosis in Northeast Anatolia Region, Turkey. Acta Tropica, 199: 105149.
  • 26. Özel, B., Yay, T.E. & Tekin Özan, S. 2019. Isparta Deresi’nin Su Kalitesinin Fizikokimyasal Parametrelere ve Simuliidae Faunasına Göre Belirlenmesi. Acta Aquatica Turcica, 15(4): 487-498.
  • 27. Rubtsov, I.A. 1956. Blackflies (fam. Simuliidae) [Moshki (sem. Simuliidae)]. Fauna of the USSR, New Series No. 64, Insects, Diptera [Fauna SSSR Novaya seriya No. 64, Nasekomye dvukrylye] 6 (6). Moscow: Leningrad. Akademii Nauk SSSR. [In Russian: English translations ‘Blackflies (Simuliidae) Second Edition New Delhi, 1989 and E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1990]. 1042 pp.
  • 28. Şirin, U. & Şahin, Y.2005. New records of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) for the Turkish fauna, Zoology in the Middle East, 36: 87-98.
  • 29. Şirin, Ü.D., Fidan, E.C., Çalışkan, H. & Şahin, Y. 2014. Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) records from East Marmara Region. Munis Entomology and Zoology, 9(2): 822- 831.
  • 30. Şirin, Ü. & Adler, P.H. 2015.Chromosomal and morphological taxonomy of a new species of Black fly in the genus Metacnephia (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Western Anatolia, Turkey. Zootaxa, 4048(2): 269-280.
  • 31. Şirin, Ü., Çalışkan, H. & Şahin, Y., 2015. Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Turkish Thrace, with a new record for Turkey. Biodiversity Data Journal, 3: e4834. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4834
  • 32. Terteryan, A.E. 1968. Blackflies (Simuliidae): Fauna of the Armenian SSR, Diptera [Moshki (Simuliidae) Fauna Armyanskoi SSR, Nasekomye dvukrylye]. Yerevan: SSR. 272 pp.
  • 33. Yankovsky, A.V. 2003 [2002]. A key for the identification of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Russia and adjacent countries (former USSR) [Opredelitel’ moshek (Diptera: Simuliidae) Rossii i sopredel’nykh territoriy (byvshego SSSR)]. Saint Petersburg. 569 pp.

Year 2022, Volume 23, Issue Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect, 31 - 39, 20.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1113991

Abstract

Anadolu'nun zengin biyolojik çeşitlilik potansiyeline rağmen, Türkiye'nin siyah sivrisinek faunası henüz tam olarak keşfedilmemiştir. Bu çalışmada Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi'ndeki 73 farklı sucul habitattan 15 siyah sivrisinek türü rapor edilmektedir. Tespit edilen türlerden 10 tanesi çalışma bölgesinden ilk kez kaydedilmektedir ve Simulium (Nevermannia) carthusiense Grenier & Dorier, 1959 türü ise Türkiye için yeni kayıttır. Çalışma materyali bölgeden 2016 ve 2018 yılları arasında çoğunlukla bahar aylarında toplanmıştır. Her tür için kısa taksonomik değerlendirmelerle birlikte hem Türkiye'deki hem de Dünya’daki dağılımları verilmiştir. 

References

  • 1. Adler, P.H. 2022. World blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae): a comprehensive revision of the taxonomic and geographical inventory. http: www.clemson.edu/cafls/departments/esps/ biomia/pdfs/blackflyinventory.pdf (Date accessed: 05.04.2022).
  • 2. Adler, P.H., Currie, D.C. & Wood, D.M. 2004. The Black flies (Simuliidae) of North America. Ithaca, NY, 960 pp.
  • 3. Adler, P.H. & Seitz, G. 2014. Chromosomal characteristics and evolutionary relationships of the Palearctic blackfly Simulium carthusiense (Diptera: Simuliidae). European Journal of Entomology, 111(4): 469-474.
  • 4. Adler, P.H., Inci, A., Yildirim, A., Duzlu, O., McCreadie, J.W., Kúdela, M., Khazeni, A., Brúderová, T., Seitz, G., Takaoka, H., Otsuka, Y. & Bass, J. 2015. Are blackflies of the subgenus Wilhelmia (Diptera: Simuliidae) multiple species or a single geographical generalist? Insights from the macrogenome. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 114: 163-183.
  • 5. Aslan, B. 2021. COI ve ITS 1-2 Gen Bölgeleri İle Prosimulium rachiliense Djafarov, 1954 (Diptera: Simuliidae) Türü Türkiye Populasyonlarının Genetik Çeşitliliklerinin Araştırılması. Master thesis, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Eskişehir, 82 pp.
  • 6. Austen E.E. 1925. A contribution to knowledge of the blood-sucking Diptera of the Dardanelles. Bulletin of EntomologicalResearch, 16: 1-23.
  • 7. Bass, J. 1998. Last-instar larvae and pupae of the Simuliidae of Britain and Ireland. Cumbria: United Kingdom, 102 pp.
  • 8. Başören, Ö. & Kazancı, N. 2016. A checklist of Simuliidae (Insecta, Diptera) species of Turkey. Review of Hydrobiology, 9(2): 153-164.
  • 9. Başören, Ö. & Kazancı, N. 2020. Distribution of aquatic Diptera larvae of Yeşilırmak River (Turkey) and ecological characteristics. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 37(4): 397-407.
  • 10. Başören, Ö. & Kazancı, N. 2021. Ecological requirements of larval Simuliidae (Insecta, Diptera) species of some streams in Camili Valley (Artvin, Turkey). Acta Aquatica Turcica, 17(1): 97-107.
  • 11. Crosskey, R.W. 1990. The Natural History of Black flies. Chichester, 711 pp.
  • 12. Crosskey, R.W. 1998. Records of blackflies from mainland Greece (Diptera: Simuliidae). Entomologist’s Gazette, 49: 277-283.
  • 13. Crosskey, R.W. 2002. A taxonomic account of the blackfly fauna of Iraq and Iran, including keys for species identification (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Natural History, 36: 1841-1886.
  • 14. Crosskey, R.W. & Malicky, H. 2001. A first account of the black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) of the Greek Islands. Studia Dipterologica, 8: 111-141.
  • 15. Crosskey, R.W & Howard, T.M. 2004. A Revised Taxonomic and Geographical inventory of World Blackflies (Diptera:Simuliidae). Department of Entomology. Natural history museum. London. http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/projects/blackflies/ (Date accessed: 05.04.2022)
  • 16. Crosskey, R.W. & Zwick, H. 2007. New faunal records, with taxonomic annotations, for the blackflies of Turkey (Diptera, Simuliidae). Aquatic Insects, 29: 21-48.
  • 17. Çağlar, S.S. & İpekdal, K. 2009. A biogeographical evaluation of the Turkish Simuliidae fauna. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 19: 148-151.
  • 18. Fidan, E.C. 2020. Türkiye Simulium ornatum tür grubunun (Simuliidae: Diptera), filogenisi, filocoğrafyası ve taksonomisi. PhD thesis, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Eskişehir, 189 pp.
  • 19. Gazyağcı, A.N. & Aydenizöz, M.N. 2019. Prevalance of Simulium Species in the Kızılırmak River Basin in Ankara and Kırıkkale Territories. International Journal of Veterinary and Animal Research, 2(3): 76-82.
  • 20. Jedlicka, L. 1975. Odagmia ornata caucasica Rubtsov,1940 (Diptera,Simuliidae) in Turkey. Acta Rerum Naturalium Musei Nationalis Slovaciae Bratislava, 21: 255-258.
  • 21. Jedlicka, L., Kudela, M., & Stloukalova, V. 2004. Key to the identification of blackfly pupae (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Central Europe. Biologia Bratislava, 59(15): 157-178.
  • 22. Kazancı, N. & Clergue Gazeau, M. 1990. Simuliidae de Turquie. I. Premiéres données faunistiques et biogeographiques (Diptera, Simuliidae). Annales de Limnologie, 26: 45-50.
  • 23. Knoz, J. 1965. To identification of Czechoslovakian black-flies (Diptera, Simuliidae). Folia Pírodovdecké Fakulty University, J. E., 6(5): 1-142.
  • 24. Kuşvuran, A., Nazlı, R.İ. & Tansı, V. 2011. Türkiye’de ve Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi’nde Çayır-Mera Alanları, Hayvan Varlığı ve Yem Bitkileri Tarımının Bugünkü Durumu. Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 28(2): 21-32.
  • 25. Onder, Z., Yildirim, A., Duzlu, O., Arslan, M.O., Sari, B., Tasci, G.T., Ciloglu, A., Parmaksizoglu Aydin, N., Inci, A. &Adler, P. H. 2019. Molecular characterization of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in areas with pest outbreaks and simuliotoxicosis in Northeast Anatolia Region, Turkey. Acta Tropica, 199: 105149.
  • 26. Özel, B., Yay, T.E. & Tekin Özan, S. 2019. Isparta Deresi’nin Su Kalitesinin Fizikokimyasal Parametrelere ve Simuliidae Faunasına Göre Belirlenmesi. Acta Aquatica Turcica, 15(4): 487-498.
  • 27. Rubtsov, I.A. 1956. Blackflies (fam. Simuliidae) [Moshki (sem. Simuliidae)]. Fauna of the USSR, New Series No. 64, Insects, Diptera [Fauna SSSR Novaya seriya No. 64, Nasekomye dvukrylye] 6 (6). Moscow: Leningrad. Akademii Nauk SSSR. [In Russian: English translations ‘Blackflies (Simuliidae) Second Edition New Delhi, 1989 and E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1990]. 1042 pp.
  • 28. Şirin, U. & Şahin, Y.2005. New records of black flies (Diptera, Simuliidae) for the Turkish fauna, Zoology in the Middle East, 36: 87-98.
  • 29. Şirin, Ü.D., Fidan, E.C., Çalışkan, H. & Şahin, Y. 2014. Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) records from East Marmara Region. Munis Entomology and Zoology, 9(2): 822- 831.
  • 30. Şirin, Ü. & Adler, P.H. 2015.Chromosomal and morphological taxonomy of a new species of Black fly in the genus Metacnephia (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Western Anatolia, Turkey. Zootaxa, 4048(2): 269-280.
  • 31. Şirin, Ü., Çalışkan, H. & Şahin, Y., 2015. Black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Turkish Thrace, with a new record for Turkey. Biodiversity Data Journal, 3: e4834. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4834
  • 32. Terteryan, A.E. 1968. Blackflies (Simuliidae): Fauna of the Armenian SSR, Diptera [Moshki (Simuliidae) Fauna Armyanskoi SSR, Nasekomye dvukrylye]. Yerevan: SSR. 272 pp.
  • 33. Yankovsky, A.V. 2003 [2002]. A key for the identification of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Russia and adjacent countries (former USSR) [Opredelitel’ moshek (Diptera: Simuliidae) Rossii i sopredel’nykh territoriy (byvshego SSSR)]. Saint Petersburg. 569 pp.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Article/Araştırma Makalesi
Authors

Ebru Ceren FİDAN> (Primary Author)
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ, BİYOLOJİ PR.
0000-0002-6121-4585
Türkiye


Ümit ŞİRİN>
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ, BİYOLOJİ PR.
0000-0001-7327-4043
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Eskisehir Osmangazi University Scientific Research Projects Coordination
Project Number 201619A220
Publication Date July 20, 2022
Application Date May 8, 2022
Acceptance Date July 14, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 23, Issue Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect

Cite

Bibtex @research article { trkjnat1113991, journal = {Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences}, eissn = {2528-9691}, address = {}, publisher = {Trakya University}, year = {2022}, volume = {23}, number = {Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect}, pages = {31 - 39}, doi = {10.23902/trkjnat.1113991}, title = {CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION}, key = {cite}, author = {Fidan, Ebru Ceren and Şirin, Ümit} }
APA Fidan, E. C. & Şirin, Ü. (2022). CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION . Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences , Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insects , 31-39 . DOI: 10.23902/trkjnat.1113991
MLA Fidan, E. C. , Şirin, Ü. "CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION" . Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 23 (2022 ): 31-39 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/trkjnat/issue/71319/1113991>
Chicago Fidan, E. C. , Şirin, Ü. "CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 23 (2022 ): 31-39
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION AU - Ebru Ceren Fidan , Ümit Şirin Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.23902/trkjnat.1113991 DO - 10.23902/trkjnat.1113991 T2 - Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 31 EP - 39 VL - 23 IS - Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect SN - -2528-9691 M3 - doi: 10.23902/trkjnat.1113991 UR - https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1113991 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION %A Ebru Ceren Fidan , Ümit Şirin %T CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION %D 2022 %J Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences %P -2528-9691 %V 23 %N Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect %R doi: 10.23902/trkjnat.1113991 %U 10.23902/trkjnat.1113991
ISNAD Fidan, Ebru Ceren , Şirin, Ümit . "CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION". Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences 23 / Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect (July 2022): 31-39 . https://doi.org/10.23902/trkjnat.1113991
AMA Fidan E. C. , Şirin Ü. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION. Trakya Univ J Nat Sci. 2022; 23(Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect): 31-39.
Vancouver Fidan E. C. , Şirin Ü. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION. Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences. 2022; 23(Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect): 31-39.
IEEE E. C. Fidan and Ü. Şirin , "CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BLACKFLY FAUNA (DIPTERA, SIMULIIDAE) OF TÜRKİYE WITH A NEW RECORD FROM THE WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION", Trakya University Journal of Natural Sciences, vol. 23, no. Special Issue: Biodiversity of Insect, pp. 31-39, Jul. 2022, doi:10.23902/trkjnat.1113991

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